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# COURSE INFORMATION

COURSE NAME
COURSE CODE
PROGRAM
SEMESTER
CREDIT HOURS
CONTACT HOURS
COURSE STATUS
PRE-REQUISITE

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MASS TRANSFER
CHE545
EH220
3
3.0
4.0
CORE
NIL

SYNOPSIS

This subject introduces the students to one of the fundamental knowledge that the students must
acquire in mass transfer and mass transfer operations. The topics covered include the concepts of
mass transfer and equipment design for gas absorption, adsorption and drying.

OBJECTIVES
Upon completion of this module, students should be able to:
1. Explain the concept of diffusional, convective and interphase mass transfer.
2. Describe various types of unit operations based on mass transfer and fluid interactions principles.
3. Apply chemical engineering calculations involving design principles to mass transfer in various unit
operations.

METHODS OF INSTRUCTION

## Lectures and Tutorial

Lecture :
Tutorial :

3 hours/week
1 hour/week

LESSON PLAN
WK

1-2

3-4

5-7

DURATION

CHAPTER/CONTENT
Introduction to Mass Transfer and Diffusion
1. Similarity of Mass, Heat and Momentum Transfer Processes
2. Examples of Mass-Transfer Processes
3. Ficks Law for Molecular Diffusion
4. Convective Mass-Transfer Coefficients
Chapter 6 (6.1A, 6.1B, 6.1C, 6.1D)
Molecular Diffusion and Convective mass transfer coefficients
1. Molecular Diffusion in Gases
2. Molecular diffusion in liquids
3. Molecular diffusion in solids
4. Introduction to Convective Mass Transfer
5. Types of Mass-Transfer Coefficients
Chapter 6 (6.2, 6.3, 6.5) and Chapter 7 (7.2A, 7.2B)
Mass Transfer Coefficients for Various Geometries
1. Mass Transfer Coefficients in Laminar Flow
2. Mass Transfer for Flow Inside Pipe
3. Mass Transfer for Flow Outside Solid Surfaces
4. Mass Transfer Coefficient in Turbulent Flow
5. Models for Mass Transfer Coefficients
a) Introduction
b) Film Mass-Transfer Theory
c) Penetration Theory
d) Boundary-layer theory
e) Two-Film Theory
6. Mass Transfer at Fluid Surfaces
a) Penetration Theory
b) Surface Renewal Theory
c) Combination Film Surface Renewal Theory
d) Surface Stretch Theory
Chapter 7 (7.3C, 7.3D, 7.3E, 7.9, 7.9C)

ACTIVITIES
Briefing of the course
objectives and lesson plan.
Lecture
Tutorial

Lecture
Tutorial

Lecture
Tutorial

TEST 1

WK

8-10

DURATION

CHAPTER/CONTENT
Gas Absorption
1. Definition, applications and notations used in gas absorption
2. Gas-liquid equilibrium for ideal solution according to Raoult's law
3. Packed tower - description and design
a) Packing materials description and flow arrangement
b) Determination of tower diameter
4. Multistage countercurrent operation - graphical method to determine number
of theoretical stages
5. Two film theory of gases-liquid system
a) Rate of absorption
b) Mass transfer coefficient- individual and overall
6. Determination of tower height

ACTIVITIES

Lecture
Tutorial

## Chapter 10 (10.2, 10.3, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6)

11-12

1. Introduction
a) Surface Area
b) Pore Size
6. Adsorption Equipment (Fixed or Packed Beds)
Chapter 12 (12.1A, 12.1B, 12.1C, 12.2)

Lecture
Tutorial

TEST 2

WK

DURATION

CHAPTER/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

Drying

13-14

## Introduction and Methods of Drying

a) Purposes of Drying
b) General Methods of Drying
Equipment for Drying
a) Tray Dryer
b) Spray Dryer
c) Drum Dryer
Vapor Pressure of Water and Humidity
a) Vapor Pressure of Water
b) Humidity and Humidity Chart
d) Wet Bulb Temperature
Rate-of-Drying Curves
a) Introduction and Experimental Methods
b) Rate of Drying Curves for Constant-Drying Conditions
c) Drying in the Constant-Rate Period
d) Drying in the Falling-Rate Period
e) Moisture Movements in Solids During Drying in the Falling-rate Period
Chapter 9 (9.1A, 9.1B, 9.2A, 9.2E, 9.2F, 9.3A, 9.3B, 9.3C, 9.3D, 9.5A, 9.5B, 9.5C, 9.5D, 9.5E)

Lecture
Exercise

ASSESSMENTS
Final Examination
Tests / Assignments

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60%
40%

TEXTBOOK USED
Geankoplis, C.J. (2003). Transport Processes and Separation Process Principle, 4th Edition. New York: Prentice Hall

REFERENCES
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2.
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4.

McCabe, L., Smith J.C. and Harriot, P. (2001) Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, 6th Edition, New York: McGraw Hill
Coulson, M. and Richardson, J.F. (1993). Chemical Engineering: Unit Operations, Vol. 2, 4th Edition. Oxford: Pergamon Press
Seader, J.D. and Henley, E.J (1998). Separation Process Principles. New York: Wiley & Sons.
Treybal, E. (1990). Mass Transfer Operations, 4th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill

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Attendance is compulsory. Students who fail to comply 80% of the attendance will be barred from taking the final exam.
Absence from lecture, tutorial, test, presentation must be supported by legal documentation.
Consultation is by appointment.
Any form of cheating and plagiarism in examinations, tests and assignments will be penalized.

COURSE OUTCOMES (CO): Statements describing ability that should be acquired by the students who completed the course.
COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES: Statements describing student action that serves as evidence of knowledge, skills and attitude.
PROGRAM OUTCOMES (PO): Statements describing the knowledge, skills and attitude acquired upon graduation.
Numbers Indicator: 3 Strongly emphasized, 2 Moderately emphasized, 1 Slightly emphasized.
PROGRAMME OUTCOMES
COURSE OUTCOMES
PO 1

## CO 1: Ability to explain the

concept of diffusional,
convective and interphase
mass transfer

PO 2

PO 3

PO 4

PO 5

PO 6

PO 7

PO 8

PO 9

PO 10

PO 11

INSTRUCTIONAL
METHODS

ASSESSMENT

Assignment,
quizzes, tests &
examination

PO 12

## Lectures & Tutorials

CO 2: Ability to apply
chemical engineering
calculations involving design
principles to mass transfer in
various unit operations

## Quizzes, tests &

examination

CO 3: Ability to compare
various types of unit
operations based on mass
transfer and fluid
interactions principles

## Lectures & Tutorials

Assignment,
quizzes, tests &
examination

PO1: Ability to identify and apply knowledge of mathematics, basic and applied science, engineering fundamentals and specialization to solve including complex engineering problems.

PO6: Ability to acquire in-depth technical knowledge in chemical and related engineering principles.

THANK YOU
UMMI KALTHUM IBRAHIM
H/P: 0127778450
ROOM: B5-A9-5(5)