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c*nte*tx
X IVnkir:S
\\,'l ich sctr1.*:r:*s :lbr: l,i: :*:l irrl;:

Fr*s*r:!. !$ir;:gi*
Al:ar.il h:lll of *l lpoken
$i:*pl*.

is in rhc P*:sr-'.n!

firglish

Ycr: use it t* t'.rlk itb*ut eclit;*s ltnd stat*s lvlricl.r

*re alweys cr gcnel*lly

tr:uc.

I
yCil

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lhey

lvo*.

h*
slc
il

works

iI

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ycu

do
don'l

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gc

work?

1{ij

cloesn'twlrk

f!

n:f*r r* sch*llules rncl tinletal:l*si

c:llr*ii$ tlrr:rigl"lt:r,feelings *r:rl opiniutsr

{:l

lefer tr: irng-tenn silu::tir,rnsol iill:tsi i.|

wiilcnss
pu*h*r

m,$s

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t*xes

try

ines

ia
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Fl
?:

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yeu'rs
we'te

you arsnl
ttrteafen't
theyarcn't

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they're

le 's

wsrkng

ii$

he i*n't
shll lsn't
it isnl

ii':,ixl'ii,::1, i Corrcel tlx: 1r:11o,ll,irgr.rsingllre infurm::fltn

g:in

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a.gn't

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wa
workln$?
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isn'l

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ri

does
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work?

rh*s

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on l]'ids] ri*et::cons.
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4, *rr X*nr'l:rv* q:ur ilfi* *su:llly#!rs L* {)sl*.
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i::'::',,1;:'f

in lt;

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X3 Xl, 1 d*n'i.

,&
A

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&

l{r.r. buL slrr: rl*cs.

l::i';rr:,,ii:::i':.3' !'lltrh

*li*

aren't

1$

,,ialolllrt
i:.::'::i.:i'!.a:.irl

funniitQ

drop

Cropping

larget

f*f$*lting

li*

lyinc

lhr: fi:i!-r.,l ir:g using li*: infi;*n:r*l.r::

tl.:L:vt.
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2

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Ysu **e the .|it*sent Ce*tinueir,n l* trlk *ltt:Lr{ cr*rrer:l


sjil"ratiunrin pr*gless a*e1fi:tturt ilnan$c:n:l*nls
ilh*yr* stql:ing sl t;&eJli**;:.
lfe'is g*rliltg a &;lA *ru gl*&rl&s*fl*x sl -J o floeA.

helahelit
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pl*h

waich

lh*!

rJr:scribeh;ibils rnel rciutincs! i?l 6-l

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t

l llr.c jlrsi rr-:tlir.le lti,xrirh.

1"{l rrns iilrli el.rry Cr;,'.

:''l:lu' ffes{:niition
is tl:i.r rrlrcrnron.
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iri.: {-initr:d lil:it*s h:is 1l:* x:orlcl's ail'1}il$.sl c.1)r1{:rl^{.

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S

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th* l:*llls .$rtur*a!,s"

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lty tr:r:i* 1e:*es li l.3l).

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cfte* just telh alx:ut lvt:rk, J'his is r::ril*rl '&;lhingslrr:p'.
X'?itc in *re *{ssing pairs * Nriels i:r:lou,.

Nr,r",i'r:n.*'od*ing{.{.}in Xenigr::* a}rir tut:trfu, $ri


Getwirk's eesi*r:&rr nr*.
Finc. ()hl Thi: biitteri*s arc goi*g {i) on my nlul:il*:.
C*n 1 eall !'{:l"th:ielrr

s**i*!jLing lxippcni*.g righl at $*:; nromenr. i.l-]

:i:
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r,r.p+ p1;r::{
I in + diltlil:*rll
I 11,:t,* + fn{:l{ri:.l: rritl: l ruppllel'
l* * o|.i'ir:r
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r;i'l * ::rrllf.i,lr:rs r:l
i ir:i

s**rething hr:ppr:nir:g ltn::r,:ndthe pre**$t |;ou.

ilr

a tu&rsi arrarlgq':rs$.. l2:l i5}

{* li:e cc:r:r'crsaikinabo\:c, {irrei*xan:ples *f

.e i heer Cle titrc $r$*1$]^F_

"-*. i:r Warsaw.


\Yars;*,? I lh*r-rghl it ulrs Prrgne

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&

f rin*l*rstnm{ y-ilu'rc h
k:c;r] djltrib[_tpl

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I i:el1r:vc likr $e:r{li n*cd mi:e* \t:ii 11I
*}x*itc,r* * Ch*l:sc thi: l^*st *lternrtives in thc
k:ilon'|r:rg c*nltrs*dr:*,
p" \titaL da
lrru d* .,,':!fr y{ru r!*ir ,q'i
A

ili:ally| i'l*re ln Xrxrjr:h?


'.i'l:;it's
right. l.)o 1;cr,rl*n*,"'..i &rc 1a:nknolirr;
L,l.rinidr?

&

{ih. yes. $re*{ ciryi. $c, hurv rio 1:*s gej6lr


enj*ying lhe **ni*r*m:* sr: *r*

Xtll, it's iill right, { gr-Less


,i 1'n: ,Er.rcssilg.l}r: y:u
giyng a lalk?
Sire / $l:lou

&

*& agfecrlxr$t.
'lh*y
s:ry ll ,{ :Lrr }x3'ingoff

s{

Al tlic Ar*l<;r"l.I usr-rellyst:ty I }'lx usr-rally$Li\.iog :i!


lj:e neu*r l-}*lq:l in :Xrlt':*ire:rrcrsi:rr:se
irut it was {'*i!.

\riall, if 1'r;u clon'l <-{*,r .rror:aren'i eloing itn.litili*$

I l:*;lr yr:Lr'r't:rhinlting of *___*


li:xvi*g -vcr.rr
jqb
sl
l-lercl{:lt-P;lck$r.1,
*-

\\ieli, yex. JLrslhelwecn i:is. {'rn rxoving ta Cisr:o

,q

... 1x)ri{ioffice. _. .

colnil{:t.:i

afl*r Chlistrxss.
"ill*y say they'ftr lndet
* . ._ ihnr*t frrlnr a

&

ite*liyl lt',s the $rst i'rre h*:llri *l it"

Sameone toirl me ahc!'rt' d*ir":g a cl*al

with
i

litil.

a !]tppliql

".., in Tc:l Aviv


'1'h*1,:
thrr n;llkes sensrl.
11* *u:st r:{ rli:ir

business there.

&

the bar

I hear y*r.i're i:irldi*g for:


i;tsirrp;rrx;r'r.,

rvr:1l.in fact.

cour..rittee

$r:nlel:rnr tr:kl n:* rhevic elosing dqry+_


; l r t l , i t r - n r < r f<a, ci t o r v

w*rit
S;n*tEa-rt
-'i - other

deleqates

e $ex:

Yenh, x'e arr, lhe jleg$ti:iti{x\i ere goin5; qnilt:

Wtirt"lrith-*

birr.

contract

a talk

i& $t*cklr$im.

B \Sbll, il's nr:t nifir:jal yet. hlx ]i{:-s,1\r: g*ng jr.isl

i$ e:tt?

tl:r: b:Lr

use{ul
cortact'

B^5i^e55
cards

|. undcrstlnql y*r-r'r'ei:eing tt ar:lferrcri


,tg,

w
w

$ysl'{:m.

$yster:x.

{}i:!****t;1*li,s C*rtpiete lh* fiilJox.ingl;y wriring rhi:


nour:s rnel nr:un pl:ruses in thc righr{uncl boxes. 'lihq'
rtrr';ll $:ings 1ur r:n:igl'rt
du *i a r:onfercncr.

]:usinrss rrrCs

Yes. l lre*r:rlih*t t*o. $*nre kind *f mr,tl$-rrecll-a

}'rostilctakeover

i:seful

in .1.)ceernh*r.

{-*xi *: Si*r:f*r*ri**:}

I * rnlir

*- a ncrv pf'cdact

fnl*rl:1rni11citll

:r i:l;fi.ri.iillr:e

$*rner:n* t*lci n:* St:ny ar* bringing


allt

.1rr'}r),.,

&

elel*gai*s

5.000

ir: rlrt t ji

ei*wnsixing"

.& X*, lxr. .l only qrN**,/ l'nr n:rly r..$rldnSti; ahi:sr


lhirrgs tr: Srt {}rit of the c*fiec lr;r :r fex' c}*vs. \Vh*n:
clo y*i.t $ley I rr'* yr:u st:iyirtg, hy t.hc ,$4'l

I (]th*f

in i\xpl*s,

$3 ls tirxt right? \Sir]l, J knerv lhey rrere

I'm / l'm b*ing an *lectricrl engine*r &rr $ic*ie;*.

L* gr; for $oltlethitls

brl}cs1lirh :l

Yrah, *txt's dgfil. Ln filrt. \iie'v* ah'e::rlyre*ch.:c!

wo,ck.erS

&

lrlJtlt

_---

ci.o :ell

a ilclr,

FlAAt.

lkv:rt v*d:s are jxll ':rclj*n' r,el'bs, *nd at:i: &oi usuall!
r,rs** in dre ccnlinutu.s fi:rur.

lillrr,

*iu1:"l*'.1::

*r*x*rn{ $lxr5li* $r i.:cln'ti!t*{}iiri'i}

rl

It {iot:sn't su;pris* mc. .F'rotrrn'}:rt I h*arri,


lh*;"rr: tr:.ing t{} c*ntreli$c ptrxl'uctir:n.

I n C o m p a n yI n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r ' sB o o k @ M a c m i l l a nP u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 0 0 2

i . r l : . : l i , i t t: : t : r - r : : , . ' , . 1i1- i - : ; i , : t : r : i l . i

l ' ir l

Gr*nrrar ;nd Lcris llrrk*

3 h l e k i n g* n l i s
l|rx*! .$il**i*
1l-ri-l usc ihr: fast $irnpl*: to ta.llt d:or-lt to*tpieied,

past

rvrnt$. 'li-:st l'e*rs nrc: reguler, but lhele are ahtur l{J{}
irr:pcrlanl irr*girlur i.clbs tliat :rrc u.seful tr: k:;u:tr.

{e:xi:*i** .3 l'ir:r:* ;rdr'*l'hs he}i: r-rstr: lre ;rlr:re s,p*li1ic


;rl:*r-rttlrr p:lst. l.fsing llii: tiinr *dr,edx in lhr: b*x.
c*xpl*te tliis shr:rl pr:esenl:dir:;r*l:n,tt thc clrv*k:pn*:ut
o-| l n*:x' prceir-ret.

tI ,t{)r.
y{}u
he
$1re
ii
w8
Iney

h*

snr

wSrK*c

rluring

llr

I
y0iJ

{.)r,{:r

agt}

beibre

As yr:u kn*x., wr i:ilsf got tire ieis:i fi:r lhr ner*; pr*ducl

clir.ln'iwork

ii,i:ear (1.i 6qo

li
WE

crafli*t

thry

vviih iL. lhcrc tas

{31 For

wc c{}uld So l{l

, irur {l) befcr:e

a lr:t cf x.ork tt ck:.

sir rnt.inths ll-x: pxiclur:t:v*s

in delei*pr-:rcnt

ii-t {)ut" rcse*rch cenl.re in C*rnhridge . Ve *ren r:ln te$ls

did
clldn't

I
yrxl
ho
*he
ii
w
they

wcirk?

s tt1rce-morrrlrlrt.r'j,rrl. (i, Durin4 _.lhat tjlrre

(.ii ovgf

v*rb
*luCy
pr*{er

p*st sin:ple
stucii*qj
prclerred

x'c :ilsn ronductecl i*lrrvir:s,,s wilh s*rrre r:f t;rrr h**t

slap
aCmil

sloppec
adrniiled

pnduct.

cu,llr:mrrs lr: flncl $ul wllel thr:,v w*nted fiitrlr ti'r*


Slxrch we rr'*re $nalL! ru:rcl3i{*r

i6) l"

tire laxn*h,

Sg";a*t!**: 4 Ccmplete ihe jok* r,rsingtlre Pasr Simplc <lf


the v*r'N.rs
in l-rr*ehe*,

?b &e

Kiwget l: W,pW&&.$W
A lrusinessr:nen(.i)

l
he
she

I
h*
she
i:

we$

it
you
we
wer
rnsy
fi';:*l!lt

t!
he?
wa$
wasn't shc?
it'l

W&SN T

ysr?

you
!,i,i

wer{)
w*'l
wgran'i they?

WCfCn't

ihey

i Colrcct thc krllr:x.ir51 using thc iflll}fr**iloi}

war.tgd

{lvnnr) rr: intcrllcn

applir*:1ts fi:r tlrt: position nf elir.ision*l n:r*nager."fhere


{:) !!qf-e*............-..-.ibel srvenrl stnrng rxnclir}at*s, $ct l-te
{}l d,ggdgd_* {el*cielq:)iil cleyiss a sirupl* t*si lo select
the rrrcli:itsr:it*l,;le person for the jnl:, l{e (i) 45_Ked- " .
'Ti'hat is trv*
irxk] *ich applir::lnt rhc sirnpl* t1:gsticn,
a*ci tw*!'
'fire

ll:e.} r i*ur*'.rlill. }:t*


{rhink)
i}ighr) a rig,rlt.rtr.r;r thou{ht

fii*r appl,ic*nt {i) !At--

{il lit

fcr:l nx:ment and tiren {Sj t4id -_'tlenty'tw*'.


li&* .ceerxtd*ppli*ani (9) h*d --..."Fr;:i*?ir:q* * X'?ite rhe

F*sr \ , , ; l r i . r , i : I i t r , " 1 ' . l r , j ' t t

engii.x:cring. He {1$) leeK-

l , ' r ; r r h u 4 r i - e . {- ._ -

nl:io plaved

calcr.rl*t*r(11) pfq{fqd

(,( r'rli)) occupjed -

r rrj,.r elloyed - - -

(1:) {hqwgd

;gf{; raferred

ofi*r offered

anel4.001.

r'r,rrii ; G_e^f4ffed_,-. " _

sr-rffer<urffered

,lr,,l' dropp.d

r 11.r
. lt;1r d-e"v.qt-ope-{**

f',p

floppeg!

* t - - - .

visit virited

i tted
r:ornl1it cor.,rr.a
trnns*::ii tra^'r.ai tted

{say}

ll:r;rve)* eleg::*ein

&:rke} *r-rrhis
|press) a 1'*w hlr|tons, e*d

{shon} the ansnrer t* l;e hetween }.999


.l

The nexi *i:piicent {}3i!:Ked*.-

{x.rrk) as a

c*fp$ra-te lnrvyer. l{e (14) 1tgigd- -...-{$&.te}ilret tw{}


anel twer llti

-cp,."*l"d-- {!r.n} *rly l:e f*ul anel

i1{) qCey9d- -..-.(F:n:ve) it }:-v r*ferring to *re rve1lkff.:wn r:;rs* oi S*t*s v &{r;n*puli*s C*mmissi*n.

Xrhy don't th*: v*rirs c,rnth* *':ightfollov the sarnr:


sp*liing ch*ng*s as tlu vell)s r:n :l:* 1ek?

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'lhe

lr,ct :rpplicanr {1li

tqrr\ed

(twr* *ur to bc *n

Whlr knerl,-filsr?
@Anne bl}*ngr. e elaire d;.itelan
f{r:N, cli.dl}rng iind r:ut"i -(tefan told hir,r.

x.eountanr. ii'i.tebr.rsinessmxn*glin (18) prrt


{iluli his qtie.ltiun. -$fhLrtis rwc enri twn?'

The accnuntan{ {}9) get--.--..-*_ kc$ up lxxrr iris e*,.ri1


{20} wq^t
{ge:) e1's1ro thc ek;r:r,(.2j} clored
(closeJ it, thcn {12) .,qar\4e--...- {c*me.i hlrck xnri
(231 t6t_. .. ,., {sit) dr:q.n, li:in*}ly, h* {?{i legned......"...

I
II

(lean) *crrss lhe desJrand {.21) whtl>gfgd {nlrisl>r-'rJ


rn
'}lr:tl,'rnr-rcl-r
a .Lci$'voi{e,
clo yar.rrvilna i| tr: hel'

\\'lrr, ul.

Pr:il*{ll*g: S,Cunr:*t {he six {irrc:x in thetr:


({)n1.'eftilt{.1.on$.

' l A
tt

:i'::',,t;.i
ilii::l::

..::!11**a, l.ltr lr:trvtlsalii)il

til{J ln.t,;ri(:f ilre

A
g

<lueslic;ns
An:re
Bcagt
Alrxle
BcnS[
Anlle
Bengt
Anr:rc

Who rJiclyr:ri r*ll?


,lusr Cl*:irr:"
Anel wlx: t*ltl yor.r?
S|-elan,
And n*i:ro<ly else knr:ws?
0n1y you.
rfibil, oi course, I do. I tnld $tefan"

{ltr,l:isl lrr litiorri,

& Anne b 11engr @ Cirir.e d St*i;n


llcrrl thes* two quriirjons a*el rl*gi!:din* llle sr-rhiecl
i* e*ch. 1?&* ddd1'rill relll llt* &/rl.l*rui

A
r!

A
g
3

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ut
tt

-l'ir,.

r t ' i ) . t r . , ti n l

r t . 1 () ; { l ) i ' \ \

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t r,,',.",i.f'rl,.
,.r1
.l

l i r l - ' , : r s i. . t : , , | s . f . , l r j n r t l , i s ; n , ) tr t i l l ! .

t lll

\tr

\\ It(.t(' r#litfr"

r t . i l i r 1 1 i ; 1 1 1i r r i

\$'el.], { \renf tr: lhe irt*rj.ierv.


.\irtil \\ l,,it ,Ji*Ll,,rt:p.',7
A
i !{}J ll)(- j(}1)l

X:h*t ***t* f k*erv y*:.r'rl get ir. Cr:ngr*trlletir:xsl


did I say
l. spnk* to Alny at lh{ nrerting *.botit olrr idr;,
;\nci rr'h::.ttl+*+r+**i* *did ghe thi^k
Shr likcri it"
c^Me
Gcod. Sr; wh* eise did ets;s-g$ the ln*cLiug?

.i:::X i :i :'!'* i *::;:,l': * l't {: {: t{ l.: ti} i1i: :.'} !':$


-l*

t** *sll*r, th* p*f$*f! $** slt$*,*ni i1:* ph***;*


'l;'si:i;**s **ir**i**r ir*iql*g i#rx, fit*;,.&-rs

til* *rg**:xaiii:x.

..,iliillil::,i':
x!3|: *i'3i*xilli*s illl*i ,*is'*r**:,i:i**r }n h*sir,l*ss.phr:nc r:*lls rrc r1firn
itrlerritpLccl"k:ok al t.hc di{Iicrrlti*i rrrrrtclistrrciir:ns q:n th* l*li. $trtch *rch o1e
t{.}3r'r';tppr$prial*1g-spq311gs
or: ll:e lig}rt't
li:r-rr cr:}!:irguc ect{i*li in anei \v:.nt1i1lo{rle sisn
a sofrr. coLrlelyrrrt spe*l1 rrp a linkr?
solilelhing"
b l.oo1<..
l'r.* Sol ${}fnri)ne oil a:iiL:
{)tit*r lit.}t'.(xn ,! *ri}
3 Yi:ur cr:lleagr-r*l*aves I lerr' secot:eislater.
\:r.:uir*rki
3 "I'lrel"*'stt lqlribl* nr:irc rigirl or.r{sidqrrr:r:l olTice.
6 {)t{l lliri yoLr get rll r[et'l
ll:il c:in'l hear lttnrr:lf thinltl
d I'll harc tr; go, t'nr a.[:ricl.$lrneihing's eq]rr{:up.
4 lbr.il boss r\:;tnt$ $ wr:rd wjlh yrir * r'Lrx.!
$on} rl>ouf rlret. \yhr:r-err.ere x,ri'
*
5 Scntconc:clsu is lrying |t: c:rll lrr-rLr.
f
.,\nyir111,.
I rvrlrl'l lrctp yor"rt:ry long*r- $prirk tr: -i:r;r,r
6 lllrc $thrf p*r.-qongir:es yr:r: tireir. nanle * it's
$oon.
unprtr.:roL:ncunbiel
g lixcusu me: r lncrncn{.
7 lt:u dri:rk ,verr.r
*rislrnclcrstlod the infor:u:r*tieofhe
h $eir1v,coi-rkl yr:u speil that lcrr mr, pk:a.sr:l
{}lilcf p*r$on ir.rstg:rve vr;u.
i
Can l jr"rstcheck thal s'ith ) *ui
B \bu ger.elllc r:titer:petson a k:l r.rl'ink:rnati*n very
q*rickl.1'.
'the {xl'rcr
I
psr:$a$iusl x,r.rn'tslr;p l*lhingl
l

1 l

ixK

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'l

$vxi:*!** ,* d*rnplcie rh* f*llox'ing hul::*r*lls e*iclc


r-lsi*g tl:e coirlllariltiy* a*d sui:crlxliv* expr*ssi*ns i:: tlre
l:{)x.

* *;:l**r'ixf is*:x *i:;:{ * r:pi: llxllv'gi x


1

rheapsr

the che.ipest

saier

ttlc sstest

hi0

bigger

the big$st

eerly

sedaer

tlre earli*sl

!mp0naff

rnerellees
impcCefit

the rlt$$tl
th* l6a$t irnporl*t

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the trest

cheap

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re[abl* g:

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l::*e r:f the hcsr
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h:llf *s m*ny
trvic* as iiliely
as far-l:*us xs
* lild* mr.rr*
signific*lrtly Xrq:piel

i Clnssifythe *cij*ctiv*sl-!skr\&'a$
rypc l*6'

etever lll

h*rtl

by filr ihe lor,"est


a i*i meir*
rnuch bctter
little sale:r
worlil's higllest
ea**n w*:fttt:
comp*rcel *'ith

c*n yo* makc '*boul ilne-$)'11:rllk:,

gcrteiali.**tir:ns

arilett1v*s?

and tltrce-sylhhle

ttc-s;:Lilble

exp*rlenc*s i.t:
Sr*e.{:!*g t l:se 1.our own 1J*r'$r)rlr}.1
r:se :i
1{:
ntc*ssillY,
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dielirxurv lr: hr:lp )'rx Lhrxrse the riglrt :ir1!**:t!r'e*.
*

thai: my
The ]*b.{'ve .qol *ow is a 1*r
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r.h* rtictr, l'rilltr

i'll neler ilrgtt

llr36 ri1.'r,t)t ll'rltrt

i ti** -

foeci fiiirlv

but it s not quite

a* pe*ple iirink.

ir.$-

t think the .--*.**'* brillClng }'v* ev*r sesn nrust i:e


Xirher thal or .----_-...-, lvl'Licir :l''as jusl lis
l:ut in * {liflerent $.,a}-.

'l'h* p**pie
I've
in are $oan* of tlre &'bll ate eve$
eter tytc! - tip:ilt f.grrn **

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r:ar l'vr: eyer herJ, bnt il's ;trl *s

il's tlrt
n,ELl:e

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titerr inr:le polite than in:ptrarir.e: anri dire',cir1u*stlnrrt.
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boss uted t{} $nv lo ycu heli:nr :rnd ch:rnge {hem ir:t* lthi}i }{)Lra nerv ix-rss rvr>uki
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Cor.rlr_lvcr.i rraake r.ae a coffee,

pleaSe?

Xt.-,lrklyxr pi*rsc u;e lhe 5pell check i,r futnre?


L*irltl i have a word with you in private?
ls tlrcre s*nle:whc* | car ph,,r4thi; r.robile in?
\Xbrrlclrc*t ,ntru.1chackirq lhese $i4ures a4aix?
]:{lli

yout*t lq i:* tli1j::r-l!gl ry1t11


cc:,rld
{)c; i;*r"rlxrpp*: to krrow the phone code for Careece2f}': \,ou think I e*trld iu;k you to work overtiue this evetix4?

l n C o m p a n yI n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r ' sB o o k @ l v l a c m i l l a n
P u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 0 0 2

t:llii::iicll* .t !fl:*;r

you're $;slr!nc ar*uncl nn businEss, it's easy tc solln.d mi:r* :lggrcrssiyr:


tllll) lorl meiln tr). Thc br,rsiness tr':lvellcr *;: fh<: righr is relhrt stfessrcl. Llse poiire qlrcrtitrr
I-oflr:.r or indii'c* qu{:$tiQnr lt: :r*ke hi:rr rr.ru:rd r.$r:le p*1ilc.

I rv*r:i ir ivi*ioxr *a*1. Courld I have a wirrdow seat, please2-

r{erpnrc!vi$rrn1:ir*s'r-9lli yll lqlq ry {1f ry 9ff-1-?

Wlrerc,sa cushpr:inf Could you tell r.^ewhere lhere't a ca5hpoint?

ch*ng*rris n;enrv-pcr:net
n,;rclWqlt4)/:lf\T!1.4il'qlitt

f)on,t r1r.ir-e
si: l*stl Wonld yor,rr.aindnot drivinl So $aSt?
could len'd pre your r'robile?
lencl l;rr: y<iur rr:r:l:iler 1,""-:::jh:'.*:f"u
l ne*cl ir: r*r:ir'ugr irly 1;lpt*1:.$<:rr.*:li:i*rr:.Do you kn'ow if lhere's Souewhere

+
ct

!h!1 tw9t1)/-p1'\a ,\ote?

l "::llir:slsr"-:rlaptop?

l"r 1'cru'11iraire ft Sivc me thrr:: se.pamt{: rcl--*!p!:;.


\\:lrirr ti;xc i, i1r Could you tell r.^e the ti,ule, please?
i
I

i{cr$r''irir ir re:rlr* *irpur* !:*y:*S.i1l..P'fY:-'k::1|:1

the airport?

l:-k

l-x;llx: **ri:l:*sx'ir*px

irr: $ei

l{ y** i**k lik* y*ur p*r*x6:*rlpi:*t*, y$*'}"* far t** !l}

y{)tlt t.fiir:gs

turtel
1n tils: rra*ic
ti re o.lJie*
(tt$l{)t'tlli
1:frl,l krl':,1
$l
:r c:rh

'l* ?rxv*i,
$f*s* *itri*s{ $*srn*ss j*l;r**iisl
't

il'hink alxrut the irusiness trips ,v<>lt'ver


l:ce:: *rr .i.u
the prist. &.ir:npletc iitc cr:1k.-rr:i:tti.r:rx
bcLlrlv Ltsinglhe
rv*rrlr in ihe l:r.lx.
ili.lJi,

(-()nrrr'l
I sh*pping
j ch*clr-in

tire airport

cl*stination

s.leep

lor:nge

:r;iih lh*sc::

b:rgs

, oll.., i ir;t r b4,45

mdrv:L:

ai{) {}i.il l{rr a, rv.eal

be mr:l ir: Arrival'


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- -

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.

r , , ' t l : , r ' , , L i r* l i a h t

skip 6reau{ast

l r , , . , r . lt l r t . F l a l e

gcr sruck l -tlg traffic

i...-i*l.l-iv*ar your deltin+tie^


f-,i r.y* tr) ger $tmc

lleep

checlt ir:ilo y<:ur hotel

i,.l g" ilr:r'ougir


pe$sp*r{Sq^trlql
i-l

ivnit i'r lhe departuru l-q4l4e .

lr I !()n(i

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i'l r*t**;r rrxi rr.r!g-*:fee*--'

(lr'(.rr{. rt SheSK:il - ,

t--l
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]r:liL A cab

5hotrtrtA4

i-,.1 ro,urch*re irr-f1iglrt yqy!4

U L i : r , ,( - . r , , r r f i { h t -

Tirir:k ebout the l:usincss frips yot:'ve l:*cn on in


lhe i:!i*r" Put *rer expl'cssions in 1 :lnel ? intc; lhe
cinlev lhcy nrlrrnally happen l:y rri"rnrl:*ringtire tick
boxcs. I-Jsethqn: fo rvr:itr:thc: str)qr of'on*: of
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the office

f F { n n d l i nc S
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!*tva:*:tiq:si* ),&rtch th* f*ll*rving t* rn:*e fiv* shnrt
celr:vei'sati*r"rs,

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Sl*p mlki*g prl'sr-rrul e:llls lr i'11ll cl:utgr r:r:ri


!i::r Ller:r.
(top r.,rakin4Ferroral callr or l'll char4e you

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I rkx't x'ill ec**;rt tn1,'li:irrgltls lh:tt l-ni.


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lir.',l', rtl sir:k trxJalr"

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ii:

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llr,rclapestal:*r.li nrx! u,erk's rn*efillS?

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k dmt*dmy
elreck

Ihsn l'll f.+X*.- "

g*{

lhor* flgur*etlxcugh

liighl d*tails.

do

SfuOS*-""_ *-nr*ils.

lex

D*n't',verry,
l'li {et

update

Nastl,',a;'11 deleg-te

s,rculete

Travelnil*s.

rxnning

-Ued4le*- {ites.

e5l4ft-

suppli*rin Milan*

p*stgr*ne

Fix
-Qgl*_-..*-*-

**legate

Shoulc{hav* -Sleffed__

tll.tC1;+h-_

ny d**k by then,

e c*py"
e rntf**,
.. ._ ,': -t sr,r ;ri)s cll::.)T.

an app*intnr*nlif yru -S4*_


rh;i1phff c I

ss!
csntest

Mi:s1.ppltp-oJ:e*-_
'fh*
tci*contsrsneervrlhJxpan

fix

FirriEh

ilhsn*

*&u

wcrk nl h*lf pest *ight"


h*m* * I m*y be laie.

lri!

Leave

*e ear.

eel*br.ete

Hit

Ii'e r,-e.r.

fitrish

Da:ln li * whv n$l cele6rate

. . lhe prm*n:lctienl

le&\r
elr*ft

S-gg!gd-

up thenegotia:lionl

n&n{:i

.Pglsl* -

bdr,*r?

s*r*weel

a l*tler.
"D-n*fl_.*__
t lsiv ,.h**-d--*.--. in yor;rresignaliorl

f ) . 1 1 1 ' lq + g n , ; ; ; . , a ' i f l - f t , { I \ | \ t | \ 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . ...r 1 e

ny *altstillhaf par:tt*r:.

n"lissed

ls 1,r;*r ofl'ir:e *n{hi:rg like r}ril?

i:a*k to yoLl.

A n:emogsy;1qcircurlate

llqld_

bseak

pi*k

$o, youblew

Firs'|,th*re'$* t'*psrtt* do_.

nrake

nf the neg*tiati*nl

ii,4ustpjeNl-**

{;l*$*fs.

e list

{rlve

E1e-*K_

Gr:r.rrJ.A:rxl l'11i:) lq^y_e.",.*


ir to vor.l {{r ${xt r:ul
lh* ei:nferen{* r*ornr ii th*t's p3_*..

Ca-ncel

fcrmalpr*nentation.

f il gir'* yr:n d:e d_e.l*il:*..... &::ih, }r*re


$*{:$r1d1.

J6xse*1AK. ili s*0 to it.


'fotyr:

up clientsal the staiion

PISK-

clefe{l

gral*
h*le*
eane*l
prixt

I n C o m p a n yI n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r ' sB o o k @ M a c m i l l a nP u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 0 0 2

Nstew
{**iins

{llalrr:nr lurrJ|.*xi* lr;t!.:i

m h',lekinE
***isi*ns
?':hesent*nc{s ln the l*ft al* cxxurplrt *f c*nelitionals.
T'lte rj{cl**se (unrhd*trd) intrxhr**s a po:i.:i}!lir,vl.e,g.
rl'* !*ke lrn *n*ti:er pluj*etr). "{'i:* rnifn cl:ruse ifxlws
rvh*i rh* sp**k*r ti:rirrksdrc rcsull *f tltlrt pr:ssibiliry ri'ill
b* {c.g. wi:'lN l::cctl r*r:re sl:Lff).

$*xrliti*t:at** ifxg*:'* r*fxx"***et]


}lru cxn L{}n$rct lw:

rcl*lerrJ ideas in onr $rirlenee

$$inc & lrxrk al the t.ii:rlr:Er* l:*low.


&

,t,'!' tt,t,l;iltxvsfrr$.

l ry.{*'br*ii *$oll;i'!J,,e!\l

&

Str, i{e ll r.rc{d r: }rggrr *$;ce &f lv:,v.erqpl$ji iealg

pqr$l*.
3i.;, tot$-&:Sli"glgkq&&kLt, ri'i: n,r;t;'I.

iri:::t::1:r:,l:..'! ;\{*tdt liri: sr:rte*.r:e }:rller


:r ptrlllrll
frxtclx{*

-llhe

*{lx}$* {$n e*;}rc *t ihc heginning ur *r:ici*f r


$entfne*. lllt*n it Lillnrs ei dre ***i., lii*re is lxr {:{}.*}lltir
{. , ) ;ifter lll* rnain cl;lusr.

i* l.irr ii:llr:ri.ins

rnLi:lfl:

eixrici rve hav* ii rcarly ii:r tl:r $eoul 'llureleFai$


if ir inc*ns n'e mal*e a suFsric:: prcriuct.
if rv* cJ*n'l get this prucl*rt $ut ilcforc ouf
L{}iltt&:!it{rr$i
{3
wt rrx:n't h:iv* tin* l* nin ihe final t*sts"
&
if rve hiiei *rare pe*pk w*rking rn ihe proieet.
f
{.here'st:<}ll:iiv we'r* g**rg rt: he rc;ldy. Jean. l'm
30rt:,
g if trou **d tc eieal t:itlr dl* nrrrrketi*g e1*parr:*entl
13 l'11l:av* tc tlik* rh*m oll {}thcr p$}je{ts. Anq-lI r::rn'l
.li.r ll'!fr|.

wc rusli th* l:*"lrrcli *:rough,

l. rrll..irc t.hx, l}ui if I ;1:lv* vou itr':r:ll,ii:r sil*'cr.


r . . 1 1 , , . . " r , ' , ,1i ,, ,.. , i ' l . . ]

x3

iln, y11 lln*rt il .f gile -1.'r-;r,


rr:r:re
\\'!11. if vi:r'r !:;ln't sive m* :r

slxlf-

Fl

Yes, hrt {'el

i lt-r lrU rr'.()llr.l ()r ihr:r:i rrtll() ilrr.

I l'l;,ltl:ir:1.

l'{ni. li:u

Xxfrat
i&

rv*uldl"r'l s:* thal

X!11, il r,'e'r* gnitg

tt i1lr)*t *r:r *cldlinc

il n:o*iri lx :r clisast*1.
if rv*'re lx-rl *t kxrul.
{.:r:ri}i*rl pronris* nre rve'11b* re*rly <.r*scl:ieihile?
{$ I'i.l buv yr:u *xif eirink i rrr.r.eyelr.il
c! l'il cl* rvlx:t I cirr:it* lirt ].{x: lile }:irdgel &rr th*t
vrulctrn'i i"lut afle*l t-:ur pnrl'if **rginsl
I'rn g*lng |t: tt*ed * Lriggerhudget. J**:r si: I ro*
1ray r&y pe*ple t:veiti.lnt:.
il 1'ou gef lrr:lxi.r;ftice lc OK * buclget ir1.:reri:i*.
&
b

wiLhq:ut

e:ilru *rnlf,

*
&
m

OX, i*ir *llrr:r.rgh.And if 1 get 1*u th*t


l:udgr::..
I 1:l'i:rnir*. lJr-rfif x'* $pcnr *.x)r*,
Xl'll k:r.[il::tner vlrr*' *irr;rt.
lf $re

a'
s

c*fi

tliis i:ri:bl*rri lri*r * bil


A

;,r r.ltr:lting r}x:lt

L*ok. jeelr, ll:t pnxJuct is siill iri drveii:prxcr:1, l,f

frlr*

lhet is .'itiii :in dl*:1r:pmerr!.

l.rt clLttl-

llct:,rtt

*f tlrr lsl;:

g r:rcl lf x'* di{rn'l h*v* lr st;r:'lrl


,& *K. Tfrat's d*eidcd t

lrl

rs Lr.rlhe l:irt

rilge r:n limr:

&3 (;rer!|. l;*!i., i{' yr:u're nr:t nisl,ir:g r:f !rurte,


i*:&r'li** i l.ixk irg*in xt t1le exrr:r.r:tsin Frrrti{i: L
\ihicli cf r1:egmnxrl*lir,ll st&r.Jurcs!,lek:r,r,r:q.;*-ein the
l$*l;rus*, rvhirl: jtr lhe xl*in r{*il.te anel ivhiq.l: in h*rhl
'):..\
, ' . , .. : :
t

.1,'t ll..
" " J ' .

:,'l. \\ 'r
i ,

r'

.il

;ir I

t
going i* * ixfiniiive
: Bast sirnple
rviii + ir-rfisirive
rv*ulcl + intlnitive
i
{
*ny
infiniti;,r:
might * jnfilririve
|

: cil:r i- iniini{!ire

$i]

r:l:ltid * ;rrflrlith,'c

GrUn:n'ar 3.rq [,gar3link

pre5ent 5ir.aple
pASt tiMple
c4,^ + i^fi^itive
+ i^fi^itive
loixl to
pre5ert corrtirurou5

will + i^fi^itive
could + infiritive
r.,rijht + ir.finitive
preSent lir"rple
MAy + irrfia.itive
wourld+ infinitive
qoixq to + i^fi^itive
can + infinitive
pre5ext continuourl

I n C o m p a n yI n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r ' sB o o k O M a c m i l l a nP u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 0 0 2

j
I
,l

I
l

As tell as i{ rve (:an $se $fhcr worclc &) conrct:t t\lr)


lelatecl iclels in :r coutliiionlrl sentence

heavy

{.lnfess uw reqt}} n decisi*w l:_i:rl:* afien*x;n, la lrra]l &s


lo{} ktt- {= l,l'xrc elr:n't r*ach :r elecision ,,,)

sligirt

T l i t ' t t , r r l r . r n ) ' i r l [ r ' i t 'tcl i g h t


voderate

Tbe prarluct tt:ilt' l:;ercaclly:irt tirneprwvid.ed,/prcrarfef.fng


{tba.tlls.slso $ong d{$ srrsr-lurl{ir/ogs*r,erflrse (* ... if,
lrtlt onl! ii'. el'eL1'q111s
cloes overtirnc.)
X

l,rss..s.

&I:rkr:collocations centrining the word'markef


writing the firlbwing wrrrds l:efcre or :rfter it.
gf.}$,ins..

leadersh,ip

declinirrg

lf *rev offer v<,rLl


x pru[1{}tien, r.vhativiil -t;r.;irrk.r?
(srLpporing)
vou a DroMotion,

Y|** *xrk*Q*lx*e:

::::,:;ill,i:;*S Repirras* the sentencrrsbckl\.rrusir-rgrhe


u i:rdis) in lrractrrets.

-(uppolia.4 thev offered


-

cfippling

heavv
crrppfjM* "

Saplnose,{$apposdng #re rorrr,rf rrudu.rtq, n r$}cf.eel


ttbctt'l{ ute do tb*n,?(= Xj}rat if ttre acurist indr,rsr.ryr
...)

n:oslerirte

share

Lre forcc.cl oul of

what

...

*icl're
ente r

forces

$::rlufali{}n

flood

u l r ' al l t ' rr g c i '

sr,tprply

ma$;

l{

b*e*{*{**t+r
conr.pelitilje

*txi**t*rl]r
dominatl

We.'llgo *heaeirvjth fire nerr design,irut orrly if the


market rese:rrch is pr:sitive. {plc;vided

that)

break i&to (the)

Prcvided ."t".hatthe laRrket .fetg+rqh ir pclitive,

...

lrowt^1
Arche
d e c l i r r i4n
enter (ihe)
rn;rrket
coxapetitive
be forced out of (the)
flood (the)
uas5
dor,,inate (the)

\Ve"ll lose {Le eontr*rt if we al$n't lowcr tlrr priec.


(lrnless)
UxleEswe lower the price, we'll ...
Yeru c*.n So to {lre conterence, br.tl omy{ if vou g* r :r
ralk. (as- li:ng :61

... 4{ l9Y**5Y9!.{iY-e4 t3tk:

"--

Cot::plele rire ti Llorving $entences usii'rg some of the


collrx*atiorr,* yoir r.n:lcfe in 1.

..iis:&**llsly en* ryl*rk*es


::::;;i*6 *t{:n*y l* r**h*r l!k* b*irq * {*[*n**, l{s **r*
: ,-::. *ul **t vitiil. &{sry*irs$i, i*s$i** $*sigr';*r**d *r$s$a*$

iii*{: i* l'i6!::i
Alt tlle l'erbs rnel udjectirrcsi* the lxrx e:rn be used
ro taltr;abr:ut higger t:r sn:r:ll-lerir:ere:rses*nr1
clccreasesin prices. llii them intr: the diagrenr.

tirat marher

Erren a very srnall $r ^i!hq ,*

ntarltet c:ln be profir:rblc if you totally


doprirate

It

Pcpsi lras alwa1'sbeen the \er 2, rhe rnr*el


chClen{er

..--threatenin.gcr:ke's

global nrarker le+deEblp


Tl-rePC mnrkct tr:rsbeen sr: fierce}l.

prices

coupetitive

thi{t man},'lJur"i:pean
firms j-rav,ebeea. forced qlt of
it *lrr:gether.

l)ui flle t1\ro stri of edjectives h*lux'


scale fi'or* the sm;rllest lo higgest,
rrit*, lillblc

occltlr when the

condnlrr to flood

e$* rising st:rble r;rise sl:rsh firll:ing


freeze sriaring p.li"rnging lrike

Verbs
a hire
b raiSe
e t993e*
d cut
e slash

M:lrket taturatior

cler:nanclfbr a prochret is snrisfleell,:r;tyou

'::
1

refearck
leadership
;hare
TorceS
Saturation
challexler
5upply

rec'E:rcl

huge

S**xq;g*** ht*{*x'*q*r* Arr: tl:e loliowing ne\\'sp!rpi:I


Ircacliines g<;arl or tracl nervs? \X,?ir* G or 1].

in urder oi

*":::_
_ ]

The cornpiln)i *racle a y-o,d9ft '** prqfit.

rea'o^,.61e

l)eeper inra recession lBl Housing hoom Q


.[t*tail price inelex up Q
S i . , ; t t :r l l r . , . r ' , r ' . , , , , Q -

&{arkets buolrant Q

li'{),tr),iljL cl()\\lttltill

h^#- - *

I)ole querics ler:gthen ili

record

Infl*tinn irirs all-rime lu". le+]

r i r r n p a n y I n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r ' sB o o k @ M a c m i l l a nP u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 O O 2

Slump :rnminent iil-,]

I m $rnnilteiN.q
::::i:rri,.r.i' ili : :.:..':t ]i,:,1tl.::l' a:'r:'a,::l::.;: ri,:'i:,::: rl:.i:,'1'
! ;'it
;;::.
']"l.tr:
lll'l:ltlt

|tlrlr:rl is ll 1;rr:sr:*|.u::se. l!'lr.i r.rsi:it lr t;;]li

$lx*ii**
X l.lx.:kat rll* lilli:wing firlrc r:xpressions:rnC
deciele whicl: ar* u*eci f:r:tirre ragr;,af'ter.lbrancl tL*r
s*'rcr. fill in the rrbLe.

:l1rr.;lrI
lhir:gs lh;lr si:,llt in rlr* 1;ert anri r.:rx]li*t;{ l.rp &:
the pr-ls*il.

a vreek

l,f ir l:*tr:r;'i

ilvcr a$ lji{)ur

sr,'l*r rcur:/: r:rrr{rsf ih.t s*r'l*rsr-.

1'lrursrky

a k;ng linre

pci.:pl.:'r expr:ri*n.es. l]i) nx;lll*r 1\'h*n

a couple r:f days

last *lonth

;0Cl

ttie r1*y befr;re ,ltsterl}ey


yriij:s
the .l99fs
{l}rristnras

half prst filxr

tlrt r:rii Er"isrs

tirel; llrrrt.*.r.,
Jr.e lrlrd gr"celt /ell l:rli;"s.
things tl:r.l irave rn r:blirx;s cl:nr:*cli*ll

tti

tli* lx*it'{rt.
l)r llirii*r l:lil lu'rr* r.x.,l:l'.lir;;r l1:r:3ll;rl*

4, hreek
a coupfe ol

11,{i'ir.r:.

over

i
you
nav
we
rl1ey

I
voLl
we
'lhey
he
sne
{t

has

has
l'rasn'l

Svx*ii*;*

--

h&ven't
.- *,.- workeC

wclxed

l
yctl
have
hevsn'l we
rney

hasn'l

lre
Ei.te
it

* Read tllr *:ue* s*ntences beli:rv.

7ihe??rrxn,&clkord/]'@fia',vr,Sierardcnrl
c*g* a nr{Ses*M-F}Ntt{iO
la)
"fix lir 3'e;rx
,$dssrcl&r llSSs frbe-i:&{ar;e
&ce?aer.tuerrie{},sacces{rqri
{b)
{l;.$ci..y&r #:r l*slfreJes.rr #r{ribsve &sss, l,be$?.srpcl
/esd*r' l;r r&*lr/i*.lr./. {c)
\Vhieh r;f the rentrnces *br:ve refers tc
a pcr:lod of $lrlei Gl hor}ii t]

Vhich l*'er pirccs oi'infounatir:n ere b*sicell,v


&is*xrry? @
\\iuuir {r'n:c i: u>ttji pa5t 5iuple
l.

t
I

I
'!

\]r.'frirJl trvr.r pi*ccs cf infi.:rirnlir:n arr 1no!l r{l*r,rutl


Llr rire l;unill'3 {x rye*}* $${n*$sl uaderlirred
Viriih

Sl{lc;*ii:i*

lensr ir qsr:rll

preJent

pelfe. St* .. -

6 week
a coupfe oT days
ovef 4,A houf
ye rS
a lonl tiue

tht;l-:sday
2OOl
lart uonth
the day 6e{oce yesterday
l'he I??o;
Christuas
half part forrr
l e oil crilit

* tis:i::g thc mles ]ioLi'!e wr:rlted cut $o faf.


r1r:i; eburrt ilre J:er;pl* .n,ho saiel d:ese

try the li:llowing

srfi.l{inces. \vrii.c :ttiJ, n{i ot firuy&er"


&

d
urcrked?

:i poi:{}ti* tirne? ii

d,A hour

yeart
a lonl tiua

{.* .iie"s.irere nr:x'}

hs
she
11

days

I lirre;f it't l.i;!xttt.

!)oes he liire thel'e norv? No


.{ liued l*r .Ilelsrr,h;{rr.s*: rnorllr.1.
l)ocs she livc there norv? No
'/iroru/c.
l:ue !&:ed fru
Does he llve tlrere now? No
'l'itflsei.lt:t"t&res.}:gr{*'
{ r,v lit,eel it't
l)c;es slr* iive lherc nol'? Ye'
1'trcltsElr iw *{{ marni,ng ands&e ,{rirsn'/.lr}onrirl"
Is he in no$i? yet-Is it sr.ill nri)rrllng?XeZ**
J rr:*s rli; u{!,*zanziltg etzd he d.irJtt'|,ph{}n*.
ls she in now'l Maybe Is it still morn.ing? No

!pra<l'*i*t * {lornpl*lc the convcrsetir:n r-rsingthr: iterns


in irr:rcke$ in either:tire Pesl Siuq:le a,: Fresrnt Perfeet.
7"lltt;t tz s*/.esn'tanrs,go?l
i.tJllnlli*:r?g lo -tdrld $lsslc;.$'*rt a
ter.ntt,-httiltf}ug.rarz:lr:c/{{:l.rr$d.
\(/Lr :tll 4et * iger) nq'
i&'iia*r: Rigl'rtrxriv i1l *did
e-ilrall yesterdayalnul tl:relr;rining c{)urse?
Fye$*rr: llr. vcs .." {U u!4t
l&d it a jokr?
Yt&rqrrr I certainly' {3j .dld-r**Ug*l-- {rloJ ine*c) i.i tr
br, e jok*, tiyelerr.No. I {4) have rcticed
(rir.riice)rtcentl_vlhat rse ne*d lo rv**rk as ;L
tefi:n mor*:. l.ast l'g;{i'5 inferpcrsr:m1 skills
coursc ohvilrsiy {i) ry+5t1. (;;xir &e):r*
sLrer.:{:ls1lrl
*r i (0) hcped. (/:qpr), i}r}{l $l: 1
ii) "-have-rcx.*desrded* (;rea; der:l*r-] to semi
-t;ur.rell on :l illan:i!{ement $urvivnl r-r:ur-sc

W*&,$kk".@|nCompany|ntermediateTeacher,sBook@Macmi|lanPub|ishersLimited2002

Fyt{**: At tJrE/}er*l* or (I/lx1 ?}re*rir;g {_'*l*p.


Iilx;r: 'ilur's rigi-rt,1$) f4ye
ye:u heard (l:*;*J r:f jil
Fyd*rr Xei.
Eva:

}1rnr,\'rrr,i{.!) t4id_

i k:r:C

,f,ibo:.,
{s*j) in 1.ui_rle*n:ril,

volu:elf_ ls tirat righti


Tilxvs: !i1 un&xtr:xrxtely. yes. Obr-iously. I {j0) waa.ted
{rr.,crrd)1rl jr;in;t:r_r, }:r:t l,lr g*i.ng lt: be:r:ruch t*r:
busy, I'*r :rflrid. ]i*r r:r:ictbing. .l r$ll
{i i} ha_ve\t d,or.e (*r:i el*.)thr qui}*eriy $a}r:s

didnlt y-o_u
te!!

{.nort*/S us
alr.:lrl lhi: at tfrr depart*:lntal n.:er:tinglasl v,.eek.l
T'ib*v: llil]t. I 113; didn't r,rake ulp ($o, s?rlserrJ],J
r)ry luind u*rij rrrl*y. Ii:.r.i. er" {t4.:1hel4h-t
{l*.rr,&_)it r.vr:ulclbri*g ris all rcgerilcr.
Fyd*r,

h {1il !rAt*!l-.94dy*!fp!l1h|.

{*lre*#1, {rdrg} us

togftlxtf. f*;m: <-rfus w*nl_r l* s{rl


Tiixrx": Nlrrl., lr:*lc, |.yelr:r *:n.t br ${i.n{:$ntr\r*:.Vait
unlil1r;u ilarh4yg_h4d {lr#l;{,.)r r:h*ncc rr lirjnh
rbuur x. I (f 7) hSyglt *.,*n 4Jg!L- {.r.;rtsfryru.}

,&

{ snpir*s*

i-:l'r:1sini,;i\}?$ }ri"*tty ro}*,

$r ti**;:in,g) Yg:q,i! w,q:q


qF-lqlfle): ff.*zitd
g

S
4

*x*\x*g*

spoft

.llesp*nd t* lh* lc]lk:wing $tilt*rnents r-lsing ti:r:


ll,r:rcb ir:l l:ruck$.r ir: rx.Jggcrrt*,

&

"l'h;ilendis :tn int*restinge$u$tr]:.

&

{l*seinalingiYq:-,t'f

&
&

$o, ,l'rc'sgotta big hcusein dte cr:r,rnrr1.t


f rn$ rm{x isi )ar_*rt-:_AU:elUte_Iy_."e,rc.rUeU:
l

&

ll's *etr.:;tiiy :l virr!' sluail place.

t"g!

+b+t

s *ilrli Yer,i*t? *bq,qlltelytiryl


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6

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t**r 1*S!* l* clnrr*rsi*.i*11 1vg oiLcr"i rranr rr)
ds:scril:e r:ur.*xp*ri*nr*s.
\fh:rl clr: the foil*wi*g
adjer*v*s tJesc:ii:c? {.lrr:r:sc !rr:l1ns i'r.rm the fx.rr.
pci:ple

tfat

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ft*'ilx*: $*$*cJr*J, $** &,$;'rr*sy*iorx*

w*rlher

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: r < l . 1 t rt.,{s

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& f ,***r lf rr.d;.r{i,&rr.&r rflrt3: g11pL
S ir'*l-l ds{.s:sr$r6?
exeser$r f,&e c{es.$es{ l?.r.:srer

!**xix; ** r:v*r** iiq:l:


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A 1l:erzr-t:l r,'rnr*l'rlr-l]; #rify &otcJ.
S )'tr*i, df *x.'ers*&s*rfsco&rJ$fff:l:y./

til{ t'e$f*f yr;* lh|nir?


I rhinir it'r thr: m*si ticlicnkrri$ thirt:t !i{)ti
lr$l h*-yqlyel-{*gd*{er,*r*s,* us t* rjt ;\nqt,
' g*rl
knr;rvs,th* inlerpr::r**nalskilis {riuri:r5
ll9i -*1t|&* beetcnr:ugir. I iir.lrni:l oerng
durlpcri on :r f*:ezin,q llillsidi: !-rvs<.imi:ssdirlic
r:-x-rlll1:titlim{ir:,
str:ippee}to 1$\i l.i!t*ef weal. ;rnrJ
rr:kl tn {rinci::ry r&.ey}11q1lt* q:ivilisatii:,*rrifh :r
fxrir kr:ii{e,a chacohiE, i:ar lrr:rcj;i *all *f s*tiagl

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:l!t$ld:t r;1'ttnrlers$ler:lC.pt?

ycu lix: r{)ur$r: brr-:c.hr-rre


v{:.1.,{nyw*y, wir*i ric:
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h*te i

cl*licir :L*i::iirr,'fill,.si111pie.,}ea1$v
&ed.--

ligirres.
i.ib*r, nhy ll:t

lrr:lid:11'

;a-1.

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lgWf .* (lt)
tlilYir:uldr*cur'*:lir:rllen;ging;w*li-p*icl
"tg.l_.*_* t*
t**nun!caf'1lr:tl,,*i.lul.t]rrxrl;}r,rltlrihy S41"..*.* ilil)
i;rbul*lr*lrel*xilr gli:*rc hts:ighrsccirrg hqlid +X t .Ll ;

thitt.1'or.rrvon,t h* r:*ming $$ thL:couf$e vi.if.hus

!va:rr:

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\\\

lllnl

Sh.*'s ellrite :r. ile*udful

(gr:ige',rs).Yrfr_A[rn:**b:p!Ule!yJ.{{eell,I

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llxiiing)

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hel irl 5r..l1.r,rr.,r.r,r.,

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weil, tt w45At.ex^Ctly
/ , . .' ,
the
the
s ), . \ . : t ,;:
r - , , , ,-v.o3+-anzLix1
1' ,,',:,

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\ fl )
n:a*,'elJ*us,{rcerrrifirlr'ch:rirgelbl*/m,iscrab}tr
\re4thgf i l
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hcrl*:ry/cicp*-ssecfslr*ng&r:rik q!_glq.yy*f,,il

r,ir?l,rlilr1.

|,iorv do thr .$ant* to lrnrle*la{c,

rJl-;lhrl:s

&

|3)

trcrnelylsn::rrllscrr:ffvilerign"t clglJrq*

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fve elai tad.

s {exririns
r been,"-;
)

#iffi,}.#*r_*^

l i ' , l r , . r - n. r . l l ( l , l i r l r . e r - ; r

ye5) it hara,'t been the raort


relat<ing I'vz ever -hat.
Li rves iL pa*:etic j*h*.
the funniert
\r.i'uri' Jri.,irtirWell, it ryartt
fve evei- -herrd. isn'l Cllimgr: ilangy:rorrsl

1;]
l ricx riiyNrror.rri,ftar.cl-rv.lrrkingrcn*rp ri si"g pggg!q .- lS)
.-

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*,.

ii(.i..\r.,r
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'

{sale p}*ce I l:e*r: t*) y31l-,!t irn t the sa{es+.


6T4ce'1Ve evar beeX to.

Gremnar anciLexls links

''!"1F-rnail

f*tr:r* fmrnr*
ln English ilrere are man:: $rays of ralki:rg ai:or-rt*r*
hrture" iflte difference$ hetween them h:w* less to clo
N"itlr rirne {har: x'il}r t}'respeakcr's attitude lo the li}fllre
r:...enr.$tr.iclyrhc fcllowiir$ examptes, i1l o{' whicir r*lbr
[r: the sarne point in time: nsxt. Srind:r1'
/"rr.,{rry or Sultrienr.{.1)
lJQy holrre on Sando;:. {11}
f?l f.ef.yor; &u$rc oir .lurudn1u-(3)
&rfi r.{rqrra',&so # prs&/erl ge#lxg {l t{L i tttt,,trrzr{cy- {4)
fi* go*'eegtr.ttt weddittg os -lrundsv {5)
;Yol .It*c lrcf r*err&dwg olr Srerud.s-d
{6)
y'l'sSodr4gto,$tt8r$ ttrzSttwda);.{..7.1
I'lle go'drug** &sl:e a gtxtd re$f o$ Sl;:nrla,y,(8)

Ifels errisdrd*gsanrc clit:t:ttsi:n Lrnldott m.r.rfri:ge,&.(e {ixed


anangtlrrrnt * ifs likely llrat he h:*s n:ailc an
appointmenl with rhern)
fJe's geidrrg fei $dsdfsonre r/jerufs ltt {'anriun lre;'l r,l.'er;,&,
{;
Iuture inaention * lre rnriy or- mry nol have nude an
:rppoinlment n'ilh ihcrnl
1y'e'/,pdsdf.lorrlg cllenls irz Lr;xdan t;e;J ru.rw&"{a
prediction)
(r fact)
My datqht*r $,'ri.{rear to,]t7oryol,u"
&r:.xrl-eet,?
ttrflvtrrtxt:. (a certrin[1
Ny tl*ugbfer" e.srd{f
My'd*trg/:1,er'sgod*cgf0 &e srxlger?tom,an:aru.{*
prerlict.ion l:ased on qc$ain knolvledgcl)
Svx*ti** S Loak at tire i'ollorving slmctures {br
explessing inlenlion. Put them in ordsr of cettlinty.

l'he fcrm wi: chcx:st can depelrcl *n such tl$ngs a's:


nn oPirrir,tr
" rvhcdrgr \lie drc tnlking xboltt 3 fect or
' l]t]w

sllfe

wq il:e

. whrlher we have already nrade plans ilr alrangeme$t:


I

horv cletermineC tlc *-rc

ivhethcr \\re lvanl tlre tirring to happen

ll;'iiia:i:i**
ilnqtir:n.
a

'il

.
.
j going
eini$g to
Lc
Planning tr:
iropit-ig to
] inteliding ro

nxxc cerum

I am/was

t:?t\3!?

".,

lta{ch sciltenccii 1*8 *buve li} lhoif lnain

a firerl irnrngen'rent iI

r:r limetabled evrn[ l-2


b, * schr:clLrleci
e

an rn{irrn:ee1prcil.ir,Liln i.{i

an c;llcr r:r'pir:.misei.3

e plar"r.intenrion or ttecisi,;n 16l

an lneiisputable lu.,r i.J]

a refi:sal C

*'l

:ln opir"rir:n*I:auf the ir:t.,re i7

lrs$ cert:}in
{ l.lnrlqrl.irrctl-ie l**sl appx:plja'fe verb f'onns
Fv***i**
in the (onversation belor,v.

in prilr:t:ierr,the cliflerenc* in meaning betwecrncerlaiil


future fornrs is r:fien r:e.n'slltllilPrx*'*i** * Match $enlences l-? abovc l"othr:se below
wirich are *irnilar in struet*1e anel fr:nction,
a

Ml'piane leaves ;rf llve. i?]

l'm going to go r:n n ii.iel G

It'$ g*lng lo he e c{iffier-rltmeerin$" n

it's Clu'ishnasin rlrrte ***lt

I'11get baek to you Nriihin:he honr, [3

\xb're gening a ne14,'caron Friclay. l3

fhere'll be * iol cf tr.rjll, oit thc r',,rds.:dl

. l-Ji

Nr I'm &or giving serneone tike hin rh*: 1ob. C

,&is<!pm.Cleo is.fu.stle*.r'i.t'tgu;ork, tt.thettslre see$the ligh|


on in lJtic's o.ffice,
Clen: Hello, fric. ,&e y*rr srill here?
Xric: t1i, Cler:. Yeah, I'n: just checking everything l'r:r
lny talk ton:lou'orl:.
ekqr: Ol-ryes, {.1) you'}l give I pg're ${ling, your
pfesenretiont(} lhe bOafd.
'l'her's
Eric:
right.
Cleer: Arc yor.rnerr''ous?
Sric: J)iotyet. 8r-il {2) I wiil U* f I arlr if I clon't get rhi.s
PoN'crlloinl thing 1o work prriperlyCXe*: Oh, I use Porverlioint a iol, (3) $trglg
/ I'm
gcing to lae\r Sotr if y6s 61r..
&ricr Thnnks, hut i think I've hed enoltgh lirr tonighl
(4) isn'tbei*.g / ls&'t lil1 11" *q:
Thc prescntrLLion
(5) ['ll still kave ,/ {'m stlll havlng a cortple cf
h{)urs lQm0{&:r,r'r}lt]rnin$i i() grrt things ready.
lnt"
Cleo: $it11. slxle of us (6) will gel / W_oi:l
a Chinese mcal etreltircn txlybe tl fhar ne.;vclul:
i 1 ' 1 r , t ti 1 i 1 1 1
{o irrintr:.

Xric;

!{r:r, sr:unels(7) like yoltufe havlngg / gg1$


gloin**lt{}l1'ave I prctly lere nighr. I rhink (8) {!!.

,'.,e$$,!,**.(@lnCompany|ntermediateTeacher,sBookoMacmi||anPUb|isherSLimited20O2

gv* I {'xr g&iixtg ii * rnlss this tknr:.


Cleqlr Xtll, i9_)rwe b$v* I g!a@!gg
a rirink {ixl irr
tl-r* l;nr {.r\.'*fihe n;ul. \Vl-tvd*n'l yq;11113g1q1
{.1$)trtl} take I X*'sgeti*qgt*r *rke v*r.rr rnind r:ff
{$m{lrrnxi,
Eric: titll" r:*1,i:e yr:lr'r* riglri. i*rik. {:i lt) }"m$est
c&ee}*lxg I X':xjxrst g<ri** t* ekcesr *i.r *ring
otr l*rl ti'rr:e:inrl il}) X'xx I !{$:
dglir xiifh yrir-i.
Cleo: {}K" Seeyau {lr.ere.
.:'I,i,$: **,i:1 $*l*lg

derktop

il* the tun* tf My &*nnle libs Cy*r S:c Oee*n. ireditianai)


My PC i* giving rnc problems"
My FC le giving me he,ll.
It s*y* ii'* gat lntel in:idc il.
But its Inlel insir:leis nnt \iveli,

It Sl:bgd-

- ' l

keyboard

&SyP* *s &lvixtg&SeFr*bicrns

Sr*$ {:**&, hdr;gr8ack, cl b,"ng bac,k,ry iypewr]fi gi*as*,

Conl:ir:c lh* vi:rds in d:c i;rrx inro:lt l*rsi ren


a.xn.f||i_fr fernrs. Scnre ir* \\.lin*n ii$ l\tro :rt*lt1s tnel
s{t}rne3s onc.
; key site sr:lreh J:ag* d*t* rv*h shcet
I tJcsk n:*lrn h:rrrl l:**:* bl;e::,-l sprc:irl ftelp
I trip *ri engitrr ri*i; hrse lxnr:sr

Oilrnpiete *rc sr:r:g aix}nt compri&trs i:tsit{{ r-hcycri:r


i:tt lhr. dghL. {.Jsr:ihr rhl:ne *,nclrhr:tllm tl: ireip ,v*u
l{*l.e yuu *ri:erientecl sin:iiar pnr}:lenxii

Sh*rus
SncE back, ,b$ngrback, ch bring i:ac,t,try fypewntq pl*es*,
0s prease.

r*mplt1*ll*tx
y*r,: r*iik* *}*y* rxis&:k*s i**l*r thxn
.,.ry invs*li*ir i*: ix"*$lss hist*qy * !*:* {i:* p*:xxi*i*
. te*pti*n* *{ *es*S{-{*$ cxd l*qx!{*. &{;?c.tf**ji#a
,.::*t.**s c*tx**';g*
1

cn rn* threstines this mcrning. virus

And woirkjn'tc*nneci tc;iir* Net

lilet

{t ClllFtlgd_.-

*r*sh,$d

nry lrash wlth*ul warning.

Itrssomekind0l vi[Ut
,

I e-\6iled

, I i]et.

*.

heaC*ffiees men]o

g*"rsr
Q*eurre.{,

1?t|\ ?:1:t::?

llui l-iQ'strilnlpuleruare Apple

dataBase

spre dshee+.

And that.; $rh$j1an error

hard disV

help r,rerur

1 clicBed* _
A pfEj:*U*...''

Xtlch rxi:h :;r:ib c* Lh* li:fi *'ilh *-tr: itcln r:* lit*
fighf flLri il rr;llr:crtes ux:sl strun*I1 t'i*:.

sttat:hn'l*{'}t

An<jsentan *Jtaqlrr.,ten!- in Ware3,

we6sil'e

banner ad

*ixptisd

oc!!tfqd*.

on an iccn1o download
:hai i$lees ci;r r**cj

But icsi heSlhe _t1[t--

e*msiisd
prosram
{i}es

on my harddisk dswnisad

-..

$o solll*ir*w I rrr-rsthavr nrisk*y*l1-

*lieked

Nrw ny *prea**he*t res lc*t ali tsdatA

ug:graeie

And sarilyno b_ASK4E


_
| ;rilcr:*clLrpth* lg!p!!ne

w*re inad*,

h*iplin*

* ai Carnpaq.

data

&

Th*y told rne I nee{j te [efleC_q_.

b'aekups

They{inallyspnl 6 tech^iciar\

type

t'*
*
J
k
t

ir:-*ail
burn
sfoal
*n1p{}
hrr:x..se

the tl*sil

Who d*i:Lqged my dgJkto+

it11sttlrcllufnl:

But scnrethlng's
gonewrcngwlth my qlirrtql
'Causewhen
'r1'slt prints,c's.
I typg

t**skt*p

*
I guessI'm so.LF4tSll _ illrterate

kcyb*ard

I don't know my RQM -

$flan'l

lht Xt|:
irxl
tr: ;r l::tllilr m0ri*1

*"1'! upq|'lrl.

{.ur

s*lnvr:-e

{.:i-11iln*

:\11Lhr:verN:sk{r::v colk:c:rt* x.lrh 'lilc,, br-lttlrr


vc:wels xre rni.rsing.&"liie ir: ihe l.llll'*ls.

clese

, -*. with sas,

forn my RAM.

skilisar* $ r*sil$rr

d*rr,rnmy PC
..

Arrangeto see l-lunranW*fS"q_

/).,iupri.are
sfi|s

And tellthen j wi]rli tc lg,t1ail

_1

create

delere
LDmDfq5s

lsellnieian

o*n3p{rter

Resgurses
r*train
:ih$t

l n C o m p a n yl n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r , sB o o k
@ M a c m i l l a nP u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 O O 2

4ccg5s

print*r

And rny e-i:rail has fiiled up with 5_e4U-.-'-'_-_-''''._,fx&{v!

Arjnit thei i'm giiing tA5^Ae

r 4 , l i r 1 -: - . - \ ,
4pcl4tg.-'-..'-......-*

Mv Kgybc4fd

i think t shouiC5hu-L*

orx.n

d'orAne.

in*ane

Gra*:s;:

ald f*rit

itn<g

-tr
X Fr*s*nting;
J'he last Ccnlir:ttrtr:s {an slfggrsl r. coni:itluing Ncr{ing itr
*llitr,uit, slr -li{r,l eil!1 *.t{j il rtheu !o!i \\::t*l tl-:1:ui g*ntle
priiril*.rta on s{}rrla:.-}1}*tr: dr: sr::-:r*thirrg.

iras .**v*tixq**x*

w
I
h*
sh*
11

I
h$
she
i1

was
-

we
ysrj
they

we|king

wers

wc
Ycrl
{R*y

I ss**s r.eisxlxd**xxg il'j*rr

wsmn'l

!l? r;x:re &e;pdxg.$r er $rggCI'eJlrc**nJ, {A-*l} we stii}


rre lir: J:nrv ;rbl;*t :i bilt$*r diseo*nt?)

wes
wa$n't

I
he
$n$
it

f*s!}*nsr

w*r*
vs*
wefen'l in*y

I - t - i 1 , , i { . J i i i l { . . l l r r p l . il t t . t ' r ' r l r i ) t r l 1 ( , u . l ( ' i

I wA' exbectiv

f ,?rc,r$f |J:f| r.;:/:ilef w*xs wcxr&dxg'rx d; tsri{:r(l" i 'r


JJ*ruelsris. ii )
Lc &r:;r rl*,c/or a'$s$ l:* r/r*plnr/ ouJ oJ'
ffs v,$dx.s
sfacc!3rd**g
*;;r'r.rr*-t?y,-"ltddeclded *$ S{: li'Its &risrne*rr$-cfecC'(:)
fir* wrer"egerfx*g t* lteruri*$r rn to'#t$il?.ge;,ee.&rlrt{&;;f ;i
rr.llt ec.necfls$, {J}
axrclr&dngl.*ir: ll:l:en 3'ur; l:cd l*or;*S
}}r; e.cer?ol/1.1"o1,.t
,ir r,b* Crtf i4J
g

a pilst *cticn wltich \vils :i&te|1,upiij{l$r no[


e*n:pleteri il

tht: b*ckgr*rrncl to r{ *rnte impetful:ll dv*t}t

Scs'! F*:S**s't

l
y0u
he
she
il
w0
they

rep*xtcel aclir:ns in thr pasr ?1


naa
hadn'l

previ*r;s plrrrrs li|


'{'lx**
Lh* lioilox'ing q*tl.v*rsalinn.
r.*rbs i* thc il:rst {ontini.tr:lts sh*r-rid i:e ln ttrrt
ll {lorlccl

.&1, }}r:ttr". l .;vris lv$:nli:rlng ii I lcu}ri ha',e e


.\, ,r.tirr i1t, , , ,r1i
wa.- t6rt 4oi^4
pe{u,,,: !:lcli*. lng*:. tir,..r,,,. |!*id*ii+-,,1
,r 1',Jrh-rndr.

{xge;

br.l1.*r- lvlrat wris it :iiri:r:i?


5aw
\\,-ll t ..,,"-:"'",n* l}i*rer t}:e *t}lcr d*y arrd ir*

tckl lr.rc -vtlu're 1(r,'\;r)rl


decided
tr**er: (}h, wlll, yeeh. th*{'* rigirt. Actually, l*+++
tmrndr lgr:. i:ul I r'iidn''t tiri*k lnyi:r:Cy
ik:+iffi;
; i i ' i ' t ; i , ' \ ' (! .
wa; talkina
h 4 3 c { r l : . . , . j ; 1 , l r . r . , . ct l , l , l ; l r r l t ) t ' * + l l - + i - : r l{'t l i t
rr'lter: .j.*:l*te in lhis rlx-:-rlring T'irey {*a$+e$**{L

were ttill

talkirrg

fror.a vour, Leor.

- + ' ' ' ' ' 1 . ' ' ' ' ' ' - - - - ' . ' ' ' , - j

ir"i

ir*st $implc a*ri rice vr:r:r*.

better

Axgi:la, I essnrn*ei1or-rwr:*iel egr*e ir: thit.


Axaela, I wa5 a35uuin4 vol^ would a\ree to this.

t}ie exrrnples r:f iire P*sf.C*r:tinrNrxs


53:x**i*i: * &,l[arch
he!*rv tr:rwirat rley clescribc.

a]:nr"rt :it x,l:en l Llt.

w* hl:pcd to rqach a deal bv tcx.lerr'

fAr KClcgaw4)-l^rle W-e[e-hopi,r4 te relrlh A *deal bv todav.


}t;.

w0rkinE?

llrx*1}**

3 {ih;lngr: th* fqlk:ririn$ $elll*rlce:i s* lh'.rl ilr*


lr; the*r is tik*l,v ilr hrc t:r*ra: pr:sitir"e .

Xr K*n*rrvu,

{nge

e'.be*pcr, (Anr] I still u:t-

$i; hxv* y$ri gi.!l ;rnythii:g chcrlp*:ll.)

lr**i:i**

*{'tite

srr*t*ll;rrg

l *.rcs &**&dxgjl;r

c*r/rl l:*$ isr. iA*d I still ern.

$* will 1*or,ille\.: lne?J

wa$n 1

i
ycu
haC

work*d

h*
she

hadn't

worked

ll

\,vs
1ily

I
ye'".i
he
shg
ri

vrt*rkecl?

lneY

Si, lic ilrl.ie J ;lnir;r.d rrl t}r'Jtrt'ttr .rtjstl.{}t}r exd fer$. {l ,}


l|* ,tt:ttcrl fqlltv f ;r*llss;J.{X

I tt.'risl,r#ii',llrlc

;&*rgerfSe* ?it' lrttvr{rr1. {.1i


Six*lli*.i*
m

{. Lr;*k *t tlre i:xnn:plcs itl:r:ve.

\\rh:rf hlpprnecl

first, xry ';l'riv;rl or everl.'r:ns's rll;{'s

"l'hc !:lsl Pr:dccl is *{Lcn usr'* i* lor:k ixrk


irr tl:* p*st &: en tltrlict" tilr*.

k.ril-.t

i @ | n C o m p a n y I n t e r m e d i a t e T e a c h e r , s B o o k @ M a c m i l | a n P u b | i s h e r s L i m i t e d 2 O 0 2

ti'ri.'

:'ri'1;'';..$it'r p !x. !:r* :,:; {} I r:llt:rx * x:: :i.}l'


,,irr,1l1.1.
!,i11*|*i:*?
.,::',tirlli** * {i:rn.i:let* th* la}l*rvri:g :;n*ccl*fe h1,
undgdl,*i.ogth* r:;osl.*pp::*pri:ttc rr:rb ftri-.u;s"ltr:rd *:re
rvlrr:l* senLellccl-refi;ic v*u i*ake vni:r ch*ice.
'App:rentJv" i.irrrc

x,:is i}'risgxy wr:rkir:g fi;r:i li*e*cirl


re:rir:r:s eo$:p!111_}.
in &e {iity. ,{n1;x',;l-r.it li} w*s llr:ixg I
ksd tle*xl r x:ell.l tr:ugh _vear.s* hc {l} &iSfux} I xxw
ct*eix*ing t* lxk* ir nic* trng h*licln', ilr iJ) lrwt e!*xr*c{

&: rl:e rrr* :t){,si 17i $r&ee*de{t ,/ xlrs:r:epr*x:e*li:xxg l$


e-m*!l raclr <:dt*r *rrert fcw reclncls llr t.i:* *lli,rl*
&.;rinight, whik: tJlcse txo $ilr$ it$) 1ry_*xliclyxc{g I
3x*Serli*yed Ci*:rnsrh,*s<-rnhriliri:ly'.,ti:illil,v u*:rx.al"t:.1
i . ! $ ) & * * r u : e { l } & r d . } e c : a r d , } , ; 1 r: r ; 1 l r j r - \ r , l t } - : . i l e q

{f*} sr*:re S*x$_v *rxil&xg


w*x I }rxq&{1xlx}X t}!}i}t r:$
*n lhe c{x::ll:u1}:'$ s*i1:rf il.:iri it {}1} g$g$
I w*L$
'{iuf
*xaslxlxg, ({r$til:g the trm llillilnsl
srr:lv. irrsrir-r in
iitfi:u1{s tclci lrrc,'

: ' -

/ r t l s i t r s t e k : l t r i t l g f 1 1 rr . 1 1 . . 1' .. , t r ' : , i . r . r , , s i t d < l e u l v

rexxr*::xbex'e*t,/ lexqt sxx{r{*xfur r*xxrcrxr}w:rcxf x,ixl


(.ll vsxs *rapp*xri*g I Xw*Xk**cxp*xe*$ tlie lxsr rlr:rr ire
{irl W.l
wa"$ X}e1*Sl:1} r,"'*rk. l{.r {l) wxs e**xixg /
has* ecr$re b*ek t* en inl:n: r*n!ai::li:t$ hr,rnrirer_trs
r:f eLl*ils. :ir: th:isrirne he {$i cxxnq:wp I &ad ewne r:p witi
:t brighi itleii |t} pt$\renai{ ir:rpi:enir-:g*g]:ir,
$ri:*r he {}.} dAd / wxs d*}elg x:rs ihis; irl: iXi) s** I
-hac*s*t hi,';c*llrpul*t" lr) ilr-itilltaijc*llrl seneiii :il.*risngeirl
ltr'1yrl:{:e-r:i*ili*g hilx. u}ling lhi:ltr Li:eth* {.Lti was I
ha*{ bee:: in rhe t]n$b}:e*n firr *vr: neek* ;tnr.ln*: !r:
e-rn:ril ]rirn rgein dll Lr i. 12) g$t b*sek/ wxs gcttixg
'l'h*n.
lx*ck.
lLnr :n iie {131 ggg3:re &g I &scd}{:f* the
r*Iicr:. tie 11..1)
*{rq:sg}* I was t}rix*ixrg h*r *,r:ulC
t-m:lii his l:csr iiiencl anli lell l:rir:rr:rli *lx;ur his
hl:liclal pllns
l;nli::tr.ln:rti:l-v,his b*sr .|rir:ml, whr {li) x'*s g*llng l
les{gg{}x,* lr: hr:liriay tfir: &ly hi:for*. { ig.} war{ s*ttlng
xp I bgxi set uxr his conrput*r ir:r ex:rctly i.ir* s*ine x.a!.

T** L**l *,$*;*t:** in i*!rllig*::!. !y*ii-*$**si**,


l:iNl* *i*i:k.
,**:*xr**

ll*:ill:i*ri *kii!*, {};n:ple*:: rlr* rxrl}t.:r*li*r:nby


rvrili*g l.he rlr:r,rnsi* rhr riglrt-ha*d br:rrs,'llr*y 1i3 ,,1i
r!*l"rgsy111n:i5;ht eio in:,r pr*s*rx*ti*n.
a grap,h

figlr*:r

alraph

Wapoint

ffi

$iqures
axittue

$x?*,

)ok.e'

$ix ,

queltioxS

Chcck rire r:rr:itning in lr d,ir:ti*r:*rv, if r-lcecss:rry.

{!:* i;:lr1X*a$* ria *r'***n'}:*i:i*f?:t "t'}rrflilloi'irr;:,,\p.r-!ii!r.,r-. -ir',i,ll usr:lul in prr:ri:n*}il*s.


bul sr:rne leiters *rc inissing fi*m iire fin*l rr,orris. vhe* vr;u hlir.r: co*tp)el*ci tilem. thi: ieticrs
in lile b*x rlx;nhl nvrke * go*d plece l:i aelitre fr:r :; plesenter.

f
I

L
I

tI

*::* *

.{i*** }$ $*r&t*y;*r-$$ vil*-p:'**i*,*r*

I n C o m p a n yI n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r ' sB o o k @ M a c m i l l a np u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 0 0 2

1 l r c , n , - -: : ' a : t , r L l r ' ' ; lir.r[*

at +A

D
.. i'-^ r--',
| )r-il ttl
* * " ' i : J

h*nr*

ir!*r**! v*r*g
*r:ri}cJ

{:a1}

rray

nligilr

,;:t'*ulei

wiil

gukir'
l,rlar.

.lr:ri,

;lt<,r,:irl

'
,

*:uldrl't hc attend the m*etirrg?

] b* xi:lc r*

l::rv* !r:

ht alk:*'cel tr:

lSer*}Jer*. &r.il,*fcafld lrss/l**,crlirc are l:fiex r-xccli.n plee* *f *rr:rL:l vcrhs. \t;r.i use
tlrcse tcrbs to expr{s$ {oll{i*l}l$ thaLale n*t pqs'sil:,lcx{*r n.:ocl:l}';'er'bs.
{$Sfd.}rir;&e *s&feS*l;$rlrs/rtlrs jtfxr}, &inr*rrot{.;i {il,iil.:fo$ cr;;i is nqrl p*ssi}:l*)
J &*asff* fftls$rf ,, i?lesiiruSI*ei?itrg*/. {r,ltr.rsllrrLsni: past f*rr:l)
il,:"::,lli;l.l.

-: i,}r:rhl t,erbs s*y rs rlrlrci-r l}:r;rtt tirc spealir:r's *nilr:lric *.s rbt;ur lirc

lilrrr;*l {o:1t{:r}1 {}i: thr.) $*rrt{}xr*. }{*rc}.1 t}r* lnr:ri*i rerbs irr hcr}*{ l<.rtleir ;*x;riirxfurn*ti*:xl

A
&
&

'fh*,v

s&*rund.he hcre i:y nrr,v. fa.)


l'K phtne *nd checii. |b)
li-n, :r,ail :,i n:ir.:uie.lt*l {r}$!it bc t}reiri. {,cJ

expressing oi:ligelion f
expr*ssingerrl'linalr c
*s}*ing ii:r pcrrxissi*n d
expr**si.ngpos*ibiliry e
*xpr'*ssingprobeb:ility a
teking thc initirilivr: b

,& C*exld I l*avc r::rrty loulortr:r.v, do ,vcu thirrk? {dl


C$ \tdl. I r:*g&{ n**C _vouto ch*ck the nlr:nthlr figures. ierl
& Ili.rt I hsvc ter piek r-rpthe kicl: fn:m scfi*nl. *l
l\*r,v riei ttr* s*rxe lvith thesr::
A }i)u &rx!$t&k lo*ri rkrt snit*,:rc onto yoil.r cr;ln,)1fi]i t{l
& l]lrt i cx.rx'telo {h:isjo}: rvilhr:ut il. {ir}
rh*n. {.ii
,q t&tll, yor-r*r*glee t* spe*k rr: 1'.1],

{.9,1

P. I'rrr .qerdnga eirink fi*m tl-i* rnacl:ine. Cewr.I ger vcti tinvfhlng! (jJ
& {}h, tlrankr. C*uiq! ::r:tl get rne a Cokr: *r srxnething? (k)
A $r*r'*,Xri:r*t's thh? llru *l*sr'* !t:rv* *lr give nr* ths n*n*1,1 {}}
Fve**?*g
1

gi"-'ing *cl.vir:r: i
saf it:lg son:rrthing isn'i nccessaru |
expressirrgi:lrhiliry h
nrelling a r*qucst k
plohibiling solnething {
making an *ffur _.1

* Tiy 16 r:r:inpletc rlre folk:w'ing rmxl*l v*drs q:-ti! in un.der lirre rriinules.
S

)'bl; *r*sls ? dc /l:nf.

Will lhr:ri: be *cr,rble if vou rir.r it'! Yes

\l-hat's the *ppl;*ite

o| ?ihcil erxr,r &e ng,*t?

. ' t _
.lbct*l4as-t*
berra-lr-t,*
.

\f ii:lt cL:l:s Slrs s*r.rlli.l *r #ery *l';'lri',r;:*rrlnl

Y*r dcl; ? ,|*l,a ,$ rt{} t&d$,


Wili rh*re be uE:ubl* if vr:ll clo it? Nq

i*

Slre': suppr:l*ci tr,. br i:*re rl nil:*.

llul thrsr scnteirccs inl* tl.rc p*sr:

i c:c1:*r'i .rhr:'11lrri l-rr:t* r,11.


ninr:

I can't r.*lL r* ycu r:!oi\'.

-.',-*

I rr,,r;l# rlr.r ;] r'r**rr:str..r

I conldrt talk to vor,rthen.

;$

&3 I h*gxl we'l[ mtxt ilgllirt.


I hoped wg'd-r1g_e-!.
L1ai*.
&

{ ntrst i1y tei 6enev:r.

I had to {ly to Qeneva.

Ljilr.:r'.

rhc prsl.

tlic {irfr-rrr

h ti:e pr*sent.
@ it ilep*ncls
",(rry ne*lm't l;r;l.recl.or'l*if l,)icl rht:1'drl ifa Yqt

l];e'r rlld{ ? $*sd fo e*.rif. t ) i d : l r c ' i d r ' i t L N o

ii,.*w,:$,::$'.e&6!{r''&'}$':::i@|nCompany|ntermediateTeacher,sBook@Macmil|anPUb|ishersLimited2O02

Av* tlres* fivo $rnte$re.s1:i;ssible'ile6 _*--_


a f **uld setlri?&'1,,
f$* erg*of trrrn.
h /'$rff"r*&/e Io su:fpr lry /lte *gr *f'rr{lc,

lhe

a{ee'^ext

aqexda

1 0 ,{le thcse tlvo $qnrencc$pa*iL:l*t:!f


g
b

WffifficoMMentt

!l il,
l frls,* $rc *:ye;rul*r** lutras *;td.liru//y 1
cc*&l pr.tss.
I Jr,,o,*
;,&es;x#?l,/&r?e ti*res and.fix*$,, { et:*rs
a&l* l.cp;lss.

a,r opi^ion
a point

'l'lier*
ar:c rl*d*l r.*rLrs in * lc:t of e:vi:n:ri;;v
"',:tit1ii;:{r ii
Lr!p1a.5$iolt$.Ir is hq:st tr: leirn th*s* hy h*rrr. fixlplrte
thc *xplrssicns r-rsing th* xr;r.ci* in thc ixrxes.

l;,1.*,""

deta,ils

w*

a deciSion

c311
;:l-_ I ffi::riffff;'::-T.tri::jil,lllln***u
:Y".: - :':ii:i: sr*rLrlr:i
2
3

jndicati: yor;1"opirirln$

l'lror{ clr:*rly. l,i:ok *t tlrr:


i'*llorving live *:xf.rncts iror:n m*r:iings_ llq:l:rcq_: ih*
*xpic$slonsinlvoteli,rithoncsinthe
iN:xwlrirlrh";vc:r

vhar

x:t-l-c'!\n- '

iq

Will ii L:* ell righr if I j*sl sen* rhenr ** c,mri.i?

I rhorald rhink sr;.

Xrel'c llre lx:unel tr.rbc ch*ngcs unci*r ihe n*w


n]{llegrnltlnl-

l wouldn'tbe surp:iscd,

&

This *t:cng pounel is r*r,rihlc lbr br_rs:irress,


t qelfld^lt i{gr-cf m$fe,

we necd is :r l:*liclay.
**yrhrt:g;rinl

simjis- trre:lnrrrg

!'-rrr,'j.jr Clear:ly IN i:*u :rsk l;rc


h shr;rt
i:rcirle*nll,v
iilr-:urg*lyr:n*rrgh
In theolg
Lurkilv
i &$ l tr:!art!]f*f fact
{:verall
iis.r*nrially
r}re
on
*rlr*r
h*ncl
,

,e, .Hnrv *r* rve goir.lg t{} sL:itterlr G\\rnbusitrcrs;


x,hen we c*n,f even run this rxrei
g

yilu r.rla_l:rwn$'t

&

c;rn'l

ntigl'lt

hav* to

serser{}*,1}y,r'.[@
] d:iink this
wl:o{r: proj*ct h:,il i:eei: a lr.:,r$ier.ij:ij*e.

Tc) lrc lx]*les{, I Frc-r:K!yr*


,$r** lt'irli r' 'tr

;:lu$f

l::lich n!o&{)i inro il to .anc*l

K l{c&tai}y, f 4f- -* llrqtlqf gf f+tt-- sl:eiplii:*erl

be :r nrin*rr.

ni*. l'11 tai}r t* 1.r::tiitbr:uf it latrit

{-}K, {'trl rv:.iii: fr-rr vcu |6r.e.

& krr,r u4{t * he ir:kingl


6}.v**e1,et|rcennr*reseri*us.A$$wiexrs}y.'le!e4dy-,-*rvedr;n,|

&

&

t tal4!t*

&

Yr:s, I rhink we i:*tJl kncw


g
lrlrtli
ra$;
r!.!r
rhis
*..os
gring
*rt*

{s &
I

h:*,e gr"rr:sserl.

Vorr -%A:!- bs se;:i{:usl


iilo, jusl lriridingl

$rfinf f{.) l.Xrr* I sllikc on *irr ltlrnr:is"

***'t *;afl x n:**ting in yr:*r *Si*r; * it **xr,*x p**pi*.


fi* xxrj **o thsr* i* i:h*ir *ffi**s" **,ri$ *gifry,
xdrx,{;*ng g*r:.:

1,

en actir:n ;rl:rn

..:r1opin.ir:n
icleas

{:o11tnr*nts

rA'* nl:rv
!i:is

r.1.loal1fi"ig

pl

In ge*era$, ,, -eygf+lt, *
lilte thc iele;rt;f r4tr:n-plan r:fficcsl

F&ffxii_y er:*ug}:- ,'';5t';qlgel,y__e,ro-ggh - _ rlrcy


di<-inll }i& *t:!y h..rl.eto rethinl*,l:r tr:l*p*s*l.

?"* swrlrryr, I lrr rhert,


i:1 y1,iir-enri
ll,e shoutrril:* neering rl:e bre*k-even p*inr

Co.rnpletc the crrl!:calir:;:s h1. tr,riting lhe nnuns alteJ


non r phrases in rl:* riglrt-h;md l;oxes. 'l'l-rcy31i: 311
lhings y*u nlighr rlo ite{:orr*.el_rringor iL|tcr a rn*eling.
a clecision

Fc*rtunxtely' I Luckily'

llot h3\r* r:. } spr:kt t$ ll}a uni{}l} *:pr*s*nt;tivr:

l**:xi*: &$**t*xgx

I ngreeme&l
I ti:re agcndii

\\1.\,c i.)r,i,:rru

ii nr:w

jn tt}lrcli ::i.ilh ltt:: :rgntt, in \Var::lil..'i'

t{} lrr.i}i}eR,

!
I

tr t*nrJ fr:

"e, K<lxvever, ,. Qrr thg gthgl*!q^d,


i

i{cy. don't n:slr lff jlrst yctl

,&.. I lygat*
&

, p*inr rhere,

&

clirl i:*r:;:lc

sas$*d1y, I E:.:_g"ti+l!y, .__:.- .._. rtrerr, x,e,re


g*ing to m*ke I nrt io$s?

& Tecnnxricxl-{y.r h th.9q:y, -

c.letaiis
ir pniil{

I n C o m p a n yl n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r ' sB o o k @ M a c m i l l a np u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 0 0 2

-_
1u^:.}iul
lhat's irec*r:sr rl*'r* clranm:llings* nil,rchu]{)tle!
l:xr:k :int* tix: i:r-rsiness,

f;rililrr;lr *nd Lrxis irttks

1 S S r : n im
l nil

,l

I
il
I

I
*:

&$*iti-v*r* rxrpl"*xsrcl*t*
Wi;*:": .nr* i:*mhir:ie tx'* ve*:r in a se*{cncc. tir* s*er;ncl
vcrb can lr:}}(r.rvs*ver*l pattef*$:
'{

$ll;rial v*il:s ar.r:fr.r|lrrw*d i;v thc inl'ini{ir'*


1,1,'ithcut
/$:
*
Ws *r*c*sf*xxr*&ecl #.rrxtle;t o* #tls /cd*l,,.

*
"
*

\ 1 , , - ir , , r t , . r ! , , . \ ; { ' i \ r e c o M M e n du 5 i n 1 t) . , ' ' , , ;


rrti.:lir:reiings :rnd lrr-rllct lxrinis tr: ililke
!nessege l:k:;tI t-rr.{trll:l: rtlc*ci,' ure)

:r l.:t rf *1e1i}-rt t]1cy |lcn'L JL 44gt*VpU-Ul.g..


l*shkNr*rl fl:rn:;li i:rptessii:ns. irr.rggerf y{.:li ,r ti'. ,

-\i.:L: rhoLdel*try te.'Kg3p"-.,vour s{r:it*nres sh{}r:i


simplc, (shuulri ,'tr!,..t' 1{*r1:)

1('.nrrp!":(..!.):!*d*ye*-V.q]l^q!*tq*gxsg*eili{i*Ii
r.vilrdr j:*r $*llLi]ncc. ledvi;r: yolr I nr.rt r:xr:|*i.l)

s&:}3*rycd** d*f&. {= they st*pped d*ing


??,rqy
sr*:*rhir:g {lsr s$ thar thry ctr:}d ralliJ
(* rhe rall*ing sl*ppedi
?7-:ql.'$cWpsdffdcr&frrSa.

\,, ,, 4void urin4


l,'ng r:rxt:i:lir::itr:d s'osis *htx
shofi- r::nrs *,ill rio. fr.oiel ,i usc)

lle*,,';rrrri* spell ehr:cklliru rcalll c4l:t -tfttt il


il ,,
xisi:rke;. {een'tI trLrs{.
tp-prCK qp ** ;r1l_volrr:
chccks 3,{l ev{ln wor$e, Yci,t'll ce*ailrll'
L e A C ? . tc e l Y i ^ 4 i ' r r . l , r , r ) r r ! H f c i r ( ; \ ' ;

a'e Orlrn*xry

1,9 ?"qq{l'/r"
f dd.r*r*?r**r*er&&er &3 c.rrrd,.dr.'t.ot,
l* tir*r* \\iil$ nc] s*mrilJ
tt{g:},cil tbtr rcp{}rl,
f gf$$c.?*'s,rre${{pr"c}-rssr{.dr
(.= I rn:iy llar"e c-m:.i1eriit l* ytlu, n-*t .l cieln'r
rcn-:elnbed

ffi

it _"rri l*l-lf-4144e*l?*gg!
1.o$r wlrci* lrl{is$rge
irrir: lets th*r: ?{"X)vrr:nJs, yoi-r'l'c rionc ra'rcll. {c:l:l! I
lneneg*,/ g*t)
i ( . . ' \ . : . { l.ri . j , ' r , . ' , i r \ , r : ( i l w . 4 4 i r r ef g c e l y i { r {
r:x.n i*tl*:: * xrhat irnpressiun rvoulci it givel

r,,,,r'

{itnagln* ," r*cr:ivc}


;l rljl'licult lcrr{:f $*\'crill
$3 M
tilres b*:fc:rc \,'r:r.:sencl it. {*:ink about ./ rcd*L[t)

i**xix: Fr***xlii*i:x
*ix*

!"q*'i *v*q$hing,

A*silyi?1*r-r$

lrr*pr;sificns {.'ir;, *t, cr{.lb4 t&rcuglr eti:.) ars :r rr:.llrielr:d


gl'lx,:p l:i'shon
puiposrt.

u.'i.rrels,eiLch h*r:itg

nrlny dillerer::t

They r-tsr,rali1r
lalie their precise il*xning

ftr:m

ihe wr:rris lucr:nel *rer;i.


Apart ln:rri thcir sianrierd $s*ri lil r:*f*r tt: titn*, plr.re
q'ith vi:rbl,
lnd :tr*l,'*.n::ent, pr:r:pc.rsilit:ns:rls* ccC:!:e

Repiy tu ineur:ring rrr*il prontptly. l.)ou't +ufsff-

pi:ras*s :rnrl
exprcssi<:ns. iiucfr phr:*.*rs :rru brs1. le*rncrl 'rrhr;ie' :ls
nouns anrl :rcljec'tives rn f,:n'n a lcli cf *scful

ltltl
4- b4SK* !ir:r r:Lroreth*n a eouplc o{' tl;;}'s {,pt-rt
*i} ,l x'rite l.::rcki

1 5 G r a r r r , i r d. r i c i L o x i sr r r r k

li 1'c:,i iiav* ;r loi r;f i.nlrrrrutiolr, 'Sgs5-ide]]*g!\91l^4


:i teprr:rL dlcr.nnent. {cl*slde;: ,,' t:ltci*sel

p1.l{ l.1l1l

Xlrrn r ler* is l'*ik;w,*ri lry a prcp;siti*:: ertl:rel*r*l:l


/*, !lir: -frg k:rm is usl*ilhr userl:
c lf? $rsxe*:exrderf
,rc.get*{:rs$ Jlr* y'lcrr.
* I $l f&d,**&d**g
qf *&cr**gf**g rr,1,.;'rrlr.
\\{r*n il hn'r, the rneani*g ch:lnges:
* j& as{?*6d
*ru /:t{tttf,t
{}re *rsr&drrgler ats-.'er
i* h* x,r:lilcln'l sl:*t t tp)
* if* r.rr{g*E{
r}n f'$ f*r{& *}*ulrlrCili'.
itr:
cL:angcei
*r* *t"lhj**l)
|:

'tSE

nr:ither tl:o
ir'leall1., :'ou -thq+!d-..^tfile..5e**d-*
nr:f tlx) lri*;:r*h. {rh*r,r1d ./ *in: ..rsou::rjl

lirr:rrl

l,**p:r:r&tct:
J *r./.r:irei"q&{ec$,ngi'r?g
rqtx;c&*.g*
fc
#llel'rr"orJrlr:!,
J*,:.ftj.l*Jtt-:ra
Js;;&qesl&rec&l;rgr.r"fl*e rreeilng,&e*t
i su&g..ls'tcdle/:rsi?& qs' $:e rue*flt;g Serr.

--*''*.-..ry

,v*l-lr'

l*il

Frx*l{}** $turly tire inlirn:*atbn ebove *ncl c*rnp}ele


lirr: firlkrwring **lvicc rn hr:.iv *r proch:ce pt:lessi*n:li
ie$cr-.canrl l*x*s by c*lnl:ining thn vrfi.)$, prepositions
anil plcneinns in irr*rkcts.
a

5pea,din4 a ,l*t r;f tjrn* r;n sr:l'ilti


bcginning cf t1re l:ltcr, (l*;gr:.1 :1l:oul

': sg:,:nrl)

For4el. about
clrit-lhrr *l ll*

$trrRerton-l:rcciel vcd); ean i:e frtlk-lt'*cl lx'' hoth rhe


'hc
cmelul.
infinirir,* *'iilr r.* anel th* -r:rg fi:nn. l3uf
The rnerniug oi-tcnchalrg*s - so*'lct'imesconpl*tely
- as in these er*r:rples:
"

1 1 . , 1 ,f'u ^ 1 e t t o i r . c l u d e r , , : l ' r . .i i i r , ( . { t ( . r ; ( . ,
inr:1ullel

{*

l!r.rn-n:r:da1v*rlrs *rc fr;i}l:urecl*ithr:r by lhc


infintivs with r*:
*
f/l*.xlr*{tli{it, /g c srolri,&.
lVa xg*eed fe *g.si.as*r
-l*,9
r.;r i:y the
it:nl:
regreff*:d
rTsr:}"
S*r:*"or*'frr$ l.&errsre!
"
If in lk.rLilrr,r.rscttrrcinliritir.e witlil t$. llls r:!$rlt
rlx)l'* c$rM1x111,.
$*nu verbs, nr:rnuily l-*ik:x.'cr{by rhe -r;l$ iorl'n,
chang*: itll*n ihr:re's tlr incl,ircett:i:i*et:
"
"
*
$

;!lri.r.rr t9X9.-X-b*e1:*tg
epql-*_ rvitlr :l pr()p*f
srlxllllir:n. {:rrrx:r:r1:er.,'op*n.l

iLems Of t rlcaltulal';r.

I n C o m p a n yI n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r ' sB o o k @ M a c m i l l a nP u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 0 0 2

'r:lli:iili'ii!l

:;!:l;l::)*:,:

'1'n'entt'-tlu**

llrepr.)$iti*1rs erc rnirsin,q fr;n

the f*]1ewi:tg lefi*r, \\rrjlr: $rem in

:n:q;ry',
-,..-?f,
*tt
",^rrr*,rrx

'ar Mr Sauasc
Dear
SSupc

^f

aL^rr4

,,..*l

,1,:allllli:

'r:lai!*iil** .i :}*iiis Tnr* n*gotiator:i ilre dir,cu*,rrs


terrnr, Crx:;plcr* rvhat they s*y Lising $re pail$ {Jf
l r l r ' l r r * i t : r : 1 - ,i .1 1r l 1 1 1 1 1 ; 1

I'it

-t it.:

llr .l- ltl


':):t {

ill

iit|

{)n

:ll

\\,i|1}i.ll

hir:rrn:111y,
$* insi$r oft p*)iml:1"!till
.rr:ri,:tt, r)r _OA

B
A

b]: * ;rl
i$ * *n
in * \lnrl*:in { :rl

ir.

Xbli, ,ivr'd pre{el' rl.rh*ve the ;xrxlurt {?) oa.


2C r,h1,s':t,pprrlt:iilfirsl :rnd pel -tn.-*** ;nyri*i.'.
i sre , Wcli, perfrq:s w* e*r.rlel*,:r.l{ngeibr y*u u:
pny {3) in
insr*trmel:ts.}}r-:rrh*n vi.e'c{ilsk ys:u
lo cilvef lh* in$ur..n{e virhile ihc gor:els:lre JA.-

{)rif {lxpal1sC.

fine. Xr:x, t ssrume il !'nr orclcrjng !*l_)rnit$


{$.1'*orl.*. a *:grrlar l:*sis, } c*n l:Lr,r'lh*rl 4t_.-.....

&

{*r'Uiinl1., liow li:l's r**, "fhl: grrr:rls I'r;r.r'*1


he oxl*:r:ing
;re ahe*dy |},} in._
slrxk" \'irn'ri r$ver -rr:L.r"Lnru,
tve'tl ccvcL lr*iglrr charges ;rnil it il,r:ukl bc ;r lr:glll:lr
ntlrnthlv i:rcl*r *lltaelg1;*the rirr:*nrsfarlecr, I t.irir-rl*I
c*n r:lfe:t'-\r.{)rt
tuf t*p eliscl;r_Lnt
t.n_tr."l-h';tl,$4rri.
,r!.'f lir *iidrl yru'il h;rve tq: dc b*n*r lh*n rhal.

li di${**:tt:

i*in:;1.

Il:x. lf we ;l*req:rl ti: tl::"rt, eolilei 1.cir s{r.lrf:lnle{: *l:,it:


tlli: gur:ds voulel be d*1ir.er*d, ({) -orr*._
selrech.tjri
ir:r ** t.hal rr:r:lu':* U:tht _. **vrn *,crkir:g rla1s.
Th*t s1:or.rl*r1'tbr ;t prlirk:m. *l erir.rroe.ll itru
*rC*r (,i) in .. ** Ir:r.rll;,s;;y 1l)il r,rnils. x,c cielil.er
fr*e of clulg* * unlf.cs 1rr:rii:*nL*l Lt

&S {S) ln
...x.l:ic}: c*sr, .l rtr:pposed:r*e's :i
cxncell*li*n ch*rg*. l;lir em;r-rglr.8r-rtn,h;ll if rhc
grx.x]s$,* fret:jr,rguL
\\i*rf ltrrf 'te__-* *t.U trtilfar:tiuni,
A ii, l7l *by---- ${.}111r
rli;rlicr:. t}r* grxds lv*re
chr:rxgcrl,ihln *,* ,;r,ouhlsent,lreplacenre*lr -4t**_

-*

'1.ir',,.ir

$l*p't'::i{:i*;: .} ai{::.:ati.!, piil}}:,:ri:!*ll


Licrnplcic ilrr
ii:llnwing cxit?ats fro:n lxisi:rcss l*tters. f*irs *nc!
**majls using the nouns in $t* lrtlx. l:s1' 1:rl*.irul..rr
r**nti{}n t* i:ix: p}.*lx)sitianli |]1l eil}rer riel* r)f L]i}chur,:un.

slr0rl nolic*,

regrrei

lr.:r:r:lt

I a*rcelmcnl

-,ffi*

*""t
:1"

I n C o m p a n y I n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r ' sB o o k O l v l a c m i l l a p
n u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 O O 2

la(trxlllllr:*:

*deiitinn

pr( b\'ltri

lrvor,u
;i{:e{]u1"ll

*riimmar nnd l*exislinkE

1 mS c l v i n p r * b i * m s
{}q:*ci}*}*::a1* {3*x*til*'$e**:***i

7rr:oecllecgrues#rs &ar{ru.E{l$ ,?rgtt$?sr?I-

\ir:u can r*e ;f'lr: spcr:r-*el*:rhout tlre likeiit *fNeeisof


thingsi:*ing dilfi:rcni in the pllsi" 1'r:r.rr:flien use lhis
qpe oi cr:ndiair:nalt* uik :rborrt r*grelr nn.i t*rke

A1i {'r:rls*.Vingis, if you'd {t) dq^9 *:rboucir sooner, lr,* cor.rlclh+yg

- sosret}ring
pr*rrented this

ovhe;l*nigirlin:rr* lrorn l'rapp*ning.

ilcLiJsali{)$$,

$'i.i,e rb*rdr*? *ecxsfed s* /.rc*rr*lt, i'li driJc*rns, li:cX &*rr:,;


s**ar*:d r;#ntc&,f* *.li:nrllte/ 11.)
{}rr.:! rrr investeri heavily and lve {iiclir'l sar'* a fr:ril-tne)

{ k:rcw. I .kl:w. Ancl { i?) -bp-ddCedd--*

.q

have if i

ltar*, hi:i I eoukln't.


h*ve ii ynlr'ei -tl*ied,-.-. , vor-i

\"cru {3} ledd-.l-i1c3t1.

l|'ir$ r*racf.d &ects g$f c.r; iiii/ert*r'{,

rsft,& lll';l

r$rxli#$fi

i/

& M*ybe if I h:xl*'r *lreaclyi4) ef?fi{q4 ,


I WeUld- he able to pul th*ut :l1lr:ff.

cn$: jurr.X *dt&c$ ri?,:t,*drricE- i.?)


(but 1'ou diiln't ger :in inaetwiew l:eca*sc yuri dicl:r't relte
n:y :irlvic*)
S'*r;.

larrr.!,rr: &*x*fw'* sp****d

l,&rrr nr;i*t.&e d;?/,Se

r:$??ll"rJet;i:*'gf f:rc i* rt r*r;l $s"ssl {.31

&11, anlwrt,

ii's i*o liit* now'. You 1*nt:x', l'cl nr:rr*r

{:) hav-e* .

asked y*u rn e;rganisetli*sr visi* i{ l'cl

1'ott vl,et*n'l ci*ar *1.:r:utit.


\kll, if you (fr) hqdit * r*id yr;r.ri&?n{cclus is} g{:t
Kr\qW^

{l.:r.rtt{rey spatted it anei so r\:* iirc rlet in I s:al n'tesl)

{/;p*}d fx;f*d rnc sri&ll*f ll .r*pq*n J ;wdg&f &r*p* {r*rx*a


rx&fe f* da s**ret&l;rg. {*)
$rit ys11 sljd*'t f*ll tnr. s{)r:n!:r so I ct:r.ricin't eln *nyhingi

inv*1r,ed in rhe local c*xnnunity rnr:re, I prr:ixtl:ly


wqqldlt
&

:r*: rxfg&{ ruc{'cr &*e'{,rs&eecf d}&f.s ,$ stdrrl ,&ts r:t,ri


&i/slrress i,f l:Lt,lir#r*r &xsdnr* *efpex* $irr. {5)
&ul hc saal'triidhis i:rvn busincss hccnuse hir lathrlr

h:rve.h:Leltlrt: irJe* in the first plac*.

tr rrte:rn,rArhalwere 1r'ru thinking lfir Ytru'vr: e.:rganiseiJ


Lretory'{l:ilm flr t}l:ec infan{ schoels, an olel p*r,;pl*'s
hon:e aml the 8r*lglr:ian emlr*ss1,*11ern rh* *irnte

heiped l-iirni
gr.irr serltwll,,
ff's,$cX f*a&e*a&er slil/fg5
.s. ({r)
&u rgenr rlf ,14cif cnrild
&s jffifljlrrlg

rnr:rxingi

sle r*:nexf*S*l?

Wirir:h ex;rmple ilhq:r,e c{o*s {a&t cl:ntain the


I];liit iledecr) 2

{bur s}r* riirin'r teke her sludies seri*rtsi1. anci linx' slts's
wr:r"ki;rg rt Ficl}lr.rld's]

L*,x!s;S**pl* e$* pr*d$*ts


Pie*'ti*:* j $rudv tile inicxnrerir:n uhove *ne1ansrvcrr
t1.wrlr.restir:ns

**w **m*, w**n { wi:ll1i * p*ir *$ *****, $ g*t *:


hxm** **ing ** w*i1?
#cnry $*rC frf$f ln*$s r**r*** c*r;::r*$#fs{*$rcr

X:!ret grx*rr:ntir:rl l{ns{j is ris*rl in rhr' lf:cl*u"e r:l


riL rhe rxer-npiesl paJt perfect

S**pi** era.Sf{xil!$*s? ncride rl''}r*lher tlie atl.jectives


bsk:lv cen b* r.rsedlo d*sc*.l:c per:ple (stafl). pr*ducts or
hoth- Tick *:c c$rrt:ct br:xes,

&ihea ntrrl:r] v*d:s l:-* r:rseti in tl:ic rrlain elausc'i

wo-uld,could, V!4ht
X'ir*t trnEtx l!;il*x,

ti:ir nr<.rdalvcrl:s in rire

sglf

examples? c[-e-{g
lt*pgf f.esl

bestselling

:j

Which se:ntencesdirectly rsfer to tir* eff*cr; ctf the

efficir:nt

ii

ie
t

pasr or1 the prcsenf i3i

high*qu*litir

6,

Vhich scntenr:{x;dir**rly refi:r ro rhc cff*ets of rhe


pr$t $r1 ril* n:ore reeenr p;r,sf Jl
::r:a::r.::l:lii::{,
} Compl*te

l.he t:ortr'*n;ilil:n

7i

S-

:-'-- .

I rrrr-:lii * r:ottld
i hrr. r kr-lll\,n
. ' t , r . , . . r ' : i-

[er'lrl't * rvoltldn'l
c*r.rki + il'ir:e.l
*<:*t * h;ln:

1., l;1.]

I
l

s*ff

ple.;rir.tcts

h,ixr:ir.v

il ir
i:-i m

;Z

io1t11

n i l

qualil)edi.J
f"utrly

n:erke&rhk:

.--l 7:

irr:usehoicl l:

pfrlnarlenl

plrl-ltnlc

t7 ::
u l l

reiieble

:J: J

clerlicatecl

nsing f}:ri: priri'

r,;f wi:rrls ln the l;*r.

prcr'lu{'l$

lJ

Lln1(lU{:

&* w*rkf*ye*r
'l lisc tl:e verbs*r::ilv*tb phra';es:inth* hr;x wiLil those
l;cloiv which lrer,ea sit::*larn:*aning,

, @ l n C o m p a n y | n t e r m e d i a t e T e a c h e r , s B o o k @ M a c m i | | a n P u b | i S h e r S L i m i t e d 2 0 O 2

lrlsiftl|]f

l":,rrlslet

in*plr*

t_

(;rct.:r trnds t. i.:tke m: :rr:ltice r.rf niilrl

lav nfl'
rlui1
irach
lrlKc {)r1
cJisr:::riss cJrrlvrr til*ls

rfq:r*il.

pi:rr1:ir:'s

ne:eeis. $hr:'s ratj:r:r ia.coMiderate

l{ich*rr-l'sclfice lnc.ihrilike s h*rnir hit it * peprrs


( ' \ e r ) \ \ i r r r , .l'l r ' : , l 1 1 i i 1 l i i o 2 r y g i s e l

tel(}r'|le

l:ir*

tt!.r.]in

111{}Y*

tggi.tt*

l^:_trust_

trarsTer

reSta^
-4.

take on

teach

relocate

4uit

er]-cQlirage

g$ orl $lrike

xelty tq
r Sltte*"-

tqke ildlalt-rr+t +stiqn

\{'ith }tliyrrm.i rhe j*}: :rlwryx {{)$x:s lin;t $}r*,s tr:rally

l**l'e

cclaxitted
$anr *rn ncl.er'rnake up his min*i:ib*ut enyhir-ig.
Ilr''> .'rllr. iru lv ind_eci5iv_e*

down toolt

:r k;t *l our wcr*ers.

sr.rpp*sedro dq. l{e,r rerlaljv qru:e!.i^bte.__.


k

]iJelra :r:r:elsall lier *rrg*t* r:'r$1!th:rf!*r n:*nlh, Sl:le,l


i*cr*dibly caltitte^t

Jean*ttc x)r: oftr:n ;rl]orvs h*r pelson;ii lifi lr

K.nurvlerlge*l'firr*ign iauguages is an ach,snragt:,


tra^5fer
iLi w{j s{r}mi:11111e5

per:plc r_;verseds.

A lrll uf stafT we^t q4 itfike


in pn:r*s! x,hen
rr,'eintrr:ri*crcl -!:rp*ncse pr*ci r-lrfian il:lstilc{i$.

Of cerlrse,rve trair
** ail ogt"i:ecple
in tl:e hasie skill.r r:f rh* jol:l.
'fw'n
rliicctr:rs aelil\.gd
*" o\..crour
clscision to rxtnr:rlirturc c.;lrlloltcnts fcr the
lrnlr inqjultw.

Y*r: {nn t1e\ierri*penr} lrn Lso t* dr: w}rat l::*'s

llrxing lhe l*st r*r*lsion rvr \\,er* unfoilrrnatrlr'


li:rced tr: lay off -

i1, ,q.1Jilrl infoirina


"

Ceiirrpi*fc tJ-rclbil*win g $rntflrecs r:r-rin6'rppr:pri*te


,1.,r*rds
end plrras*.sfrr:*r 1,
a

C:rllrun fo*111.
fu114;*"l:lrrv r* mntir.ai* his siefF.I{e,s

inlcrfrrc x.iill her a'ork. She's ruther uncopruitted_


m

li.rie alwiys hrs tc 1.;ethe hcsr :rt evarylhi*g_ {:le,s


extrcn:*lv qo-tltFetit-ive .

{;,irLth r*nds lr; keep hinlseif lrr llirnself" .}:{e'sa bit


4rr{qqiable

'?h*
t

p:r*drx*gi*l* ij**
Xatch the rr*rJ:sand vrdr ph*sr:s iq lhe l;ox x,tth
lhrsc i1el6l:i,lr.ir:ichnrexn tlr* r;ppersit*.

1'h* adjer:tir.csi:elo* csn idl bc usrel t* elescrilr


p{i}plc rn a cr;nlpanv. fh:lnge each :rdfe*tive inlo n,;
i;ppcrit* ln *clcling u?r-, i.n*. i*l-, ip *r rlx-.

i-

;l

tll reiiabi*

g' intr) *-

*-*4q_gl4t_pf

.. . i.l f{sxihlc

starrq"---****-

hqlt

s{eJrup ""w

lc*le dq-^rl

- dit* org:lnised

padcni

e
f

$t

S
i

-*gl

_dis

hol:resr:
!!.- *.rti*n:ri
ltr drx:jsiye

if iespr:mihlc

,,. 4^ suFpo$lve

IA. creativr

p
q

cnn*i$tcnl

ul i*spiring

irr an"{iruJ:ltr

-"*in

i . i l l , r l t .t ' *

li,, r 'i:'

sr:r.!celc$.rt

halt

ri:introe!r:tt

)l

tecluc<:

i:rr-u:ql'l "-x*-e]g-thdrcw**
etiscin:irr,re ***--*

.-

pr"oillrcfi*n

* j:rr:rlrx:r

.",^t.;;;.;-

lA C()llll)r:tr'nt

nn soci:rblc
*,

briost

A {S$crtl.*

***.-*-!

*ommit{ed

jl

cnn$idriltc

*-*---_-*;*-

pro.]ilc.iv'1]:

Complete rhe follr:wing $enrence$using


apptopr,i:ltc rvorcls and ph1'ases|1pm 1.
a

C$fiplet* t'hi: lbilnx:ing.st*li eppr*is:rls rrsing :rn


apptrpri*tc p*itivr: or $rgetive aeljeclivefrr:lrl 3"

X;* alnays laa^Eh


ne"lr,-pir:{lLretsin
Jaruury .r1.the ,tnnu*l lirrd* i:i:ir,

&

Vr:'11n*erl tr: f-t+ .ne* .*_


prcCucti*n ro
k*cp up with rJ*mend.
A suff incentive seheixe hclpecl us lo
6oc1l
pr*cluetir.it1,..

irs ptlrftielrl

.. 4^ coilrp(fiilii'-i]

.l..alira's:t real ide'.rspenton. Sire'sexccptirin:rlly

srs4tile_"
b

lSrial can o*ly <1*things lds \\,ay..LIe's a bir

\!i: luci ro lalt _


. pro*u{tio11 ctrnple*iy
rlnlil wq:'cifr:r-lndth* fault.

T.ltcre \4:etc $c:tnecompkfurts a}:out the pn_rciucl,


scl \ee luci rc withdraw
it tr: n:ait* t.ire
ncce$$arym<:;iific*fions. \I!'}i re httod3ce*
it
n*xt rrtr:ndr.

ir.flexi.bLe-.
s

Max is *llvays rllc{r

fo givr: pee.:pl* a haneJ w,hen

fl:ey rlq;q;1it. He'$ realty r'*y


d

$irith *iaf

irepportive

it's just r:ne nriltel*e aftrr *nofh*r" H*,s

er.impletely l11!*apgte5t*,

l n C o m p a n yI n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r ' sB o o k @ M a c m i l l a np u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 O O 2

'ii::, i.::ir:llt,:'i::r:
;::.1'li l-:::ltrrt ltt:r.

: : .l

Gr3:r:rilaf anj Lexis link*

1ffi Xntir:**il{
\lihie lr ri r:l-rr:;rirt{:r1r*s *bolil

Yb* p*,xr;ill*
Yi:u fo*n the p;xsir.c xjth the: *pprr;priate fcrsr: r:f tlt*
ye::b t* &f + jld.rj j{rlrtll;f)/tr,
Iord c.;rx prs x*xss'Lti&xcliravxr*d
Jlc e*lr4l;r;;reillspl
"
rrltlieeit dr,t!*i:lrl il$tr&rri*$.
*
Jru "{u$sr;rrllnsrr *ji}e;u,dsru'**ee.fxr*rtrnl;l JS {]r Jl l;r'r
ll:g ei.,l*rixS.
o ,llgr.r*,&.r/:sedldi$,"e-s"g33{}i$dstted
$e*cJ tt' ",l(ry;l*
(.,tttt! ti!<'t, trt l1/)l

*
*

!f}ci; rx..'*ssl** Jil.ir*./rrsi dresr$sdars$di


,{:; *r; e.},l|r}rar'f rf r:r:;rqtxlr*t""lqlitl,rile, fl:e ll,5r'l &ccs
&*r*rpc{}e,E$*,r?&*x &j f}c '{qfi;{ifi? qt.fr*l*r;d.

Yr:* r*n r:lstt ttsc tix: plLssiv* x'ith *r,iJl1 vcrl,:sr


JJi;a: s**::r e{rdJfti?{ipr*ferr

$
S

{ry rJre s$cl $"i$er 1,**;:


ili*-:. &ul sess // &s s;xe*Se*if o*p, #:o 3tou l$ix.&i
il]ilJ. r.e'*S X'*ir{t$ f$ &* gdr,'x** * &tgg:r {:ur.lgei.

&

1i/:;rt,,& l&rr.l ccxrxJd&e *er*"*axg*ed,

ls'el/, # ;*e*s9 &e;Sxcx&*d

:rbout ;L dis{:or-:n! rr)rxxls

\{rl:ich ci r'!e senirrxcs


l*t$ r.:r.rnllonlaiiiln*ll

p-Arti ve

thls $*irl**{t: .nrur: lric{:Cl!:


rtrg11,.
i{.rtJ .t*c{)i?al111t1.lr11

ii*hr:

We r.^av ar5V you to algcond


' f

_ - -

_ ,

'

lbrr rrirlr &;':rlr**C

i4tery.igw.

}.i:lke tl:iis $.:rlt{:nae1*5sl<.;:ri:l*r.liiti*xr1; }'i:r.l


pr*r;;.rerrl ?./.ts'n{.r#:!t'r',r;lt;*lJ:
/o Ji'nisl: tlrs sJtrl'.
We were broMited a,rother uonth to fini<h the 5tudy.
P:***!*i: i,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,$
e*11rpl*t* lire artiel* *si::g drc L6f1q{:l
p:lssive f*rn:t ol'1\g ."erbs jn b:l*ckets.
Xiq{rx$'sl Sxxsxrlargtke :!kxn*xs *xtd *ke }rix*vse
at
\ ir'Lu:rll\ -:nvrluug ll.r c4^..b-q,.fM-u!:gd*{.r:iln,/ in-sr-rrcl}
ll*1'r1's {* iirr:{. lll,cf tlre last ltlirlclrr:rj ycirrs tonrlt:n's
nxrlsl{rlcbrilted insr:*llrr:e co{npan}: i:) h4,..bee^

\"*c *se ihc pasrir,e ,nlren :i! is unirrtpl;r'r:;.nl {x {rbf i$r$


lt is, ther'*lr:lc, ciltl1l!!{lt1
s&o or vher ricts so*xthi*g.
l{} L.t${.lhg p*ss,ir.e rc ttllr :.h$nt $}s{:}cl$$*$
:l*r1 Xxr**ex3*res.

F:;**ti**r

h-iendlirri active

&* e**rsbJeeedl

,&
Pr

ff}r llrceti*g sl.:turds

1 i.n*k xl tl;rsc tq,r.]ex:{mplt$:

*-*r*ir? {*ars /*tgrfu' s*.*l*crse*ded l*ei


;\elir.e r ?*esc r/rq'l.,s,
rvuclrlr'l*.
.fi*rr
})essir.{,::
?fiesr d*1.r, r**.Jrn: ;:r#r:,bt'r:s}*'cs &e*se/*rg*11..
ssdp8fi$et{edJ{t.1't'-nrtrU,

4tl(gd* iarh] r* issltr sr;m* r;f tlts: ;m::t hi;lrrr* pi,:1ir:ii:s


*verl l{ere xr* iust t f*w.
Car inrr't:-lrrr*cis |:ig hr:sjness*ttse d*yl- l3ut rh,* r:ery
limx r:;r f3) -te*h-e*-lM.! f*ed* fi.irrr:r'*:) at lloyd'r
(4) W.Ct-*S-o.le.J:gd
(ccv*r) b},;l *'ot"r.* jxtiLlr. Ca*; $'er*
motrir prilicies {;ita4!:g*
sucl-r;r *r:r,*lt,v i* th*s* c1*,1..i,
-W.littg5 {ti::ite} o* tl}i lxisis ll-ratr3r} l!*fil ir-isrsltiJrs
r;r1
, '. ' 1 . , ' . 1
tl,l .,rl'.1

&

X''hi:l's {re silirjeci r.rfthe fii:tl i*nlrtlcc? -e*:!aAtl""-

llh:rt s :hc si,rbiercitl the sr:c*nci sr:l:iience?the-{Cx

A.cto::str;vc ;lirval's been paran*irl, fl*llyrvo*C filr:r i&rl"

i:: l.lr0 st*r:nr.l sentrence\^iir.rl\,\.ur!l!(r.ilrt:sl*fl1liifr-

13*1ly{ir;bie- \{irs ri{) wr;rt"irc1her: [u'r.lr:rtstegs l-$]ryti{"ht-

p*rlf:r'mi:r r;J'thr ;iriirx! hy**-.-'.

be iNured-

lsliich

*i'th*

s*nfcn{cs

tire }'{}u rnr}fr likely trt heer

in * cr:nvc$itticxr ilbo*l f*x n:achin*s? E6!5iugabov* our illl{:r:iti(}n is for:rrsE:clon lh*


su|r.iert *f rht scr:rt*nce. trirtl t:..;e th* passivc rvl:en
):{}$'$i mcrr inti:resleci in tlle su}tect lhln th* prrk:rnrer
{n lN:l}r *:;lrnpl*s

{*righr .:'injule) e|-u'i;rgfilnring. ll*y

if wgfgllSfared {-insnr:e)by Ll:ycl's ilrr e rnilli*n Collers,


&{idti-nrilli$mil"e rock st;lrs ,'vorry too. }lnl.r {}i:l*n. Xril
Ci*1:tr:fr,l..lirlu*l -I*lksr:n, iilt*nJr;i:r:, llnC $LEwxrtatrrl
rh* trlelling $li:nes h*vc all i::si.ireCltteil vrr.ic*s.Ilri.Li:*:
lipringsteen's {$'i .i5-,-b-e-[gy.'ed
Seliel,e ] tr: l:* *'rxtlr;$

r:f lh* *etion.

nriliion.
,trs*ji:tili) * The prssivr.:q:in sr:rinC rn*rc imp*rslN't:ll
'ilds
cirn .iithcr }:e * grx:rl cr * l:aci thing,
ll::an *r* aetive(!{r
y{r,lr
ri*pe::eling
infr:lltil:n. k;ok al ihes* er*nr1:lcs,
lfren unsrr.er'tirl: qurstiilrls
"{clir'c: We &erfefgrr;ruplr;cellkqs {.i.rnr ,lt}sr J/tirl#-!.
ds ,{g*:&fereg: cf$cr'}'rrlaj.
F:rssi;e: ,'1gr*up ???seht?
Aetivrr lbs fq:#d;rs #ret'ctls:;/d *r * $i.qgev'drscrur*i.
Frs*ive : llli/*e*rs*"es*lf.dl.*crc rr.,r;r;Ll&e * &;gg*r dlrc;rrui.

'lio*ri

* clif}ir*lr
critic enri gorrn:ret ligcn l{o**y l"r-Lng

rislr ol :r.ior.rsly,his r*r*i:r {9) uretald*lg-dpltr"yed('wor.ilclI dcstrov) if he xls t'tr.f h.) l*se hi* s*t:se rf
polir; fr;r .l:50,*O{i {1tli hqt- ,b.ge^..laritr- 5c, r {Je:'}'r.l'5
taKg^-a!^t

(fnlr: r:*t) tri prot{ct hirr: *g*inst rvuking

llp $li: *ltv ni:t knorvi*g rr hnggls irr:nr rt hri::burger.

@|nCompanylnterriediateTeacher,sBook@Macmi||anPUb|iShersLimited2Oo2

f*suring x,crlcs ilf ;lrt ia fiilrhjn$ nr:rr., hlt the iallgi:r*::

h*xrrligill,ikttc,,'3-.ritx-ii*

{{d*q& fillet,ir.trr,,-rnrialiu
!r),,.$iLli!L!xtc5lea,K._*-.
gr*e*...'siC*,,1Firkl**Jfruirralad_

ceuld .be hear:d. {rrx.rki j h*er) ;;r.}lli.rr ri:e i:iry:

ittl

*lren * gr:rll *L rice *,iah * pr:r:l-r:ritrtf the e*een xncl


rhe llulre *i fielinburglt e;:.grx..ediln ii {.j;} rlar__*

fri**,,'r;lll'..".si:r*.ked.,:ir*i;irl::-rur,:ght
fr 51L*__

d&

e"f*tir^ated l*:;Li11.1:rte)
lq.:be 11.crl}:S:C,{}S*.Tlr*

r*est,rtr:r,rgltr'fenrierlr:ricyereat

{lursi.i()n i.{: rv*$h $?0.il{}il k; lr,hr::rl

*._ -..._lrcsl:-,r$'ri;r:*,..r*n-crli:rrllrr:ixi:4 ue qe\aH es

A lcrv ye!1y lrgu, :l kili*r rrJul* eiLlk:dSir*ri

tu:tdilicx'i*ll*xrtie;'lcc*l,rv*,qffaiiiu: dgh *,_-_


cs:ffr*
ber::'

{13}wa-t captured..... {repluie.i r:$ $te C*nirlli*n cr;r.st

*mi {1i}waf._dr:a{ged''* iclrugj rl: k::,rule f*r riisplry in


rt* aelu:llir,llrl,"fhr: l:*pir:n i:rsurr:clth*;nsr:lves i*r $li"0ilS

lg*irrst X*r*Lr {l3l 6,ejl4 ceseued {r*scrre} by r:lli,::1.


xrh:llesl l,ln&r*ur:*te.iri,1it: lva*n.l_

{)nq tl.*:er ri::'r1ic.l*r:lc*ur:dy t}te;:*rr grr:up in.c$lr:{i

* t slx;qgrrn.i lii./tr*r:ele'r'ealrr_ehaeSe*

ilil*ll'ngrinst tlre ljsk r.:f * l*cxrh*t' r:f rht: a:,rrlier:er:rling

tra

r i){,1

l:rtl*n!ng,.1el'r:r:r1:iq{|i.qli,rc1
ir:r:*lat*3r def.:art.*_

ss di:rughi.llightlbcxi.l*d&*.1
,,4

conl;rinj*g

{r}*i*ining

&

Finij l'ive rno_r* &xxl *r1je*ives *nrii::g in -;..r"r


t]ts list$ :tbmre.

*;h*?:* ii *ik*?
* Vhst dsrthe fi:lbir,.ing4clf*ctives<j*serjl:r:iCl-i$e:sc

Jurq/-

;t{,'jiL\ ltillr, tit,, jxr_lr.

b
fish

s*l*cl

irir:it

v{g{]ttbi*ii

i-_-

JFrey* s.nur*)Lchaealatey---.ttrdky

lir:lv nlulcl !.sx: eles*dbr * dislr lvith !.;$ r:f


niii aiJ,y**

iuir

l.tli fattn

p*pgxrl FeFFeny rr*n: LUtty

f;6i1,

-_.._---'

frr::l

r:f

r.itii

*:itl-l

, ,, ,,,-,

::iixt,

l'hir:k r;f * x:ine x:u likr anci prep:lre * c1e*criprk.:r:.


*l :it irsi*g rhr: q,i;11!sl:*h:x..
1'ry scm* *l tl.rertler &:ocl *r.:r{drirrk *dj*ctir-es $$ xrell. }.)r.:n'l.;tr:rr:,r,'if
;,r:i: sriuncl :r l.::it
* so clr.-lx.i*c cxperisl
$lrllu.:_l*
sr:if
chssic
i'rr:ity
fir:rvery
spalkling
rr:cJ
lir;i:":ee pi{rm
ljch rul:y er:l*ur
peppelY
pl,rv*rfu! h,lrrquet
${no*ih
sc;frre:d
iighr gillcien cr:i$Lr:: riirlt$gr
* very gc*rl
cheese
ln ex*-*pti*n*l
5p:11* :rilullg
rubust
i,Llllh*rii*tl
,we{:i
st*rk
r*s*
Ri*j;r
.l ttr

'.,

.,,,.

',,

i.i-.

t'

I n C o m p a n yI n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r ' sB o o k O M a c m i l l a np u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 O O 2

hy

1*lr *f s*lt * .:t$g


k:* of $*g;tr * suiqrrg}

l'i::l::: !,:: *i:trij*ai :x1*i i**:;::ti *tll,ll:! 1'1,|:liri*,!


'!
{irxrr;:lete t}r* dersrrlprir:* r.,:fl $'i::r llali}1\: *sing *r* lr.*nls irr d1: j:r.r:1.
i

Yi:r.l fal'i r)t'ten txr* :r lirrcl nouir iilti} xn **jeetiv*


:irkling -1,"

l{s$i}y y$$.f;$$f**, .4*:*ri*s:: *r:::**$;;en

Siciili

lean

liqnr:r:ri*rdiJqlirrsl*r:rl.:l:larlicoffee

cl.lirr,)

Wh**: * y*sd ***r-lt th* *yi** *$ *ri*klir6. lgxv* r_*p

ch**s*

dri*cl,.rn:pir:*lirip*:'tinnr,d fn^iJ*.__
'i* fnr$t:.ti$ttle,r$*rlir:...rrl
I tr:let:ni:albcead

L*xi*: Fg:** *::* r*yl.qk


r*e$ls*,

fuc)il
ln:il

& rich/lpieylplain/fasr food

i:trghing. 5* i:r". lr*r,.ev*r, dr* jlrsllrince {l*i ha,5*_


.aat...hee^ clainaed

b*:*ri
cbssrl'l

lasr*l J*;;[y

Granrnierend Lexl* links

ing;
1S h,{*sseiJ
${**;**r*ia:61
ln l,:rxiness it is imp$ft$nt to b* able t* r*pr:ri
*ecurately whar people snitl iR mectings, on lhc* phon*
l'cprat tlt*
a;:d in privatr: c*rrersation. ()c**iun*il1'wr
exa{l. $,{)ltl$ romr]or}e us*ctr,hu{ usrral}y ir is *uffici**t tt:
r*1x:rl *:e bxsic nressage.
Origin;rl .rtrtrmellt: Ihsr"e* $c r*ta.y1'l;t S{rI"$8to
r?rcej)t ffJ15.
s ??ot 'et'yf'':r Soi&g Is
Direet sp**ch: ife .r*i'rl,' '??rg:"e
,trrq}/ rr*ft.'(1.i
&e,} goittg Io
l?epr:rteclspeech: y'f* s*3* l-$err3 flo il.'t?-y
#rcdlrt ccis. fZ)
-Ii'bsall f$ere ru,,6st sj u;6y,&e t;xs gcfi;g lio r.?e{q!trrls. i3)
&.eporing ver*l ilh rgt*erJ ro c;cc:*pte*rs. i4)
Sr*q*x*r -{ '$tudy tire infarnvttior: ab*r'e a*cl :ir*i$'er
thr: qr,l*slions. $,'hich expr*silrn wor,liclyou usr lo:
quote cxactly rvhat the sireaker s*icl in
a me*ting? ill
b rcport **rcrl,v vl:at il:e speak*r s*id i.n
a nregringl?S
e sumr*ari$e the Scn$?l idea? ?j
d iel! some*nr itr the rn**{ing "*.hal l}r* speaker
iust s:riei?iI
When
therr*poiting vsib is in tire pasl, ynu oiien
Xl3
Irr'lf tlie r*p*r'reri speech in tlte pes{ tct:r
Jxr rxder rr lol O,fpre;:V;r*,
lfepcrter{ $Feer:}r;f& ss}d lre cr:&sutv}er rs,lof nfi;re*'st.rtv
6

* Cirange thr stnt*lrlenls bckrre. inlr:


Sr***i**
rei:r:'tecl speeeh
a

Fri{x: l'm rc*el,v.


fi'i*?" g&id $re r*as rc.ady.

A.ki*r; {'n-rSoing t{} x,ait;lnti $ee.


Afio raid he wqs 4oir,,4to wait ard see.

&

Ci:rire, i'v* ir*E1em:ugh,


Claire ;^id lhe had had enou4h.

Sktlipgle,

l.)cn'r *r:gei i* cil it, lJ

Hrvt I'tr.r cllnc ir'i il

C*Lrlei].r:rt do it. pt*a.r*f 1.4.r


d. h rras ycu x,!x: d;i ;t ihi

X'hy Co::'l rr;rr elr:if: Lal

&

\\,luk'i ,v*u likr: nr* ir: Cn iii:' lf

1rr: *r:t *oiag i.tl lfJ

$*rry. I rjictlr. l-i

I ' r r r . ( , r ' r 'l\ '( i ! ( l i t

1& i elidn'tr1oir. j-il


{ l r i . l i r r ' ' i { . ' rIl ( i r r i ; .

il't

!c
c.
{,
*
f

l-{r regretieC cloing il.


$1* ai:olcgisecl l*r elc:ingit
H* rlsniecl Coing it
$h* lsmineleqime ti; {i$ it.
Jl t r c l i r . r ' .r!: , r i , , i t .

S i r . : r t k ,t l , l r t ' ; , r t i i , i t

}:le accr-ned ;.rtc uf daing it.

$hc ,.skecl illc if tr'd dons il

f l r ' , , { ' f c ' t , . lr,l, t l i . ri ,

$K. now. ai:ou{ aur training buciget f,ol nrxt


'year.X'lrat cli;es *veryboely rhink?
AIMIJ{: \Xb.lt,I think x,-ereal.l.vmust sp*nd llore o:r
*elvanc*d 1'i' skills tiaining,
Ixrg*n:ar::Hn:, I'r* n*f $a)$ure tJrat'sv"'l-tat'sn*ecled. 1n
facl. it's lrasie er:mpulsr skills thai. m*si i:f *nr
pecpl* still lack.
Gsr:ry: Yes, I think so to$. ilut isn't this really a
recruitnr*nf pre;bk:m?.f tlrink we shculd r*quir*
;rl1 ncx' rc{ruit$ lei he iompuiet lit*ritt* treli:re
w* emplcy {hcm.
.&*etx*: Xcrr.v,jlr$t e rninLite. lfe'r* f*lgetlir':g th;lr these
are our erxry-level gLaffive'rc ulking *bottl"
I*grxrar:Alcl?
Gerry:

" *

&{rlriar I'}1i:* in t*r:cii.


Maria tlid ;he would be in touch.
$erg{o: I iri$l ciln'i face it,
(er4io s^id hejurt
couldit

ill**ii**
i] }bciiir: hcrv lhc *:ihlvi:rg $cntr*rcs
l.l.'lil] rircl-elrler rrp{lr'lrrl (a"l}, Xrritr your:tns\'-ets in
tlrc lxrrr:s.

Sr*l*i**r 4 Thc hr,rnvrnr{:golrrcrs dcpartment *f a


*redixm-sized ronlp$n_vis cleciding h*w n:u<-*rnlonr:y
tt: *lk:eare ro tJilinins, i{ead rtrrefrrllol'in$ s}r*rt *xltect
flor:n their n'leeting.

i rn-*st be going.

riy:1ry4
!e bl 1?-!q
Tlllqqq

rlften nr<,rlrr-lsrill than repr:{ing thcir cxact n'criis. T*


r1* tl'ris. )irlu {ir.* Lrs* Nltr:v*rirs s*1.: tr:l/ ancl cx*, ,ii rv{:ll
,rs rni!n,\.oth*l lerix. Il is ilr:pc:rt*nl tc lclr:: wl:ie.h
prcp*siti*r'is. ohjectr anrl rerh f*r'r:r:l Ji:llr.:v $esr
repr:rling r'ed:s.

face it.

Repolting thc gtne l'*l irie;i *f rl.lttl sctn*:{:rlct sairl {*g,


r:l'ir:ring. ir:rviting, ci:rnp.laining, tlurnking. srrggcsling.) is

*$e,$$&..@|nCompanylntermediateTeacher,sBook@Macmi||anPub|ishersLimited2O02

A&&a;

\{,{ll, 1f ylril .l{x}}tat tire s*lari*$ x,c,rc p:rr,ving


nex'recri:its. ir.xl'll .lee thal u'e simply {6s,1
prv tll{}m *:n*uglr t{_rexptr{t r{_i$1pi.ti*rskills. trT
ti:airi::g is our resprxlsibiiify,
{icrry: W*t1.lf rve {i*n't rhange rxlf relruitinel:r pr:}ict.
wr:'11irrve {* spcr:d ;r lix-ir}l:e r;n llairr.il;"
&rtr&a; Actu:illy. tl:.s cunent ei:sl r:J.*:rining is
nrgiigibli:.
l:e :tr:nding

Ce,r'r,r-Th*t's rrt,r, | s*y rvr: shr:ulel


ltx-r,

}ix,

cl;rnpi*k: a r{:pix:t lf tk
in r,lre hl:x.
i....

mrr:ring lsirg

tlrt r:*r"}.:s

ll{}il'}tr{i {lli

raisecl
f,- j
k * $

insllitr:d

invit*d

r*minricrl

{saylnern*) He lai.d.-hr;. naue. wa:-.Jarae:*Ep-rrd. . "

Pl*y f Sarn. humphrey Bogart, Ca*ablanra {1$,1.!)


$shr$*rn] *He*at-Ked* Sal.r le_p,lqy_1!"
ACrsFcbrxexl J eei;'l d* this. lib ell ienri:ly wcr-rgr.
Dr-;stinH*ffnran, Thn Gradr.;ate{1$SI}
{s*y,rbec*usei
.He raid he couldit

r*ggusterl

{iillltr

do it becar,geit

wro^a.

.4r-6yeilf#kr*g te ixe? Rebert D* irlirc,laxi Driver{J*i$}


{acklfils} He arked rne rf, I war talkin4 to hir,r.

rJ*ul;ter-l

lr.r.;nd*le*

S*nd, Jsmes Ecnd. Sean eonnery, llr hlc {iSSl)

wa' terri\lv

_-...

, a - e

111

:rgrced

r*c*m:*cndcrl

*xplerineC

:trirlr,,i

fr'*nll.g lr]y $s:{ I *eir'i grv*; dsrln.


Cl*rk Gabl*, Gcne witi: iile itrin:i {]}39)

:tssu:lr:ll

n':lr:r*rj

gnf*r:tt*r) He i

Rwp*r*

4 daun.

Gerry'{E} raised -___


*nd {b) ia.vited

the issi;e nf ihe lraining i:uCget


*orn,r}snt$fram the greup. Anna

that we spenCmofs on aclvancedlT

{*} r-"si:-ted*"*_

skiils,bu1 ingnar {*tJdo.abted.,*._

th*t was whal \$ec

needed. trteie) +oLatad*ora_t_ th*t lt r,vasbasie c*npuler


skills thet lncsi *l our p*fsennl la*k. G*rry
il agr:eed

anC {S}}ro^dered_.

itrit wasn't e

{i}scxg. it...... .* at this p*ini ;:ind$ifeullded__


everyon{hat 1ir*were t*lk1ngab*l.;i cniry-}*.v*ista$. She
-* th*i we didn't pay su*f;cierit* exp*rl

cornput*r *kills *n* tj) 4d_d*e.d


___

&al lT trainingwas

li'r* e$nlpany'src*ponsii;ility.Gerry {rni warng,d


. _ :.;s
'ihat
lf we didn'i change uu:rreeruiimentpniicy,vr*,d hav* te
$Fnd a lo*ilne *n training,but Aqna {nJ-arrar:ed hirx th* currenl cost of tr*ining we* negiigibl*and

aenid]Y'$ J:t:ros!fitmi:ris fitrn:s


Rep*rl ctieh 0rle *sing e
j 'lr ..; 1,.,,.;f.jj

i_:

1 ve|bs $$.i rcpilri.r.l *peech.


I i..i$r t]r* ll,*trJs i* l.:rlrrkcts

ir 1'rr:lpyr;ri. Tlu:rc ;tre


clifferent possib:ilities.

lrs,rsr cn, lads. J'yogel a Sr.riirdsa.


Mjchaele*ine, lh* ltellanJ*i: {196e)

it*Mi:s)*lle_leld__ra:-tehar\4_e_^*besuae**he.d-_
** **

..*_

ftlhai *ayc Lle Ssnrens *ysf d$n forus?


Jchn Cieese,The l*ifeo{ Brian ii9i9}

{want/know)
He-Lsattedjp_k^e-tt*t^fi61-the*Re.r*crr
,haileverdore for ur.
Gn ahead.Makerny dey
elinl[astlv*nd,DirtyHerry{tSI1]
{invil*}He invited hir,rto uake hir day.

{aCvisel

f;:r.rril;r mr:vir:i }ieael tj:re {irl}.l:rviqg rx.:lleilio*


{}f qrxtlf$ fllrrn sr:l:re r:l iJ.:* ?0dr

,1 ,,.'; .

5otae1'iv.e.

*_-

lbu're geiing ls necd e &rgg*r b*a{.


Rey $eheider,Jalvs {1$7S}

$ l)* y*r,r h*vc :r futourire line

irrvited,.ra.e-,to,4o*rae_and-_.:eeher:

"-

{0} rpcoureaa.rlarl we sp*nfi fncre.


!.:r'*;{i*l:

{invit*lme}lhe

q.ot/he hada qre*t- idca. --.

rerruitrtenl y:rai:lem.Hc {h} <u{{e<ted _ wg nrake


csnlput*r lileraey:l reqr.;irern*nl{cr *nrploym*ni. Arrn*

{kJ explained

C*nr* up *nd see,r:cso*r*S,xe,


\{a* Wesl,Goin'tolblvn {1$351

to need

I've /;aC people walk lul an n:* S*f*re, hul n*f w&*n /
was i;*lng $e f'lsfr$inEt
fl*nlscn Fsrd, Blad* lltnner {'1eSf}

fadrnit] He adyitted

that h-ehad had*peoplewatk

oat-on- hir,r ba{or:e.

i 'll rbsb*c,t

Arnei* $chrvansnsgs*t,
lbnlin*lu {i $*4J
He thr-eatened*to r-eturrr.-. *_
Ithr*at*nr'return)

|nCompany|ntermediateTeacher,sBook@Macmi||anPub|ishersLimited20O2@

*r*nn*r arri L*xi*iink*


?Ln/ \t l. cl t -, ,n\ jrL'l , fL il a' r. ti l li lni nL j
A
*r*xx*cr *:f *!pi*r***y

l-n business. dre gran:nuti*al *r:d ,l*xicaLchrric*s .vu*


lr*k* ca* hav* n pr:u;erful elfrL-i.{xr i}le r:uiesNn.eol ;l
*le*tit:g *r rregerliati<-i::r.
Ccmp;rre :he lirl i*wi::g:

}ieg:Ltir''eqrr*st:i*n fslnlr$ arc ir:credii:ly pr.nve:'itrik-:


oeg{)iiation-sQueslii:ns s*u*d nir:re ten*}dre ii:urr1
s*;ll*inentai.r${i :rlfa ,*sr; nror* ptrsu*rit-e , {-'se l}:crrt
tr: nxlte s$Sge$ii{}!l$anrl girre v:rrnir:g:r.

1
k

l t r , 1 ' l 1r . y ' r 1 :" ,rJt f t . t '


Jlir *rSirld;;l i&ispr:lnt *.,crupirld*'e t;$.t&I,,!,/ tlrr(l)l
-lrex;r*,fi*:

lxrok xt th* fi:lkrwir"rg w*,vs *f rnilking x..lr*l 3a:u$:lv in it


nrgolistion r**r* c1,ipl*mirtic:

Qux!*d3ers:slrg/:;, sr &dl rrct$et *.lixir, eic,


" ?l:*r rl?rrJ'&{r* Jolr;3,,.> ?}.elv r**y }* elsfegf.l*
rjeJll:r.
* lili?i? r.fis*plr;r;rtrd x:l.f/r f.f:crfl$$s#ilt j. .-,i,rru.
qfr&trrg. > i'.'c r*$"drg&er-d**&?$rnled ei'if,btLe
r&*'c.l-lr
xi .lrrrt ra q$"iiwtg
s*l'ten
tire ilrrp*ct cf l.r:lrl:rcrv.r, l.rir!**n'1
Q**.liliers
:ie{r-l*ll}.clrang* il.

K*pkras*d il*ge*ivc$ X: rol lvr3.:.Jiifrll&'1eoxly;fel*dy


* g*sitivc :ldjertive
* Wlir; r$l&'tp,$.!lfit* tbf.! $??'s$gc?irertr.
> l{.r?'rc
&$f {,ss:r,f$*s&$y s:llf.; f&is rr${?$ile$,}f!'it,
& {'ri: prcr:rur.'irlrgd > i r?rrr.at *ra**f.$tec**rgrd.seed.
l-lsir::{posillv* *rlj*clir"er t::ak*.s 'l'oti soLr.ndtnr:te
pn;*iltve * rrr:n rryh*n :qxr *sc ilrrm in t:l* ncglrlilel

Kepirrexsexl:{*{rgir*{v*$ *r *'ru**ls, r;ct a&l*, rol ir r?


po-{rti*r} fc
*
!Vb'c*it ? ,{* d;{.'.y
&tg&*r tlttevz7h;. } l$i.,, r
srrr.cr&fes$ So ,r'e]: lugl:rr l&ein 7.0,'*.
l.f? &.)*???
,?r{:spt *r,1'#:!e,q lss. > iflc'resr.&* ir, 6
persd.fd*r*e
fd?,rJtcelrt *r'iryri,&rlrgfu"rs.
-iiry
l* lr'*iri usirig cc;;?ar:d ti.'ox?.Iiir*y xrxkr:
you **u*d p**'clless ancl r:lxlr**lite.
e

clex*stier*&;rc$s: s.&*s/#rr.? $)a .,.?,


er.,r:*ldx? 3r** ...1etr:.
$ lV?.r&**Ld&e nnr**qq fr.gcf$gl,or; ll:r.\'.>
,$es,*d.{ds}"S
s*te &e {rry*fr;g l*.gerrl:*r*ri i&ir,r

.r1?rrrrsrft?{}r.l.sfis"&. } }&'{:r$dd&?

$c:$'te$ers: r,rti)i1ldxr.rls/. i, J'ru l.i/irri.d- !:t; l:* &rru*st,


c{:il* re.{prc:l rte "
" ?&ls rjee,rr;? ln.e; o$f lleerlr. > .&9fu***xeeex.cefy.
#:rs #*ss$ ? rt?s*l ri.{r" s,$difJ.
* l?},r rl,*;;'l rgrrfl{ji;nr.fuisf*r*i :. $&k*&?:s$lXr{:g.
:fi)r, di)?r? r;nl!* l.l'?.d*rsl*rr*{,
Sr-rken*rsrl th* heginr":ing*f ll $*ltenter* sigrlrl b*<1
:nevs, Wldr i?.!Lr{:fir. x ixrrlieLil*riy 1.:*e!s.ignl

&{ex}t*&$rr;;slrjr{ r*l;*1. ;xr.4;, r'xr$$l


* ?*ir;i ;rpn]&fur$. > ?&ise*rspw&$
&e rafro&l.g;r.
* Oj'c*;ri.s*4llre;:er!* rli"r*rfixtrf*g* lo 1,"&*.> ill'
cs*i'.ts, $:rx:re*a*f*d &e r, rii.re;slr;$lrlogcIo /.&ir.
i* h*th *::arxplef *bov* tl:r* .rp**ker soi,tilris l*sr
riir**i, }:itt i:r llre {irsl e;.iar:rplr l}re }rasic *lrsstrgc
r1r*sn'{ changr:. ?I:* ruxld d,'r*;r*i;lmz still rneetrt
il i:r a pr*hleml lilut ii x:runds l:etter.

*c l*.*lx6

{*txxgr*rx*vcs: -ilr;,*rclv, /e"rr


*
}.&l'rnlo**i:irg.lir.r,:*;ef,birr.gc&rrlr!. > l{ri:'ro
lco&iiig.,4:rsoir;r:il:lrrge&*xx$*r.
*
Itbr;Jrl-X;u Irepr4:xrrd 3c corusid*rl*l.rr > Wt;rulcl
/c rnrusldrr /&l;l
Ir*r; b* **cd:,r1s$*"*ry!**reid
'f'!t*
ul{: c.Ltr$111p;t}ill:ir,cs
in*k*s lvl-irl ,vi-xtsli;* sr.rLincl
mcr* n*gctiei:le,

I*. ? ll:* ux* ui srifte*crs l/'r.r r*ur?$, r'o${ri{ti\r* p,llrases


{celf&r$plrff*. rx*tj::l rrrr{:s {nuuld} ;in,clre1:hr*eel
$cilatilr*$ (rc*/:le i$ c.rr.rpr) m*ltq: ih* r*:j*rlii:r: ilsr.:lf
more ncceplabl*.

l'?rlrf

p*xe &r fx,{ring*;r *t;*ru'i*rusrx&l

Xtcs{ri{{iv{: gl}x.lxxesl c?fI$d slsr'ii.sr! 'Jl t&r"tsluge,


srjJi-11, eL{:.

?7rxf'ss$r"Jicsitrsr?.> #r$ti ilrir}{xitir??d$


ffr* i$(}ener,rf.
s LJ,lru?;irj,,;& rt,e eri$ ,qr g;.;1,J!;n**/".> 1;f*ru ?
/Siirr&ir.u {.{}} g{} {tt?-il.rEJr"fi;crd}t
f&ds $f{:sdfe.
{Jsing * ninlricti\.e plrr*se rk:cs nl:t *.xch:de rilc
pnssil::iliry*f thtr:rr r:]$l'rlr1e$t,
?lx* 3xtssiv* il'rr:ss urlr&r:lr;od ii, &rrl.$l{r'srirn*d,ctc,
* ]'t* srtllf }.,oii lt:sl.s l,s.rr./..'t,
/o slg:r :'.F* r*dx.s
. **rcd{:rsr${}cl 3or-; ru:crere*riit /i; s1.fnJl:sr* ,e.rrxs.>"f*
" li? I&*xg*;;y*tr *r;el *eci:,1.;l,rr*{
*$dl$ s$sr*rresd J,*# lr*;f *r*f:l'd
il:sJ* iei"r'$s.
]Jy avlrieiir:gtite use of $ftlcille$ts heginr::ing l'or.r
s*;C ... *nri llis fl:ov.gif - . *.uri using pxssiv* f!:rrxs
.irrsiea*.).r;rl de!:*rs***liS* tli* sifttirlri{}tlll$!'} teluL*
lll* :r:inr:Llnlr;f p*rsr;r:rl *spnnsibilit; r:r hi:lnle .

{ 0 ?&e -d*xg$k>re:x:*.,rry eilrxlr'rg, $l;rl ir*sll J:r.y.:lrir.g


*

1..? r.iiriled lc rc*c/: n*rp.drr;rtrl ltrr&t1.,,> 1l'&edJ*i?


erfm*fqgti* r*eie*,?g,.r:ea?e??t
&3.,
f*#n.y.
* lft $nr.i $*t';cd *] ,raa.r{rr:rer,lroir.?acr?lcr: p;*ce. >
lrl &sd Er**']| f:relpd$g t{:},!*g S$rSd??r$t'df?rd$l
sn.
pl"Jc*.
Usir:g l|:* ll*st {l*ntinuous keeps ytr*r *ptions *pcn
* vr]u \rrre ain:ing Lt rc;lch sgru.en'icnland slill irrc,
'l'he
P:r.tfPr:rfucl (lcrrtjntrous rloses the el*;r: :l iiitle
in{rre * y$!r'\',estrpped huping" br"rtrxxi}rl bc
; r ( r ' . r i l : r i l r ' lr,l ; 1 1 , 1 r , ' . t , : , , tt .

I n C o m p a n vI n t e r m e d i a t eT e a c h e r ' sB o o k @ M a c m i l l a nP u b l i s h e r sL i m i t e d2 0 0 2

S*lxq:*i** Stucly rire in{i:rn:arion opposile and rneike the


dilect tr:lr:ulr*sbelt:rn'rnore diplcmatic u.singihe wr:rds
in brackeb to heip 1.ql!
a

'Ihis

is tno exp*nsir,e. {rrnfortuna{e}y r, nnuki)


U.lj?:t"ytgjy,
wonld need
_*e
to^^nthi^1 .h"

****x*titr

Conplete rhe eol k:carions


* |ts*r;|*{i*!?.*
hy writing the n<runs aml noun plll:rses in the
rigirt-hancl hoxes They are ali things yolr n-iight clo
ciuring e ne!{iJti-r}ti{)n.

i term$
pressure
oplioits
i a dcarilcr:i<
rime out

a breakthrcugh

\\.&';e not intelested in yor.rrec()nemy mociel

{noultj r' lrys) Wq woulld6e less irterested

a deadlock

terus

Ir x:ill l:e diftir:ulr to sell the iclea rrr my hoss.

lrearthrourn

Pressare

{unfortunate}} I m:ry .r vcq: ean'y]


-Ur,fortua.atelyr it uay rrot be very eAiy to

tiue out

option:;

r^ your eco^oMy wrodel.

sell t,he idea to w,y 6oss.


d

\{e .shr*ricJbe near a clecisi*n by nor,r.


{shou}cln'r,r a bit nearer?) Shoulda"t we be a
r$'e can't pay srraight alr.at:. (:rfreicl
I lnight rror 1
t

:it,;1-;I'r"rafraid *" n^iCt ,."_! b"jbl"

1"

?aY+r4l\t 1\^Y.
I 1v.,n'tmakea'y *r.,,ffiOt,

sr:r:rerle ADt i" _1_t?:lfil t" Ygg-11y __*


Pror^i'e' at lhis 5ta4e.
g

This rs dillicr-ik firr us t:r; .lcccpa. {u.*r-rld ,.::t lift}e ,i

fhe nromenr) We would firrd thlr a little


difficult to accept at the r.,ror.aerrt.
h

You said you l.anted

iri]medi;rte clelivery.
|
ua.derrtood
that yot,l wa^ted
{rrncler-*raocl)

ir"ruediate delivery.
\\t itr,petl lr,u rrtrulJ
lrrov:ic&:lffer-sales srrlicc.

(honest I hopilg) Jb be hoa'ert, we were


hopia.4yoLr would trrovide a$ler-Salei Service.
'

'

t} rr ciiscussionshavc l:een unproeli:ctive.


(ntrt very I sr: firJ Our discussioM haven't

!gg1Ygfyqr?qullivg1" f1r':
k

a firecl interesr raie' would bc a goocl idea.


{wollcln't I bener?} Wouldn.'t a fixed

irrterert ra].e6effi

,$*i**
1

x*rg*ti*'ii*xnr
The fcilloning things werc s*:iclrn a saie,s
negr:fiation. X.ho clo yolr thinh pnrbabl.v s:ricltirem
- dre hrt1,er,the r^clleror- coule{ it l:e eit}rcr:?

a
b
e
d
e
f

What kind of a s$ar"Jnt{:ecit{1y1;11give us? B


Xbulcl riral be a r,egularr:reler?j
l$ th"dtynLtr best pdce? B
Therc arc nt: hicXrlenexti.as.(
l'm afraicl jf'$ not really rvlrat we're lor:king for. E
txtrulcl yoll like fo hiir rhe prcrcli-rcton e
trial b;r-s.is?
3
s $,tril sort of quantity were yolr tXrinking o{? (
h llnrv flexibtrecan yll.r he rrn elelir.erl,tirnes? E
i
I'cl lilE* to rhink ii oricr. E
I c:rn't l;e :rn,v{lirel than that. E
k \X':iratimmecliete benefits cr:uld rve expect
tr: see? E
Si:pposing \:\,.ewers to offer yc;lr
deferrecl pay:nentl (
t?t \{fu'}l n.ratchany price }rou'l'e been quotecl, (
n T(h:lt scrt r:f discount cr:r,rid1,ou oifer r-ls
cn th:rr?B
o Corrkl rll'e rel_von you to mtct all our deiL<llinesl B
p \orv, nc'Jl jirst neeclfo soit ollt one or
tri,o derails. E
cN lier, if ,vor,r'ct
iust like fo sjgn here. E
The fbllqtning utllocariorx atri*ppealecl rn the
negofiation in 1. Tiy t* lind rhe other half of eacJr
one irr und.:r 90 secendsl

W'e hacJa:imecltr: :{et furth*r than t}"r:isthis mr:rmnrq.


{aiming:'sli.qhtty) !9 Yf9 1i-il1 to lert

;i repSilar -o.Idef ....*

qrafe a +rl.q-e_ .*

rfl4htfy further than +h;s this uorrrirr4.

.-u4Lg"dl4tg be rrefits

-hiddea-

otfur q elrtroqrt

dtft-ricr.l

Lclxi$: N* 6*ttim{:i
*rxs
Whex * r**$ s&y$ h*k g*ing t* pr* al{ hlw*ards {xr
th* tx{$*, } xtw*ryx}**k xp hfs xl*sv*.
l*r d S*::-S*lixlis,

S.ri$s* p*$ii*ix*

qt\le

exrilts
DAvMeAt

a lluxrilnte
delirery Li,v.es

:natch * pfic4

rylge!

a tri4l

c1c*cllines

5ert

cqt

the elet:ril.s

basis

Macmillan Education
Between Towns Road, Oxford oxa arr
A division of Macmillan Publishers Limited
Companies and representatives throughout the world

rsBN0 333957334
Text O Macmillan Publishers Limited 2OO2
Design and illustration @ Macmillan Publishers Lilnited 2OO2
First published 2002
Al1 rights resewed; no part of this publication may be reproduced,
stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Note to teachers
Photocopies maybe made, for classroomuse, ofpages 88-117 and
T1.3G1.65without the prior written permission of Macmillan
Publishers Limited However, piease note that the copyright law,
which does not normally permit multiple copying of published
material, applies to the rest of this book.
Text by Helena Gomm
Resource materials by Colin Benn; Simon Clarke; Gina Cuciniello;
Paul Dummeft; Paul Emmerson; Jon Hird; Mark Powell; Nicholas
Sheard
Designed by eMC Design
Illustrated by Mike Stones, icons; Mark Duffin pp T1,53,T157;
J u l i a n M o s e d a l ep p T 1 3 9 .T 1 4 2 . T 1 4 5 ,T 1 5 6 .T 1 6 0 . T 1 6 l :
Stephen Dew pp T140
Original cover concept byJackie Hill at 320 Design
Cover illustration by Mike Stones
The authors and publishers wish to thank the following who have
kindly granted permission to use copyright material: Exttact in 18a
Piracyusedwrrh kind permission of GameSpy Industries
http://www. gamespy. com; Extract in 18 a Piracy used with kind
permission of International Planning & Research Corporation;
Quotations in 9 Wat tbe CEO said: Henry Ford (Ford Motor
Company), R Steve Letbetter (Reliant Energy), Gordon Bethune
(Continental Airlines), Mr Lee Raymond (Enron Mobil) & Ralph
Larsen (ohnson andJohnson)

Student's Book acknowledgements


Text @ Mark Powell
Design and illustration @ Macmillan Publishers Litnited 20O2
Designed byJackie Hill at 320 Design
Illustrated by Mike Stones icons;Julian Mosedale pp10, 20, 46,65;
Liam O'Fanell pp1.6,57; Flatliner p31; Kim Williams p52
The publishers would like to thank Bob Ratto, Byron, Rome; Angela
\ifright, British Council, Rome; Norman Cain, IH Rome; Fiona
Campbell, Teach-In, Rome; Sue Garton, Lois Clegg and Irene
Frederick, University of Parma; Simon Hopson and Gordon Doyle,
Intensive Business English, Milan; Dennis Marino, Bocconi
University, Milan; Mike Cruikshank, Advanced Language Services,
Milan; Christine Zambon, Person to Person, Milan; Fiona O'Connor,
In-Company English, Milan; Peter Panton, Panton School, Milan;
Coiin Irwing Bel1, Novara; Marta Rodriguez Casal, Goal Rush Institute,
Buenos Aires; Elizabeth Mangi and SiMa Ventura, NET New English
Trainir.rg, Buenos Aires; Graciela Yohma and Veronica Cenini, CABSI,
Buenos Aires; Viviana Pisani, Asociaci6n Ex Alumnos, Buenos Aires;
Claudia Siciliano, IEA Institute, Buenos Aires; Cuca Martocq, AACI,
Buenos Aires; Laura Lewin, ABS International, Buenos Aires; Charlie
Lopez, Instituto Big Ben, Buenos Aires; Alice Elvira Machado;Patlidla
Blower; Valeria Siniscalchr; Carla Chaves; Virginia Garcia; Cultura
Inglesa, Rio de Janeiro; Susan Dianne Mace, Britannia, Rio de Janeiro;
John Paraskou, Diamond School, SEvres;Dorothy Polley and Nadia
Fairbrother, Executive Langtage Services, Paris; Claire MacMurray,
Formalangues, Paris; Claire Oldmeadow, Franco British Chamber of
Commerce, Paris; Ingrid Foussat and Anne James, IFG Langues, Paris;
Karl \7illems, Quai d'Orsay langu.^ge Centre, Paris; Louis Brazier,
ClarcDavis,Jacqueline Deubel, Siobhan Mlacak and Redge,
T6l6iangue, Paris; John Morrison Milne, Ian Stride, Gareth East and
Richard Marison, IH Madrid; Gina Cuciniello; Helena Gomm;
Paulette McKean Special thanks to the photo researcher, Sally Neal.

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for
permission to reproduce their material; Cambridge University Press
for'The W'orld's Top Ten Languages' fuom Tbe Cambridge
Encyclopedia of Language edited by David Crystal (Cambridge
University Press, 1,987),reprinted by permission of the pubiisher; The
Penguin Group (UK) for an extract from Getting Tbings Doneby
Roger Black (Michael Joseph , 1987), copyrlght @ Duncan Petersen
Publishing Ltd and Roger Black 1987; Newsweek Inc for an extract
from'The NY-LON Life'by Stryker McGuire and Michelle Chan from
NeusueekMagazrne L3 L'J.00,copyright O Newsweek Inc 2000 All
rights resewed; Extract from 'X/ben Cultures Collid.eby Richard D
Lewis (Nicholas Brealey Publishing, 1996'),reprinted by permission of
the publisher; Oval Projects Ltd for an extract from 7he Bluffer's
Guide@ to tbe Internet (Oval Books, London, 1999), copyright @ Oval
Projects ltd www.bluffers.com 1999; The British Libmry for an
extract from Track 12'1,930 G B Shaw and Albert Einstein' Speaker,
George Bernard Shaw, from Tbe Century in Sound (lhe Brltish
Library); Source firstdirect com - Fir$ Direct is a dMsion of HSBC
Bank plc which is a member of the HSBC Group, reproduced by
permission of Flrst Direct First Direct banking facilities are available
to UK residents only; Ertract from TlseDilbert Principleby Scotr
Adams (Boxre e, 1.996); Extract from Riding tbe Waues of Cultureby
Fons Trompenaars and Charles Hampden-Turner (Nicholas Brealey
Publishing, 1998), copyright @ 1997, rcptlnted by permission of the
publisher; Fast Company for an extract from'This Organization is
Dis-Organization' from Fast CompanyMagazine, Issue No: J, June
1996. All rights resewed. To subscribe, please call 800-542-6029 or
visit www.fastcompanlr.com; Pearson Educational Limited for an
extract from Tricky Bwiness lettersby Gordon Wainwright (Institute
of Management , 1993; Exftact ftom Tbe Cluetrain Manifestoby Rick
Levine, Cfuistopher Locke, Doc Searls and David Weinberger (ft com,
2000); The Random House Group Limited for af e*ractftom Getting
Past Noby Wllliam Ury (Cenrury Business, L992); Extract fuom
ConxpleteIdiot's Guide to Winning Tbrough Negotiation,2/e byJohn
Ilich (Alpha Publishing, 1999), copyright O A.lpha Publishing 1999,
reprinted by permission of the publisher, as represented by Pearson
Computer Publishing, a division of Pearson Education; Short
quotation from'It's an InternetJumble Out There'by Lury Kellaway
from Financial Times 5 .6.0O, reprinted by permission of the
publisher; Short quotation by Paul Theroux
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The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for
permission to reproduce their photographs: AllSport p87; Anthony
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Disneyland@ Resort Paris p6(3); Foodpix p75; Getty lmages pp6(2),
8; Robert Harding/C Andreaso p47; Hulton Archive pp35, 49(b), SA,
63,115; Image Bank pp15(1), 60,79O),84; ImageStatepp5(c), 5(0,
30, 36(br), 42, 56, 70, 7 9(3), 79G), 83, 120; Impact Photos/J
\Tishnetsky p5(e), M. Henley p18, R Roberts pT4l Jumeirah
International Picture Library p6(1); Mark Henley Photos p72; MTY
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pp25&),85; Powerstock Zefapp5@),5(b), 5(d), 1l(bl), 14(t1),15(3),
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79(5); Science Photo Lrbrary/Jesse p14(br), D Gifford p28, C Butler
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52,68.

Printed and bound in Spain by Edelvives SA

2006
1 0 9 8 7 6 5

tr-tcompany
English
business
multi-level
A fast-paced,
adults,In Company
coursefor professional
skill's
developskeylanguage
systematically
that reflectthe real
activities
throughmotivating
worldof modernbusiness,

Stimulating content
A wide varietyof engaginglisteningand readingtexts
provideconstantopportunities
for discussionand
maximiselearnerinvolvement.
Practical business Sk!.llswork
real-worldtasksencouragelearnersto
Challenging
skillsand draw on their
sharpentheircom'rnunication
own exoeriences
at work.
Integrated lexica! syllabus
Greatemphasisis placedon helpinglearnersboosttheir
lexicalrangein termsof word and phrasebuilding,
phrasalverbs,collocation,
fixedand
self-study'Lexislinks'
semi-fixedexpiessiqns..-$dditional
doublethe vocabularyinput.
effectively
Systematic'ipproach lo grammiar.
Grammaris intiobueedin a practicalbusinesscontextin
the unitsthemselvesand comprehensively
'Grammarlinks',
supplemented
in separateself-study
whichgivefurtheropportunityfor study,practiceand
personalisation.

Teacher's Book
Teacher's Nofes
teaching
The Teacher'sBook containscomprehensive
give
notesthat
an overviewof each unit and detailed
pioceduralinstructions
for all the exercises,plus an
'lf you'reshortof time' sectionat the end of each unit and
The notes
for classroomexploitation.
furthersuggestions
pages
and include
with the Student'sBook
are interleaved
the recordingscripts.Targetlanguagein the recordings
is highlighted
in bold.
Answer Key
with the
The Student'sBook pagesare overprinted
answerkey,Suggestedanswersfor longertasks are
providedin the teacher'snotes.
Resource Materials
The Teacher'sBook also featuresa'ResourceMaterials
worksheetswhich
sectioncontainingthirtyphotocopiable
extendand/orreviseelementsin the Student'sBook.
Thesewerewrittenby eightpractisingbusinesSEnglish
teachersand providean extra twenty or more hours of
materialto supplemen-t
the Student'sBook.
Other components
Student'sBook
ClassAudio Cassettes/CDs
www,businessenolishonline,
net

A
MILLN
MAC

one@ens.lj;*
S o l u t i o n sf o r E n g l i s hT e a c h i n g

tsBN 0-333-95733-4