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Detailed Lesson Plan in Mathematics

(Grade 8)


Objectives At the end of the 60 minute session, the student will be able to:

  • a. remember the formula

¿ favorableoutcome



  • b. solve for the probability of an event;

  • c. interpret the probability of an event.


Subject Matter

Topic: Basic Probability Sub-topic: Probability of an Event Reference: Mathematics Learner’s Module pp. 568-569 Materials: PowerPoint Presentation and Dice Values: Accuracy and cooperation



Learning Activities

Teacher’s Activity

Student’s Activity

  • A. Daily Routine “Please stand up and let us

(One student will lead the prayer.)

pray.” “Good morning class!”

“Good morning Sir!”

“Before you take your seat,

(Student will pick up pieces of paper

kindly pick up the pieces of

under their chair.)

paper under your chair.”

(Groups will be called to report if

(Leader of each group will report if

there’s any absent.)

there’s any absent.)

  • B. Review and Motivation

“Before we proceed to the

lesson proper here are the

things that you need to recall in

order for you to learn our lesson

for today.”

Simplify the following:

1¿ 5

1¿ 1



2¿ 0


2) 0

3 ¿ 1

3¿ 10



“Now you are equipped with the

prior knowledge you need to

(Students will watch the video)

learn, I will now show you a

video that could help you

understand the concept of our

topic for today”

(The video will be shown to the


“Yes Sir”

C. Presentation

“the Four Spinners”

“Did you enjoy the video?”

“Who are the characters in the


“They are a walking spinner so they

let their arrow spin and decide of

which path they will take. If the

arrow points at number 3 they will

“How do they decide about the

take Road 3 but if it is 1 or 2 they

road that they will take?”

will take the other road”

“The first spinner has a bigger

space for number 3 so it has a

bigger chance of taking route 3. The

second one has a smaller space for

number 3 so the chance of taking

“What was the difference among

the four walking spinner and

how do this differences affect


the Route 3 is smaller. The third one

doesn’t have a number 3 in the

spinner so it has no chance of

traveling Route 3. And the last one

has only one number to the spinner

which is 3 so it will surely travel to

route 3. In short each of them has

different chance in travelling route 3.

Their differences affect their choices

they make.”

“Very good. The path that they

will take depends upon the luck

and chances not by their will.

The word that I want to

emphasize is “chance”. How

can we compute for the chance

of an event to happen? So

today we are going to explore


the mathematics behind this.”

“Probability is a chance of an

event to happen.”


“Yes Sir”

“Class, are you familiar with

color game?”


“You are going to place your bet in

the color that you think would win

“Can someone please explain

then they will roll the dice if your

the mechanics of the game?”

color is at the top you win but if the

other color is going to be on top it

means you lose”

means you lose”

“Let’s try it. But we are going to

add some twist. Group 1 will

going to bet in one color only,

(they will pick a color and the dice

will roll)

Group 2 will have 2 colors,

Group 3 will have 3, Group 4 is

have 4, Group 5 will have 5 and

“Sir ,it is unfair because we do have

Group 6 you have 6 colors.”

different level of chances of winning”

“what can you say about our


“Now let us compute for

probability that your group will

win. The formula for getting

probability is


(Student will read the definition). “Sir


¿ favorableoutcome

it is the result that you wanted to


happen for example in our group


getting a yellow so the number is

1since there is only one yellow in

“Who wants to read and explain

the meaning of favorable

the dice.”



(Student will read the definition)

“from the word total it means all

possible events that might happen I

think it is 6 sir because there are all

“that was nice answer, How

six colors that might win in that dice”

about total outcome? ”


“1/6. The favorable outcome in the

“That is right. Now that you

formula is the numerator while the

have an idea what is favorable

total outcome is the denominator so

outcome, total outcome and the

I simply write it in fraction form.”

formula is already given. Can

now someone solve for

probability of your group to win

Group 2: 1/3

in color game?”

Group 3: 1/2

“How about on the other group

Group 4: 2/3 Group 5: 5/6

can you please solve for the

Group 6: 1

probability that you will win in


the color game”


“sir, because there is no color gray

in the dice so the no of favorable

What if I also join in the game

outcome is 0”

and I pick color Gray. What was

the probability that I will win

“1 and 0”

“Now observe your answers.

What was the highest

“Yes sir”

probability and lowest

probability ”

“Very good. The first rule in the

“they got 1, getting a probability of 1

probability is that the range of

means the event will surely happen”

probability is 0-1. Did you


“getting 0 means the event is

“What can you conclude about

impossible to happen”

Group 6’s probability of




“Very good, that was the second


rule in probability. How about

getting 0”

“That is right. That was the other

rule in probability. But what if I

added the probability of getting

each color (it means 6

probabilities). What do you think

is the result?”

“No sir”

“Very good. The last rule is that

the sum of the probabilities of

all the outcome in sample space

is 1”

“Is there any question?”

(Each group will have different

answers depending on the number

“we can now proceed to our

and composition of their group.)


  • D. Activity (Group Activity) If your group will be performing

a draw lots what is the

probability of picking:

  • a. the name of the leader;

“Probability is a chance of an event

  • b. a of a girl;

to happen”

  • c. a student with the name that

“we will use the formula

starts with letter j.

¿ favorableoutcome


  • E. Generalization “What is probability?”


“How can we compute for


“meaning the event will surely



“What is the range of the

“the event is impossible to happen”


“what does it mean of getting 1

in probability”

“How about getting 0?”



Solve the probability of the problem. A bag has 2 red marble, 5 green marble, and 3 blue marble. You will pick

1 marble. What is the probability of getting:

  • a. red marble;

  • b. blue marble;

  • c. blue and green marble;

  • d. not red marble;

  • e. orange marble?



Answer Activity 8 on page 570 in your Mathematics Learner’s Module.

Prepared by:

Denjie M. Magrimbao