18 views

Uploaded by Shabeel HamNaf

Introduction to electromagnetics and waves lectures IIT Delhi

Introduction to electromagnetics and waves lectures IIT Delhi

© All Rights Reserved

- 21 HW Mastering Physics
- PYL100_Lec2
- PYL100_Lec1
- PYL100_Lec3
- Law
- Sintering of Ceramics - New Emerging Techniques
- PYL100_Lec8
- PYL100_Lec6
- A THEORETICAL STUDY OF ELASTIC, ELECTRONIC, OPTICAL AND THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF AlB2 AND TaB2
- PYL100_Lec9
- PYL100_Lec7
- em_book
- Electromagnetics Primer
- Capacitors
- How to Draw the Line - Interface Measurement; Endress+Hauser Maulburg AG._como Medir Interface
- Ads 13f Hdbk
- Chapter 1 - Microwave Chemistry
- Krueger Diagnostic Machines
- Liquid Dielectrics
- TNB Experiences Using Dielectric Response Technique to Assess Insulation Condition of High Voltage CT

You are on page 1of 12

Lecture-5 on 13/01/2015

By: Rajendra S. Dhaka

(rsdhaka@physics.iitd.ac.in)

PYL100:

Electromagnetic Waves and

Quantum Mechanics

Ch.4: Electric Fields in Matter

1

Gausss law in the presence of Dielectrics:

For closed surface:

! ! 1

"S E da = 0 Qenc

0 = permittivity of free space

! !

! !

! E da = ( E) d

S

This gives

Qenc = d

! !

( E )d =

( ) d

V

0

= Volume charge

density

! ! 1

E =

0

Finally, we get

This is the Gauss law in differential form2

Gausss law in the presence of Dielectrics:

Total charge density

(bound +free)

Gauss law

not just that portion generated by polarization.

,where

This is the Gauss law for Dielectrics in differential form

(integral
form)

Electric Displacement.

3

In situations in which Gauss Law helps, one

can use this new relation to calculate D, and

then to determine E from D, from the free

charges alone.

The use of D turns out to be most helpful

where the polarization is not built in, but

instead is induced by an external applied

electric field.

**Home Work**

Examples: 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, and 4.4 of Griffiths

4

Lets consider a parallel-plate capacitor:

region between the

plates can be found

by using Gausss law:

there is an induced charge of opposite sign

on the surface, and the net charge enclosed

by the Gaussian surface is

.

6

the effect of the dielectric is to weaken the

original field by a factor

:

do the same thing as free charges in

conductors do.

cancel at least partially the applied electric

field. (E is smaller inside than outside).

7

Linear dielectrics:

Susceptibility, Permittivity, Dielectric Constant..

In most dielectric materials, the polarization

is proportional to the electric field:

(dipole moment

)

Such materials are called Linear dielectrics

the constant of proportionality is called the

electric susceptibility of the material.

This constant is dimensionless

substance (also on external conditions like temp.)

8

Linear dielectrics:

Susceptibility, Permittivity, Dielectric Constant..

In above equation, E is the total field

(external + internal).

Hence, if we put a dielectric into an external

field E0, we will not know the exact value of P..

material.., which will produce its own field,

then contributes to the total field.., and this in

turn modifies the polarization.

Lets use the concept of displacement D,

Linear dielectrics:

Susceptibility, Permittivity, Dielectric Constant..

In linear media, we have

D (linear dielectric) is also proportional to E..

where,

permittivity of the material

is called the

matter to polarize) and permittivity is .

10

Linear dielectrics:

The dimensionless quantity is called relative

permittivity or the dielectric constant,

which is the ratio of permittivity of the

material to permittivity of vacuum.

11

Dielectric problems may be divided into two

types and solved accordingly:

Problems for which the P is specified: for these

we first find the bound charge densities

and

We then solve the equivalent problem of these

bound charges placed in vacuum

Problems for linear dielectrics: we use Gausss

law for D in terms of the free charges..

We then use the known permittivity &

susceptibility to find E and P.

12

- 21 HW Mastering PhysicsUploaded byIrene Kaye Acero
- PYL100_Lec2Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec1Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec3Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- LawUploaded byrogelio1234567
- Sintering of Ceramics - New Emerging TechniquesUploaded byJosé Ramírez
- PYL100_Lec8Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec6Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- A THEORETICAL STUDY OF ELASTIC, ELECTRONIC, OPTICAL AND THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF AlB2 AND TaB2Uploaded byMd. Ashraf Ali
- PYL100_Lec9Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec7Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- em_bookUploaded byjentaylo
- Electromagnetics PrimerUploaded bydcompstonfl
- CapacitorsUploaded byHassan M Khan
- How to Draw the Line - Interface Measurement; Endress+Hauser Maulburg AG._como Medir InterfaceUploaded byElenilson Sampaio
- Ads 13f HdbkUploaded bychrom1
- Chapter 1 - Microwave ChemistryUploaded bygustavoesanchez
- Krueger Diagnostic MachinesUploaded byjust_4_u_dear_in9549
- Liquid DielectricsUploaded byPrakash Parajuli
- TNB Experiences Using Dielectric Response Technique to Assess Insulation Condition of High Voltage CTUploaded bybcqbao
- LLL13_1.pdfUploaded byRavi
- Detail_study_of_the_diel_function_of_a_lysoz_sol_MDUploaded byTheodora Teddy
- Adrian Nicolescu and Marcel Dobre- Quantum Microwave – Compost Interaction ModelUploaded byOppekee
- Abbas 2007 Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic MaterialsUploaded byfreakylogger
- PHY,CHE,COMPUploaded bybhuvvy
- PCBMtouchUploaded byLương Duẩn
- HT 18 1061 FinalVersionUploaded byAnonymous SlyvspdB
- DMA theoryUploaded byRiapet Mede
- Analysis of Dielectric PropertiesUploaded byJose Gregorio Sanchez
- Effective Permittivity and Permeability.pdfUploaded byMaykel Manawan

- Manual for Mental Health Continuum Short FormUploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- IIT Delhi Prospectus 2015-16Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- Self Study CourseUploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- Book LinearUploaded byjohnsynch
- PYL100_Lec14Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec13Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec10Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec11Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec12Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec9Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec6Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- HUL261_Minor1_2012-13_Sem2Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec8Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec7Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf
- PYL100_Lec4Uploaded byShabeel HamNaf

- M50 ManualUploaded byhideki
- Nitocote ET402Uploaded byVenkata Raju Kalidindi
- Prospectus.pdfUploaded byWebster The-TechGuy Lungu
- FPS Wind Turbine Rotor Balance Article PublishCUploaded bymlenz
- Experiment 1 hydraulics.docxUploaded bymon patrick prado
- Wound ManualUploaded byArtemus Jonez
- hemo300 guideUploaded byapi-234058230
- Summer SplashUploaded byRichard Travers
- ppt todayUploaded bysombans
- Comprehensive Land Use Plan Report, City of Caloocan (1995-2020)Uploaded byMichael Padilla
- Infiltration in Ashraes Residiential Ventilation StandardsUploaded byahmaborashed
- 02 Inland NaviaUploaded bychithirai10
- MagnaGear XTR ReducersUploaded byScott Southby
- ADM November 2016 presentationUploaded byAla Baster
- 全系列 2016 Sound System Pricelist-GuiTengUploaded byCristy Merino
- 2 . Evaluation of Bond Strength and Thickness of Adhesive Layer According to the Techniques of Applying Adhesives in Composite Resin RestorationsUploaded bykochikaghochi
- Physics Grade 7Uploaded byhiscore
- Basic Formulas for IntergrationUploaded bybhanuka2009
- Instrumentation Cables SpecifcationUploaded byAmirFirdausSaid
- nutrition-sodium-flierUploaded byapi-356700910
- Trenitalia Ultimate Travel GuideUploaded byAdrián Gastaldi
- Tuzet 2003 PCE v26Uploaded byDenilton Carlos Gaio
- Apollo System Engineering Manual. Environmental Control SystemUploaded byjackie_fisher_email8329
- Detecting Change in Urban Areas at Continental Scales With MODIS DataUploaded byHugo Ribeiro
- ESP DesignUploaded byMubin Ashraf Sheikh
- Mathematical Shenanigans.epubUploaded byjonas12
- XI 04 Chemical BondingUploaded bykaushik247
- TAB Awards and Recognition ManualUploaded byAkhilesh Singh
- Jamberry Nails 2013 Spring Summer CatalogUploaded byJamberryNails
- 4000 Most Common English WordsUploaded bysmellyworm7