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GopalswamyDoraiswamyNaidu­Wikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

GopalswamyDoraiswamyNaidu

FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

G.D.Naidu(GopalaswamyDoraiswamyNaidu)(23

March1893–4January1974)wasanIndianinventor

andengineerwhoisalsoreferredtoastheEdisonof India. [1][2] Heiscreditedwiththemanufactureofthefirst electricmotorinIndia.Hiscontributionswereprimarily industrialbutalsospanthefieldsofelectrical, mechanical,agricultural(Hybridcultivation)and automobileengineering. [3][4] Hehadonlyprimary educationbutexcelledasaversatilegenius.Amonghis hobbieswastraintraveltonearbycities.

Contents

1PersonallifeContents 2Earlylife 3Inventions&Laterlife 4References 5Externallinks

2EarlylifeContents 1Personallife 3Inventions&Laterlife 4References 5Externallinks

3Inventions&LaterlifeContents 1Personallife 2Earlylife 4References 5Externallinks

4ReferencesContents 1Personallife 2Earlylife 3Inventions&Laterlife 5Externallinks

5ExternallinksContents 1Personallife 2Earlylife 3Inventions&Laterlife 4References

Personallife

G.D.NaiduwasbornatKalangal,Coimbatoreon23

March1893in"Kalangal"villageofCoimbatoredistrict

inthestateTamilNadu,India.Hewasthesonofa

farmer.Hischildhoodyearswerespentgettingintrouble

atschool.Hedislikedattendinglessonsandwaspunished

frequentlyforhishabitofhurlingsandatteachersduring

class.

GopalaswamyDoraiswamyNaidu

GopalaswamyDoraiswamyNaidu GopalaswamyDoraiswamyNaidu Born 23March1893 Kalangal, Coimbatore ,India Died

GopalaswamyDoraiswamyNaidu

Born

23March1893

Kalangal,Coimbatore,India

Died

4January1974(aged80)

Coimbatore,India

Residence Coimbatore,India

Citizenship Indian

Nationality Indian

Fields

Electrical,Mechanics,Automotive,

Agriculture

Knownfor Scientist,Inventor,businessman, PhotographerandPhilanthropist

Notes

ReferredtoastheEdisonofIndia

Earlylife

NaiduobtainedworkasawaiterinahotelinCoimbatorewiththeintentionofsavingsufficientmoneyto buyamotorcyclethathehadseen.Aftergettingthevehiclehespenttimedismantlingandre­assemblingit

andlaterbecameamechanic.Hebeganhistransportbusinessin1920,withthepurchaseofanautomobile

coach.HedroveitbetweenPollachiandPalani.Inafewyears,hisUniversalMotorService(UMS)owned themostefficientfleetofpublictransportvehiclesinthecountry. [5] In1937,thefirstmotortobeproduced inIndia,wasbroughtoutfromG.D.Naidu'sfactory"NEW"(NationalElectricWorks)atPeelamedu, Coimbatore.

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GopalswamyDoraiswamyNaidu­Wikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Inventions&Laterlife

G.D.NaidudevelopedIndia'sfirstindigenousmotorin1937alongwithD.Balasundaram.Itwasthe

Naidu's'Rasant'razorincorporatedasmallmotoroperatedbydry cells,wasmadeatafactoryintheGermantowncalledHeilbronn. [6] Amonghisotherinventionsweresuper­thinshavingblades,a distanceadjusterforfilmcameras,afruitjuiceextractor,atamper­

proofvote­recordingmachineandakerosene­runfan.In1941,he

announcedthathehadtheabilitytomanufacturefive­valveRadio

setsinIndiaatamereRs70/­aset.In1952,thetwo­seaterpetrol

enginecar(costingamereRs2,000/­)rolledout.Butproduction

wasstoppedsubsequently,becauseoftheGovernment'srefusalto grantthenecessarylicense.Hisinventivenesswasnotconfinedto machineryalone.Heresearchedandidentifiednewvarietiesin Cotton,MaizeandPapaya.HisfarmwasvisitedbySirC.V.Raman andVisvesvaraya.Fromlayingfoundationtocompletionhehas builtahouseinjust8hours. [4]

VehicleG.D.Naidupurchasedfrom theBritishandlearntassembling

VehicleG.D.Naidupurchasedfrom

theBritishandlearntassembling

In1935,hepersonallyfilmedthefuneralofKingGeorgeVat

London.In1936,hemetAdolfHitlerinGermany. [7] Heinvited K.Kamarajinmanyfunctions.AmongtheIndianstalwartsthat Naidu'scameracapturedwereMahatmaGandhi,Pandit JawarharlalNehruandSubhasChandraBose.Naiduremained anoutsidertopolitics,despitehavingcontestedandlostinthe

1936ProvincialGeneralElections.HewasgiftedaRollsRoyce

carandhewastheonlyonewhohadthisluxurycarinthose

times.

In1944,Naiduretiredfromactiveinvolvementwithhis

automobilecombineandannouncedseveralphilanthropic measuresincludinggrantsforresearchscholarshipsandwelfare schemesforhisemployeesandthedepressedsectionsof

society.In1967,theGDNaiduIndustrialExhibitionwas

established.

G.D.Naidu,RathnasabapathyMudaliarandIndia'sfirstfinance ministerR.K.ShanmukhamChettyconductedsurvey,for bringingSiruvaniwatertotheCoimbatorecity. [8]

3rdPrizeforUMSRazorCompanyfor Razorbladesinanexhibitionin1936in Leipzieg,Germany.

3rdPrizeforUMSRazorCompanyfor

Razorbladesinanexhibitionin1936in

Leipzieg,Germany.

ThroughNaidu'seffortsanddonationsIndia'sfirstPolytechniccollege,theArthurHopePolytechnicand theArthurHopeCollegeofEngineeringweresetup.Laterthecollegemovedtoitspresentlocationandis nowknownasGovernmentCollegeofTechnology(GCT),thecollegewasnamedafterthethenMadras governorArthurHope.In1945,GDNaiduwastheprincipalforthecollege. [9] Naiduwasnotsatisfiedwith

the4­yearprogramsandsaidthatitwasawasteoftimeforstudents.Hesuggestedthattwoyearwasmore

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GopalswamyDoraiswamyNaidu­Wikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

thanenoughtoteachthesamecoursesandevenwithdifferentconcentrations.ButtheBritishgovernment didnotaccepthisideaandG.D.Naiduresignedfromhispost. [10] ThenameHopeCollegefortheoriginal siteofthecollegeremainsinCoimbatoreevennow.

Naidudiedon4January1974.SirCVRamansaidofNaidu:"Agreateducator,anentrepreneurinmany

fieldsofengineeringandindustry,awarm­heartedmanfilledwithloveforhisfellowsandadesiretohelp themintheirtroubles,MrNaiduistrulyamaninamillion–perhapsthisisanunderstatement!" [7]

HeissurvivedbyhissonG.D.GopalandgrandchildrenG.D.RajkumarandShantini.Apermanent IndustrialExhibitioninhismemoryisoninCoimbatore.Heprovidedemploymentintheengineeringand

manufacturingsectorstomanyindividualsinthe1950sand1960s.

G.D.MatriculationHigherSecondarySchoolinCoimbatoreisnamedafterhim. [11] Itismanagedbyhis daughter­in­lawMrs.ChandraGopal.HisgrandsonMr.G.D.RajkumarnowrunstheGeedeeIndustries. Thereisalsoadrivingschoolbyhisname,inCoimbatore.

References

Externallinks

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