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AncientGreek

PictureDictionary
AncientGreekEnglish

PeterSipes
PluteoPleno

AncientGreekPictureDictionary:AncientGreekEnglish
PeterSipes

PluteoPleno
2779East15thStreet,Unit108
Casper,Wyoming82609

www.pluteopleno.com

Edition0.1,March2016

ThisworkisbeingmadeavailableunderaCreativeCommons
AttributionNonCommercialNoDerivatives4.0InternationalLicense.Someportionsare
underalessrestrictivelicenseandarethusavailableonthecreditspage..Thislicensehas
beenchosennottokeepyoufrommakingmoneyoffofit,butbecausetheworkitselfis
inearlystagesofdevelopmentandIwouldnotliketounleashthatontheworldwithout
anyoneknowingexactlywhomadethemistakes.Iwouldratherhavethisworkavailable
foryouinaveryincompletestateratherthantokeepitlockedawayuntilitis100%
readyforpublication.Sharealikesectionsshallbesharedalikebyedition0.2(hopefully
summer2016).

TableofContents

Introduction..TK
Photo&othercredits.TK
Picturedictionary...TK

Glossaries..TK
100mostfrequentwordsinGreek
Wordsbytopic
Wordsinalphabeticalorder

Introduction

IdontteachAncientGreek,butIwishIdid.Iwishitsostrongly
thatmygraduatethesiswasaboutintroductorytextbooksforAncient
Greek.OneofthethingsIrealizedinmyresearchisthatthereisverylittle
inthewayofmaterialsthatareorientedtowardvisuallearners.(Yeah,
therearepicturesinthebooks,butnotanythingatalllikeamodern
languagetextbook.)
SoIsetouttofixthatprobleminsomesmalldegree.Whatyou
haveonyourcomputerscreenorinyourhandisaveryroughdraftofthat
solution.Therearedoubtlessproblemsandmistakesinthisbook.Idlove
tohearfromyouaboutthem.Ibelieveinincrementalimprovementand
havenoegoaboutbeingtoldIvemadeamistake.
Ihavealsotriedtodotwothingswiththepictures.Thefirstis
pedagogical.IselectedGreeksettingsandancientGreekculturalproducts
fortheimagesinthepicturedictionary.If,aslanguageteachers,wewish
toconveythetargetcultureinthemostaccuratewaypossible,weshould
useauthenticmaterials.Thesematerialsaresomewhatlackingfor
antiquity.Ihavenotimemachinetogobackandcatch5thCenturyBCE
Atheniansgoingabouttheirbusiness,sothenextbestistheir
archaeologicalremainsandart.
ThesecondthingisthatIhavealsotriedtofindsourcesofthese
materialsasclosetothepublicdomainaspossible,whichhasnotproven
easy.ThoughIamabigbelieverinopenandshareableculturalproducts,
thisoneisnotasopenasIwouldlike.Why?Myintentionistogetthis
readyforpublicationbothdigitallyandinprint.Atitscurrentstageof
development,itisstillnowherenearreadyforthatkindofThecurrent
editionhasbeenproducedonaCromebook,soifthereareanydesign

infelicitiesIbegyoutoforgivethem.Iftherearedoubtsaboutthepower
oftheChromebook,looknofurther.
PeterSipes
pete@pluteopleno.com

Photo&othercredits

Thispageisvastlyunderdonebutwelloverdue.

Button,Michael
TheateratTaormina(thisworkcontainsaremixoftheoriginalwork)
Erange,Emmanuel
RiverinCrete
FlickruserAuteur
Vathifromabove(Original,Sharealikelinktocome)
Francese,Christopher
Top500mostfrequentwordsinGreek(Original,Sharealikelinktocome)
Kabel,Matthias
Stelewithslaveandmistress(Original,Sharealikelinktocome)
Dionysussailsongrapesanddolphins
Nguyen,MarieLan
AphroditeofCnidus
MasterandSlaveonredfigurepottery
Scenefromasymposium
Sphinx
Thermaeboxer
Nikkil,Tommi
TempleofHephaistos(Original,Sharealikelinktocome)
Noknownauthor
YoungMinoanboxers
Staudt,Wolfgang
HouseinOia
WikipediauserDaderot
HeraklesandtheHydra
WikipediauserLucarelli
ChimeradiArezzo
WikipediauserMarsyas
ArtemisionBronze
WikipediauserPHGCOM
Massaliacoin

, ,
hair
, ,
face
, ,
neck
, ,
breast

, ,
shoulder

, ,
waist

, ,
finger

, ,
hip

, ,
belly

, ,
leg

, ,
toe
, ,
heel

, ,
woman

, ,
hand

, ,
head

, ,
beard

, ,
elbow
, ,
chest

, ,
arm

, ,
navel

, ,
thigh

, ,
private parts
(lit. shameful thing)

, ,

knee

, ,
shin, leg

, ,
foot

, ,
man


, ,
eyelid

, ,
forehead

, ,
crown, wreath

, ,
eye

, ,
nose

, ,
ear

, ,
jaw

, ,
mouth

, ,
ornament, jewelry

, ,
beautiful, noble

, ,
chin, jaw

, ,
ugly, shameful
.

, ,
house
(), ,
roof

, ,
lamp, torch

, ,
door

, ,
window

, ,
stair

to go up, ascend
, ,
wall
, ,
gate
, ,
light, white

from home

at home

to home

, .

to sit down, set


, ,
boxer

to box

to think, reflect

to combat, wrestle

, ,
boxing

, ,
young man

with the fist

, ,
fist

to clench fists

lie at anchor

, ,
open sea

, ,
land

, ,
town

, ,
headland

, ,
ship

, ,
anchorage

, ,
sea, sea water

Declension of

, ,
harbor

, ,
island

, ,
sky

, ,
branch

, ,
tree

, ,
bush

, ,
wet

, ,
stone

, ,
river

, ,
bank (of a river)

, ,
stream, flow

to flow


, ,
theater, stage;
audience

, ,
theater, lit. hollow,
ravine

, ,
stage, back wall of
stage

, ,
area under stage

, ,
entry

, ,
scenery panels

, ,
door in stage wall

, ,
walkway between
upper and lower
seats

, ,
section of seats

, ,
staircase

, ,
dancing area


, ,
mistress, lady

, ,
slave

, ,
slavery

, ,
servile, enslaved

, ,
imperious

to respect

...

to be(come) master

, ,
slave

, ,
master, lord

to enslave

to mock

... .


, ,
leaf

, ,
bunch of grapes

, ,
sail, web

, ,
wine

,
black, dark

, ,
dolphin

, ,
mast, upright
beam

to swim

, ,
ship, boat

, ,
Dionysus


, ,
hero

, ,
sickle

, ,
drug, poison

to crawl

, ,
hydra, water snake

, ,
many, much

,
Chimaera

, ,
snake

, ,
goat

to attack

, ,
wild beast

to roar

-, ,
rib, side

, ,
portent, monster

, ,
sphinx

, ,
bird

, ,
lion

, ,
feather, wing

-, -
feminine, womanly

, ,
tail

, ,
claw, hoof

, ,
shape, form

, ,
riddle

to ask

, ,
flute, pipe

, ,
symposium,
drinking party
, ,
drinking cup

, ,
wine

, ,
table

, ,

pillow
, ,
music

to drink

, ,
drinking buddy,
symposium participant

, ,
couch
, ,
dinner, meal

to dine

100mostfrequentwordsinGreek

Thesewordsaredrawnfromthe
DickinsonCollegeCommentaries
corevocabularylistforGreek
.Majorestimatesthatthetop65words
accountfor50%oftextcoverage,thoughgettingto80%coveragetakes
about1,100to1,200words.Herearethe100mostfrequentinalphabetical
order.Wordsmarkedwith*areincludedintheillustratedpages.

good,virtuous,brave,noble

but

up,onthroughout
,
man,husband

from(+gen.)
,
beginning,originrule,empire,realmmagistracy

other,another

modalparticleforoptativeandsubjunctive
,/
humanbeing

alltogether

himheritselfthesame(witharticle)(pron.)him,
her,itetc.(inobliquecases)

for,indeed,infact

becomebebornhappen,be

indeedatleast,atanyrate
,
earth

andbut

lack,miss,standinneedof(+gen.)

surely,really,now,infact,indeed

give,grant,offer

itisnecessary,onemust,oneought(+acc.andinfin.)

through,during,becauseof(+gen.,acc.)

think,suppose,imagine(+acc.andinfin.)seem,seemgood
(impers.)

itseemstome

(+infin.)tobeable,bestrongenough

,
power,strength,ability

()if(+subj.)

if(+indic.oropt.)ifindeed

be,exist

into,to,towards(+acc.)

Isaid,Ispoke,2aor.of
,

one
,
from,outof(+gen.)

thatpersonorthing

the
formerthelatter

in,among(+dat.)

at(+gen.)on(+dat.)onto,against(+acc.)

after,since,when

himheritself(reflexivepron.)

still,yet

have,hold,keep

each(ofseveral)

theother(oftwo)other,another
,
we
,
day

orthan(afteracomparative)
...
either...or
,/
god,goddess

putinmotion,letgo,shoot(mid.)hasten,rush

and,also,even...both...and

bad,wicked,cowardly

call,summon
*
beautiful,noble,honorable

down,down(fromoralong),throughout,accordingto
,
lord,master

say,speak(of),recountpickup,collect,count

take,grasp,seizereceive,get
,
word,speech,discoursethought,reason,account

big,great,powerful

indeed
...
ontheonehand...ontheotherhand(often
untranslated)

not(marksthenegativeassubjectiveorconditional)

ifnot,
except

with(+gen.)after(+acc.)

small,little,short

alone,single

more,rather...ratherthan
,
now

see,look(to)

the

this

suchas,ofwhatsort,like,(exclam.)whata!,how!

(+infin.)fitorableto

(+infin.)itispossibleto

whole,entire,complete

like,resembling(+dat.)

who,which,that

howevermuchasgreatas(inpl.)asmanyas

(adv.)asmuchas

anyonewho,anythingwhich(inindir.quest.)who,
which,what

because,that(withsuperl.)as...aspossible
,,
not(withindicativeverbs)

andnot,butnot,nor
...
noteven...noryet

noone,nothing
...
neither...nor

inthisway

therefore,accordinglyatanyrate

this,these

afterthis

from(+gen.)beside(+dat.)to,tothesideof,contraryto(+acc.)

around,aboutconcerning(+gen.)

make,produce,cause,do(mid.)consider,reckon

*
much,many

forthemostpart

fromthesideof,inthepresenceof(+gen.)near,at,inadditionto
(+dat.)to,towards,inrelationto(+acc.)

before,earlier

previously,
before
,
city,citystate

every,allwhole(witharticle)
,
you
,
body

who?what?which?(interrog.pron./adj.)

and

bothand

someone,something,anyone,anything,some,any(encliticindef.
pron./adj.)

such,ofsuchasort
,
you(pl)

under(+gen.,dat.)by(+gen.)downunder(+acc.)

say,assert,declare

deny,refuse,saythat...not
,
nature(ofthemind)onesnatureordisposition
regularorderofnature

bringforth,produce,beget2aor.

grew,pf.

beby
nature

as,sincesothat(+subj./opt.)that

justas,asif

soas,sothat,that

Wordsbytopic

Thesearethewordsinthepicturedictionaryaccordingtothe
headwordoneachpage.Accordingly,sometopicswillhavemorewords
thanothers.Adigitalversionofthisglossarywithslightlyexpanded
informationonfrequencycanbefound
here
.
Pleasenotethatthisglossaryisnotcomplete.Useatyourownrisk

tocombat,wrestle

tositdown,set
,,
youngman
,,
boxing
,,
fist

toclenchfists

tobox
,,
boxer

withthefist

tothink,reflect

tobe(come)master
,,
mistress,lady
,,
slave
,,
slavery
,,
slave
,,
servile,enslaved

toenslave
,,
master,lord
,,
imperious

tomock

torespect

,,

land

lieatanchor
,,

town
,,

opensea
,,

headland
,,

ship
,,

harbor
,,

anchorage
,,

island
,,

sea,seawater
,,

tree
,,

sky
,
,

bush
,,

branch
,,

wet
,,

stone
,
,

stream,flow
,,

river

toflow
,
,

bank(ofariver)

,
,

house
(),,

roof
,,

lamp,torch
,,

door
,,

window
,,

stair

togoup,ascend
,,

wall
,,

gate

fromhome

athome

tohome

,,

theater,stageaudience
,,

theater,
lit.
hollow,ravine

,,

stage,backwallofstage
,,

areaunderstage
,,

entry
,,

sectionofseats
,,

doorinstagewall
,,

walkwaybetweenupperandlowerseats
,,

scenerypanels
,,

dancingarea
,,

staircase

,,

drinkingcup
,,

symposium,drinkingparty
,,

wine
,,

flute,pipe
,,

drinkingbuddy,symposiumparticipant
,,

table
,,

music
,,

pillow
,,

dinner,meal
,,

couch

todrink

todine

,,
privateparts(lit.shamefulthing)
,,
ugly,shameful
,,
man
,,
neck
,,
eyelid
,,
arm
,,
chin,jaw
,,
belly

,,
jaw
,,
woman
,,
knee
,,
finger
,,
toe
,,
waist
,,
hip
,,
beautiful,noble
,,
head
,,
shin,leg
,,
hair
,,
ornament,jewelry
,,
forehead
,,
breast
,,
thigh
,,
navel
,,
eye
,,
ear
,,
foot
,,
face
,,
heel
,,
beard
,,
nose
,,
leg
,,
crown,wreath
,,
mouth
,,
chest
,,
hand
,,
elbow
,,
shoulder

,,

lion

,,

sphinx
,,

feather,wing
,,

bird
,

feminine,womanly
,,

tail
,,

riddle
,,

claw,hoof

toask
,,

shape,form
,,

hero
,,

sickle
,,

drug,poison

tocrawl

,,

hydra,watersnake
,,

many,much
,

Chimaera
,,

snake
,,

goat

toattack
,,

wildbeast

toroar
,,

rib,side
,,

portent,monster

10

Wordsinalphabeticalorder

Pleasenotethatthisglossaryisnotcomplete.Useatyourownrisk.

tocombat,wrestle

tositdown,set
,,
youngman
,,
boxing
,,
fist

toclenchfists

tobox
,,
boxer

withthefist

tothink,reflect
,,privateparts(lit.shamefulthing)
,,ugly,shameful
,,man
,,neck
,,eyelid
,,arm
,,chin,jaw
,,belly
,,jaw
,,woman
,,knee
,,finger
,,toe
,,waist
,,hip
,,beautiful,noble
,,head
,,shin,leg
,,hair
,,ornament,jewelry

11

,,forehead
,,breast
,,thigh
,,navel
,,eye
,,ear
,,foot
,,face
,,heel
,,beard
,,nose
,,leg
,,crown,wreath
,,mouth
,,chest
,,hand
,,elbow
,,shoulder