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INVESTIGATION OF THE IMPACT OF SILTATION ON FLOODING

IN RIVERS OF THE SG KLANG BASIN


Terms Of Reference For Consulting Services
1

Introduction

1.1

General
The Government of Malaysia wishes to obtain the services of an engineering
consultant to carry out a computer modeling based study on the manner and
extent to which siltation of rivers in the Sg Klang catchment affects the
conveyance of the river channels and what impact this has on flooding within
the catchment. The Governments agency responsible for the conduct of this
study is the Jabatan Pengairan and Saliran (JPS)

1.2

Background
The Sg Klang catchment covers an area approximately 1,228 Km2. The rivers
within the catchment have a total length of 120 km. The head waters of Sg
Klang rises in the Main Range of Peninsular Malaysia to the northeast of
Kuala Lumpur. Here, it passes through the Kuala Lumpur City Center and then
other towns downstream in the Klang Valley before discharging into the Straits
of Malacca at Port Klang.
The rapid pace of urbanisation of the Klang valley has imposed severe
detrimental effects of the river system. Among these are the dramatic
shortening of travel times of flood waves through the Sg Klang catchment
exacerbated by an increase in volume in flood waters. These have resulted in
severe flooding in many parts of the catchment and in Kuala Lumpur in
particular.
Another impact of urbanisation is the large increase in the sediment and silt
load discharged into the river system, a product of clearing of vegetation and
poor and incomplete sediment control practices. It is suspected the discharge
of sediment into the river has resulted in siltation of the river system and
concomitant reduction in flow conveyance of the river channels and flooding
in the catchment.

The intent of this study is to investigate the scale and extent to which river
flooding has been exacerbated by sedimentation and siltation of river
channels.
2

Objective
The principal objective of this study is to investigate the impact of silt and
sediment load on the sediment transport and on the long term geometry of
rivers, the reduction in flow conveyance of river channels and associated
increase in flooding in the Sg Klang catchment. The rivers to be investigated
are

Sg Ampang - from xxxx to xxxx

Sg Damansara - from xxxx to xxxx

Sg Puchong at Batu Tiga Belas - from xxxx to xxxx

Sg Serai at Gombak - from xxxx to xxxx

Sg Selangor at Batang Berjuntai - from xxxx to xxxx

Sg Langat at Kajang - from xxxx to xxxx

Scope of Works

3.1

Data Collection
Sediment Rating
The JPS has carried sediment sampling along rivers listed in the previous
section. The sediment sampling data together with a flow record should be
collected from JPS and an analysis should be carried out to produce a
statistical description of the sediment loads and to produce a sediment rating
for the various rivers.
The representative river bed material gradation on the various rivers listed in
section 2 should be collected and analysed to reveal its constituent gradation.
River Description
Details of existing cross sections and layout of cross-sections should be
collected from existing sources. It is not envisaged that the study duration will
allow for the collection of a field survey. Details of major obstruction
including bridges should be collected for the purposes of flood modeling.

Flows
The flows required for sediment transport modeling and flood modeling
should be obtained from available sources including hydrological model
studies previously carried out. Flows required for sediment transport modeling
may require running of hydrological models configured for previous studies.
3.2

Sediment Transport Modeling


The analysis of transport of sediment load on the river should be conducted
using computer modeling. The model should be a movable boundary open
channel flow model that is able to compute sediment scour and deposition by
simulating the interaction between the hydraulics of the river flow and the rate
of sediment transport. The model should be able to combine these rates, with
the duration of the flow to allow for a volumetric accounting of sediment for
each river reach and compute the amount of scour or deposition at each river
section and adjust the cross section shape accordingly. The model should be
able to simulate transport scour and deposition of a wide range of sediment
grain sizes including silts and clay size particles.
The model should be calibrated by simulating the statistical average of
measured siltation rates at the various sediment measurement stations along
the river system.

3.3

Flood Modeling
Flood modeling of the river system listed in section 2 will be carried out. The
river profile and cross-sections incorporating the long term sediment scour and
deposition along the various river reaches will be used to determine how
flooding is affected in a 100 year return period. The flood profile will be
compared with that developed using existing cross sections and the impact
assessed accordingly.

3.4

Model Sensitivity and Future Scenario Testing


Sensitivity of the sediment transport model will be carried out to determine the
influence of various computer model parameters on the result so the study.

Future scenarios will be tested in terms of the impact of increased or decreased


sediment discharge loads into the river. The impacts of these will be
quantified.
3.5

Documentation and Reporting


The consultant shall present the findings of the study by way of detailed
engineering reports. The details of the reporting procedure is given in section
4.

3.6

Training of JPS Staff


The JPS may wish to assign one or more of its professional staff to the
consultant as part of the consultants team who shall be fully involved in
carrying out the hydraulic study. The consultant shall be prepared to
accommodate the Governments requirement in this regard.

Report And Time Schedule


The consultant is required to submit their report to JPS according to the
following schedule:

Inception Report - The report shall contain the program, methodology and

approach of the study.

First Progress Report It shall contain the report on the data collection,

preliminary result of the sediment transport modeling together with the details of
the proposed calibration.

Second Progress Report The report shall include the final result of the

sediment transport modeling and the details of the flood analysis. This report
shall also contain the assessment of the sensitivity and scenario testing.

Draft Final Report This report is required six weeks after commencement.

The report shall contain the result of the study as required in the scope of works.

Final Report This report shall take into consideration the various comments

that have been given by the JPS on the Draft Final Report.

Deliverables and Reporting


The consultant is required to submit the report as follows:Description

No. Of Copies

Inception Report

15 copies

.
2

First Progress Report

15 copies

.
3

Second Progress Report

15 copies

.
4

Draft Final Report

15 copies

.
5

Final Report

20 copies

Data, Material and Facilities


The JPS will endeavour to make available and /or assist the consultant to
obtain existing relevant records, sediment data sampling records, river and
cross section data, computer models of Sg. Klang rivers, report, plans,
topographic and hydrographic maps, aerial photographs etc. that are necessary
for carrying out the study. The consultant is responsible for the security, safe
keeping and return of all maps, photographs, reports and plans etc. upon
completion of the study.
All data, related analysis results, reports, maps, diagrams, plans, drawings
statistics, digital data files calibration and verification data sets, model
parameters, etc. that have been collected, compiled or prepared in the course
of this study shall be the absolute property of the JPS. The Consultant shall
treat these materials with utmost confidentiality and shall not disclose any of
these materials either in part or in full to anyone without the prior consent of
the JPS. The Consultant shall deliver all these materials to the JPS upon
completion of the study and shall not use any of the material for any purposes
unrelated to this study unless otherwise agreed to in writing by the JPS.

Organisation and Staffing


The Consultant is required to submit to the JPS the organization chart of the
full team involved in this study including their academic/professional
qualifications, years of experience and proposed time input for the study. The
Consultant shall propose their technical proposal for the study and submit to
JPS for agreement.