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TM

YIA Millennium
SINGLE-STAGE
STEAM or WATER
ABSORPTION LIQUID
CHILLER
COOLING CAPACITIES
Steam: 420 to 4850 kW
Hot Water: 420 to 4850 kW
Warm Water: 200 to 4000kW
TM

YPC-ST Millennium
TWO-STAGE STEAM
ABSORPTION LIQUID
CHILLER

YIA

COOLING CAPACITIES
Steam: 1050 to 2370 kW
TM

YPC-FS Millennium
TWO-STAGE
DIRECT-FIRED
ABSORPTION LIQUID
CHILLER/HEATER
COOLING CAPACITIES

YPC

700 to 2370 kW

HEATING CAPACITIES
565 to 1970 kW
York Absorption chillers use the earths most
environment friendly refrigerant WATER
which is totally free of ozone depletion and
global warming effects. By using waste heat
or clean burning natural gas these machines
are responsible for far less carbon dioxide
production and acid rain producing
emissions per kW of cooling than electrically
driven machines.
In contrast to many absorption chillers using
chromates or arsenates as corrosion
inhibitors York absorption chillers use
molybdate inhibitors which are not classified
as a hazardous waste.

CONTENTS
Features
Specification
Operating Limitations
YIA Technical Data
YPC-ST Technical Data
YPC-FS Technical Data

AVAILABLE MODELS & NOMINAL COOLING CAPACITIES


YIA
Model
1A1
1A2
2A3
2A4
2B1
3B2
3B3
4B4
4C1
5C2
5C3
6C4
7D1
7D2
8D3
8E1
9E2
10E3
12F1
13F2
14F3

YPC-ST
Cooling
kW
420
550
600
720
830
960
1090
1170
1280
1440
1570
1820
1990
2170
2480
2790
3190
3380
4040
4340
4840

YPC-FS
Model

Cooling
kW

Heating
kW

12SC
13SC

703
809

563
675

1055

14SC

1055

844

16SL
17S

1547
1705

15SL
16S
16SL
17S

1231
1407
1547
1705

1013
1125
1268
1407

18S
19S

2039
2373

18S
19S

2039
2373

1688
1969

Model

14SC

Cooling
kW

TABLE 1

Page F.9
Doc. No. PC121/10.03/GB

FEATURES
YIA

YPC-ST

Single-stage

Two-stage operation, making for low Two-stage operation, making for low

Water is used as the refrigerant and Water is used as the refrigerant and

including
economical
operation mode with warm water at 80 C.
Refrigerant: water, absorbent: lithium
bromide,
non-acidic,
non-toxic,
non-flammable,
odourless
with
ADVAGuard 750 added as corrosion
inhibitor.
Safe
programming
and
servicing
capabilities through Millennium control
panel.
Microprocessor control board with
alphanumeric text display and memory for
display and storage of operating and fault
information.
High reliability and long operation life.
Hermetic pumps with 55,000 hour service
inspection interval.
Suction and discharge isolation valves on
the hermetic pumps for quick and easy
pump servicing without draining, or loss of
vacuum.
Fully automatic operation.
Continuously operating purge system.
Automatic protection against excessive
concentration.
Automatic decrystallisation.
Continuous operation due to stabiliser
and unloader controls.
Electrical
equipment
CE
certified
according to EN 292-2, EN 60204-1, EN
50081-2 and EN 50082-2.
Compact and sturdy.
Small footprint due to arrangement of both
shells on top of each other.
Easy transport, installation and operation.

YPC-FS

energy costs.

lithium bromide as the absorbent.


Advantages: non-caustic, non-toxic,
non-combustible, corrosion control via
ADVAGuard 750 inhibitor.
Operational reliability by virtue of the
Millennium's internal parallel flow of the
solution.
Control Centre featuring a display and
shutdown memory.
Optimal leak protection and long life.
Hermetic pumps featuring isolating valves
to facilitate maintenance and servicing.
Fully automatic operation.
Continuous purging.
Automatic protection against excess
concentration.
Design for 9 bar g to 3 bar g steam
pressure possible.
Easy installation and commissioning.

energy costs.

lithium bromide as the absorbent.


Advantages: non-caustic, non-toxic,
non-combustible, corrosion control via
ADVAGuard 750 inhibitor.
Operational reliability by virtue of the
Millennium's internal parallel flow of the
solution.
Control Centre featuring a display and
shutdown memory.
Optimal leak protection and long life.
Hermetic pumps featuring isolating valves
to facilitate maintenance and servicing.
Fully automatic operation.
Continuous purging.
Automatic protection against excess
concentration.
Fuelling via natural gas, heating oil or
propane gas possible.
Heating up to 79.4 C possible with
optional heat exchanger (also with
simultaneous cooling).
Evaporator comes standard for cooling
and for switch over to heating to up to
60 C.
Easy installation and commissioning.

SPECIFICATION
GENERAL

YIA

As absorption chillers are not electrically


driven considerable operating cost savings
can be realised especially when compared
to electric drive machines operating at peak
load demand kW-hour periods. If waste heat
is used to fuel the machine operating costs
are basically zero.

Range of Models - shells arranged on top of


each other. Models YIA 1A1 to YIA 10E3 are
shipped as a single assembly and models
YIA 12F1 to YIA 14F3 are shipped in two
pieces, upper and lower shells. Optimum
enlargement of the effective surface area for
evaporation and absorption by vapour
distribution of liquid through high-grade steel
spray nozzles. Droplet eliminator baffles are
fitted between both the evaporator and
absorber, as well as between the condenser
and generator. Copper heat exchanger
tubes in absorber, evaporator and
condenser, cupro-nickel heat exchanger
tubes in generator, with smooth or enhanced
surfaces, the tubes are rolled into carbon
steel tube sheets welded to the ends of the
shells. Operation pressure on the water side
is 10 bar g, and internally is 0.95 bar a.

Direct fired natural gas machines are also


available providing cooling capacity during
summer when gas prices are normally at
their lowest.
YIA Single-stage Absorption Chillers are
fuelled by low pressure steam, hot or warm
water.

Main Power Panel for single point


connection, Voltage 380/400-3-50 N + PE,
with control and protection for internal
pumps.
Hermetic Solution and Refrigerant
Pumps,
self-lubricated.
Connections
welded onto pipe system. Isolation valves on
suction
and
discharge
for
easy
maintenance.
Purge System with water cooled purge
chamber for continuous removal of
non-condensible gases. Factory mounted
and wired vacuum pump with electric motor
for periodic removal of gases to atmosphere.

Factory Testing - Each unit is subjected to


rigorous leak and vacuum leak tests. The
last test is a vacuum test using a mass
spectrometer whilst the unit is immersed in
an atmosphere of helium. The water side of
YPC Two-stage Direct Fired Absorption Sight Glasses are provided in absorber and
the heat exchanger is tested with 1.5 times
Chiller-Heaters are fuelled by natural gas, evaporator.
design working pressure.
liquid propane gas, oil or diesel fuel. All YPC
Direct Fired chillers are available with dual Water Box covers have nozzle connections Finish - alkyd-vinyl base coat, 2 layers,
fuel burners. They provide alternate chilled for welding or victautic connection.
"Caribbean blue" finish coat, electronic
or hot water and if equipped with an optional
Microprocessor Control System for boards with final coating.
hot water heat exchanger can supply
control and display of all parameters on a 40 Equipment delivered separately for field
simultaneous chilled and hot water.
character alphanumeric display. Memory for installation:
YPC Two Stage steam chillers use steam 4 operation or fault modes. Remote control,
3.0 bar g to 9.0 bar g.
remote setting of chilled water leaving Steam or Hot Water Regulation Valve,
choice of 1-way or 2-way, controls unit
temperature.
YORK
ISN
energy
output depending on chilled water leaving
management interface (optional interface for
temperature, variable settings from 100 %
"non-ISN" building automation systems).
to 20 %.
Two-stage chillers have a second stage
generator which increases the refrigerant
vapour to give a higher operating efficiency.

Page F.10
Doc. No. PC121/10.03/GB

SPECIFICATION
Chilled Water Flow Switch with paddle. Main Control Panel for single-point wiring
English
Language
Installation, connection, voltage 380/400-3-50 + NE +
Commissioning,
Operation
and PE, with controllers and safety units for the
internal pumps. Unit capacity is modulated
Maintenance manual.
between 100 % and 20 % by the steam valve
YIA Optional Equipment:
in keeping with the chilled water leaving
Special tubes for the heat exchangers
temperature.
Marine water boxes
Hermetic Solution and Refrigerant
High pressure water flanges
Pumps, self-lubricating. The ports are
Two optional printed circuit boards for welded into the piping. Isolating valves at the
remote reset of chilled leaving water inlet and outlet to facilitate maintenance.
temperature and remote steam/hot water
YPC-ST Optional Equipment:
limit using 4 - 20 mA or 0 - 10 Vdc signals
Two part shipment on units YIA 1A1 to YIA Heat exchanger with special tubing.
10E3
Marine water boxes.
Water boxes for elevated working
YPC-ST
pressures.
Main shell, with vertically arranged tube
heat exchangers, absorber, evaporator, Optional board for remote resetting of
leaving chilled water temperature or
second-stage generator and condenser
steam input limitation using a 4 - 20 mA or
housed in 2 separate sections. Optimal
0 - 10 Vdc signal.
geometrical enhancement of the heat
exchanger surface in the absorber and YPC-FS
evaporator by virtue of atomised distribution
Main Shell, with vertically arranged tube
via stainless steel spray nozzles. There are
heat exchangers, absorber, evaporator,
finned eliminator baffles between each
second-stage generator and condenser
evaporator/absorber pair and between the
housed in 2 separate sections. Optimal
second-stage generator and the condenser.
geometrical enhancement of the heat
The heat exchanger tubing in the absorber,
exchanger surface in the absorber and
evaporator, second-stage generator and
evaporator by virtue of atomised distribution
condenser is made of copper and,
via stainless steel spray nozzles. There are
depending on the application, features a
finned eliminator baffles between each
smooth or enhanced surface. Each tube is
evaporator/absorber pair and between the
roller-expanded into rugged tube sheets.
second-stage generator and the condenser.
Operating pressure: water side 10 bars, unit
The heat exchanger tubing in the absorber,
side 0.95 bars.
evaporator, second-stage generator and
First-Stage Generator positioned next to condenser is made of copper and,
the shell assembly. The unit features a depending on the application, features a
welded design with U-shaped Cu/Ni 70/30 smooth or enhanced surface. Each tube is
piping. It comes equipped with a condensate roller-expanded into rugged tube sheets.
Operating pressure: water side 10 bars, unit
drain cooler.
side 0.95 bars.
Control Centre for precision system control
and monitoring. All messages are displayed First-Stage Generator positioned next to
in plain text on the 40-character the shell assembly. It features a welded
alphanumeric display. Memory for 4 cycling design with vertical carbon steel boiler
or safety shutdowns. Remote unit start/stop, tubes, the tubes possessing an enhanced
remote reset of chilled water leaving surface in part.
temperature and/or steam limiting signal
upon
startup.
YORK
ISN
Energy
Management Interface (also optionally
available for "non-ISN" building automation
systems).

Control Centre for precision system control


and monitoring. All messages are displayed
in plain text on the 40-character
alphanumeric display. Memory for 4 cycling
or safety shutdowns. Remote unit start/stop,
remote reset of chilled water leaving
temperature.
YORK
ISN
Energy
Management Interface (also optionally
available for "non-ISN" building automation
systems).
Main Control Panel for single-point wiring
connection, voltage 380/400-3-50 + NE +
PE, with controllers and safety units for the
internal pumps.
Modulating Forced Draft Burner featuring
a gas control train and controller for
regulation and flame detection (oil burner
and dual fuel burner optional). Modulates
unit capacity between 100 % and 30 % in
keeping with the chilled water leaving
temperature. YPC 20 G uses 2 burners. Gas
control train incorporating manual shut-off
cock, main gas pressure regulator, gas
pressure switches, gas pressure gauges, 2
main motorised gas valves, and normally
open vent valve. The oil control train
(optional) incorporates a twin shut-off cock
and filter, in addition to flexible tubing for
installation on site.
Hermetic Solution and Refrigerant
Pumps, self-lubricating. The ports are
welded into the piping. Isolating valves at the
inlet and outlet to facilitate maintenance.

YPC-FS Optional Equipment:

Additional

system hot water heat


exchanger for 79.4 C leaving hot water
temperature.
Heat exchanger with special tubing.
Marine water boxes.
Water boxes for elevated working
pressures.
Optional board for remote resetting of
leaving chilled water temperature using a
4 - 20 mA or 0 - 10 Vdc signal.
Special burner characteristics exceeding
those satisfied by a standard burner,
including
the
potentially
resulting
reduction in burner capacity.

OPERATING LIMITS
YIA
YPC-ST

YPC-FS

Chilled water leaving temperature min. 4.4 C, minimum cooling water entering temperature with steam 7.2 C,
or with hot water 20 C, steam input pressure 0.2 to 1.0 barg, hot water temperature 80 C to 128 C.
Chilled water leaving temperature min. 5.6 C (special design temperature down to 5.0 C possible),
cooling tower entering temperature 20 C, design for steam pressure 3 barg to 9 barg possible.
Chilled water leaving temperature min. 5.6 C (special design temperature down to 5.0 C possible),
cooling tower water entering temperature min. 20 C, 20 mbar gas pressure for models 12SC to 16 S,
50 mbar for models 16SL to 19S, (design for lower gas pressures available on request).

Page F.11
Doc. No. PC121/10.03/GB

YIA TECHNICAL DATA

A
B

Model
1A1
1A2
2A3
2A4
2B1
3B2
3B3
4B4
4C1
5C2
5C3
6C4
7D1
7D2
8D3
8E1
9E2
10E3
12F1
13F2
14F3

Nominal
Capacity1
kW
420
550
600
720
830
960
1090
1170
1280
1440
1570
1820
1990
2170
2480
2790
3190
3380
4040
4340
4840

Pump
Shaft
kW

A3

Total

Solution

mm

mm

mm

kg

kg

kg

kg

2.6
2.8
3.0
3.5
3.6
3.8
4.3
4.5
4.5
5.0
5.5
5.9
5.5
6.0
6.2
6.2
7.4
8.6
8.3
8.7
9.2

3720
4330
4940
5550
4940
5550
6160
6770
5550
6160
6770
7530
6160
6770
7530
6870
7630
8390
7630
8390
9150

1760
1420
1420
1420
1580
1580
1580
1580
1770
1770
1770
1770
2110
2110
2110
2290
2290
2290
2480
2480
2480

2320
2320
2320
2320
2640
2640
2640
2640
3020
302
302
302
3540
3540
3540
3840
3840
3840
4240
4240
4240

4040
4450
4910
5310
6090
6720
7360
7990
8400
9170
9900
10670
13030
14620
16210
17710
19710
22020
25020
27110
28920

710
840
970
1100
1220
1420
1550
1740
1800
2130
2320
2640
2640
2960
3280
4050
4570
5020
5790
6500
7140

4950
5500
6130
6590
7900
8540
9490
10490
11400
12260
13620
14760
17890
19840
21800
24110
26830
29790
35550
39050
41140

6920
8860
8920
9770
11730
12890
14440
15980
17450
19270
21080
23110
28650
31770
35290
38760
43320
48170
56100
61910
66250

Dimensions

Transport Weight

Operating Emergency
2
4
Weight
Weight

1 The values given are for a chilled leaving water temperature 12.6/6.7C, cooling water temperature 29.4/39.4C, steam 0.8 g dry/saturated or hot
water 115/109C, fouling factor 0.044mK/kW (ARI 560-92).
2 Measurements and weights are approximate values.
3 A space of the same length as the length of the unit should be kept for maintenance and tube extraction at one end of the unit. This space can be
secured by doors or other openings.
4 The emergency weight is the maximum weight, caused by the failure of a heat exchanger tube (through external reasons) which results in the
complete filling of the entire unit by a connected water circuit.

Page F.12
Doc. No. PC121/10.03/GB

YPC-ST TECHNICAL DATA

Dimensions
B

Transport Transport Operating Emergency


Weight
Weight 3
Weight 1
Weight 2

Model

A
mm

mm

mm

kg

kg

kg

kg

14SC
16SL
17S
18S
19S

5110
5970
5970
6960
7980

1880
2270
2270
2290
2290

2240
2620
2620
2770
2770

10210
15490
15860
18870
22500

9480
13700
14060
16740
20190

11030
17150
17510
20780
24190

15600
25800
26300
31200
37400

Steam
Inlet

Cond.
Outlet

DN
65
100
100
100

DN
20
20
20
20

100

20

Insulation Areas
Cold
Hot
2
m2
m
11
24
16
37
16
37
19
44
22

Electrical
Power

47

kW
7.5
16.2
16.2
16.2
21.2

1 A clearance equal to the length of the unit is to be maintained at one end of the unit for maintenance and tube withdrawal. This clearance can also be present by virtue of doors or
1 other openings. The tube withdrawal clearance for the first stage generator may be located across from the steam inlet only.
2 Unit supplied with charge filling.
3 Option: unit supplied without charge filling. Filling supplied separately in drums.
4 The emergency weight is the maximum weight which results when an externally induced rupture of a heat exchanger tube causes the content of a connected water circuit
4 to completely fill the unit.

Cooling
Model Capacity
kW
1055
14SC
1547
16SL
1705
17S
2039
18S
2373
19S

Steam
Input
kW

Flow
l/s

1334
1956
2156
2579
3000

45.3
66.5
73.3
87.7
102.0

Condenser
No. of
Pressure
Passes Drop (kPa)
2
2
2
2
2

36
40
39
63
94

Absorber/Evaporator
Flow
No. of
Pressure
l/s
Passes
Drop (kPa)
84.6
124.1
136.8
163.6
190.3

1
2
2
2
2

68
64
70
96
127

Capacity data at 12.2/6.7 C chilled water, 29.4/35 C cooling water.


Saturated steam pressure upstream of control valve: 8 bar g
Fouling factor 0.044 m C/kW.
Condensate leaving pressure 1 bar g, condensate leaving temperature 90 C.
Design specifications for other temperatures and fouling factors available on request.

Page F.13
Doc. No. PC121/10.03/GB

YPC-FS TECHNICAL DATA

Dimensions 1
B3
B2

Gas
Transport Transport Operating Emergency
Weight 8 Connection 7
Weight 4,6 Weight 5,6 Weight 6

Exhaust
Flange

Insulation Areas Electrical


Power
Cold
Hot

Model

A
mm

mm

mm

mm

kg

kg

kg

kg

DN

W/H mm

m2

m2

kW

12SC
13SC
14SC
15SL
16S
16SL
17S
18S
19S

3970
3990
4950
5000
5000
5960
5960
6960
7980

1850
1850
1890
2260
2260
2300
2300
2360
2360

1940
1970
1940
2450
2450
2600
2600
2670
2670

2280
2280
2300
2730
2730
2810
2810
2990
2990

8990
9990
11450
16270
16500
19810
20180
23500
27760

7900
8770
9990
14600
14800
17760
18120
21020
24880

9490
10830
12130
17360
17580
21180
21580
25190
29720

13290
14880
16980
24300
24700
29700
30300
35300
41600

65
65
80
100
125
125
65
80
80

470/520
470/520
475/525
590/590
590/590
740/740
740/740
775/775
775/775

8
8
11
13
13
16
16
19
22

16
18
24
33
33
37
37
44
47

9
9.8
9.8
14.6
14.6
19.6
19.6
19.6
30.2

1 A clearance equal to the length of the unit is to be maintained at one end of the unit for maintenance and tube withdrawal. This clearance can also be present by virtue of doors or other openings.
2 Width of standard unit, without optional hot water heat exchanger.
3 Width including optional hot water heat exchanger.
4 Unit supplied with charge filling.
5 Option: unit supplied without charge filling. Filling supplied separately in drums.
6 The weights indicated here increase by 450 kg when including the optional hot water heat exchanger.
7 Required gas pressure for up to YPC-F 16 SL: minimum 20 mbars. All larger units with 50 mbars. DN for other gas pressures available on request.
8 The emergency weight is the maximum weight which results when an externally induced rupture of a heat exchanger tube causes the content of a connected water circuit to completely fill the unit.

Model
12SC
13SC
14SC
15SL
16S
16SL
17S
18S
19S

Model
12SC
13SC
14SC
15SL
16S
16SL
17S
18S
19S

Cooling
Capacity
kW

Power
Input
kW

Flow
l/s

703
809
1055
1231
1407
1547
1705
2039
2373

629
736
944
1130
1292
1421
1566
1873
2180

30.2
34.8
45.4
52.9
60.5
66.5
73.3
87.7
102.0

Heating
Capacity
kW

Power
Input
kW

Flow
l/s

563
675
844
1013
1125
1268
1407
1688
1969

625
750
938
1125
1250
1407
1563
1875
2188

30.5
36.9
46.1
55.3
61.5
69.2
76.8
92.2
107.6

COOLING
Condenser
No. of
Pressure
Passes Drop (kPa)
3
3
2
3
3
2
2
2
2

44
57
36
67
70
40
39
63
94

HEATING
Condenser
No. of
Pressure
Passes Drop (kPa)
3
3
2
3
3
2
2
2
2

48
67
40
78
78
46
46
74
112

Absorber/Evaporator
Flow
No. of
Pressure
l/s
Passes
Drop (kPa)
55.4
64.9
84.6
98.6
112.8
124.1
136.8
163.6
190.3

Flow
l/s
12.4
14.9
18.6
22.3
24.8
27.9
31.0
37.1
43.3

2
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2

39
38
68
39
49
63
70
96
127

HT - HZW - WT
No. of
Pressure
Passes
Drop (kPa)
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

20
18
20
15
18
41
50
43
57

Capacity data at 12.2/6.7 C chilled water, 29.4/35 C cooling water, 55/60 C hot water when heating in the evaporator and
68.3/79.4 C when heating in a high temperature hot water heat exchanger.
Fouling factor 0.044 m C/kW. Design specifications for other temperatures and fouling factors available on request.

Page F.14
Doc. No. PC121/10.03/GB