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Country Operations Business Plan: Myanmar, 20152017


Myanmar: 20152016
The interim country partnership strategy (CPS), 20152016 of the Asian Development
Bank (ADB) for Myanmar extends the validity of the interim CPS, 201220141 for 2 years to
2016.2 It is consistent with the earlier interim CPS and the 5-year policy agenda of the
Government of Myanmar.


The interim CPS, 20122014 offers a framework for ADBs progressive reengagement
with Myanmar, while providing space for continued analytical work, capacity building,
consultations, and the forging of partnerships toward the development of a full CPS over the
medium term. In line with the governments development priorities, ADBs medium-term goal
under the interim CPS, 20122014 is to support the government in achieving sustainable and
inclusive growth, with the guiding theme of connectivity (domestic and regional, rural and urban,
hard and soft infrastructure).
The interim CPS, 20122014 focuses on (i) building human resources and capacities
(capacity building in ministries in core areas of ADB involvement, and education); (ii) promoting
an enabling economic environment (macroeconomic and fiscal management; and trade,
investment, and finance sector reform); and (iii) creating access and connectivity (rural
livelihoods and infrastructure development, especially energy and transport). It mainstreams the
thematic areas of good governance, environmental sustainability, social safeguards, private
sector development, and regional cooperation and integration into ADBs operations. ADB is
also focusing on the crosscutting areas of knowledge and partnerships.
Staff assessments indicate that the strategic direction of the interim CPS, 20122014
remains relevant, and the proposed project investments in the country operations business plan
(COBP), 20152017 are consistent with this strategic direction.

Closing the Programming Gap

ADB and the government have consulted on the options for covering the programming
gap between the current interim CPS, 20122014 and the proposed full CPS, 20172021.
There is agreement that the strategic thrust of the current interim CPS remains valid, and that
an interim CPS, 20152016 should be developed to extend the validity of the earlier interim
CPS by 2 years to 2016.
Building on experience to date and the approach in the interim CPS, 20122014, and in
close consultation with the government, the focus, selectivity, and results orientation of ADBs
strategy and program in Myanmar will be enhanced during 20152016. ADB will increasingly
focus its support on helping overcome Myanmars key development constraints through
strategic transport, energy, and skills and related investments, as well as direct support to key
reforms, building on the capacity-strengthening efforts to date. ADB will also support the
governments efforts to improve the enabling business environment and stimulate an increasing
private sector role in infrastructure and public service provision. While a range of innovative pilot
projects have been supported in several sectors and thematic areas, greater focus and

ADB. 2012. Interim Country Partnership Strategy: Myanmar, 20122014. Manila (October).
The waiver by the Strategy and Policy Department (SPD) of the usual 1-year limit for extension of the interim CPS
was granted on 24 June 2014.

selectivity will enable ADB to support the governments efforts to accelerate the achievement of
sustainable and inclusive growth.
The 2-year extension of the interim CPS, 20122014 permits a smooth transition into the
full 5-year CPS, 20172021. The proposed timing takes into consideration (i) the unique
circumstances in Myanmar in the lead up to what are widely regarded as landmark general
elections in November 2015; (ii) the need for close alignment between the CPS and the
governments 5-year national development plan (April 2016March 2021); (iii) alignment with
the next Asian Development Fund allocation cycle (20172020); and (iv) the extensive time and
resource requirements for the preparation of a full CPS. It also provides the time for required
strategic and analytical work in critical areas such as governance, conflict-sensitive approaches,
social and environmental safeguards, gender equity, and private sector engagement, which are
to underpin the preparation of the full CPS, 20172021.

Preparation of the Country Partnership Strategy, 20172021

The proposed Myanmar National Comprehensive Development Plan, 20112031 will
map the development paths to 2031; it is broken down into a series of 5-year plans, the second
of which runs from April 2016 to March 2021. This planning framework provides the basis for
long-term CPS alignment with government strategies. It also serves to identify the long-term
programmatic pillars around which to allocate ADBs financial and staff resources in a focused
and results-oriented manner.
ADB has already initiated the process of preparing the first full CPS, 20172021 for
Myanmar, building on the lessons learned during the reengagement process and aiming to
increase focus and selectivity. Substantial economic and sector work is under way, including a
country diagnostic study carried out by ADBs Economics and Research Department.3 The
initiating meeting is scheduled for 2015 and Board approval for 2016.


Given the status of ADBs reengagement strategy with Myanmar and the governments
planning cycle, and with the next 5-year development plan scheduled for launch in April 2016,
the validity of the interim CPS, 20122014 needs to be extended by 2 years. This will enable the
CPS, 20172021 to be fully aligned with the new 5-year development plan, provide sufficient
time for analytical underpinning of the country strategy and program, and ensure that relevant
government agencies and other key stakeholders are thoroughly consulted.4


ADB. 2014. Myanmar Unlocking the Potential. Country Diagnostic Study. Manila.
The process of preparing an additional linked document to the COBP is covered in the SPD Memo on Streamlined
Business ProcessesClarification on Interim Country Partnership Strategy Business Process, 28 April 2014.