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# Set No.

## II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2006

CONTROL SYSTEMS
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics &
Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering,
Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and
Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Find the transfer function X(s)/F(s) of the system Figure 1 given below.

Figure 1:
(b) Define transfer function and determine the transfer function of RLC series
circuit if voltage across the capacitor is output variable and input is voltage
source V(s).
[8+8]
2. (a) Derive the transfer function of an a.c. servomotor and draw its characteristics.
(b) Explain the Synchro error detector with circuit diagram.

[8+8]

9
3. (a) A unity feedback system has a forward path transfer function G(s)= s(s+1)
.
Find the value of damping ratio, undamped natural frequency of the system,
percentage overshoot, peak time and settling time.

## (b) Measurements conducted on servomechanism show the system response to be

c(t) = 1 + 0.2e60t - 1.2e10t when subjected to a unit-step unit. Obtain the
expression for the closed-loop transfer function.
[10+6]
4. (a) Apply R-H Criterion for the following characteristic equation to determine
stability. 2s4 + 10s3 + 5s2 +5s+10=0 find the number roots with positive real
parts, if any.
(b) Derive the static error constants and list the disadvantages.

[8+8]

## . Sketch the root locus and determine

5. Plot the root locus for G(s)H(s) = K(s+1)(s+3)
s3
the range of K for which the system is stable.
[12+4]
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Set No. 1

## Code No: RR220206

6. (a) Explain how exact Bode plot is obtained from asymptotic plot, with fig.
50K
(b) The open loop transfer function of a unity feed back system is G(s)= s(s+10)(s+5)(s+1)
.

## i. Gain margin and phase margin.

ii. The value of steady state error coefficient for a gain of 10 db and the value
which will make the closed loop system marginally stable.
[6+10]
7. (a) Explain how polar plots are useful in finding the stability of a system
(b) Sketch the Nyquist plot and find the stability of the following system.
100
G(s)H(s)= (s+2)(s+4)(s+8)
[8+8]
8. (a) Reduce the matrix A to diagonal matrix.

## (b) Derive the state models ...for the

system
described by the differential equation
..
.
..
.
in phase variable form. y +4 y +5 y +2y = 2 u +6 u +5u
[8+8]

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Set No. 2

## II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2006

CONTROL SYSTEMS
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics &
Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering,
Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and
Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

## 1. (a) Evaluate the output of the Figure 1 given.

Figure 1:
(b) Distinguish between open loop and closed loop control system.

[8+8]

2. Derive the Transfer Function for armature controlled d.c. servomotor, with neat
diagram.
[8+8]
3. (a) What are the standard test signal used in the analysis of dynamical systems?
Explain briefly?

(b) Figure 2. (a) shows a mechanical vibratory system. When 1 MW of force
(step input) is applied to the system, the mass oscillates, as shown in Figure3.
(b). Determine m, b, and k of the system from this response curve. The
displacement x is measured from the equilibrium position.
[5+5]
4. (a) Define the terms
i. Absolute stability
ii. Marginal stability
iii. Conditional stability.
(b) By means of Routh Criterion, determine the stability of the system represented
by the characteristic equation.
s4 + 2s3 + 8s2 +4s+3=0
[6+10]
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Set No. 2

Figure 2:

Figure 3:

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Set No. 2

## Code No: RR220206

5. Sketch the root locus of the given system GH(s) = K / (s+1) (s+3) (s+6)
(a) Find the break a way point on the real axis
(b) Find the value of k at =0.5.

[8+4+4]

## 6. (a) Explain the frequency response specifications.

(b) Draw the Bode Plot for the system having G(s)H(s) =
gain and phase cross over frequency.

100(0.02s+1)
(s+1)(0.1s)(0.01s+1)

. Find
[8+8]

## 7. (a) Explain the Polar Plots.

(b) The open loop transfer function of a unity feed back control system is given
K(s+5)(s+40)
by G(s)H(s)= s3 (s+200)(s+1000)
Discuss the stability of a closed loop system as a
function of k. Determine values of K which will cause sustained oscillations in
the closed loop system. What are the frequencies of oscillations? Use Nyquist
approach.
[6+10]
8. (a) For the given system X = Ax + Bu
where

1 2 1
1

A= 0 1 3
B= 0
1 1 1
1
Find the characteristic equation of the system and its roots.


  

0
1
x1 (t)
0
(b) Given X (t) =
+
u(t)
2 3
x2 (t)
1
Find the
 unit
 step response when,
1
X(0)=
1

3 of 3

[8+8]

Set No. 3

## II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2006

CONTROL SYSTEMS
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics &
Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering,
Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and
Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

## 1. (a) Define transfer function and discuss its limitations.

(b) Derive the Transfer Function X(s) /F(s), for the mechanical system shown in
Figure 1: [i. e. X1 (s)/F(s)]
[8+8]

Figure 1:
2. (a) Explain how the potentiometers are used as error sensing devices. Give a
typical application of it with single line diagram.
(b) Discuss the effect of disturbance signal of the speed control system for a gasolineengine as shown in Figure 2assuming K=10.
[8+8]
3. Consider a system shown in Figure 3, employing proportional plus error-rate control. Determine the value of the error-rate factor Ke so that the damping ratio is
0.5. Determine the values of settling time, maximum overshoot when subjected to
with and without error-rate control a unit step input.
[10+6]
4. (a) For the system shown in Figure 4 , find the value of the steady state output
when an input i (t) = (2t + 5e3t ) is applied. Determine the steady state error
of the system. What is the type and order of the system?
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Set No. 3

Figure 2:

Figure 3:

Figure 4:

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Set No. 3

## Code No: RR220206

(b) Explain the Hurwitz criterion to determine the stability of dynamical system.
[10+6]
5. Sketch the root locus for the given system GH(s) = K / s (s3 + 12s2 +64s+ 128)
and find the frequency of sustained oscillation.
[10+6]
6. Draw the exact Bode Plots and find the gain margin and phase margin of a system
10(s+1)
represented by G(s)H(s)= s(s+0.05)(s+3)(s+5)
.
[8+4+4]
7. (a) Explain the Relative stability.
s+2
(b) The open loop transfer function of a unity feed back system is G(s)H(s)= (s+1)(s1)
Comment on the stability.
[6+10]

## 8. (a) Explain properties of state transition matrix

(b) Consider the transfer function
Y(s) / U(s) = (2s2 + s + 5)/(s3 + 6s2 + 11s + 4)
Obtain the state equation by direct decomposition method and also find state
transition matrix.
[6+10]

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Set No. 4

## II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2006

CONTROL SYSTEMS
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics &
Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering,
Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and
Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Using the block diagram reduction technique reduce the system shown in
Figure 1 to simplest possible form and find the transfer function.

Figure 1:
(b) For the given electrical network Figure 2

Figure 2:
i. Obtain the signal flow graph
ii. Compute the gain using the masons gain formula.

[8+8]

2. (a) Explain how the potentiometers are used as error sensing devices. Give a
typical application of it with single line diagram.
(b) Discuss the effect of disturbance signal of the speed control system for a gasolineengine as shown in Figure 3assuming K=10.
[8+8]

1 of 3

Set No. 4

## Code No: RR220206

Figure 3:
3. (a) Define time constant and explain its importance.
(b) A unit feedback system is characterized by an open-loop transfer function G(s)
= K/s(s+5). Determine the gain K so that the system will have a damping
ratio of 0.5. For this value of K determine settling time, peak overshoot and
times to peak overshoot for a unit-step input.
[8+8]
4. (a) The open loop transfer function of a control system with unity feedback is
100
given by G(s)= s(s+0.1s)
. Determine the steady state error of the system when
2
the input is 10+10t+4t .
(b) A unity feedback system has an open loop transfer function G(s)= (s+2)(sK2 +4s+5) .
Use RH test to determine the range of positive values of K for which the system
is stable.
[8+8]
5. The block diagram of a control system is given in Figure4 Plot the root locus as a
function of parameter K and comment on stability.


Figure 4:
6. (a) Define gain cross-over and phase cross over frequencies
K
(b) A unity feedback Control System has G(s) = S(1+s)(1+S/10)
Find value of K so that GM =12 db & PM = 30o

[8+8]

## 7. (a) Explain the Relative stability.

s+2
(b) The open loop transfer function of a unity feed back system is G(s)H(s)= (s+1)(s1)
Comment on the stability.
[6+10]

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Set No. 4

## Code No: RR220206

8. For
the system with state model
.
y = cx where
X = Ax + Bu
Obtain the transfer function and obtain the solution of state equation in terms of

initial
conditions.

0
Xo = 1
0

[8+8]

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