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(2)

Ans:

The branch of science which deals with the study of matter and energyand

their mutual relationship is called Physics.

(2) Write names of the branches of Physics?

Ans:

(1) Mechanics (2) Heat & Thermodynamics (3) Sound (4) Light

(5) Electromagnetism (6) Atomic and Molecular Physics (7) Nuclear Physics

(8)Plasma Physics (9) Solid Physics

Why do we study physics?

We study physics to under stand the laws of nature and how nature effects

thehuman action.

(3) Define Plasma?Ans:

The state of matter at a very high temperature comprising the ions

andelectrons is called plasma.

(4)

Name the branches of physics overlapping the other branches of science?

Ans:

(1) Astrophysics (2) Geophysics (3) Biophysics

(7)

Who studied the freely falling bodies?

Ans:

Galileo studied the freely falling bodies

BRANCHES OF PHYSICS:Mechanics:

It is the study of motion of objects, the causes and effect.

Heat:

It deals with the nature of heat, modes of transfer and effects of heat.

Sound:

It deals with the physical aspects of sound waves, their production,

properties andapplications.

Light (Optics

):It is the study of physical aspects of light, its properties, working and use of

opticalinstruments.

Electricity and magnetism:

It is the study of the changes at rest and in motion, their effects and

theirrelationships with magnetism.

Atomic physics:

It is the study of the structure and properties of atom.

Nuclear physics:

It deals with the properties and behaviour of nuclei and the particles within

thenuclei.

Plasma physics:

It is the study of production, properties of the ionic state of matter

Geophysics:

It is the study of the internal structure of the earth.

System international units:

A world-wide system of measurements is known as system international

units (SI). InSI, the units of seven base quantities are meter, kilogram,

second, ampere, Kelvin,candela and mole.

vernier callipers:

An instrument used to measure small lengths such as internal and external

diameteror length of a cylinder etc is called vernier calipers.Least count of

vernier calliper is 1/10 cm or 0.1 cm which is also called vernierconstant.

Screw gauge:

A screw gauge is used to measure small lengths such as diameter of a

wire,thickness of a metal sheet etc.The least count of micrometer screw

gauge is 0.01 mm

Physical balance

Physical balance is a modified type of a beam balance used to measure

smallmasses by comparison with greater accuracy.

MEASUREMENTSWhy a standard unit is need to measure a quantity

correctly.Ans:

Various units have been in use in different times in different parts of

theworld. The fast means of communication systems have changed the world

into aglobal village. Due to this reason an international system of units for

mutualbusiness became essential.The eleventh general conference of

weights and measures recommended that allthe countries of world should

adopted a system of same kind of standard units,consisting of seven base

units known as international system of units (SI) andderived units.

Q: What is meant by base and derived units? Give three examples of

derivedunits and explain how they are derived from base units.

Ans:

Base Units:

The units of base quantities are called base units.

Examples:

Kilogram (kg), meter (m), second (s), Ampere (A)

Derived Units:

The units of derived quantities which are derived from base unitsare called

derived units.

Examples:

Unit of Area: m

2

.Unit of Volume: m

3

Unit of Density: Kg m

-3

Unit of speed: meter per second (ms

-1

),Unit of weight: NewtonUnit of force: Newton,Unit of Pressure: Pascal

Q : How they are derived from base units:

These units are obtained by multiplication, division or both of base units.Unit

of Area: length x breadthUnit of length x unit of breadthMeter x meterm x m:

m

2

Unit of Volume: length x breadth x heightUnit of length x unit of breadth x

unit of heightMeter x meter x meterm x m x m: m

3

Unit of Density: MassVolumeUnit of massUnit of volumeQ:

What is the number of base units in System International (SI)?

Ans.

There are seven base units which are given belowNumber Physical Quantity

Unit Symbol1. Length Meter (m2. Mass Kilogram(kg3. Time Seconds (s4.

Electric current Ampere( A5. Temperature Kelvin( K6. Intensity of light

Candela(cd7. Amount of substance(Mole mol

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