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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
INTERVIEW QUESTIONS
1st Edition - 2013

Here you will find a list of some top technical interview questions that are most often asked by tech employers and recruiters.

Prepared By: ENG. AHMED OSSAMA

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

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Interview Technical Questions

Pumps & Hydraulics

Q1: Pumps classification. Q2: What are the types of pump impeller? Q3: Draw the Characteristic curves of different type of pumps. Q4: Theory of operation of different type of pumps. Q5: Methods of pump priming. Q6: Methods of elimination pumps' thrust force. Q7: What is meant by Cavitations, , ? Q8: Identify the best efficient point (bep). Q9: Preferred range of operation of centrifugal pump. Q10: What happens if the operation point of CP >> or << from bep? Q11: Explain briefly, Mechanical sealing and Wearing ring. Q12: define piping and fittings. Q13: Draw a Multi-Stage pump. Q14: Label the centrifugal pump schematic diagram. Q15: Flow rate preferred at starting of CP and Propeller pump. Q16: label the components of the next hydraulic circuit and explain the system briefly. Q17: Pump produces flow rate or pressure? Q18: A pump used to transfer water from one tank to another, where the level difference between the two tanks is 20m and the pipe is 150m long and 4inch diameter and (f = 0.02) and the velocity of flow through the pipe is 2 m/s, assuming that total head loss coefficient of the system (k) = 2.5 and pump efficiency is 80%. Find pump’s shaft power in KW.

1st Edition | 2013

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Q19: How to differentiate between the suction and delivery lines of a
CP pump?
Q20: What is the most used engineering equipment after electric motor?
Interview Technical Questions

1st Edition | 2013

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

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Interview Technical Questions

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Interview Technical Questions

Compressors

Q21: Compressors classification. Q22: Why we use inter-cooling between compressors stages? Q23: Explain surge and choke phenomena. Q24: Differentiate between pumps and compressors. Q25: Draw characteristic curve of different types of compressor. Q26: Name and Label next compressor schematic diagram. Q27: Draw P-V diagram of reciprocating compressor. Q28: Types of screw compressor. Q29: Method of controlling surge.

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Interview Technical Questions

Thermodynamics

Q30: Steam turbine classification. Q31: Turbine classification. Q32: Why we use reheat in multi-stage steam turbine? Q33: How to decrease condenser pressure? Q34: What will open first S/H safety valve or Evaporator safety valve? Q35: What is the Turbine work? Q36: Name and explain the boiler components. Q37: What are the difference between fire tube and water tube? Q38: How to differentiate between gas turbine's blade and compressor blade? Q39: Mention the four processes in the simple Rankin cycle on T S diagram and also draw a physical layout of the four devices use in the cycle. Q40: Mention the four processes in the ideal Brayton cycle on T S diagram and also draw a physical layout of the four devices use in the cycle. Q41: Identify the dew point temperature. Q42: If two bodes one was cold and the other was hot in what direction the heat transfers will occurs from cold to hot or from hot to cold. Q43: What are the types of gas turbine combustors? Q44: What are the three laws of thermodynamics? Q45: Mention some of the Renewable alternative source of energy. Q46: What are the modes of heat transfer?

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Interview Technical Questions

Q47: What are the types of boilers? Q48: Mention the main components of any refrigeration system and also draw the P-H diagram of refrigeration cycle and a physical layout of the four devices used in the cycle

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Interview Technical Questions

Automotive & Engines

Q49: Compare between Diesel and gasoline engines. Q50: Explain the following,

1. Detonation

2. Diesel knock

3. Octane number

4. Cetane number

5. Compression ratio

6. Pour point

7. Flash point

Q51: What are the main components of any automobile engine? Q52: Explain the 4 and 2 stroke engine with drawing. Q53: Mention the four processes in the ideal Brayton cycle on T S diagram and also draw a physical layout of the four devices use in the cycle. Q54: Draw P-V diagram for an ideal Otto (gasoline) 4-stroke cycle and P-V diagram for the actual combustion Otto cycle. Q55: Why it is preferred to use Diesel engines in huge trucks and loaders and to use Gasoline engines in small personal cars. Q56: Why using leaf spring in the rear wheels of large trucks instead of helical springs?

1st Edition | 2013

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Interview Technical Questions

Mechanical Design

Bearings

Q57: What are the types of bearing? Q58: Differentiate between hydro-static and hydro-dynamic bearing. Q59: What type of bearing used in high speed machines? Q60: Lubrication oil used in turbo-machinery heavy or light and why?

Gears

Q61: What are the types of gears? Q62: Explain the following, Backlash, Circular pitch, Gear module Q63: When we use spur gears and when we use helical gears?

Standards

Q64: What are the following abbreviations referred to?

1. ISO

2. OSHA

3. ASME

4. API

5. ASTM

6. ANSI

7. SI

Q65: Mention some of international standards and codes. Q66: Differentiate between international standers and national standards.

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Interview Technical Questions

Gauges and Sensors

Q67: Mention three devices to measure temperature and explain one of them. Q68: Mention three devices to measure Pressure and explain one of them. Q69: Mention three sensors and explain. Q70: Why we use inclined manometer instead of U-tube manometer in low pressure measurements.

Welding

Q71: Types of welding. Q72: Mention with draw the welding joints. Q73: Types of welding electrodes. Q74: welding symbols.

Materials

Q75: Types of materials.

Q76: Explain the following,

1. Yield strength

2. Torsion strength

3. Tension strength

4. Compression strength

Q77: Mention with drawing different type of steel structures. Q78: What is the different between Elasticity scientific subject and Mechanics of Materials scientific subject?

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Interview Technical Questions

Q79: Differentiate between Elastic and plastic Deformation. Q80: Define Necking Region. Q81: Differentiate between destructive and nondestructive testing of the materials. Q82: Mention some of NDT (Nondestructive Testing) techniques and applications. Q83: Why the material of the sleeves that hold and surround the crankshaft are made from soft materials. Q84: Why most of the shafts are made from rigid materials.

Vibration

Q85: Mention some of the devices that used to measure the vibration of mechanical systems. Q86: Explain briefly the following statements,

1. Resonance phenomena

2. 1 st critical speed

3. 2 nd critical speed

4. Natural frequency

5. System frequency

Q87: In order to detect the accurate vibration measurements in high

speed machines we measure displacement or velocity or acceleration of

the system. Q88: In order to detect the accurate vibration measurements in medium

speed machines we measure displacement or velocity or acceleration of

the system.

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Interview Technical Questions

Q89: In order to detect the accurate vibration measurements in low

speed machines we measure displacement or velocity or acceleration of

the system. Q90: How did the failure of the famous Tacoma narrows bridge happened? Reasoned, relying on principles of mechanical vibration.

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Interview Technical Questions

Maintenance &

Troubleshooting

Q91: What is the world ranking for the main reasons of mechanical defects? Q92: Mention types of maintenance and the philosophy of each one of them and explain.

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Interview Technical Questions

Fire Fighting

Q93: Explain the fire triangle. Q94: What are the classes of fire? Q95: What is the extinguishing agent for each class? Q96: What are the pumps use in the fire fighting systems and there arrangements? Q97: What is the function of jokey pump?

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Interview Technical Questions

Electric Power

Q98: What does Ohm's Law state, and mention its formula? Q99: What are the types of electric motors? Q100: What is the different between isolator and circuit breaker? Q101: What is the different between electric motor and a generator?

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Interview Technical Questions