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Sine, sin

Given: f (x) = 9 sin x


1) Step: f (0) = 9 sin 0 **Solve
2) The Y-intercept is 0
3) Graph the base of sin and use their properties
pi
4) The graph of sin increases from pi
2 x 2
5) The abolute maximum value of f is 9
6) The Fact that sine has a period of 2
7) Their intercepts are: 0, , 2
Cosine, cos
Given: y = 17 cos(7x)
1) Graph the base of y = cos x, and label key points
2) Apply y = 71 to every y-value on the graph. Causing a horizontal
compression
3) Find the amplitud. Formula: |A|
4) Use the fact that a -(Negative) causes a reflection on the x-Axis
5) Find the period by finding and the fact that P = 2

6) Apply the cos(7x), causing a vertial strech (Multiplying by 17 every


x-value.
sine, sin
Given: y = 4 sin( 3 x) 2
1) Same rule applies, for finding Amplitud, Period
2)the 2 causes a vertical shift. if its a -(negative) goes n units up or if
its a (+)sign
Contangent, cot
Given: y = tan( 15 x) + 6
1) Graph the base of tan
2) Verify its in a form of Y = A cot(x) + B
3) Replace x, with 51 . Causes a horizontal strech by a factor of 5;
4) Add 6 to tan( 15 x), causes a vertical shift of 6 unit up.
*Finding exact value Examples:* Topic: Inverses
Give: cos1 (sin 5
4 )

2
2 in Q-III.
2
5
1
4 ) = cos ( 2 )

1)Simply (sin 5
4 )=

2)re-write: cos1 (sin


3) y = cos1 x means x = cos y , interchange x and y (page 445)
The arccos Restrictions: 1 x 1 and 0 y .
2
1
4)Result: cos1 (sin 5
4 ) = cos ( 2 )
1

The Inverse Functions Examples

March 16, 2015


sine functions
Notes: y = sin x
Domain: all reals; Range is: (1, 1)
Notes: y = arcsin x and x-y interchange

Domain: (1, 1); Range is: (


2 , 2)
Draw sin , apply arcsin restrictions.

Examples: arcsin[sin( 5
8 )]
1) Restriction for y = arcsin x
[1 x 1] AND [ 2 y 2 ]
2)let sin = sin 5
8 and its on Quadrant 2.
5
3

3) 8
8
8 = 8 ANSWER**

Give: cot[arcsin( 52 )]
1)Restriction: y = arcsin x
[1 x 1] AND [ 2 y 2 ]

2) let sin = sin( 52 ), then = arcsin( 52 ) what is cot ?


3) Since sin < 0. New Restrictions: 2 < 0, is in Q IV

4) sin = yr = 5 2 . let y = 2 and r = 5


q

5) x = 52 ( 2)2 = 23. x = 23. y = 2, r = 5


6) cot =

23

.
2

46
2

** ANSWER

Given: sec[arcsin( 2117 )]


1) arcsin restrictions. [1 x 1] AND [ 2 y 2 ]

2) let sin = sin( 2117 )

3) let sin = yr ;y = 2 7 and r = 11


q
4) x = (2 7)2 (11)2 )
5) let sec xy
3

0.1

Find Exact Values of Certain Composite Functions


f 1 (f (x)) = sin1 (sin x) = x WHERE [ 2 x 2 ]
f (f 1 (x)) = sin(sin1 x) = x WHERE 1 x 1

0.2

Cosine Funtion

1) Graph y = cos x, realize that is not a one-to one cosine function.


2) Domain Restriction: [0, ]
2.1) y = cos x is one-to one, with restrictions 0 x
3.) y = f(x) = cos x is obtained by interchanging x and y.
4) y = cos1 x means x = cos y WHERE 1 x 1 AND 0 y
5) f 1 (f (x)) = cos1 (cos x) = x WHERE [0 x
f (f 1 (x)) = cos(cos1 x) = x WHERE 1 x 1
Given: arccos(sin 7
4 )

2
1) Simplify: arccos(sin 7
4 ) = arcsin( 2 ) In Quadrant III
2) Apply Restricions: [1 x 1]AN D[ 2 y 2 ]

3) let = arccos( 22 )
4) Apply arccos restricions y = arccos xM EAN Sx = cos y WHERE
[1 x 1]AN D[0 y ]
4
3
5) Answer: ( 7

4
4 ) = ( 4 ) Note: *I tested on examples 21, 20 from
mymathlab.