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Original Title: PHY11L-exp3

Uploaded by Mark Angelo Policios

PHY11L-exp3

E203

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OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this experiment is the

determination of moment of inertia of disk and a

ring including the variables influencing it to

rotate. The capacity of a certain body to turn or

the moment of inertia of the two things combined

is done at the same time. The object is permitted

to turn in its axis with the help of loads which

serves as the strain making it turn. The Inertia of

a circle is to apply Newton's second law regarding

the change in volume. This clarifies the

dissimilarity of the volume and density of an

object can be the reason why inertia decreases or

increases.

A moment of inertia refers to the force needed to

cause a rotating object to change speeds. In

1730, moment of inertia was introduced by

Leonhard Euler, a mathematician and a physicist.

He stated For bodies with an indefinite shape

and no apparent constant, a series of

experiments can help to determine the rate.

In real life, there are manyapplications for

moment of inertia. Car manufacturers study it

carefully to determine how quickly a car will spin

out of control especially in wet and slippery road.

Divers that are concerned about the angles of

spin in water that makes to maneuver fast and

less moment. Baseball players and golfers both

work to create an effective swing or turn, to hit

the ball and make a goal. A skater who wants to

spin faster and smoother needs inertia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The experiment is partitioned into three parts.

The first part is the setting up the apparatus. The

second part is the determination of Moment of

Inertia of Disk and Ring (rotated about the

center). The last part is the determination of

Moment of Inertia of Disk (rotated about the

diameter). The gathered data is correlated with

other experiments. The apparatus needed for

platform with shaft, smart timer, smart pulley,

rod, photogate head, mass hanger, loads, disk

and ring.

Setting-up

apparatus:

the

The

apparatus

were making sure

it

is

complete.

Smart

timer

is

connected to the

head

photogate

and a 220V outlet.

The

rod

was

attached to the

cylinder along the shaft and the other end is to

the mass hanger. The rod must be placed

tangent to the smart pulley. The disk was placed

horizontally leveled in the shaft. Other gadget

was used in order to make the disk leveled.

Determination of moment of inertia of disk and

ring:

First

and

foremost,

the

diameter of the

shaft

was

measured by a

vernier

calliper

where the rod is

attached

and

diameter of the disk and the inner and outer ring

was also measured. The mass of the ring and the

disk was already given. Double checking is

advised especially to the position or level of the

disk. The ring was placed to the disk. Friction

mass was determined by adding load into the

mass hanger. Friction mass would be constant for

all the parts of the experiment. Then, the

experiment first trial was begun. The acceleration

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must be set to acceleration, linear pulley.

Constant increase of mass must be load for every

trial must be done to obtain uniformity of the

acceleration. Solve for the

experimental moment of

inertia of the disk and ring.

The friction mass was not

included in the computation.

From then, the ring was

removed and the procedure

was applied again until the

data will be complete. The

Determination of moment of

inertia of ring will be based on calculation since

IRing is the difference of the ITotal to IDisk.

Constant data:

MDISK

1415.4

grams

MRING =

1413

grams

RDISK =

11.4

cm

R1 =

5.37

cm

R2 =

6.375

cm

friction

mass:

grams

ITOTAL =

IDISK + IRING

ITOTAL =

rotated about the diameter:

To

begin

with,

relocate

the

disk

from

the

vertical

shaft. Rotate the

disk and embed the

D-shaped opening on

the hole to the shaft.

Repeat

the

procedures done in

the second part of

the experiment. Add

a load to the mass

hanger (mass hanger

has a constant load

of 5 grams), set the smart timer to accelartion,

linear pulley, drop the mass hanger and the

smart timer will do its place. Added mass must

be put in every trial. Again, constant increase of

mass must be load for every trial to obtain

uniformity increase of the acceleration.

141058.5634

radius, r =

R2

6.37

=

5

Fmass 5

:

TRIAL

1

2

3

g-cm

0.835

cm

cm

radius

0.835

c

,r=

m

acceleration, a EV of

moment

in inertia

0.2

cm/s 153706.7374

gcm

gram

s

(mass of

pan +

mass

added), m

45 gram

s

65 gram

s

85 gram

s

0.3

cm/s

0.4

cm/s

147998.7887

gcm

145137.8421

gcm

148947.7894

gcm

5.4407

gcm

avera

ge

%

Diff.

Sample Computation:

ACTUAL VALUE:

TABLE 1.

Determination of Moment of

Inertia of Disk and Ring (rotated about the

center)

I

[(

1

1

M DISK R 2 M RING R12 R22

2

2

)(

)((

) )]

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EXPERIMENTAL VALUE:

m g a r 2

a

EXPERIMENTAL VALUE:

)(

m g a r 2

a

)(

PERCENT DIFFERENCE:

(

PERCENT DIFFERENCE:

Inertia of Disk (rotated about the center)

friction

mass:

TRIAL

grams

m

45 grams

65

grams

85

grams

Inertia of Ring (rotated about the center)

Actual value of moment of inertia of ring

IRING =

MRING (R1 + R)

IRING =

acceleration, a

experimental value of

moment in inertia

unit

0.3

cm/s

102460.6999

gcm

0.5

cm/s

88781.1454

gcm

0.7

cm/s

82910.5109

gcm

average

91384.1187

gcm

ACTUAL VALUE:

[(

1

M DISK R 2

2

)(

) )]

g-cm

Sample Computation:

Experimental value of moment of inertia (by

difference)

IRING =

ITOTAL(EXPTL) IDISK(EXPTL)

IRING =

57563.6707 gcm

% difference

Sample Computation:

I DISK

49169.2444

15.7298%

ACTUAL VALUE:

I RING

1

M RING R12 R22

2

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)((

[(

ACTUAL VALUE:

) ))]

I DISK

1

M RING R 2

4

[((

)(

) )]

EXPERIMENTAL VALUE:

EXPERIMENTAL VALUE:

m g a r 2

a

)(

PERCENT DIFFERENCE:

(

)

PERCENT DIFFERENCE:

Inertia of Disk (rotated about the diameter)

MDISK =

1415.4

cm

RDISK =

11.4

cm

ACCEPTED VALUE

IDISK =

1

MDISKR

4

IDISK =

45986.346

g-cm

Moment of inertia of an object is a signal of the

friction

mass:

TRIAL

acceleration, a

EV

(mpan +

madded),

45

0.6

cm/s

51214.7

gcm

65

cm/s

44367.9

gcm

85

1.4

cm/s

41425.6

gcm

average

45669.4

gcm

0.6916

Sample Computation:

more force must be connected or put on in order

to cause a turn whereas lower moments of inertia

means that only small forces are required.

Masses that are further far from the axis of

rotation have the greatest moment of inertia.

The moment of inertia can be calculated by its

volume and mass. By the application of Newton's

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numerical estimation of Inertia (I). The force

present to the hanging mass is its own particular

weight and tension plus the gravitational force

while the force that makes the disk rotating is the

tension due to the mass hangs on the hanger.

The heavier the load in the mass hanger, the

faster it rotates. On the data observed, adding

constant amount of mass in every trial will result

to a consistent increase of acceleration.

As the hanging mass increases, the acceleration

increases. This was observed by the smart timer.

As seen in gathered data, the variation of the

smart timer can produce great error. Again,

double checking is advice due to the different

result at a same value produce by the smart

timer. This can be the source of error in the

experiment. Other thing is the disk is not in

leveled or 0o. Error is expected. The acceleration

by the smart timer is changing due the friction

mass is reduced as it rotated to the diameter.

Like the case in Moment of inertia of disk

(rotating about the diameter).

ACKNOWLEDGMENT & REFERENCE

I would like to acknowledge my responsible

group mates for teamwork, unity and able to

finished the experiment with a worthily. Again,

the ideas of the experiment cannot be done

without them.

Thanking the Physics lab assistants for always

being polite in lending and getting the

apparatuses. Their clues and hints about the

experiment were well-appreciated.

Finally, I would like to show appreciation to our

professor Ricardo De Leon for imparting us his

insight and understanding about this experiment.

His patience and being approachable is enduring.

Sources:

around the platform.

The moment of Inertia of Disk and Ring is greater

than the moment of Inertia of Disk, for which to

able to rotate a heavy object it needs a lot of

tension to perform. Therefore, the heavier the

object the, slower the acceleration it is at a

constant tension or mass. As shown in the

computation. Another, when a body is rotated

vertically, the mass is lesser compared than it

is rotated horizontally and the acceleration is

faster.

https://afoolsinclination.wordpress.com/2

012/10/15/moment-of-inertia/

http://speedtalk.com/forum/viewtopic.php

?f=1&t=32815

http://www.wired.com/2012/08/divingand-the-moment-of-inertia/

http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/mom

ent-inertia-torque-d_913.html

http://www.bsharp.org/physics/spins

http://btc.montana.edu/olympics/physbio/

glossary/g17.html

http://www.quintic.com/education/Case%

20Study%2014%20%20Moment%20of%20Inertia.pdf

that the moment of inertia is the measure of the

capacity of a certain body to turn in a given axis.

It displays the rotation of a rigid body. This can

be applied by the skater who wanted to turn. The

moment of inertia has the same relationship to

angular acceleration.

Greater inertia comes on the maximize

distribution of mas in the object rotated. While,

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