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Student: Andrew Akinmoladun

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Activity # 6

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<Instructor> Dr. Rudolph Bustos

<Course Title>Advanced Scholarly

<Assignment Number or Title>6


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Ajibade, David. (2012) Student Crisis in Nigeria Tertiary Educational Institutions; A

Review of the Causes and Management Style. Kazan Journal of Humanities and
Social Sciences. v4 (10) p56-72

Data from the various reported case of student crisis was used to determine the
relationship between the causes of students crisis was used to determine the relationship
crisis and the style of university management structures. Specific data from the ministry
of education that documented student unrest since 1961 to 2005 was to justify the
relationship of institutional management and the probability of that institutions tendency
for having students crisis or not.
The secondary source of data collection methodology was used to carry out this
project; where data was collected from published and in-published articles available on
students crisis and university management and all the data generated were analyzed and
summarized, into the findings was summarized that authoritarian government approach or
management approach is in clash with students perception of education. Excessive decay
in students welfare and infrastructure that is adversely affective learning and the teaching
processes. It was recommended that a holistic approach to managerial tertiary institution
should be employed where administrators employs creative management style that detour
crisis before occurrence.

Robert, Marzono. Pickering, Deborah. (2005) Classroom Management that Works

Research based Strategies for every Teacher. ASCD Premium. p143 ISBN

The writer justifies the importance of teachers playing a vital role in the classroom
and the management of academic activities should appreciate the fact that effective
teaching and classroom management cannot take place in a poor managed environments.
The method used for this study was to analyze the result of their study of 60,000 students
and concluded that the most important factor affecting student learning is the teacher and
their results showed variations in the maturity and effectiveness of teachers. They
advocated for more educational effectiveness to improve teachers efficiency. If teachers
are efficient the students being taught by those teachers tend to perform well and their
manageability is also effective. In concluding the report drew a relationship gain related
to Teacher effectiveness and gain related to student maturation as a good panacea to a
good school management devoid of crisis.

Thomas, Harold G.. (2013) Policy Imperative, Management Challenge: A case study
in college of education in Kwara State. Journal of Higher Education and
Management. v34 (4) P377-387 Do1: 10.1080/1360080X2012689202

The writer justifies the need for reform in the College of education in Kwara State.
The article explores the managerial and strategic issues associated with the procedures
and processes that are involved in the policy enactment and approval by the government.

They concluded by prescribing on highlights of reforms that is necessary on local, state

and federal level for a meaningful management enhancement to occur at the administrate
structure within the college. For any reform to be effective all stake holder such as the
external forces need to be committed to these changes most importantly politicians.

Tiribull, Sharron. (2011) Worldly Leadership: Challenging the Hegemony of

Western Business Education. Journal of Global Responsibility. v2 (2) p170-187

The study examines the leadership theory in relative to business education of

leadership and wisdom beyond the western world; to justify the radical changes
emanating from the global business education. Design methodology approach was used
where 45 in depth interviews were obtained from non-western cultural managers to gain
more understanding and have in-depth knowledge of non-western business education
management issues. 26 of the people interviewed were participant in a western oriented
international masters degree program.
The finding from these two interviews was used to recommend a formulated policy
that can be adoptable to integrate both western and non-western concept of unified
business education curriculum that detest against dominant ideological values and
incorporate a new leadership base paradigm

Sawyer, Akilagpa. (2004) Challenges Facing African University: Selected Issues.

African Review. V47 (11) p1-59

The author examined an historical review of African university and it explosive

expansion as a result or quest for individual citizenry yearning for knowledge. The
Constrains and problem created as result of this expansion in terms of quality, accessibly
and all other factor affecting the university systems. The writer also stresses the role of
the state, and local authority in regulating and licensing of African University System.
They highlighted the main challenges that need immediate attention as capacity and
enrollment, new players new demands, participation rate and social exclusion, quality
and social relevant, diversion f institutional focus. The author concluded by
recommending a set of guild lines: it is the duty of the state to foster its primary and
university education extensively; Recognition of the value of education beyond its
primary objectives and lastly a coordinative body to evaluate continuous quality

Cavey, R., (2006). The Art of Anticipation. The chronicle of higher education. v52
(45) C1-C4
This article stresses the importance if the sensitivity that is required of an
institutional administrator by comparing various crises within several campuses in the
limited state. A specific reference to Michigan State and Illinois State were made. They
recommended controlling the ever looming crisis on campus, the present administrative

styles should be challenged and a case study approach should be employed so as to

develop an administrator that will possess appropriate skills required for crisis
management in school when the need arises.

Duncan, M., Miser, K. (2000) Dealing with Campus Crisis. In the Handbook of
Student Affairs Administration (2nd ed.) p.454-473
The writer makes several suggestions in the way to deal with variety of students
related crisis on campus. He alluded to effective preparation of individual colleges and
specific security roles that individuals will play starting with the president. The writer
concluded by saying that campus crisis is inevitable and all administrators must have an
existing plan in place to cub this occurrences as it arises.

Kennedy, M. (1999) Surviving Crisis. American School and University. v72 (2) 1-3
The author makes various analysis of comparative management plans within the
United State University System. He highlighted the best practices within the system and
made possible suggestions to correct the mistakes that were experienced in the
management styles that failed.
The writer concluded by providing web site that showcased best practices of crisis
management that works in an attempt to prepare for effective University crisis

Orobator, Stanley (1998) The Politics of University Management, Nigerian Journal

of Politics and Public Policy. v2 (1), p46-68
The author narrated the first 50 years of educational systems in Nigerian University
system that is characterized by students unrest on campus, regular strikes by University
academic staff union. The author uses the caseworker approach system to University
crisis dealing with each case as it applies. He reviewed the role of the individual
participants in the university as vital. He also highlights the political inclination of the
University management now that the University is playing a prominent role in and its
impact is noticeable in Nigerian Politics generally.

Etadon F.I. (2013) campus conflicts involving student's and University

Management: The case of the University of Ibadan. International Journal of
Education Science. v5 (3); 333-343
In these articles the writer examines the University of Ibadan in Nigeria all the past
student oriented conflicts and crisis with a view to document the recent ones and what
can be learned from the past incidents and crisis so as to proffer an analysis to solving the
future crisis or preventing it from ever happening.
The writer concluded that no matter what level or age of students, they will always
act like a student, therefore, the University Management should fine tune the
management. Strategies in any matter that concern students, as to prevent student crisis
and conflicts.

Abiodun- Oyebonji, O. (2011) towards effective management of private university

education. Journal of Emerging trends in Education Research and Policy Studies. v
2(6) p526-530
The author examines the myriads of problems militating against the smooth running
of Universities in Nigeria with special emphasis to develop to provide to privately owned
University. He identified specific problems such as: shortage of qualified personnel,
funding and non availability of governmental intervention services. The method used for
this article was historical review of the educational policies, past, present and focus for
the future. He concluded by enacting that either public or private Universities, the
government should be fully involved in the University administration by providing
subversions to argument the running costs to alleviate the staffing and continuous
capacity building of staff with necessary logistics supports.

Hasani, Kaveh. Boroujerdi, Sadeghi. (2013) Sources of Organization Conflict in

Educational Institutions: The optical Insights and a Case Study. Journal of Defense
Resources Management, v4 (1) p.99-110
The author uses the data collected from 521 officials and 220 individual samples to
analyze the source of organizational conflicts within the University systems, using the
reliability concept of Cronbash alpha of (0.87) SPSS statistical software was use to
analyze the result of their findings and it was observed that there is a lot of conflicts, or
incompatibility of roles, goals of organization, ambiguity interns of job description,

reward system and communication deficiency that exist between the managers and staff
of the tertiary institutions.

Evans. Linda. Olumide-Aluko, Fadekemi (2010) Teacher Job Satisfaction in

Developing Countries: A critique of Herzberg's two factors theory applied to the
Nigerian Context. International Studies in Educational Administration (ISEA) v38 (2)
The research review previous status on education analysis and hypothesized policies
on educational policies and its applicability to Nigerian educational situation. A specific
theory of Herzberg's two factor theory of motivation was reviewed to determine its
adaptation to Nigerian educational system. Herzberg's theory contends that pay cannot be
used as a motivational incentive for teachers in its original work.
The researcher in this article concluded that Herzberg's theory cannot work in Nigeria
considering the condition of services Nigeria and its educational policy. They contended
that actually the most use with motivational incentives that can be used in the occasional
setting to attract the quality staff is higher pay.
The authors concluded that more research is necessary to determine the practicality of
most of this occupational psychological theory that presume to work in the Western world
to determine their work ability in Africa because of the educational, social environment
and the relationship between pay and satisfaction.

Adeyemi, Tunji. (2008) The influence of Administrative Strategies on Effective

Management of Human Resources in the Secondary Schools in Ondo State, Nigeria.
International Studies in Educational Administration, v.36 (2) p80 - 90.
The Authors investigated the relationship between the administrative strategies and
effective school management in Ondo State school system. In the article a descriptive

survey system was used to study the population of 281 public school system.
Questionnaire were administered in 225 schools comprising of 6241 teachers and 3564
non-teaching staffs. Out of which 782 teachers and 438 non-teaching staffs responded.
The responses was collated and analyzed with all the known parameters and conditions as
stated in the questionnaire.
The findings from this data showed that urban schools were well managed than the
rural schools. The human management is also more conducive within rural school than
urban schools. The writer concluded that more emphasis should be giving to capacity
building and development of school administrators. Constant monitoring and delegations
of authority to subordinates should be encouraged.

Fatile, Jacob. Adejuwon, Kehinde (2011) Conflict and Conflict Management in

Tertiary Institution: The case of Nigerian Universities. European Journal of
Humanities and Social Science. V7 (1) p45-51

The article reviewed conflict and conflict management in tertiary institution with
specific emphasis on Nigeria tertiary institutions. It was assumed that crisis is part of
human and social endeavor normally used in resolving differences between two
individuals or entities. It cannot be eradicated but can be controlled using proper
management technique within the society.
An historical review of all past available literature was reviewed in an attempt to
understand the courses in tertiary institution in an attempt to formulate a resolution
strategies that can be used to minimize such occurrence in Nigerian tertiary institutions,

It was concluded that conflict is a normal norm within the tertiary institution and a
standby policy should be made available within the school code of conduct that is
bounded by every member of the tertiary institution has to observe irrespective of the
position within the institution.