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Detailed Lesson Plan in Mathematics

I.

Objectives At the end of the 60 minute session, the student will be able to:

• a. remember the formula

¿ favorableoutcome

totaloutcome

;

• b. solve for the probability of an event;

• c. interpret the probability of an event.

II.

Subject Matter

Topic: Basic Probability Sub-topic: Probability of an Event Reference: Mathematics Learner’s Module pp. 568-569 Materials: PowerPoint Presentation and Dice Values: Accuracy and cooperation

III.

Procedure

Learning Activities

 Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity A. Daily Routine “Please stand up and let us (One student will lead the prayer.) pray.” “Good morning class!” “Good morning Sir!” “Before you take your seat, (Student will pick up pieces of paper kindly pick up the pieces of under their chair.) paper under your chair.” (Groups will be called to report if (Leader of each group will report if there’s any absent.) there’s any absent.) B. Review and Motivation “Before we proceed to the lesson proper here are the things that you need to recall in order for you to learn our lesson for today.” Simplify the following: 1¿ 5 1¿ 1 2 10 2¿ 0 10 2) 0 3 ¿ 1
 3¿ 10 10 “Now you are equipped with the prior knowledge you need to (Students will watch the video) learn, I will now show you a video that could help you understand the concept of our topic for today” (The video will be shown to the students) “Yes Sir” C. Presentation “the Four Spinners” “Did you enjoy the video?” “Who are the characters in the video?” “They are a walking spinner so they let their arrow spin and decide of which path they will take. If the arrow points at number 3 they will “How do they decide about the take Road 3 but if it is 1 or 2 they road that they will take?” will take the other road” “The first spinner has a bigger space for number 3 so it has a bigger chance of taking route 3. The second one has a smaller space for number 3 so the chance of taking “What was the difference among the four walking spinner and how do this differences affect them?” the Route 3 is smaller. The third one doesn’t have a number 3 in the spinner so it has no chance of traveling Route 3. And the last one has only one number to the spinner which is 3 so it will surely travel to route 3. In short each of them has different chance in travelling route 3. Their differences affect their choices they make.” “Very good. The path that they will take depends upon the luck and chances not by their will. The word that I want to emphasize is “chance”. How can we compute for the chance of an event to happen? So
 today we are going to explore the mathematics behind this.” “Probability is a chance of an event to happen.” “Yes Sir” “Class, are you familiar with color game?” “You are going to place your bet in the color that you think would win “Can someone please explain then they will roll the dice if your the mechanics of the game?” color is at the top you win but if the other color is going to be on top it means you lose” “Let’s try it. But we are going to add some twist. Group 1 will going to bet in one color only, (they will pick a color and the dice will roll) Group 2 will have 2 colors, Group 3 will have 3, Group 4 is have 4, Group 5 will have 5 and “Sir ,it is unfair because we do have Group 6 you have 6 colors.” different level of chances of winning” “what can you say about our game” “Now let us compute for probability that your group will win. The formula for getting probability is (Student will read the definition). “Sir ¿ favorableoutcome it is the result that you wanted to totaloutcome ” happen for example in our group getting a yellow so the number is 1since there is only one yellow in “Who wants to read and explain the meaning of favorable the dice.” outcome?” (Student will read the definition) “from the word total it means all possible events that might happen I think it is 6 sir because there are all “that was nice answer, How six colors that might win in that dice” about total outcome? ”
 “1/6. The favorable outcome in the “That is right. Now that you formula is the numerator while the have an idea what is favorable total outcome is the denominator so outcome, total outcome and the I simply write it in fraction form.” formula is already given. Can now someone solve for probability of your group to win Group 2: 1/3 in color game?” Group 3: 1/2 “How about on the other group Group 4: 2/3 Group 5: 5/6 can you please solve for the Group 6: 1 probability that you will win in =0/6 the color game” =0 “sir, because there is no color gray in the dice so the no of favorable What if I also join in the game outcome is 0” and I pick color Gray. What was the probability that I will win “1 and 0” “Now observe your answers. What was the highest “Yes sir” probability and lowest probability ” “Very good. The first rule in the “they got 1, getting a probability of 1 probability is that the range of means the event will surely happen” probability is 0-1. Did you understand?” “getting 0 means the event is “What can you conclude about impossible to happen” Group 6’s probability of winning?” =1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6 =6/6 “Very good, that was the second =1 rule in probability. How about getting 0” “That is right. That was the other rule in probability. But what if I added the probability of getting each color (it means 6 probabilities). What do you think is the result?” “No sir” “Very good. The last rule is that the sum of the probabilities of all the outcome in sample space is 1”
 “Is there any question?” (Each group will have different answers depending on the number “we can now proceed to our and composition of their group.) activity” D. Activity (Group Activity) If your group will be performing a draw lots what is the probability of picking: a. the name of the leader; “Probability is a chance of an event b. a of a girl; to happen” c. a student with the name that “we will use the formula starts with letter j. ¿ favorableoutcome totaloutcome E. Generalization “What is probability?” “0-1” “How can we compute for probability?” “meaning the event will surely happen” “What is the range of the “the event is impossible to happen” Probability?” “what does it mean of getting 1 in probability” “How about getting 0?”
 IV. Evaluation Solve the probability of the problem. A bag has 2 red marble, 5 green marble, and 3 blue marble. You will pick 1 marble. What is the probability of getting: a. red marble; b. blue marble; c. blue and green marble; d. not red marble; e. orange marble? V. Assignment