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3G Flexi WCDMA BTS,

Overview, Installation,
Commissioning & Integration.

Nokia Siemens Networks


Flexi WCDMA BTS OVERVIEW

Nokia Flexi WCDMA Base Station


Revolutionary site concept

Multimode Nokia UltraSite


EDGE BTS & 19 rack Installation

Wall installation

Pole installation

Pile/Floor installation

New way to build your 3G network


Fits Nokia UltraSite EDGE BTS cabinet easier site acquisition
Faster, more economic roll-out
Modularity with OBSAI - the future proof multi-radio BTS architecture
Up to 60% lower energy consumption
Fits practically anywhere
Small size and light weight
A few module types can meet all site needs
New level of environmental performance
Less BTS sites required
Superior energy efficiency
Safe use of material

Nokia Flexi WCDMA Base Station


Small and Modular
Wide Area high capacity WCDMA/HSPA BTS
in micro BTS size
422/560 mm
Up to 12 carriers, 6 sectors
Typical 43W output power
Remote channel capacity upgrade and

HSPA activation
Modular structure enables flexible expansions
Radio and System modules as building
blocks
Optional AC Power supply & back-up and
Transmission Hub module

133mm (3U)

447mm (19 rack)


Less than 21kg
Outdoor 33 to + 55C, IP55

Optimized Antenna Line

Integrated power feed and control for


Mast Head Amplifier and Antenna Tilt
2+2+2 BTS
Less than 63kg

Modular BTS, installation options


For indoor/outdoor use > IP 55
Installation options:
Floor
Wall, Multiple units on wall
Rack
Stand or pole
Cabinet
Feederless (RAS05.1: 190 m /
later: 15km)

Nokia Flexi WCDMA BTS tackles site related costs

How much can you save?

OPEX
Power
Site rent
Remote capacity
provisioning
CAPEX
Site implementation
Site construction
Transmission

Antenna system
Power system

Nokia Flexi WCDMA BTS


Improved BTS Site CAPEX and IMPEX
Shelter / equipment room can be
avoided by outdoor BTS
installation. Modular, small and
light BTS minimizes also required
civil work cost
Antenna line civil work and
component cost can be minimized
by locating BTS close to the
antennas (maximizes also cell
capacity)
In indoor installations additional air
conditioning is not needed due to
low power consumption

Antenna Line
1 - 30 k

Shelter
14 k

Air
conditioning
4 k

Equipment
Room
8 k

RF Module

Optional Front and


Back covers

External Interfaces of RF Module


(Figure without the Casing)

Antenna 4
Antenna 3
Antenna 2
Antenna 1

RF Module Variants
RF Module variants supported in WN3.2
FRGC: Flexi RF Module 2.1 GHz, Dual 50 W
FRGD: Flexi RF Module 2.1 GHz, Single 50 W
FRIA: Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 GHz, Dual 50 W
FRIB: Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 GHz, Single 50 W
RF Module variants supported in WN3.3
FRCA: Flexi RF Module 850 MHz, Dual 50 W
FRCB: Flexi RF Module 850 MHz, Single 50 W
FRDA: Flexi RF Module 900 MHz, Dual 50 W
FRDB: Flexi RF Module 900 MHz, Single 50 W
FREA: Flexi RF Module 1700 & 1800 MHz, Dual 50 W
FREB: Flexi RF Module 1700 & 1800 MHz, Single 50 W
FRFA: Flexi RF Module 1900 MHz, Dual 50 W
FRFB: Flexi RF Module 1900 MHz, Single 50 W

RF module Tx and Rx antenna connectors (WBTS5.0)


Rx

Ant 2

Tx and Rx

Ant 1

FRxB/D Tx and Rx antenna connectors (Single PA = one pip


Rx

Ant 4

Tx and Rx

Ant 3

Rx

Ant 2

Tx and Rx

Ant 1

Tx

Tx
FRxA/C Tx and Rx antenna connectors (Dual PA = two pipe-PA)
Rx

&

Rx

Ant5

Rx

Rx

Rx

Ant6

&

Tx

Ant4

Ant3

&
Rx

Ant2

Ant1

FRxx Tx and Rx antenna connectors (Triple PA = three pipe-PA)

Flexi System Module + Transport sub-module

System module
Power supply module is
responsible for the
distribution of 48VDC
throughout the BTS

Transmission sub module


for termination of the
BTS transmission

Power
Distribution
Assembly

FSP
WSPC
WSPC

TRS
SubModule

RF Mod
I/F
SUM &
MUX

Control and Clock


generation unit and the
EAC, clock I/O ethernet
distribution interface

Control MCU
+ Clock gen.

EAC, Clock I/O, Eth

Summing and Multiplexing unit and up


to three signal processing sub
assemblies (FSPAs). The signal
processing units are similar to the
WSPC unit

RF Mod
I/F

Three Optical Interface units for RF


module interfacing

RF Mod
I/F

BB Extension I/F

FCM

Baseband Extension interface


to second system module
Two hardware versions of the system module are available
FSMA has only one FSPA unit and a processing capacity of 64 channel elements
FSMB has three FSPAs and a processing capacity of 192 channel elements
The units are identical except that the extension module does not require the transmission module
In extension mode only the baseband processing capacity of the extension module is used

System module - Release 2

Core assembly (new parts in blue)

1xFCMD Clock & Control sub-assembly


1-3xFSPC BB sub-assembly
Core mechanics sub-assembly
1xFPFB power sub-assembly
1xFAN sub-assembly (same as rel1)
Connection cards (same as rel1 except
FPF-FCM connection card)

1xCasing: (same as rel1)


1xFTM: Transmission module (rel1 FTM is
compatible)
New FTM is developed for WBTS5.0 (not in
SM2 program scope)

Three SM R2 variants supported:


FSMC, 1 FSPC, 216 CE (WBTS5.0)
FSMD, 2 FSPC, 432 CE (WBTS5.0)
FSME, 3 FSPC, 648 CE (tentatively in
WBTS5.0)
Compatibility
FCMD, FSPC and core mechanics is not
SM1 compatible
SM1 re-used parts, FPFB and FTM is SM1
compatible
SM2 is compatible with RFM1 and RFM2
SM2 HW is LTE capable same HW for
LTE 1.0 SW release

System Module R2 (FSMC/D/E)


FSMC/D/E Y** and product contains
FCMD/FSPC
(FSMC/D/E X** old protos contain FCMC/FSPB)

FlexiTransport Overview

FTEB (RAS05.1)

FTPB (RAS05.1)

FTOA (RAS05.1ED

FTJA (RAS06)FTIA (RAS05.1)FTFA (RAS05.1)

Transport Sub-modules

Module name

Interfaces

Availability

Remarks

FTPB

8xE1/T1/JT1

RAS05.1

120/110/100, RJ48c

FTEB

8xE1 coaxial

RAS05.1

75, SMB

FTOA

1xSTM1/OC3

RAS05.1 ED

1xSFP, LC equipped

FTFA

2xFlexbus

RAS05.1

TNC

FTIA

4xE1/T1/JT1
2xFast Ethernet, 1xGE

RAS05.1
Ethernet supported in
RAS06

Optional Gigabit Ethernet


interface (SFP)
RJ48C, RJ45, SFP (LC)

FTJA

4xE1 coaxial
2xFast Ethernet, 1xGE

RAS06

Optional Gigabit Ethernet


interface (SFP)
SMB, RJ45, SFP (LC)

Flexi Power Module FPMA


Example configuration with:
1 x Flexi Power Module FPMA
3 Flexi Power AC/DC sub-modules FPAA (230VAC -> 48VDC)
1 Flexi Power Battery FPBA

48VDC
output to
BTS

+
-

AC input
cabling
to FPMA

AC feed to
FPAA
(3pcs)

Nokia Flexi WCDMA Base Station


Modularity is the key

Base band
Processing
OBSAI Interface

OBSAI Interface

Control

OBSAI Interface

OBSAI Interface

Radio RF
OBSAI Interface

Transport
Transmission
Source: OBSAI

Modularity with open OBSAI compatible interfaces enables


Faster time to market
Economies of scale
Future proofness

OBSAI reference architecture


System module
FC
M

FS
P
FC
M

FT
M

FP
F

FC
M

OBSAI is multistandard (WCDMA/FDD, WCDMA/TDD, GSM/EDGE, )


RP1: Clocks & Synchronization + Ethernet (control/management)
RP2: 100M or 1Gbit Ethernet (physically same as RP1 c/m)
RP3: OBSAI specified protocol, 768/1536/3072Mbps ) serial bus 8B/10B
encoded with embedded clock. Frame structure optimized for air interfaces
48V power supply for all blocks/units

HW Unit comparison between platforms


Nokia UltraSite/MetroSite(50) WCDMA BTS

Nokia Flexi WCDMA BTS


RF modules:

FRxy Flexi RF Module Dual 50 W


FRxy Flexi RF Module Single 50 W
Frequency variant (x):
C = 850, D= 900, E =1700 or 1800,
F = 1900, G=2100, I = 1700/2100
Number of carriers per RF module (y):
A = 2 carriers, dual 50W
B = 1 carrier, single 50W
C = 2 carriers, dual 50W / 2100
D = 1 carrier, single 50W / 2100

WAFA/B/I/J/H/G/M/N/T/W
WPAI/J/C/D/H/K/M, WMPA/C/M
WTRB/C/D/G
WICA, WOCA/C
WFCA/B/C/D, WUCM/A/B
Bias-T

System modules:

Baseband units:

FSMA System module 1 FSP


FSMB System module 3 FSP

WAMA, WSMB, WSCA, WSPC, WMCM, WPSE

Transmission sub-modules:

Transmission units:

FTOA, FTPB, FTEB, FTFA, FTIA, FTJA

AXUA/B, AXCC/D, IFUA, IFUC, IFUD, IFUE, IFUF

Nokia Flexi WCDMA BTS Build Up by Modules


RF MODULE:
- Modulator
- Channelizer
- Analog RF processig
- Power Amplifier
(integr.)
- Antenna filter (integr.)

Optional Outdoor cabinet


Two PA RF Module

Two PA RF Module

Two PA RF Module
Optical interfaces between
the modules

Optional
Extension System
Module (RAS05.1 ED)

BTS System
Module
AC
(Optional)

AC-> DC

BBU

SYSTEM MODULE:
- C-plane processing
+ centralised timing
- U-plane processing
+ multiplexing & summing
- Ethernet switching
- Transport processing
- External interfaces
- Power Distribution

Site upgrade path to 2+2+2

(2nd of 2)

Cost Optimized Configuration COC (WN3.3)


TX1 & RX1

Sector 1
Div RX1

Sector 3

TX1 & RX1


Div RX1

1+1+1 @ 20/40 W

50 W
30
PA
TX
TX
12

50 W
30
PA

TX1 & RX1

TXTX
34

TXTX
12

2nd Carrier SW
Licence (RAS06)

2 x 50 W RF Module Sector 1

50 W RF Module
the same RF cabling

1+1+1
40
2+2+2@
@20
20W
W
40W
Licence +
40
WPower
SW Licence

with minimum 3-sector RF Module


configuration

Div RX1

50 W
30
PA

-> 2+2+2 @ 20 W

Sector 2

2x50 W RF Module

Sector 2

50 W RF Module

Sector 3

no site visits

Tx/Rx Carrier Centre Frequency Spacing =


5MHz

BTS System
Module

Capacity upgrade path to 4+4+4 (2nd of 2)


Upgrade Optimized Configuration UOC (WN5.0)
Carrier TX1& TX3
& RX4
Div RX2
& RX3
RX1

50 W
PA
TX
1

TX
2

& TX4
Carrier TX2

50 W
PA
TX
3

& RX3
Div RX1
& RX4
RX2

TX
4

40W
40W
Power
License
Power
License

1x40 W (WN5.0)
+

2nd Carrier License

Sector 1 (2 and 3 identical)

4+4+4 @ 20 W
2+2+2
@
40WW
1+1+1
@
3+3+3
@40
2x20

(WN5.0)

1+1+1 @ 20/40 W
-> 2+2+2 @ 20/40 W
-> 3+3+3 @ 20 W

-> 4+4+4 @ 20 W

with minimum 3-sector RF Module


configuration

three 2 x 50 W RF Modules

the same RF cabling

Sector 1

2x50 W RF Module

Sector 2

2x50 W RF Module

Sector 3

no site visits

BTS System
Module

Tx/Rx Carriers 14 inside 20 MHz subband

Optional BB Extension
System Module

2x50W RF Module

Nokia Siemens Networks


Flexi WCDMA BTS Installation

Objectives
After the completion of this chapter, the participant will be
able to:

Examine a Nokia Siemens Flexi WCDMA BTS for


correct installation

Work Order
Handling the modules and unpacking the

delivery
Preparing the modules for installation
Installing the stand-alone BTS on the floor
Fixing adapter mechanics to plinth

Mounting the stand-alone BTS on the wall


Mounting the stand-alone BTS on the pole
Installing modules inside Nokia cabinet
Installing optional modules
Installing transmission sub-module
Grounding the BTS
Connecting external power feed

Handling the Modules and unpacking delivery


When handling the modules,
always use the antistatic wrist
strap as shown in the
Connecting the antistatic wrist
strap figure below. The cabinet
must be grounded, otherwise
the antistatic wrist strap will not
work. Refer to Grounding the
BTS section.

ESD ANTI-STATIC WRIST


STRAPS SHOULD BE WORN
WHEN HANDLING ANY UNIT
WHICH DISPLAYS THE ESD
LOGO

Handling the Modules and unpacking delivery

After mounting the Plinth,


attach the site ground.

Unpack and check the delivery System Module


Front and Rear covers
External Cable Entry
System Module

Unpack and check the delivery RF Module

Front and Rear covers


External Cable Entry
RF Module

Preparing the modules for installation Rear Cover


Fix the module back cover with two screws.

Preparing the modules for installation


External Cable Entry

Fix the two external cable entries with


four screws.

Supported Configurations

Clearances

Anchoring the plinth on the floor


Without maintenance Space

With maintenance Space

Recommended installation order

Check that the plinth is installed


correctly.

Actual stacking
configuration may vary

Installing modules on the floor

Installation example: modules on the floor

Fixing adapter mechanics to plinth

Adapter mechanics brackets are installed on


the plinth in wall and pole installations

Mounting the stand-alone BTS on the wall

A plinth is required
for mounting the
modules on a wall
Check that the plinth
adapter mechanics
are installed as
instructed in Fixing
adapter mechanics
to plinth section.

Mounting a second plinth on the wall

Mounting the modules on a wall

One mounting plinth per two modules is


installed on a wall. Refer to
Mounting the plinth on a wall for plinth
installation instructions.

Mounting the stand-alone BTS on the pole

NOTE: There are different


lengths of bolts and places
for bolts in the bracket.

Mounting the plinth on a pole

Recommended module installation order

Do not install more than


two modules per plinth
The modules must be
installed with front panels
facing left or right. Do not
install modules so that the
front panels face up or
down.

Mounting the modules on the wall or pole


1 Tip
Line up the locating marks in
the module to help aligning
the holes with fixing studs.

4 Tip
Use the markings in the
module to help aligning the
holes with fixing studs.

Installing modules inside Nokia cabinet


Flexi Outdoor Cabinet FCOA

5U

14U

5U

14U

1260

Flexi Indoor Cabinet FCIA

690
Front view

Installing optional modules


Flexi power module (FPMA) consists of connector blocks and four slots for
AC/ DC sub-module (FPAA) or battery sub-module (FPBA).

FPMA can include:

. two FPAAs and two FPBAs


. three FPAAs and one FPBA
. one FPAA and three FPBAs
. one FPAA and three free slots for expansion.

Grounding the BTS

When modules are installed


inside a cabinet, separate
module grounding is not
required.

If the BTS has more than one


plinth (for example in wall or
pole installations), connect the
main ground to one of the
plinths and ground all the
modules to that plinth.

Nokia Siemens Networks


Flexi WCDMA BTS Commissioning &
Integration

What should be do before


Commissiong &
integration?
What should I have befor
Commissioning?

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Tests Calls

Note

Thanks !