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LIC Lab Manual

ACTIVE NOTCH FILTER


AIM
To design and setup a notch filter with a notch frequency f N = 1 KHz.

COMPONENTS AND EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED


Sl.
No.
1
2

Name of Component or Equipment


Op-amp IC
Resistors

Capacitors

4
5
6
7

Dual Power Supply


Function Generator
CRO
Bread Board

Value
A741
15K
100K
10K
8.2K
0.01F
0.02F
(15-0-15)V
(0-1)MHz
(0-20)MHz

Quantity
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1

PRINCIPLE
The narrow band reject filter is commonly called a notch filter and is useful for the
rejection of single frequency. It is used to filter 60Hz power line frequency hum. The
most commonly used notch filter is the twin-T network.

This is a passive filter

composed of two T-shaped networks. One T network is made up of two resistors and a
capacitor, while the other uses two capacitors and a resistor. The notch-out frequency
is the frequency at which maximum attenuation occurs; it is given by
1

fN = 2RC
We have to select a particular notch frequency. At the notch frequency the output
of both the T networks will have a phase difference of 180. Thus they will cancel each
other. Thus there will be no output from the filter at notch frequency. This way we can
remove a particular frequency and hence the name notch filters. The passive twin-T
network has a relatively low figure of merit, Q. The Q of the network can be increased

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LIC Lab Manual


significantly if it is used with the voltage follower. The most common use of notch filters
is in communications and biomedical instruments for eliminating undesired frequencies.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
R
15K

15K

+15V

741
C

0.01F

0.01F
2

Vin

R/2
8.7K

R1

2C 0.02F

10K

-15V

1Vpp

R2
100K
+15V
2
-

7
6

741
+
4
3

-15V

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LIC Lab Manual

Frequency Response

fL fN fH
logf

3dB

Gain
in dB

DESIGN
Let f N be the centre frequency. Also f N

fL fH

BW = fH - fL
Q-factor =

Re sonantFreq uency
BW

Let f N 1KHz.
1

fN = 2RC = 1KHz.
Take C = 0.01F then R 15K
Then 2C = 0.02F and R/2 = 8.2K.

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60

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LIC Lab Manual

PROCEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Set up the connections as shown in the circuit diagram on a bread board.


Connect the power supply to the circuit and switch ON.
Feed sine wave of 1Vpp to the input of the circuit.
Vary the input signal frequency of the circuit.
Measure the amplitude of the corresponding output wave from CRO.
Tabulate the readings.
Plot the frequency response graph with log f along X-axis and gain along

Y-

axis.

OBSERVATIONS
Vin = 1Vpp
F in Hz

Vo
Log f
In volts

Gain in db
20log Vo/Vin

RESULT
Designed and setup a notch filter and plotted the frequency response.
Sl.
No
1
2
3

Parameter

Theoretical

Practical

Resonant Frequency
Band width
Q - factor

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61

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