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Connectors of Addition and Contrast

Read the pairs of sentences below. Which pair expresses similar ideas?
Which pair expresses contrasting ideas?
1. Their team has got the best players. Moreover, their coach is fantastic.
2. Their team has got the best players. Nevertheless, they lost the last game.

CONNECTORS OF ADDITION: in addition, furthermore, moreover, as well as, also,


and
CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST: however, nevertheless, on the one hand / on the
other hand, in spite of / despite, although /even though, but
1.

Choose the correct connector:

1. Mara seems to be quite clever. Nevertheless/ Furthermore, she often gets low
marks.
2. The service at this restaurant is excellent. However/In addition, the food is
delicious.
3. I've never been to Argentina, as well as / despite having relatives there.
4. Jaume is a careful driver. Moreover / However, hes had several accidents.
5. Luca loves playing sport, and / but shes not very good at it.
6. Edu is talented at music as well as / in spite of art.

Some connectors have got similar meanings but are followed by DIFFERENT
STRUCTURES.
Despite and in spite of are followed by a noun phrase or a gerund.
We did not wear coats despite the cold weather.
I tried to look happy in spite of feeling terrible.

Even though and although are followed by a clause.


My car constantly needs repairs even though its new.
My cousin and I arent very close, although were the same age.

2.

Write the correct connector.

1. We're studying now _______________there's an interesting film on TV.


2. Id like to talk to you _______________ I know youre busy.
3. ______________ her efforts, she failed the exam.
4. _______________we were having difficulties, we felt optimistic.

5. We didnt win the game _______________ all all our hard work.

Connectors are usually written in SPECIFIC PLACES in a sentence:

At the beginning of a sentence: in addition, furthermore, moreover, however,


nevertheless, on the one hand, on the other hand.
- Either at the beginning or in the middle: despite, in spite of, although,
even though
- Only in the middle of a sentence: and, but, also, as well as
-

3.

Rewrite the following sentences using the connector in brackets.

1. Laura apologised several times. Nevertheless, Alvaro wouldnt speak to her. (but)
________________________________________________________________
2. We decided to walk even though it was raining. (in spite of)
________________________________________________________________
3. Javi works very hard to help his parents. Hes also a good student. (In addition)
________________________________________________________________
4. Im keen on Ice cream. In addition, Im keen on chocolate. (as well as)
________________________________________________________________
5. Youre late again. Furthermore, you havent brought your books. (and)
________________________________________________________________
6. On the one hand, Id love to come. On the other hand, I really havent got the time.
(However)
________________________________________________________________
7. Rome is a great place to visit, but it has got terrible traffic problems. (despite)
________________________________________________________________
4.

Traduce estas frases al ingls. Para cada frase haz dos versiones en ingls,
una con in spite of/despite + sustantivo, y otra con although/even though +
sujeto + verbo.

1. A pesar de sus problemas era una buena madre.


_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. Me dorm pronto a pesar del ruido.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. A pesar de nuestras diferencias nos llevamos bien.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
4. A pesar del trfico llegamos a tiempo.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

ANSWER KEY

4.

6. Although she has problems, shes a good mother./In spite of her problems, shes a good mother.
7. I fell asleep early despite the noise./I fell alseep early even though it was noisy.
8. Despite our differences we get along well./Even though we have our differences we get along well.
9. We arrived on time in spite of the traffic./We arrived on time even though there was traffic.

Ejercicios:

though/although/even though y in spite of/despite.

Traduce estas frases al ingls. Haz dos versiones de cada frase, una con but y otra que
termine con though.
1. Ana es simptica, pero no me gusta su marido.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. Hablamos por telfono todos los das, pero nunca nos vemos.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. No tengo un billete de 5 euros, pero tengo uno de 10.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
4. No conozco a su hermano, pero conozco a su hermana.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
5. No est nevando, pero s hace frio.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
Traduce estas frases al ingls. Para cada frase haz dos versiones en ingls, una con in
spite of/despite + sustantivo, y otra con although/even though + sujeto + verbo.
6. A pesar de sus problemas era una buena madre.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
7. Me dorm pronto a pesar del ruido.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
8. A pesar de nuestras diferencias nos llevamos bien.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
9. A pesar del trfico llegamos a tiempo.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
Traduce estas frases utilizando although o even though.
10. Fue al trabajo aunque estaba cansado.
_____________________________________________________________________
11. Aunque no come mucho es muy gordo.
_____________________________________________________________________
12. Aunque es muy famoso no gana mucho dinero.
_____________________________________________________________________
13. No la vi aunque estaba sentada justo al lado de m!
_____________________________________________________________________
14. Aprob el examen aunque no haba estudiado.
_____________________________________________________________________
15. Aunque no tienen dinero, son muy felices.
_____________________________________________________________________

Respuestas
1. Anas nice, but I dont like her husband./Ana is nice. I dont like her husband, though.
2. We talk on the phone every day but we never see each other./We talk on the phone every
day. We never see each other, though.
3. I dont have a 5-euro bill, but I have a 10-euro bill./I dont have a 5-euro bill. I have a 10euro bill, though.
4. I dont know her brother, but I know her sister. /I dont know her brother. I know her
sister, though.
5. It isnt snowing but its cold./It isnt snowing. It is cold, though.
6. Although she has problems, shes a good mother./In spite of her problems, shes a good
mother.
7. I fell asleep early despite the noise./I fell alseep early even though it was noisy.
8. Despite our differences we get along well./Even though we have our differences we get
along well.
9. We arrived on time in spite of the traffic./We arrived on time even though there was
traffic.
10. He went to work even though he was tired.
11.Even though he doesnt eat much hes really fat.
12. Even though hes famous he doesnt make much money.
13. I didnt see her even though she was sitting right next to me!
14. She passed the exam even though she hadnt studied.
15. Even though they dont have money theyre happy.