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Technical Support Note

TS-3GBTS-SW-0181

3G - 3G RX Diversity sharing with Flexi


Multiradio WCDMA BTS
Radi o Network
Fl exi Multi radio B TS W CDMA
This document contains following
type of information
Informative

Preventive
Corrective
Additional categorization
Urgent
Security
Release Upgrade
SW Update
Parameterization

Information is classified as
Internal
Public

Customer Specific

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Table of Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Keywords .................................................................................................................................... 3
Compatibility / Dependencies to other products ........................................................................... 3
Summary ..................................................................................................................................... 3
Supported configurations ............................................................................................................. 3
Cabling Instructions ..................................................................................................................... 5
5.1 .....Additional RX Gain parameter compensation of additional LNA gain .................................. 6
5.1.1 Values for Additional RX Gain parameter LNA gain of different RF module variants ........ 6
5.1.2 Example Antenna line settings in commissioning wizard of Site Element Manager. ......... 7
5.2 .....Commissioning of MHA settings ............................................................................................ 8
5.2.1 Example of commissioning of the MHA settings in commissioning wizard of Site
Element Manager
........................................................................................................ 8
5.3 .....RX Signal level monitoring ................................................................................................... 11
5.4 .....Commissioning RX div sharing by defining the Virtual MHA ................................................ 12
6. REFERENCES .......................................................................................................................... 12
Contact:
Contact your local Nokia Solutions and Networks support

Summary of changes:
02-Jul-2013
19-Dec-2014
30-Dec-2014

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2.0
3.0

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Purpose
This document contains generic information about products. These can be instructions that
explain problem situations in the field, instructions on how to prevent or how to recover from
problem situations, announcements about changes or preliminary information as requirements
for new features or releases.

Validity
Product
Flexi WCDMA BTS software release
Flexi WCDMA BTS software release
Flexi WCDMA BTS software release

Release
WN8.0
WN9.0
WN9.1

1. KEYWORDS
RX diversity sharing, commissioning, RX out, uplink diversity, RAN2514, Additional RX Gain,
RX div

2. COMPATIBILITY / DEPENDENCIES TO OTHER PRODUCTS


NA

3. SUMMARY
This document describes how to configure RX Diversity Sharing in to use. This allows Rx
diversity over two Flexi Multiradio RF-modules operating in the same frequency band.
In this solution, the RX diversity is gained by cross connecting the RX main uplink signals
through the RX out interface (located at the front panel of the Radio Module).
Setting of the Additional RX Gain parameter is required in the BTS commissioning for the
diversity antenna branches. Value of the Additional RX Gain parameter is depending on
product variant of RF module.

4. SUPPORTED CONFIGURATIONS
RX sharing capability of Flexi Multiradio RF-modules enables operators to reduce site
complexity and site upgrade costs by reusing and leveraging the existing antenna system for
an additional Node B.

2 antenna feeder lines instead of 4


Only one X-Pol antenna per sector
No need for Multiradio Combiner (MRC)
Enables easier implementation of additional NobeB to a hot spot location

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Antenna Sharing
RFM 2100

Iub
NodeB #1
System module

Iub

NodeB #2
System Module

RFM 2100

Figure 1 System schematic of RX shared BTS site


In this solution, RX main branch is provided for the Node B from TX antenna branches,
whereas the RX diversity is gained by cross connecting the uplink signals led trough the RX
out interface (located at the front panel of the Radio Module).
With the RX diversity sharing same configuration principles are applying than with the common
A-type BTS configuration. Below is a example of typical site HW configuration with RX
diversity sharing.

Figure 2 Typical site HW configuration with RX sharing


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In RX diversity sharing all the uplink carriers of the cells must fit inside the RX bandwidth of
Radio module, which for example is 20 MHz for FRGP (2100 MHz) and FXDA (900MHz). The
restriction need to be taken into account when planning the carrier frequencies for the RX
sharing BTS Site
In case of a small margin in available frequency band, the Over ride nominal frequency of filter
center option in BTS commissioning can be utilized to fit the carriers to RX band

5. CABLING INSTRUCTIONS
RF cabling for the RX diversity sharing is cross fed from the Radio Modules Rx out interface to
the other Radio Modules Rx div. The main antenna interfaces (TX/RX main) are cabled
normally and also optical cables between system module and radio module are connected
normally.
PWR IN

Ant 6
Rx

Ant 5
Tx/Rx

Ant 5
Rx Out
EAC

PWR IN

Ant 6
Ant 5
Rx
Tx/Rx
Ant 5
RxEAC
Out

Ant 4
Rx

Ant 3
Tx/Rx

Ant 3
Rx Out

Ant 4
Ant 3
Rx
Tx/Rx
Ant 3
Rx Out

Ant 2
Rx

OPT 1

Ant 1
Tx/Rx

Ant 1
Rx Out
OPT OPT
2
3

Ant 2
Ant 1
Rx
Tx/Rx
Ant 1
Out
OPT 1 Rx
OPT
2
OPT 3

Figure 3 Cross connection cabling of RX div antenna connectors


A cable kit has been prepared for implementing the required cross connections for RX
Diversity Sharing, NSN product code 472454A RDSA Rx Diversity Sharing Kit 2m. The kit
includes 6 cables and thus can cover the connections between two triple RF-modules i.e. three
sectors.

Figure 4 A cable of RDSA kit.

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5.1 Additional RX Gain parameter compensation of additional LNA gain


BTS commissioning is proceed normally according to the used cabling and configuration,
except the antenna line settings. The Additional RX Gain parameter is required to be set for
each diversity antenna line receiving the uplink signal from RxOut interface of other BTSs RF
module.
As illustrated in the block diagram below, the LNA in the Front End of RX Main branches
produces already the needed high gain for the UL signal received from the antenna line. This
additional gain provided by the other module is required to be compensated by the Additional
RX Gain parameter for achieving correct calculation of reference level in UL. Additionally,
setting the Additional RX Gain parameter enables the LNA in RX div branch to operate in a
low gain mode.

Figure 5 UL signal path when RXOut - RXdiv are cross connected

5.1.1 Values for Additional RX Gain parameter LNA gain of different RF module variants
Operating range of LNA gain is depending on Flexi Multiradio RF Module variant. Therefore
value for the Additional RX Gain parameter need be to set accordingly.

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Table 1 Additional RX Gain value of different radio modules

RF module
FRGP
FRIE
FXCA
FXCB
FXDA
FXDB
FXFA
FXFB
FXEB

Additional RX Gain (dB)


29
19
29
29
29
29
29
29
29

5.1.2 Example Antenna line settings in commissioning wizard of Site Element Manager.
Antenna line settings for RX main (ANT1 TX/RX, one sector demonstrated)

Figure 6 Main RX/TX antenna line settings, no changes required for commissioning

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Antenna line settings for RX div (ANT2 RX):

Additional RX Gain
is required to be
set accordingly.

Figure 7 Div RX antenna line settings. Correct value for the additional gain parameter must be
set.

5.2 Commissioning of MHA settings


Commissioning of MHA settings dont not have difference in case of RX div sharing. Whenever
there is a MHA used in the physical antenna feeder lines, it is required to commission the MHA
settings the TX/RX main branch in both of the BTS.

5.2.1 Example of commissioning of the MHA settings in commissioning wizard of Site Element
Manager.
BTS #1 master for MHA operation, detects and operates WMHD in AISG mode

Figure 8 BTS #1 - MHA detected, LNA1 is set in use for the TX/RX main branch
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Figure 9 BTS #1 - LNA2 is set to be used for the other BTS (TX/RX main of BTS #2)

Figure 10 BTS #1 - MHA settings for TX/RX main antenna line need to set as is with a regular BTS
site configuration

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Figure 11 BTS #1 - MHA settings for RXdiv antenna line. No any MHA is set in use.

BTS #2 not controlling MHA operation, MHA type of the LNA2 is commissioned as
Other

MHA type is set as Other for the LNA2


No feeder voltage enabled
MHA Gain is set respectively 12 dBm

Figure 12 BTS #2 - MHA settings for TX/RX main antenna line. MHA type is set as Other
for the LNA2.

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Figure 13 BTS #2 - MHA settings for RXdiv antenna line. No any MHA is set in use.

5.3 RX Signal level monitoring


It is recommended to activate RX Signal Level Monitoring feature for the BTS utilizing the RX
diversity sharing. It is essential for verifying the installation and commissioning as well for
monitoring signal level provided by the other NodeB and its antenna line.

Figure 14 RX signal level monitoring - RX main and div are at the same level,
configuration was done correctly.

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Figure 15 RX signal level monitoring - RX signal level failure, The Additional RX Gain
parameter value was not set when commissioned.

5.4 Commissioning RX div sharing by defining the virtual MHA


Prior introduction the Additional RX Gain parameter the Technical Note 144 was describing the
workaround commissioning of RX sharing with the old 3G BTS SW releases (WN6.0 MP3.x
and ) where support of the Additional RX Gain parameter did not exist. This previous way of
commissioning by setting a gain of virtual MHA in RX antenna line is not necessary and thus
obsolete. Commissioning with utilizing the Additional RX Gain parameter provides simpler,
more straightforward and fault tolerating approach for defining the commissioning and plan
parameters.

6. REFERENCES
TS-3GBTS-SW-0144 RX Diversity sharing between Flexi EDGE BTS and Flexi WCDMA BTS

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