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Name of the Product

An overpass (called a flyover in the United Kingdom and most Commonwealth countries) is
a bridge, road, railway or similar structure that crosses over another road or railway.
An overpass and underpass together form a grade separation.
Properties of the Product
Uses of the Product
Overpasses are used where roads cross at different levels without intersecting. When first
creating a overpass its not important which road passes under or over the other road, but it is
important to make sure the two roads dont create an intersection where none exists.
Overpass is used as a safer alternative. Using overpasses allows for unobstructed rail traffic to
flow without conflicting with vehicular and pedestrian traffic. Rapid transit systems use complete
grade separation of their rights of way to avoid traffic interference with frequent and reliable
Major users of the product
Overpass indicates how they become meaningful at the neighbourhood scale through the spatial practices of
marginal population in the area: namely, the use of space for economic, social and recreational activities. The
economic activities act a sponge that absorbs large numbers of surplus labourer from the informal settlements
next to it.
It gives insight into array of multiple usages for the users of this product: informal market sand street vendors
spring up in the mornings, selling from tea to chicken, fish to fruit; food stalls and shop are set up in the late
evening, children occupy part of the space after school to play cricket, badminton and other games; and some
eventually fall asleep in the vacated spaces.
Geographical Areas of Dispersion
Traffic congestion is on the rise in this city alongside the increase in vehicle population.
Everyday residents of this city and vehicle users are forced to waste time waiting at traffic
signals while attempting to cross roads. Lauding the efforts to construct a grade separator in
Cotabato City, vehicle users say that it is high time the city gets more grade separators in order to
access to multiple directions over existing junctions.
Overpass would benefit vehicle users. It would make regulating traffic easier too.

Traffic jams are a routine affair. The road is accident-prone. Due to absence of flyovers, the
whole stretch, commuters from the opposite direction have to move in the wrong direction,
risking their lives.
The highway along CCSPC is one of the busier junctions in the city and it has been reeling under
traffic snarls for the past few years. The demand for an overpass is at high stake since one can see
the growing number of vehicles on overpass, but one can hardly foresee the growing number of diverse
activities that evolve from the migrant workers entering into the city every day. The overpass delivering distant
communities to their destinations- home or work- at high speed and with less time, themselves become a
destination for countless migrant workers in the city and capture the time beyond.
Demand Supply Analysis
The formal institutions target at the flyovers for serving the transport facilities for the middle to
high income groups, and the marginal people on the other hand search for their fortune in the flyunder voids
overlooked by the formal institutions. Even before the formal institutions premeditated use of flyover for
vehicles, the flyunders become a roof for the socio-economically poor households. What is most promising
about these marginal people is that they find innovative ways for fulfilling their needs at different sections of the
flyover and their ingenuity extends to parts of the flyunders which then become places to wait, gather, chat,
play, rest, sleep, work, and live. They use the flyunder voids intensively for all kinds of economic activities such
as vending, production and provision of services. And their makeshift uses are notonly distributed in space but
also in time, users and activities.
Price Study

Factors affecting the market

The economy always has an impact on marketing--whether it is weak or strong. Interestingly,
marketers may be affected positively or negatively by a strong or weak economy. Making lemons
out of lemonade can benefit certain types of businesses in a weak economy--a strong economy
can be negative for others. The bottom line: it pays to understand the market and the effect the
economy will have on them.
One of the factors affecting the market is the government. Governments hold much sway over
the free markets. Fiscal and monetary policy have a profound effect on the financial marketplace.

Asking for approval and funding for the proposed overpass are needed to urge the government to
fund the project.