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Centre Number

Candidate
Number

Candidate Name

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE LOCAL EXAMINATIONS SYNDICATE


General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level

COMBINED SCIENCE

5129/2

PAPER 2
OCTOBER/NOVEMBER SESSION 2001

2 hours 15 minutes

Candidates answer on the question paper.


No additional materials are required.

TIME

2 hours 15 minutes

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number in the spaces at the top of this page.
Answer all questions.
Write your answers in the spaces provided on the question paper.
INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 16.

FOR EXAMINERS USE


TOTAL

This question paper consists of 14 printed pages and 2 blank pages.


SB (SLC/SLC) QK11417/2
UCLES 2001

http://www.xtremepapers.net

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For
Examiners
Use

2
1

(a) Complete the table in Fig. 1.1.


nucleon
number
chlorine atom

35

magnesium atom

24

sodium ion

23

proton
number

protons

neutrons

electrons

17
12
12

Fig. 1.1
[4]
(b) (i)

What is the formula of the compound formed between magnesium and chlorine?
...............................................................................................................................[1]

(ii)

What type of bonding occurs in this compound? ..................................................[1]

The following is a list of gases.


acetylene
ethene

carbon dioxide
nitrogen
oxygen

carbon monoxide
sulphur dioxide

Use the list to complete the following sentences.


(a) The gas that undergoes polymerisation is ........................................................ .

[1]

(b) The gases that are used in welding are ........................................................


and ........................................................ .

[2]

(c) The gas that is a pollutant in the air and damages buildings is
........................................................ .

[1]

(d) The gas that is produced by incomplete combustion of petrol is


........................................................ .

[1]

5129/2/O/N/01

For
Examiners
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3
3

Ammonia is manufactured according to the following equation.


N2 + 3H2 2NH3
(a) (i)

Calculate the relative molecular mass, Mr, of nitrogen and of ammonia.


[Ar : H, 1; N, 14]
Mr of nitrogen ............................................................................................................
Mr of ammonia ......................................................................................................[2]

(ii)

Calculate the mass of nitrogen required to manufacture 8.5 kg of ammonia.


Show your working.
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................[3]

(b) Ammonia is used to manufacture ammonium sulphate.


Explain why ammonium sulphate is used as a fertiliser.
..........................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................[1]

Carbon is an element. Methane is a compound.


(a) Explain the difference between an element and a compound using carbon and methane
as examples.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................[3]
(b) Name the homologous series to which methane belongs.
......................................................................................................................................[1]
(c) Draw the structure of methane.

[1]
5129/2/O/N/01

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For
Examiners
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4
5

Study the following reaction scheme.

metal A
water
sodium hydroxide
hydrochloric acid
salt C + water

gas B

warm with ammonium chloride


sodium chloride + gas D + water

(a) Identify substances A, B, C and D.


metal A .......................................................
gas B

.......................................................

salt C

.......................................................

gas D

.......................................................

(b) (i)

[4]

What type of reaction occurs between sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid?
...............................................................................................................................[1]

(ii)

Construct an equation for this reaction.


...............................................................................................................................[1]

5129/2/O/N/01

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5
6

Fig. 6.1 describes some properties of five substances.

substance

conducts
electricity
when solid

conducts
electricity
when melted

melting
point
/ C

soluble in
water

no

no

114

yes

yes

yes

961

no

no

yes

714

yes

no

no

114

no

yes

yes

1917

no

Fig. 6.1

(a) (i)
(ii)

Give the letter of one metal in the table. ...............................................................[1]


Give two reasons for your choice.
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................[2]

(b) (i)

Give the letter of one covalent compound in the table.


...............................................................................................................................[1]

(ii)

Give two reasons for your choice.


...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................[2]

5129/2/O/N/01

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6
7

Fig. 7.1 shows a lighting circuit.


switch A

live

switch B

switch C

lamp P

lamp Q

230
volts
neutral

Fig. 7.1
(a) Which switches must be closed to light lamp Q only? .................................................[1]
(b) Draw a fuse in the correct position in the circuit to protect all the wiring.

[2]

(c) Explain how a fuse makes the circuit safer.


..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................[3]
(d) Each lamp in the circuit has a resistance of 920 . The potential difference across the
circuit is 230 V.
Calculate the current through switch A when all the switches are closed.

.................................................[3]
(e) What energy changes take place inside the lamp?
......................................................................................................................................[2]
5129/2/O/N/01

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7
8

Fig. 8.1 shows the electromagnetic spectrum.


radio

microwaves

infra-red

visible light

ultraviolet

gamma-rays

Fig. 8.1
(a) Which part of the spectrum has the lowest frequency? ...............................................[1]
(b) Name part S. ................................................................................................................[1]
(c) State two properties of all types of radiation in the spectrum.
1. ......................................................................................................................................
2. ..................................................................................................................................[2]
(d) Yellow light from the Sun has a wavelength of 5.0 x 107 m and travels at a speed of
3 x 108 m / s. The light takes 500 s to reach the Earth.
Calculate
(i)

the distance between the Earth and the Sun;

.................................................[2]
(ii)

the frequency of the yellow light.

.................................................[2]

5129/2/O/N/01

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For
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8
9

Radium, Ra, emits alpha-particles and decays to radon, Rn.


226 Ra
88

XRn
Y

4He
2

(a) Deduce
(i)

the value X, ...........................................................................................................[1]

(ii)

the value Y, ...........................................................................................................[1]

(iii)

the number of neutrons in the radium nucleus. ....................................................[1]

(b) Radium has a half-life of 1600 years. 4800 years ago, a sample of radium emitted
alpha-particles at a rate of 24 000 per second.
At what rate does this sample emit alpha-particles now?

[3]
(c) In paper mills, the thickness of the paper is controlled by measuring how many
beta-particles pass through the paper each second.
(i)

Name a suitable detector for beta-particles. .........................................................[1]

(ii)

Explain why alpha-particles are not used.


...............................................................................................................................[1]

5129/2/O/N/01

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Examiners
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9
10 (a) A magnet is placed near two pieces of iron, as shown in Fig. 10.1.

N
iron

S
magnet

iron

Fig. 10.1
The pieces of iron become magnetised.
On the diagram, mark the north and south poles of both pieces of iron.

[2]

(b) Electromagnets are often used instead of permanent magnets.


State one advantage of an electromagnet that a permanent magnet does not have.
..........................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................[1]
(c) Why is the core of an electromagnet made of iron rather than steel?
..........................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................[1]
(d) State two ways in which the strength of an electromagnet can be increased.
1. ......................................................................................................................................
2. ..................................................................................................................................[2]

5129/2/O/N/01

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10
11 In a fermentation experiment, water is boiled for 30 minutes, cooled and mixed with yeast
and glucose. The mixture is left as shown in Fig. 11.1, for two hours.

mixture
of yeast
and
glucose
in boiled
water

tube
A

tube
B

limewater

Fig. 11.1
(a) (i)

Which type of respiration takes place?


...............................................................................................................................[1]

(ii)

What change is seen in tube B?


...............................................................................................................................[1]

(iii)

Write a word equation for this respiration reaction.


...............................................................................................................................[1]

(iv)

What is the advantage, to the yeast, of this reaction?


...............................................................................................................................[1]

(b) The type of respiration you have named in (a)(i) can take place in human muscle.
(i)

Name the product formed.


...............................................................................................................................[1]

(ii)

What type of activity can cause this product to form?


...............................................................................................................................[1]

5129/2/O/N/01

For
Examiners
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For
Examiners
Use

11
12 Fig. 12.1 shows an ecosystem diagram.
(a) Draw no more than five arrows to show the direction of the flow of energy in the
ecosystem.

snail

songbird

grass

Sun

rabbit

hawk
[4]
Fig. 12.1

(b) There are no decomposers shown in this ecosystem.


(i)

Name a group of organisms that are decomposers.


...............................................................................................................................[1]

(ii)

Explain the function of decomposers in an ecosystem.


...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................[2]

(c) Explain why green plants are called producers, but animals are called consumers.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................[3]

5129/2/O/N/01

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12
13 (a) (i)

Define excretion.
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................[2]

(ii)

Name two substances which are excreted by a human.


1. ...............................................................................................................................
2. ...........................................................................................................................[2]

(iii)

For each substance named in (ii), state where it is produced and name the organ
which excretes it.
1

where produced .................................................................................................


excreted by ........................................................................................................

where produced .................................................................................................


excreted by ....................................................................................................[4]

(b) (i)

What is meant by egestion (defaecation)?


...................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................[1]

(ii)

Suggest reasons why egestion should not be considered an example of excretion.


...................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................[1]

5129/2/O/N/01

For
Examiners
Use

13
14 (a) Define osmosis.
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................[2]
(b) Fig. 14.1 shows a plant cell into which water passes by osmosis.

Fig. 14.1
(i)

What is the name for this type of cell?


...............................................................................................................................[1]

(ii)

Which is the more concentrated solution, the plant cell sap or the water in the soil?
...............................................................................................................................[1]

(c) Plant roots absorb ions from the soil.


Name one ion which is absorbed by plants.
......................................................................................................................................[1]
(d) Water absorbed by the roots passes upwards through the plant to the leaves.
(i)

Through which structures is the water lost from the leaves to the air?
...............................................................................................................................[1]

(ii)

Name this process.


...............................................................................................................................[1]
5129/2/O/N/01

For
Examiners
Use

14
BLANK PAGE

5129/2/O/N/01

15
BLANK PAGE

5129/2/O/N/01

Magnesium

Sodium

Calcium

5129/2/O/N/01

Strontium

45

89

Key

89

227

Actinium

Ac

b = proton (atomic) number

X = atomic symbol

a = relative atomic mass

72

Hafnium

Lanthanum

57

178

Hf

40

Zirconium

Zr

91

Titanium

139

Yttrium

22

48

Ti

La

39

21

Scandium

Sc

*58-71 Lanthanoid series


90-103 Actinoid series

88

Radium

87

Francium

226

Ra

56

Barium

Caesium

Fr

55

137

Ba

133

Cs

38

Rubidium

37

88

Sr

85

Rb

20

Potassium

19

40

Ca

39

12

24

Mg

23

Na

Beryllium

Lithium

11

Be

II

Li

51

93

Ta

181

Niobium

Nb

90

58

73

52

96

Mo

184

Protactinium

Thorium

55

Tc
186

Re

144

Nd

92

60

Uranium

238

Neodymium

75

Rhenium

43

Technetium

25

Manganese

Mn
27

59

28

59

29

64

30

65

Ru

101

Iron

190

Pm

Osmium

Os

Np
93

Neptunium

61

Promethium

76

44

Ruthenium

26

56

Fe

150

Sm

Pu
94

Plutonium

62

152

Eu

Am
95

Americium

63

Europium

78

Platinum

Pt

Iridium

195

Ir

46

Palladium

Pd

106

Nickel

Ni

192

Samarium

77

45

Rhodium

Rh

103

Cobalt

Co

Gd

157

Gold

Au

197

Silver

96

64

Curium

Cm

Gadolinium

79

47

Ag

108

Copper

Cu

201

Bk

Terbium

Tb

159

Mercury

Hg

97

Berkelium

65

80

48

Cadmium

Cd

112

Zinc

Zn

11

Dy

162

Thallium

Tl

204

Indium

Cf
98

Californium

66

Es

Holmium

Ho

165

Lead

Pb

207

Tin

99

Einsteinium

67

82

50

119

Sn

115

32

Germanium

Ge

73

Silicon

In

Gallium

Dysprosium

81

49

31

70

Ga

14

28

Si

Carbon

27

Aluminium

13

12

Al

Boron

B
7

14

75

Sb

122

Arsenic

As

Bi

209

Fermium

Fm

Erbium

Er

167

Bismuth

100

68

83

51

Antimony

33

15

Phosphorus

31

Nitrogen

N
8

Se

79

Sulphur

32

Oxygen

Po

169

Md

Thulium

Tm

101

Mendelevium

69

84

Polonium

52

Tellurium

Te

128

Selenium

34

16

16

O
9

Yb

173

Astatine

At

Iodine

127

Bromine

Br

80

Chlorine

No
102

Nobelium

70

Ytterbium

85

53

35

17

Cl

35.5

Fluorine

19

Lr

Lutetium

Lu

175

Radon

Rn

Xenon

Xe

131

Krypton

Kr

84

Argon

Ar

40

Neon

103

Lawrencium

71

86

54

36

18

10

Ne

20

Helium

Hydrogen

VII

VI

He

IV

III

The volume of one mole of any gas is 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure (r.t.p.).

91

Pa

Th

232

Praseodymium

Cerium

59

141

Pr

140

74

Tungsten

42

Molybdenum

24

Chromium

Cr

Ce

Tantalum

41

23

Vanadium

Group

DATA SHEET
The Periodic Table of the Elements

16