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Module 61

Science and Health


Weather and Climate

A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development

To The Learner

You have learned that climate is a condition of a place for a


long period of time. What about the condition of a place for a
short period of time? This module discusses how climate differs
from weather.

Lets Learn This


Differentiate weather from climate.

Lets Try This


1. Which of the following describes weather?
a.
b.
c.
d.

It is so hot in the morning.


It rained the whole year.
It is hot during lunch time but rained at dinner time.
The temperature today is the same as yesterday.

2. Which of the following can be directly affected by weather?


a. field trip
c. recreation
b. daily work
d. a and b
3. It is a condition of a place that changes at a short period
within a day.
a. climate
b. weather

c. weather and climate


d. none of these

4. Which of the following can influence weather?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Location, temperature and water evaporation


Altitude, latitude and wind system
Altitude, latitude and cloud formation
Cloud formation, location and altitude

5. How do climate differ from weather?


a. Climate is a condition of a place for a short period of
time, while weather is a condition of a place for a long
period of time.
b. Climate is a condition of a place for a long period of time,
while weather is a condition for a short period of time.
c. Climate and weather are all condition of a place and are
just the same.
d. All of these.

Lets Study This


In activity A, you found out that the condition of a place is
not the same the whole day of November 3, 2008. When the
condition of a place changes from time to time or is changing at a
brief period within a day, it is called weather. Weather can be
influenced by cloud formation, water evaporation, location,
temperature, wind speed and direction and rainfall.
In activity C, you found out that the condition of a place is
changing but it took a longer period of time usually in months.
When the condition of the atmosphere changes but for a longer
period, it is called climate. Climate can be influenced by altitude,
latitude, bodies of water, wind system and amount of rainfall.

Lets Do This
ACTIVITY A
Is it raining today in your place?
What is the weather in your place today?
What was the weather in your place yesterday?
Study the picture below:

A.

8:00 AM

10:35 AM

12:55 PM
Questions:

2:35 PM

1. What is the weather condition of the atmosphere at 8:00AM?


2. Is the condition of the atmosphere the same at 8:00AM and
12:55PM?
3. Is the condition of the atmosphere the same at 10:35AM and
2:35PM?

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4. Is the condition of the atmosphere the same the whole day


of November 3, 2008?
5. Why?
B.
List down the condition of the atmosphere at the following
hours. Record your results on the table.
8:60 AM = ______________
10:35 AM = ______________

12:55 AM = _______________
2:35 AM = _______________

TABLE 1 (NOVEMBER 3, 2008)


HOURS
8:00 AM
10:35 AM
12:55 AM
2:35 AM

DESCRIPTION

B.
1. Based on the table, what can you conclude about the
condition of a place on November 3, 2008?
Ans. __________________________________________________________
C. Study the rainfall graph of Davao, then answer the questions
below.
500
400
300
200
100
0
J

Questions:
1. What months have less rainfall?
2. What are the five most rainy months?
3. What are the 3 months that has average rainfall?
4. Do all months have the same rainfall?
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5. What can you conclude about the amount of rainfall in


Davao based on the graph?
How do activity A and C differ in terms of time in changing
their condition?
6. In activity C, the condition changes _______________________.
7. In activity A, the condition changes _______________________.

Lets Do More

Answer the following:


1. What is climate?
2. What are the factors that affect climate? (Write your answer
on the concept web.)

Factors
that affect
climate

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3. What is weather?
4. What are the factors that influence weather? (Write your
answer on the concept web.)

Factors
that affect
climate

5. Weather changes _______________________________________.


6. Climate changes _______________________________________.
7. How do climate and weather differ?

Lets Remember This

Weather is the condition of the atmosphere that changes


from time to time.
Climate is the condition of the atmosphere that changes
for a long period of time.
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Lets Test Ourselves


Choose the letter of the correct answer.
1. Which of the following can be directly affected by weather?
a. daily work
b. fieldtrip

c. recreation
d. a and b

2. It is a condition of a place that changes at a short period of


time within a day?
a. weather
b. climate

c. climate and weather


d. none of these

3. How does climate differ from weather?


a. Climate is a condition of a place for a long period of time,
while weather is a condition for a short period of time.
b. Climate is a condition of a place for a short period of
time, while weather is a condition for a long period of
time.
c. Climate and weather are all condition of a place and are
just the same.
d. All of these.
4. Which of the following describe a weather?
a.
b.
c.
d.

It is so hot in the morning.


It rained the whole year.
It is hot during lunch time but it rained at dinner time.
The temperature today is the same as yesterday.

5. Which of the following can influence weather?


a.
b.
c.
d.

altitude, latitude and wind system


altitude, latitude and cloud formation
location, temperature and water evaporation
location, cloud formation and altitude
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Answer Key
Lets Try This:
1. c
2. d
3. b
4. a
5. b
Lets Do This: Activity A
1. sunny day
2. no
3. no
4. no
5. it changes from time to time
B and Table 1 has the same answer.
8:00 AM = sunny
10:35 AM = windy
12:55 PM = rainy
2:35 AM = cloudy
B.1. The condition of the place on November 3, 2008 is
changing from time to time
C.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

January, February and March


May, June, July, August and September
October, November and December
No
Amount of rainfall changes
for a long period/by month
from time to time

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Lets Do More
1. Climate is the condition of the atmosphere for a long period
of time.
2. Weather is the condition of the atmosphere that changes
from time to time.
3. From time to time.
4. For a long period.
5. Climate and weather differ in terms of time when changing.
2.
Latitude

altitude

Wind
system
Factors
that affect
climate

Big bodies
of water

Amount of
rainfall

4.
location

temperature

Water
evaporation
Factors that
affect
climate

rainfall

Wind speed
and
direction

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