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SELECTION OF PUMPS

TCP/JAM/3203 PROMOTING RAINWATER HARVESTING


AND SMALL SCALE IRRIGATION IN SOUTH SAINT
ELIZABETH
FAO AND NATIONAL IRRIGATION COMMISSION LIMITED
FERNANDO CHANDUVI
KINGSTON JAMAICA
MARCH 2011

IMPORTANT SUBJECT MATTERS


TYPES OF PUMPS
PRESSURE VS FLOW
SELECTING A PUMP
PUMP CURVES
SERIES AND PARALLEL

SELECTION OF PUMPS
TIPS:
1. DESIGN YOUR IRRIGATION SYSTEM FIRST,
THEN SELECT THE PUMP
2. UNDERSTAND LABELS: 20 GPM AT 45 PSI
OR 40 GPM AT 20 PSI

TYPES OF PUMPS
1. BY POWER: (I) ELECTRICAL AND (II) ENGINE
POWERED: GASOLINE, DIESEL, PROPANE.
2. BY PRESSURE: (I) DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
AND (II) CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

TYPES OF PUMPS

ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN

ENGINE DRIVEN

GAS ENGINE IRRIGATION PUMPS

GAS ENGINE IRRIGATION PUMPS


CHARACTERISTICS FOR HONDA GAS IRRIGATION PUMPS

DIESEL IRRIGATION PUMPS

DIESEL IRRIGATION PUMPS

DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
PISTON PUMPS, DIAPHRAGM PUMPS, ROLLERTUBES, GRASSHOPPER-OIL WELL PUMPS.
USE TO MOVE THICK LIQUIDS.
THEY CREATE A VERY HIGH PRESSURE VERY
PRECISE FLOWS.
USE FOR FERTILIZER INJECTORS, SPRAYS

DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
A Positive Displacement Pump operating against a closed
discharge valve, will continue to produce flow until the
pressure in the discharge line are increased until the line
bursts or the pump is severely damaged - or both.
A relief or safety valve on the discharge side of the
Positive Displacement Pump is therefore absolute
necessary. The pump manufacturer has the option to
supply internal relief or safety valves. The internal valve
should in general only be used as a safety precaution, an
external relief valve installed in the discharge line with a
return line back to the suction line or supply tank is
recommended.

DISPLACEMENT LOBE PUMPS

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
Almost all irrigation pumps fall into this category. A centrifugal
pump uses an "impeller" (sort of like a propeller) to spin the
water rapidly in a "casing or "housing.
This spinning action moves the water through the pump by
means of centrifugal force. Centrifugal pumps may be "multistage", which means they have more than one impeller and
casing, and the water is passed from one impeller to another with
an increase in pressure occurring each time. Each impeller/casing
combination is referred to as a "stage". All centrifugal pumps
must have a "wet inlet", that is, there must be water in both the
intake (inlet) pipe and the casing when the pump is started. They
can't suck water up into the intake pipe. They must be "primed"
by adding water to the intake pipe and case before the first use.

CUT-AWAY OF CENTRIFUGAL PUMP

PARTS OF CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

FLOW IN CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

SELECTION OF PUMPS

SUBMERSIBLE PUMPS
Submersible pumps are installed completely
underwater, including the motor. The pump consists
of an electric motor and pump combined in a single
unit. Typically the pump will be shaped like a long
cylinder so that it can fit down inside of a well casing.
Although most submersible pumps are designed to
be installed in a well, many can also be laid on their
side on the bottom of a lake or stream

SUBMERSIBLE PUMPS

SELECTION OF PUMPS
TWO PARAMETERS ARE NEEDED TO PROPERLY
SELECT A PUMP:
1. TOTAL FLOW REQUIREMENT
2. TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD

SELECTION OF PUMPS
TOTAL FLOW REQUIREMENT, EXAMPLES:

1. BUILDING WITH ELEVATED TANK (10 M3


CAPACITY).
CALCULATE
THE
FLOW
REQUIREMENT. ANSWER:

SELECTION OF PUMPS
TOTAL FLOW REQUIREMENT, EXAMPLES:
2. JAMAICA. IRRIGATION OF 400 M2, IRRIGATION
WATER REQUIREMENT 5mm/day, 5 hour
operation (solar powered pump). Answer: in
liters/minute or gpm.

SELECTION OF PUMPS
TOTAL FLOW REQUIREMENT, EXAMPLES:
3. JAMAICA. WESTMORELAND IRRIGATION OF
13,200 M2, CROP WATER REQUIREMENT
5mm/day, irrigation every 72 hours, drip
irrigating 70% of the area.
Answer: in
liters/minute or gpm.

TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD

TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD


Discharge Head: is the vertical distance between the pump datum point
and the liquid surface in the receiving tank. The pump datum is at the
center line for horizontal pumps and at the entrance eye of the impeller for
vertical pumps.
Suction Head: if the water to be pumped has its surface ABOVE the center
of the pump, then this relationship is called a "suction head". More
technically, it is the positive vertical distance between the pump datum and
the liquid surface in the suction well.
Static Head: "Static head is the distance that the water is to be lifted."
Therefore, if the liquid level is above the datum, then it is a "positive value",
as the water does not need to be pumped to that elevation. In the
calculation:
(Static Head, ft) = (Discharge Head, ft) - (Suction Head, ft)

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TOTAL SUCTION LIFT

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SOLAR POWERED PUMPS

SUMERSIBLE SOLAR PUMPS

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VERTICAL TURBINE PUMP

SUBMERSIBLE PUMPS

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TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD: http://www.mcnallyinstitute.com/07-html/7-01.html
http://www.rainforrent.com/Training/PumpTraining.pdf
Irrigation pumps selection
http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/pubs/ageng/irrigate/ae1057w.htm#Propeller

http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/pubs/ageng/irrigate/ae1057w.htm#Pump%20Selection

SELECTION OF PUMPS
PLEASE REVIEW CATALOG:
http://issuu.com/webdox/docs/pedrollo_2010_catalogue

PUMP SCHOOL:
http://www.pumpschool.com/index.htm

THANK YOU VERY MUCH