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ASHRAE 90.

1-2004
General Information Summary of Requirements & Exceptions:

Requirement
9.1.1 Scope

9.1.2 Lighting
Alterations

This standard applies to:

Exception(s)

Emergency lighting that is automatically shut off


during normal building operation
Lighting within living units
Lighting that is specifically designated as required by
a health or life safety statute, ordinance, or regulation
Decorative gas lighting systems

Interior spaces of buildings


Exterior building features
Exterior building grounds lighting
provided through the buildings
electrical service

1.

The replacement of lighting systems in Alterations that replace less than 50% of the luminaires in a
any building space shall comply with space need not comply provided the alterations do not increase
the installed lighting power.
the lighting power density
requirements of this standard.
New lighting systems shall comply
with the applicable lighting density
requirements of this standard.
Any new control devices shall comply
with the specific requirements of
9.4.1.2(b)

2.

3.

9.1.3 Installed The installed interior lighting power shall


Interior
include all power used by the luminaires
Lighting Power including lamps, ballasts, current regulators and
control devices except as exempted in 9.2.2.3

If 2 or more independently operated lighting systems in a space


are capable of being controlled so as to prevent simultaneous
user operation, the installed interior lighting power shall be
based solely on the lighting system with the highest wattage.

9.1.4 Luminaire Luminaire wattages shall be determined in accordance with the following specifications:
Wattage
(a) The wattage of incandescent or tungsten-halogen luminaires with medium screw base sockets
and not containing permanently installed ballasts shall be the maximum labeled wattage of the
luminaire.
(b) The wattage of luminaires with permanently installed or remote ballasts or transformers shall be
the operating input wattage of the maximum lamp/auxiliary combination based on values from
the auxiliary manufacturers literature or recognized testing laboratories.
(c) The wattage of line-voltage lighting track and plug-in busway that allow the addition and/or
relocation of luminaires without altering the wiring of the system shall be the specified wattage of
the luminaires included in the system with a minimum of 30 W/linear ft.
(d) The wattage of low-voltage lighting track, cable conductor, rail conductor, and other flexible
lighting systems that allow the addition and/or relocation of luminaires without altering the
wiring of the system shall be the specified wattage of the transformer supplying the system.
(e) The wattage of all other miscellaneous lighting equipment shall be the specified wattage of the
lighting equipment.

Mandatory Provisions

Requirements

Exception(s)

9.4.1.1 Automatic Lighting Shutoff

Interior lighting in buildings larger than 5,000 sq.ft.


shall be controlled with an automatic control device
to shut off building lighting in all spaces. This device
shall be one of the following:

A time-of-day operated control device that


turns lighting off at specific programmed
times - an independent program schedule
shall be provided for areas of no more than
25,000 sq.ft but not more than one floor, or
An occupancy sensor that shall turn lighting
off within 30 minutes of an occupant leaving
a space or
A signal from another control or alarm
system that indicates the area is unoccupied

9.4.1.2 Space Control


Each space enclosed by ceiling-height partitions shall
have at least one control device for independently
controlling the general lighting and shall be readily
accessible and located so the occupant can see the
controlled lighting.
A control device shall be installed that automatically
turns off the lighting within 30 minutes of all
occupants leaving a space, except spaces with multiscene control, in:

Lighting intended for 24hour operation


Lighting in spaces where
patient care is rendered
Spaces where an automatic
shutoff would endanger the
safety or security of the room
or building occupants.

Solutions: What ABL Can Do


For YOU
One product - a wealth of
solutions. See Synergy for a full
range of lighting controls solutions
including:

Dimming
Switching
Network Integration
Scheduling
Occupancy Sensing
Photo Sensing
Telephone Override
Audio/Visual
Theatrical

Remote locations are


permitted for certain safety
or security reasons when the
remote control device has an
indicator light as part of or
next to the control device
and it shall be clearly labeled
to identify the controlled
lighting.

Classrooms, (not including shop classrooms,


laboratory classrooms and preschool through
12th grade classrooms)
Conference/meeting rooms,
Employee lunch and break rooms.

For all other spaces, each control shall be activated


either manually by an occupant or automatically by
sensing an occupant, and:

Control no more than 2,500 sq.ft. in spaces


smaller than 10,000 sq.ft. and a maximum of
10,000 sq.ft. in spaces over 10,000 sq.ft.
Be capable of overriding the automatic
lighting shutoff for no more than 4 hours.

9.4.1.3 Exterior Lighting Control

Lighting for covered vehicle entrances


or exits, from buildings or parking
structures, where required for safety,
Lighting for all exterior applications shall be
controlled by a device that is capable of automatically security or eye adaptation.
turning off the exterior lighting when sufficient

The SwitchPak lighting control


panel combines simplicity with
flexibility. SwitchPak includes
time-based control for ON/OFF
scheduling and low-voltage control
for lighting loads in a compact and
economical package.

daylight is available or the lighting is not required.


It features a custom designed user
interface with soft keys, LED
status indicators for schedules,
inputs and outputs, and an easy-toread illuminated LCD display.

Lighting not designated for dusk-to-dawn operation


shall be controlled by an astronomical time switch.
Lighting for dusk-to-dawn operations shall use an
astronomical time switch or a photosensor.

The ReadyHelp feature


automatically guides the user
through a series of simple set-up
steps.

Astronomical time switches shall be capable of


retaining programming and the time setting during
loss of power for a period of at least 10 hours.
9.4.1.4 Additional Controls
Separate control devices are required for:

display/accent lighting,
case lighting.
Hotel/motel guest room lighting, (hotel and
motel guest rooms and guest suites shall
have a master control device at the main
room entry that controls all permanently
installed luminaires and switched
receptacles.)
task lighting. (supplemental task lighting,
including permanently installed undershelf
or undercabinet lighting, shall have a control
device integral to the luminaires or be
controlled by a wall mounted control device
provided the control device is readily
accessible and located so that the occupant
can see the controlled lighting.)
nonvisual lighting (lighting for non-visual
applications such as lighting for plant
growth and food warming) and
demonstration lighting (lighting equipment
that is for sale or for demonstrations in
lighting education)

9.4.2 Tandem Wiring


Luminaires designed for use with one or three linear
fluorescent lamps greater than 30W each shall use
two-lamp tandem-wired ballasts in place of singlelamp ballasts when two or more luminaires are in the
same space and on the same control device.

One product - a wealth of


solutions. See Synergy for a full
range of lighting controls solutions
including:

Recessed luminaires more


than 10 apart, center-tocenter
Surface-mounted or pendant
luminaires that are not
continuous
Luminaire using single-lamp
high-frequency electronic
ballasts
Luminaires using three-lamp
high-frequency electronic or
three-lamp electromagnetic
ballasts
Luminaires on emergency
circuits
Luminaires with no available
pair

Dimming
Switching
Network Integration
Scheduling
Occupancy Sensing
Photo Sensing
Telephone Override
Audio/Visual
Theatrical

Links to product families that can


potentially be tandem wired, see
your ABL representative for
details:

Recessed Rows: RR CRR


Shallow Recessed Rows:
CRRS
Coffers: EC
Strips: S
Side-Mount Strips: SM
Staggered Strips: SS SST
Channels: C SL
Heavy Duty Channels:
UN
Industrials: AF EJ EJA L
LA RI RIU
Heavy-Duty Industrials:
AFP

Parabolic Industrials: PV

9.4.3 Exit Signs


Internally illuminated exit signs shall not exceed 5
watts per face.
9.4.4 Exterior Building Grounds Lighting
All exterior building grounds luminaires that operate
at greater than 100 watts shall contain lamps with a
minimum efficacy of 60 lumens/watt or be controlled
by a motion sensor.
9.4.5 Exterior Building Lighting Power
The total exterior lighting power allowance for all
exterior building applications is the sum of the
individual lighting power densities permitted in Table
9.4.5 for these applications plus an additional 5% of
that sum. Tradeoffs are allowed only among exterior
lighting applications in that table under the Tradable
Surfaces section.

specialized signal,
directional, and marker
lighting associated with
transportation
advertising signage or
directional signage
lighting that is integral to
equipment or instrumentation
and that has been installed by
its manufacturer
lighting for theatrical
purposes, including
performance, stage, film
production and video
production
lighting for athletic playing
areas
temporary lighting
lighting for industrial
production, material
handling, transportation sites
and associated storage areas
lighting for theme elements
in theme/amusement parks
lighting to highlight features
of public monuments and
registered historic landmark
structures or buildings

Go to VISUAL to see and


download software that can be
used to compute illuminance
levels.

Prescriptive Path

Requirements

Exception(s)

9.2.2.3 The interior lighting power


allowance for a building or a
separately metered or permitted
portion of a building shall be
determined by either the Building
Area Method or the Space-by-Space
Method. Trade-offs of interior
lighting power allowance among
portions of the building for which a
different method of calculation has
been used are not permitted. The
installed interior lighting power shall
not exceed this interior lighting
power allowance.

The following equipment shall not be included in the


calculation of either the interior lighting power allowance
or the installed interior lighting power as long as it is in
addition to general lighting and is controlled by an
independent control device:

Display or accent lighting that is an essential


element for the function performed in galleries,
museums and monuments.
Lighting that is integral to equipment or
instrumentation and is installed by its
manufacturer.
Lighting specifically designed for use only
during medical or dental procedures and lighting
integral to medical equipment.
Lighting integral to both open and glass enclosed
refrigerator and freezer cases.
Lighting integral to food warming and food
preparation equipment.
Lighting for plant growth or maintenance.
Lighting in spaces specifically designed for use
by the visually impaired.
Lighting in retail display windows, provided the
display area enclosed by ceiling-height
partitions.
Lighting in interior spaces that have been
specifically designated as a registered interior
historic landmark.
Lighting that is an integral part of advertising or
directional signage.
Exit signs.
Lighting that is for sale or lighting education
demonstration systems.
Lighting for theatrical purposes, including
performance, stage and film and video
production.
Athletic playing areas with permanent facilities
for television broadcasting.
Casino gaming areas.

Solutions: What ABL Can Do


For YOU
Go to VISUAL to see and
download software that can be
used to compute illuminance
levels.
Go to software to see full listing
of free software packages
available from ABL and others.
Links to software packages for
making energy calculations for
compliance with the ECB
Method:

DOE-2
BLAST
ESP
TRNSYS

Lighting Design Guide to


determine required illuminance
and other design issues by
application.