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PDVSA

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL


VOLUME 9I
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA N

TITLE

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

K302

0
REV.

AUG.94

FOR APPROVAL

DATE

APPD.BY Eliecer Jimnez

E1994

DESCRIPTION
DATE

32

L.T.

E.J.

A.N.

PAG.

REV.

APPD.

APPD.

DATE

AUG.94

AUG.94 APPD.BY Alejandro Newski

ESPECIALISTAS

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

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Index
Page

1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 CODES, STANDARDS AND PRACTICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5 ORIFICE PLATES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5

Standard orifice plates (Ref. Fig. 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


NonStandard Orifice Bores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Line Size Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Design Considerations (Ref. Fig. 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8
10
10
11
11

6 ORIFICE FLANGES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19

6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6

Raised Face Orifice Flanges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Ring type joint orifice flanges and carrier rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Carrier rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pressure Taps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gaskets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19
20
21
22
23
23

7 PREFABRICATED METER RUNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23

7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4

Orifice meter run sizes 11/2 inches and below . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Orifice meter run for line sizes 2 to 12 inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Orifice meter run for sizes 2 to 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Integral orifice d/p cell assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

24
25
26
26

8 NOZZLES AND VENTURI TUBES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

26

9 RESTRICTION ORIFICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27

10 PRIMARY ELEMENT CALCULATIONS FOR DIFFERENTIAL


PRESSURE TYPE DEVICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27

11 OTHER PRIMARY ELEMENT DEVICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28

12 FLOW INSTRUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28

13 SPECIFICATION FORMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29

14 INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29

15 Q.A. / Q.C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
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FOREWORD

This document is the result of several years work by engineers in the petroleum industry
of Venezuela (PDVSA).
The recommendations presented in this publication are not intended to supersede
applicable laws and regulations.
Users of this recommended practice are reminded that no publication of this type can be
complete, nor, can any written document, be substituted for qualifed engineering analysis.
Suggested revisions are invited and should be submitted to:

The manager
PDVSA Engineering Standards,
C/O INTEVEP TENA Divisin,
Apartado 76343
Caracas 1070A
Venezuela

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
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SCOPE
This section covers PDVSA requirements for the design, specification, installation
and commissioning of flow instrumentation. All guidelines of the introduction
specification K300 shall also be explicitly followed.

CODES, STANDARDS AND PRACTICES


A.G.A.
reports 3 to 8
I.S.O. 5167 and 5168
A.P.I.
MPMS 5.1 to 5.5 87/82
A.P.I. RP550
Section 1
ANSI
B 46.1
ANSI/API 2530
ANSI B 16.36
BS1042
NACEMR 0175
FLOW MEASUREMENT ENGINEERING HANDBOOK by R.W. MILLER
SHELL FLOW METER ENGINEERING HANDBOOK 2nd EDITION 1985
(McGRAWHILL PUBLICATION)

DEFINITIONS
All definitions are listed in specification K300.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Page
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GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
4.1

Each flow meter application shall be reviewed carefully and the required
measurement accuracies shall be classified as listed below during the design
stage.
The system includes primary element such as an orifice plate or turbine or positive
displacement meter, a local readout device or transmitter and necessary
pressure, temperature and component analysis measurements to correct the
primary element reading for varying physical parameters. The error figure cited
includes error of each individual component in the system.
This specification covers fluid flow measurement in pipes only. For open channel
measurement the standards referred to in the flow measurement engineering
handbook by R.W. Miller shall be consulted and the proposed method agreed
with PDVSA.
Measurement classification

Maximum system error

LESS THAN 1.0%

LESS THAN 2.0%

> 2.0%

All measurements of fluids to and from a plant at its battery limit and all custody
transfer meters shall be class 1 designed in accordance with I.S.O.5167 and/or
ANSI/API2530 and/or ANSI/API MPMS 5.15.5.
All other measurements are class 3 except those identified as class 2 by process
engineers in order to perform efficiency calculations of process plant or rotating
equipment.

4.2

Tables 1 and 2 on pages 5 and 6 list various types of primary elements, their typical
applications and relative cost indication. This standard deals essentialy with
orifice plate and differential pressure producing type primary elements.

4.3

Other flow elements and devices such as venturi (standard or lowloss),nozzle,


pitot tube, annubar, turbine meter, vortex meter, positive displacement meter,
magnetic flow meter, mass flow meter, rotameters, insertion typeturbine, hot
wire, etc... shall be selected to meet particular service conditions such as low
pressure drop, high metering accuracy, flow in small or very large bore piping,
ducts, underwater, etc. The meter size selected shall ensure linearity of the
measurement within the required accuracy limits to suit the minimum specified
operational flow rates. All such applications shall be discussed with and approved
by PDVSA. Also see paragraph 11.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

PDVSA K302

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
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TABLE 1.
FLOW METER SELECTION TABLE. SQUARE SCALE, RANGEABILITY 4:1
A RECOMMENDED
B LIMITED APPLICATION
BLANK NOT RECOMMENDED

L LOW
M MEDIUM
H HIGH

LIQUIDS

COST

>2000

>1000

>100

>200

>10000

>10000

>75000

MAX.

KG/CM

PRESS.

PRESSURE LOSS

MAINTENANCE

3%

INSTALLATION

<1/2

EQUIPMENT
(RELATIVE)

INTEGRAL

REYNOLDS
NUMBER

ABRASIVE

2%

FIBROUS

1/2 TO
1 1/2

CORROSIVE

DIRTY

VISCOUS

DIRTY

CLEAN

CLEAN

1%

HONED METER RUN

R
I

>2

STEAM

SQUARE EDGED

ACCURACY

FLOW METER

LINE SIZE INS.

SLURRY

TEMP. C

GASES

MAX.

QUADRANT

>2

3%

ECCENTRIC

>2

3%

SEGMENTAL

>4

3%

VENTURI

>2

2%

FLOW NOZZLE

>2

2%

>10000

LOLOSS

>3

2%

>10000

PITOT

>3

5%

NO
LIMIT

MULTIPORT

>1

3%

>10000

ELBOW

>2

5%

>10000

WEDGE

>1

5%

>500

600

450

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Page
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TABLE 2.
FLOW METER SELECTION TABLE. LINEAR SCALE, RANGEABILITY 10:1
A RECOMMENDED
B LIMITED APPLICATION
BLANK NOT RECOMMENDED

L LOW
M MEDIUM
H HIGH

LIQUIDS

GASES

COST

INSTALLATION

MAINTENANCE

PRESSURE LOSS

NO
LIMIT

300

150

NO
LIMIT

1%

EQUIPMENT
(RELATIVE)

ABRASIVE

REYNOLDS

FIBROUS

NUMBER

CORROSIVE

KG/CM

100

PRESS.

200

DIRTY

STEAM

DIRTY

MAX.

VISCOUS

MASS (CORIOLIS)

ULTRASONIC

CLEAN

UPTO
3%
72

MAX.

CLEAN

MAGNETIC

ACCURACY

FLOW METER

LINE SIZE INS.

TEMP. C

SLURRY

POSITIVE
DISPLACEMENT

12

1%

300

100

<8000
CST

TURBINE

24

1%

300

200

<20
CST

TIME OF FLIGHT

>1

5%

300

PIPE
RATING

NO
LIMIT

DOPPLER

>1

5%

200

IDEM

IDEM

VARIABLE AREA

>3

2%

500

350

TO HIGHLY
VISCOUS
LIQUIDS

VORTEX

>6

2%

400

100

>10000

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

PDVSA K302

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual
THICKNESS

Indice volumen

T OF THE PLATE

UPSTREAM FACE

DOWNSTREAM FACE

ANGLE OF
BEVEL

INSIDE
PIPE
DIAMETER
THICKNESS OF THE ORIFICE

0d

FLOW

0D

AXIAL CENTRELINE

DOWNSTREAM EDGES
CALCULATED
ORIFICE
DIAMETER

UPSTREAM
EDGE

FIGURE 1
STANDARD ORIFICE PLATE

AND

Indice norma

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
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4.4

Flow metering runs shall be supplied complete with prefabricated meter runs in
accordance with details in paragraphs 7 and 14.

4.5

The use of flow straightners shall be discussed with and approved by PDVSA. The
finally selected item shall conform with I.S.O.5167, section 6.3.

ORIFICE PLATES
5.1
5.1.1

Standard Orifice Plates (Ref. Fig. 2)


Plate type
Standard type orifice plates referred to in this document are flat circular plates of
uniform thickness, with a concentric hole (orifice). The hole is either square edged
on the upstream and downstream faces or with a 45 degree bevel on the
downstream edge, depending on the thickness of the plate.
Orifice plates may be of the Paddle or Slip type (circular with a tab or handle) for
use in orifice flanges, or Universal, for use in orifice fittings, carrier or ring type joint
plate holders.

5.1.2

Orifice diameter
The orifice diameter (d) is dependent on the particular application and shall be
determined by calculation based on ISO 5167. Orifice sizing calculation and
program shall be subject to PDVSA approval. Also see paragraph 10.0.
For applications where the highest accuracy is required, the orifice diameter
shall be calculated so that maximum d/D ratio does not exceed 0.6. This will
ensure that the flow coefficient uncertainty is 0.6%.
d ratios higher than 0.6, the % uncertainty is equal to the beta ratio.
For + D
For less demanding lower accuracy applications, the d/D ratio shall not exceed
0.7. The minimum d/D shall be 0.3.

5.1.3

Tolerance on specified orifice diameter


The orifice diameter shall be machined or ground to within + 0.01d (for d < 50 mm)
or + 0.05 mm (for d > 50 mm) of the specified diameter determined in 5.5.5 above.
The orifice bore shall be truly at right angles to the face of the plate. For highest
accuracy measurement the actual orifice diameter shall be measured in
accordance with ISO 5167 Section 7.1.7.2.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

PDVSA K302

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
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PADDLE TYPE ORIFICE PLATE


C
CL

T THICKNESS
17

15
B
DOWNSTREAM FACE
W

45 WHERE
APPLICABLE
d

CL

UPSTREAM
EDGE G

ANY PART OF

PLATE SURFACE

FIGURE 2

HOLE DIA Y
SEE DETAIL 1 FOR

(WHERE APPLICABLE)

ANY CHORD L

STRAIGHT EDGE

PLATE FLATNESS

UNIVERSAL ORIFICE PLATE


T THICKNESS

FLATNESS L

CL

NOT TO EXCEED
DOWNSTREAM FACE

0.01 L AT ANY POINT


UNDER FLOW CONDITIONS

45 WHERE
APPLICABLE
d

CL

DOWNSTREAM EDGES
H&I

FIGURE 2
STANDARD ORIFICE PLATES

DETAIL 1

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

5.2

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PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

10

Indice norma

NonStandard Orifice Bores

5.2.1

Other types of nonstandard plates with special orifice bores such as segmental,
eccentric, and quarter round bores can be used to meet the specific application.
The field of application consist of viscous fluids, dirty fluids, two phase flow,
entrained solids in liquid or gas flow stream. The error is 50% greater than the
figures listed for a standard concentric bore orifice plate.

a.

QuadrantEdged Orifice The quadrant or quarter circle bore is an orifice where


the inlet edge is rounded. The radius of the quarter circle bore is a function of the
beta ratio. This bore is specially designed for fluids of high viscosity and low
Reynolds number such as heavy crudes, syrups and slurries. The key factors are
critical manufacturing dimensions and lower accuracy.

b.

Conical Entrance Orifice The quarter circle of the quadrant is replaced by a


conical entrance and is more difficult to manufacture than the quadrant.
Applications are similar to the above for use on viscous fluids with a very low
Reynolds number.

c.

Eccentric and Segmental Orifice These orifices were developed to meter liquids
containing sediment and gases entrained within liquids. Both the segment and the
eccentric orifice are inscribed in a circle which is 98% of the pipe diameter.
Construction materials, plate thickness, edge sharpness, etc. are identical to
those for the square edged concentric orifice. Sizing and flow equations are the
same as for other differential producers. The segmental orifice allows drainage
of foreign material at the side of the pipe where the opening is located to a greater
extent than the eccentric orifice. This Characteristic makes it useful for measuring
wet steam, liquids containing granular solids and oils containing water. For liquids
containing gas or vapour the segment may be located at the top of the pipe.
However, for these fluids, a concentric orifice located in a vertical pipe with upward
flow would be preferred for greater accuracy. In all other respects the eccentric
orifice is superior to the segmental orifice.

5.3

Line Size Limitations


ISO 5167 is applicable for line sizes 50 mm (2 in.) to 1200 mm (24 in.). The
recommendations of BS1042 shall be followed for metering in line sizes 1 1/2
inches and below. The metering section shall consist of a meter run and an orifice
plate. The meter run and the orifice plate shall be procured as one complete unit
and calibrated in a N.B.S. (now N.I.S.T.) approved flow laboratory and a calibration
curve obtained for the assembly. See paragraph 7.1 for additional details.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA
Men Principal

5.4

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION
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PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

11

Indice norma

Materials
The orifice plate material shall be compatible with the process fluid. The preferred
material is type 316 austenitic stainless steel. Type 304 stainless steel, Monel,
Hastelloy or any other material shall be used to resist the fluid corrosion and
erosion properties.

5.5

Design Considerations (Ref. Fig. 2)


The following design considerations apply to both paddle type and universal
plates unless otherwise specified.

5.5.1

Plate thickness
The thickness of the orifice plate (T) shall be in accordance with ISO 5167 Section
7.1.4, viz. between e and 0.05D, where D is the internal diameter of the line taking
note of the fact that the minimum plate thickness as per ASME 1971 is as follows:

PIPE DIAMETER

MINIMUM PLATE THICKNESS IN INCHES FOR


DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE IN INCHES OF WATER

Inches

100

200

2011000

6 and below

0.125

0.125

0.125

8 and 10

0.125

0.125

0.25

12 to 20

0.25

0.25

0.375

> 24

0.375

0.375

0.5

For systems with differential pressure up to 200 inches W.G., the thickness of the
plate shall not be less than 0.0156D, where D is the internal diameter of the line,
in order to prevent plastic buckling and elastic deformation in excess of that
allowed in ISO 5167 Section 7.1.1.3.
For systems with differential pressure greater than 201 inches W.G. the plate
thickness shall not be less than 0.02D.
See paragraph 5.5.3 for dimensions in metric units.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

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FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

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5.5.2

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PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

12

Indice norma

Orifice edge thickness


For plate thickness up to 0.02D the orifice edge thickness (e) shall be equal to T.
For plate thickness greater than 0.02D, the downstream edge of the plate shall be
bevelled at 45 to achieve an edged thickness of 0.02D. See paragraph 5.5.3 for
dimensions in metric units.

LINE SIZE
D
INCHES

ORIFICE EDGE THICKNESS (e) INCHES


FOR ORIFICE PLATE THICKNESS INCHES
0.125 (1/8)

0.25 (1/4)

0.375 (3/8)

0.5 (1/2)

0.04

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.06

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.06

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.06

N/A

N/A

N/A

No Bevel*

0.138

N/A

N/A

10

No Bevel*

0.138

N/A

N/A

12

0.138

0.138

N/A

14

No Bevel*

0.236

N/A

16

No Bevel*

0.236

N/A

18

No Bevel*

0.315

0.315

20

No Bevel*

0.315

0.315

24

N/A

No Bevel*

0.394

* Use of orifice plate with no bevel is not recommended except for the application
where the plate measures flow in both directions. However in these cases the
surface finish on both sides shall conform with paragraph 5.5.4.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

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5.5.3

PDVSA K302

Indice manual

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REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

13

Indice norma

Orifice plate and orifice edge thicknesses (metric units)


Orifice plate and orifice edge thicknesses in paragraph Nos. 5.5.1 and 5.5.2 are
in english units. The recommended dimensions in metric units are as follows:
Line size D
Inches
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

5.5.4

MMs.
15
20
25
40
50
80
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600

Orifice plate
T
Thickness (MMs.)
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
4.0
6.0
6.0
7.0
9.0
9.0
12.0
12.0
16.0

Orifice edge
e
Thickness (MMs.)
0.24
0.34
0.42
0.64
1.0
1.5
1.5
1.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
6.0
6.0
8.0
8.0
10.0

Surface finish
The upstream surface finish shall in accordance with ISO 5167 have a
roughness criterion Ra < 0.0001d, where d is the orifice bore dimension. For
newly manufactured plates Ra shall be < 0.8 micrometres, in accordance with
ANSI B46.1.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

14

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

5.5.5

PDVSA K302

Indice manual

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Indice norma

Outside diameter of plate paddle type orifice plate


For the paddle type orifice plate, the outside diameter of the plate (dimension
A) shall be machined to provide an uniformly circular disc and the dimensions
shall be in accordance with the values shown in Table below to a tolerance of
0.00 in. and 0.016 in.
TABLE 3.
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE GIVEN IN INCHES TO CORRESPOND
WITH ANSI B16.36 SERIES
ANSI B16.36

SIZE OF PIPE
NPS
(ins.)

DN
(mm)

Class 300
A

Class 600
A

Class 900
A

25

2.875

2.875

3.125

1.0

1.5

40

3.750

3.750

3.875

1.0

50

4.375

4.375

5.625

1.0

2.5

65

5.125

5.125

6.500

1.25

80

5.875

5.875

6.625

1.25

100

7.125

7.625

8.125

1.25

150

9.875

10.500

11.375

1.5

200

12.125

12.625

14.125

1.5

10

250

14.250

15.750

17.125

1.5

12

300

16.625

18.000

19.625

1.5

14

350

19.125

19.375

20.500

1.5

16

400

21.250

22.250

22.625

1.5

18

450

23.375

24.000

25.000

1.5

20

500

25.625

26.750

27.375

1.5

24

600

30.375

31.000

32.875

1.5

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

15

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

5.5.6

PDVSA K302

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Outside diameter of plate universal orifice plate


For the universal (circular) orifice plate, dimensions are as per table below. These
are typical values for guidance only which would be required to give concentricity
in most proprietory orifice fittings. All dimensions are in inches.
TABLE 4.
Line
sizes

Plate OD (A)

Tolerance

1.312

+0.003

0.003

1.5

2.000

+0.003

0.003

2.437

+0.003

0.003

2.5

2.812

+0.003

0.003

3.437

+0.003

0.003

4.406

+0.003

0.003

6.437

+0.003

0.006

8.437

+0.003

0.006

10

10.687

+0.003

0.006

12

12.593

+0.003

0.006

14

14.000

+0.003

0.008

16

16.000

+0.003

0.008

18

18.000

+0.003

0.008

20

20.000

+0.003

0.008

24

24.000

+0.003

0.012

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

5.5.7

Indice manual

Indice volumen

PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

16

Indice norma

Drain and vent holes


Where process conditions require the use of drain or vent holes they shall be
in accordance with BS. 1042: Section 1.2: Part 3. The standard provides for
the use of these holes in line sizes greater than 4 inches only.
Orifice plates with drain holes shall only be used in line sizes 100 mm (4 in.) or
smaller where it is essential to do so. The additional uncertainty in the
discharge coefficient arising from the use of a drain hole in these line sizes is
not quantified by the Standard.
When installed, the plate should be positioned so that the drain hole is located
at the lowest point on wet gas service and the highest point on liquid service with
gas entrainment.

5.5.8

Orifice plate fabrication details


Each and every new orifice plate shall be fabricated in accordance with details
on PDVSA drawing No. 1 and 2. The drawing No. 1 is in Spanish and drawing
No. 2 is in English. Copies of the drawings are included at the end of this
specification.
The fabrication details shall be completed for each orifice plate in accordance
with the specific application requirement. The details in Tables 5 and 6 aid in
completing the dimensional data required on the drawing.
The details of all existing orifice plates installed in the plant shall also be
tabulated on PDVSA drawing Nos. 1 and 2 and it is strongly suggested to
fabricate a new replacement orifice plate in accordance with recommendations
as per this specification.
The details can be completed in either inches or millimetres. However it is strongly
recommended to use the metric version only at the first available opportunity, for
example during fabrication of a replacement orifice plate.
The drawing can be used for either paddle type or universal type orifice plate.
However if the installed plate is universal type, the word universal shall be
indicated in bold large type letters on the drawing in order to facilitate easy
identification.

5.5.9

Marking
For orifice plates with handles (paddle type), the orifice diameter, line size, plate
material, instrument tag number and the flange rating shall be stamped on the
upstream face of the handle.
For the universal (circular) orifice plate, the orifice diameter, line size, plate
material, instrument tag number and the flange rating shall be stamped clearly on
the downstream face of the plate, as near to the outer edge as possible.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

PDVSA K302

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

17

Indice norma

TABLE 5.
SQUARE EDGE ORIFICE DETAILS IN MMS
Nom. line
size

B+
1 mm

A + 0.4 mm
ANSI flange class

ANSI flange class

mm

in.

300

600

900

1500

2500

300

600

50

110.6

110.6

143.8

143.8

146.4

115

115

900

1500

2500 1mm

125

130

135

140

140

150

30

+ 0.1mm + 2% + 1mm + 1mm

1.0

+ 1mm

2.0

51

21.0

1.0

2.5

84

33.0

1.5

3.0

109

45.5

2.0

4.0

164

70.5

2.0

208

95.0

3.0

261

120.0

4.0

315

144.0

5.0

356

163.5

5.5

406

188.5

6.5

456

213.5

7.5

508

238.0

8.0

610

288.0

10.0

125
80

148.1

148.1

169.7

175.0

197.6

120

120

100

180.0

194.6

206.9

209.5

235.7

125

125

130

1.5
40

150

251.8

267.1

289.6

283.9

317.1

120

130

135

145
170

200

308.3

320.6

359.7

353.0

386.9

125

155

135

6.0
250

10

361.8

400.0

435.5

435.0

476.2

130

145

300

12

422.2

456.8

498.3

520.4

350

14

485.0

492.3

520.9

577.6

549.2

135

140

140

145

3.5

185
145

165

45
195

7.0

175
6.0

400

16

539.5

564.7

574.3

640.7

637.4

703.8

150

155

180

160

195

9.0

145
450

18

596.3

612.2

50

155
500

20

653.1

682.0

696.8

754.9

150

600

24

774.0

789.0

837.0

901.0

160

165

8.0
165

205

190

220

60

10.0

12.0

16.0

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

PDVSA K302

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

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REVISION

DATE

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18

Indice norma

TABLE 6.
SQUARE EDGE ORIFICE DETAILS IN INCHES
A INCHES+
1/64

NOM.
PIPE
SIZE
INCHES

300 lb

600 lb

900 lb

1500 lb

4.375

4.375

5.625

5.625

5.750

0.04

1/8

0.8

0.04

5.875

5.875

6.625

6.875

7.750

1 1/4

0.06

1/8

3.3

1.3

0.06

7.125

7.625

8.125

8.250

9.250

1.25

0.06

1/8

4.3

1.8

0.08

9.875

10.500

11.375

11.125

12.500

1.5

0.06

1/8

6.5

2.8

0.08

12.125

12.625

14.125

13.875

15.250

1.5

0.138

1/4

8.2

3.8

0.12

10

14.250

15.750

17.125

17.125

18.750

1.5

0.138

1/4

10.3

4.8

0.16

12

16.625

18.000

19.625

20.500

21.625

1.5

0.138

3/8

12.5

5.7

0.2

14

19.125

19.375

20.500

1.5

0.236

3/8

14

6.5

0.2

16

21.250

22.250

22.625

1.5

0.236

3/8

16

7.5

0.26

18

23.375

24.000

25.000

1.5

0.315

3/8

18

8.5

0.3

20

25.625

26.750

27.375

1.5

0.315

3/8

20

9.4

0.32

24

30.375

31.000

32.875

1.5

0.394

1/2

24

11.3

0.4

B
2500 lb

INCHES INCHES
+
+1/64
1/64

INCHES INCHES INCHES


+
+
+
1/64
2%
1/64

INCHES INCHES
+
+
1/64
1/64

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

Indice manual

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PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

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Page

19

Indice norma

ORIFICE FLANGES
6.1

Raised Face Orifice Flanges


Raised face orifice flanges referred to in this document are standard raised face
weld neck flanges for use with the paddle type orifice plates.
ORIFICE PLATE TAB
C

PRESSURE TAP CENTRE


DISTANCE TO ORIFICE PLATE
SURFACE INCLUDES GASKET
THICKNESS

+.04

+.04

SOCKET WELD CONNECTION


FOR 1/2 NB PIPE

FLOW

ORIFICE PLATE.
FOR DETAILS SEE
FIGURE 1

GASKET TO BE AS
THIN AS POSSIBLE

TT

TT

TT TO BE 0.08D WITH MAXIMUM OF 0.5 INCH

STANDARD RAISED FACE ORIFICE FLANGES

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA
Men Principal

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION
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20

Indice norma

6.1.1

The design and selection shall be in accordance with the piping specification for
the particular line containing the orifice flange. The minimum rating shall be 300
lbs. ANSI. The design shall be in accordance with ANSI B16.5, ANSI B16.36,
ANSI B 46.1 and ISO 5167. The flange thickness shall not be less than 38 mm
(1.5 in.). The flange bore shall be specified to match the internal diameter of the
piping schedule.

6.1.2

For line sizes of 50 mm (2 in.) and above the pressure tappings shall be flange type
in accordance with ISO 5167 Section 7.2. For line sizes below 50 mm (2 in.) the
pressure tapping shall be corner type in accordance with BS 1042:Section
1.3:Paragraph 6.2.

6.1.3

Spreader bolts (jack screws) shall be provided in flanges, in diametrically


opposing positions. See Shell Flow Metering Engineering Handbook 2 nd
Edition, Figures 3.1.9 and 3.2.9 for additional details.

6.1.4

Inner surfaces at welds shall be ground to remove all burrs and to conform to ISO
5167 Sections 6.1.8. and 6.5.1. Surface finish shall comply with ISO5167
specifications.

6.2

Ring Type Joint Orifice Flanges and Carrier Rings

6.2.1

Ring type joint orifice flanges referred to in this document are standard RTJ weld
neck orifice flanges with flange tap pressure connections, for use with orifice
carrier rings.

6.2.2

Ring type joint orifice flanges shall only be used on the following line sizes, in
accordance with ANSI B16.36:
Class 900:

up to 300 mm (12 in.) NB

Class 1500:

up to 150 mm (6 in.) NB

Class 2500:

up to 75 mm (3 in.) NB.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

Indice manual

DATE

AUG.94

Page

21

Indice volumen

Indice norma

Carrier Rings
Carrier rings are designed to fit directly between ring type joint orifice flanges.
They contain a removable square edged universal orifice plate and do not have
pressure taps. They are designed with either octagonal or oval rings. Carrier
dimensions shall be in accordance with ISO 5167 Section 7.2.4.
0

PRESSURE TAPPINGS

CARRIER RING
a) CARRIER RING
WITH ANNULAR SLOT

:THICKNESS OF THE SLOT

:LENGTH OF THE UPSTREAM RING

c :LENGTH OF THE DOWNSTREAM RING


b

:DIAMETER OF THE RING

:WIDTH OF THE ANNULAR SLOT

AXIAL CENTER LINE

a
D

6.3.1

REVISION

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

6.3

PDVSA K302

FLOW DIRECTION

ORIFICE PLATE

b) INDIVIDUAL TAPPINGS

CARRIER RING

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

22

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

6.4

PDVSA K302

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

Pressure Taps

6.4.1

Pressure taps shall be in accordance with ISO 5167 Section 7.2.

0.5 D + 0.02 D FOR

0.5 D + 0.01 D FOR

< 0.6
> 0.6

+ 0.1D
D-

0D

DIRECTION OF FLOW

0d

D AND D/2 PRESSURE TAPPINGS

FLANGE TAPPINGS
(25.4 +
> 0.6 AND 58 mm < D < 150
0.5) mm FOR
mm
+
< 0.6
(25.4 1) mm FOR
> 0.6 BUT 50 mm < D < 58 mm
OR FOR
OR FOR

> 0.6 BUT 150 mm < D < 760mm

SPACING OF PRESSURE TAPPINGS FOR ORIFICE


PLATES WITH D AND D/2 OR FLANGE TAPPINGS

6.4.2

Two pairs of taps shall be provided for each orifice flange and each tap provided
with a plug.

6.4.3

For flanges and fittings below 50 mm (2 in.) nominal bore, corner taps shall be
used. For pipe sizes 50 mm (2 in.) and above, flanges taps shall be used.

6.4.4

Pressure tap diameter shall be in accordance with ANSI B16.36, i.e:


12.7 mm (0.5 in.) for 100 mm (4 in.) NB and above
9.5 mm (0.375 in.) for 75 mm (3 in.) NB
6.3 mm (0.25 in.) below 75 mm (3 in.) NB.

6.4.5

Flange connections shall be threaded, seal, butt or socket welded as specified.


For sour service, connections shall be in accordance with NACE STANDARD MR
017590.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA
Men Principal

6.4.6

6.5

Indice manual

Indice volumen

REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

23

Indice norma

Unused pressure taps shall be plugged and welded. For sour service, materials,
welding, heat treatment shall be in accordance with NACE STANDARD MR
017590.

Gaskets

6.5.1

The use of gaskets shall be in accordance with ISO 5167 Section 6.5.4.

6.5.2

The thickness of the gaskets shall, where compatible with the piping specification,
be 1.5 mm, and in any case not greater than 0.03D where D is the line diameter.
Where gaskets thicker than 1.5 mm are required, then the raised face of the orifice
flange shall be suitably modified in accordance with ANSI B16.36 clause 7.1 note
1, to meet the spacing requirements of the pressure tappings.

6.5.3

Gaskets shall not protrude at any point inside the pipe.

6.6

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

PDVSA K302

Marking

6.6.1

Flanges and carriers shall be marked with the letter R and the corresponding API
ring groove number in accordance with ANSI B16.5 Table 5.

6.6.2

Material, line size and tag no. shall be stamped clearly on each unit.

PREFABRICATED METER RUNS


They consist of the following four types of assemblies three of which include an
orifice assembly mounted between prefabricated and machined pipes and finally
one where the orifice is mounted within a d/p cell transmitter.
S Orifice meter run for line sizes 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches.
S Orifice meter run for line sizes 2 to 12 inches.
S Orifice meter run for line sizes 14 to 24 inches.
S Integral orifice d/p cell assembly.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

24

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

7.1

PDVSA K302

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

Orifice Meter Run Sizes 11/2 Inches and Below

7.1.1

They are used to measure small flows where the fluid temperature prohibits the
use of integral orifice assembly and also where the 5% error in measurement
using an integral orifice d/p cell is unacceptable.

7.1.2

Assemblies shall be in accordance with details in Figure below and calibrated in


a N.B.S. approved flow laboratory.

7.1.3

Hydrostatic tests of the orifice assembly shall be carried out in accordance with
ANSI B31.3.
CORNER TAPS
0.5 in (12mm) < D <1.5 in (40mm)
0.1 <
< 0.8
R > 1000
D
END CONNECTIONS
TO SUIT PIPE RATING

NOTE: THREADED OR FLANGED


TUBE ENDS, ASSEMBLED AND
THEN BORED AND HONED

ANNULAR GROOVE

1 in (25.4mm)

1 in (25.4mm)

FLANGE TAPS
1 in (25.4mm) < D <1.5 in (40mm)
< 0.7
0.15 <
RD > 1000
A

LENGTH (MILLIMETRES)

FLANGES

: SLIP ON OR WELD NECK

TAPPINGS

: CORNER OR FLANGE

SIZE

NOTES

: 1. ANNULAR GROOVES FOR HIGH ACCURACY


2. AFTER MANUFACTURE PIPE I.D. ACCURATELY
MEASURED AND USED IN FLOW CALCULATION
3. FOR FABRICATION DETAILS SEE FIG. 10.1.9 OF
SHELL FLOW METER ENGINEERING HANDBOOK

1/2

480

220

3/4

810

240

770

300

1 1/2

1110

420

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

25

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

7.2

PDVSA K302

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

Orifice Meter Run for Line Sizes 2 to 12 Inches

7.2.1

They are used for all Class 1 and Class 2 flow metering system applications.

7.2.2

The assembly shall be in accordance with details in Figure below.

7.2.3

All Class 1 units shall be procured from a fabricator meeting N.B.S. and ASME
standards.
3
2

L2

L1

DOWNSTREAM

UPSTREAM

ITEM
1
2
3
4
5
6

DESCRIPTION
ORIFICE FLANGE SET.
LINE PIPE
JACK SCREW
STUD BOLT WITH NUT
TEMPORARY SPACER
GASKET

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
INCHES
2
3
4
6
8
10
12

L1

L2

MILLIMETRES
750
1200
1500
2250
3000
3750
4500

350
550
700
1050
1400
1750
2100

NOTES:
1) THE UPSTREAM LENGTH OF THE ORIFICE METER RUN IS PART OF THE TOTALLY
REQUIRED STRAIGHT UPSTREAM LENGTH.
2) THE ORIFICE FLANGES SHALL BE FITTED IN SUCH A WAY THAT THE JACK SCREWS
ARE DIAMETRICALLY OPPOSED.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA
Men Principal

7.3

Indice manual

Indice volumen

REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

26

Indice norma

Orifice Meter Run for Sizes 2 to 12

7.3.1

They are used for all Class 1 and Class 2 metering systems.

7.3.2

The assembly shall be in accordance with guidelines in Shell flow meter


engineering handbook, Chapter 11.5.

7.4

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

PDVSA K302

Integral Orifice d/p Cell Assembly

7.4.1

They are used to measure small flows of very clean liquids or gases in line sizes
1/ inch and below.
2

7.4.2

The orifice is mounted integrally within the d/p cell and a N.B.S. approved flow
laboratory curve shall be supplied with each assembly.

7.4.3

The assembly shall be calibrated in a flow laboratory whenever the assembly is


dismantled.

NOZZLES AND VENTURI TUBES


8.1

Flow nozzles shall be used for steam flow measurement and procured as a
complete unit with flanged ends.

8.2

Nozzles and Venturi Tubes shall only be used for applications where process
conditions or requirements preclude the use of orifice plates. Where nozzles or
venturi tubes are required, their design, installation and operation shall conform
to ISO 5167 and A.P.I. RP550.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA
Men Principal

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION
Indice manual

Indice volumen

PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

27

Indice norma

RESTRICTION ORIFICES
9.1

They are used to limit the maximum flow in a pipeline.

9.2

They shall be a standard square edge orifice with no bevel.

9.3

The calculation shall be based on a standard orifice with flange tappings. See
shell flow meter engineering handbook, Chapter 10.3 for additional details.

10 PRIMARY ELEMENT CALCULATIONS FOR DIFFERENTIAL


PRESSURE TYPE DEVICES
10.1

All calculations shall be performed with the software program based on:
S ISO5167/ASME (Miller Sm method)
S SPINK precise calculation
S AGA 3 to 8
S The orifice sizing calculation and program shall be subject to PDVSA approval.

10.2

The preferred initial differential design range shall be 100 inches water gauge to
ensure a beta ratio of 0.3 to 0.7. Other differential ranges shall be selected in order
to meet the requirements of paragraph 5.5.1.

10.3

For compressible fluids the differential in inches of water shall not exceed 1.5
times the static pressure in psia.

10.4

All process data in form N 20.21 shall be obtained from process engineers.

10.5

The final orifice plate calculation shall be tabulated on form N 20.21. The orifice
plate calculation program print out sheet provides the various coefficients, such
as Reynolds number, thermal expansion, etc.

10.6

Expansion factor for compressible fluids shall be based on static pressure


measurements upstream of the orifice plate.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

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Men Principal

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION
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PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

28

Indice norma

11 OTHER PRIMARY ELEMENT DEVICES


11.1

Turbine meters, positive displacement meters or mass flow meters shall be used
where requirements are dictated as per guidelines in paragraph 4.0. All these
meters on class 1 service need a meter prover in accordance with APIMPMS5.1
TO 5.587. A bidirectional or compact type meter prover is preferred. All these
systems are subject to PDVSA approval.

11.2

Magnetic, vortex or insertion type meters shall be used when their applications
warrant as per guidelines in paragraph 4 subject to PDVSA approval. Vortex and
similar primary elements shall be calibrated in a flow laboratory whenever the
assembly is dismantled.

11.3

Glass rotameters shall be used on nonhazardous fluid flow measurement


services below 4 Bar G and 50C. On all other applications, a metal tube
rotameter shall be used.
The rotameters shall be installed without being subjected to any pipe stress and
also with a bypass assembly in order to facilitate maintenance without shutting
down the process.

12 FLOW INSTRUMENTS
12.1

The preferred instrument is a 316 stainless d/p cell transmitter complete with a 316
stainless steel 3valve manifold. Other material shall be used to resist fluid
corrosion properties.

12.2

Other types of instruments and accessories such as bellows, special flow


calculators, etc. may be used to meet the particular application.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA
Men Principal

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION
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PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

29

Indice norma

13 SPECIFICATION FORMS
FORM N

TITLE

20.1 and 20.10


20.20
20.21
20.22
20.23
20.24
20.25

Receiver instruments
Differential pressure instrument
Orifice plate and flanges
Rotameters
Magnetic flow meters
Turbine flow meters
Positive displacement meters

The forms are included at the end of this specification


NOTES:
S All necesary process data shall be obtained from process engineers.
S All additional necessary data to complete the forms shall be obtained from the
selected manufacturers.
S PDVSA drawing No. 1 or 2 details shall be completed for each orifice plate.
Copies are included at the end of this specification.

14 INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING


14.1

The upstream and downstream distances specified in Figures on pages 30 and


31 are for orifice plates.
The same dimensions shall be maintained for any other selected type of primary
element. Any reductions shall only be made with PDVSA approval.

14.2

The orientation of pressure taps shall be in accordance with Figure on page, 32.

14.3

All filter elements installed upstream of the primary flow measuring element shall
be designed to withstand maximum differential pressure in the line due to filter
blockage.

14.4

All installation and commissioning shall be performed in accordance with project


drawings and specifications.

15 Q.A. / Q.C.
All items shall conform with the procedures detailed in specification K369.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

30

Indice norma

FIGURE 1
A

ORIFICE

PARTIALLY
CLOSED
GATE OR PLUG
VALVE

ILLUSTRATION SHOWS REGULATOR OR PARTIALLY CLOSED


VALVE PRECEDING THE METER TUBE. IF THE VALVE IS WIDE
OPEN, LENGTH REQUIREMENTS SHOULD BE BASED ON THE
FITTING IMMEDIATELY PRECEDING IT, BUT IN NO CASE SHOULD
LENGTH BE LESS THAN PERMITTED BY FIGURE 2, 3 OR 4.
WHERE THERE ARE NO FITTINGS PRECEDING THE VALVE,
DIMENSIONAL DATA FOR FIGURE 3 SHALL APPLY.

ORIFICE
B

FIGURE 2
A

TWO ELLS OR BENDS NOT IN THE SAME PLANE PRECEDING THE


METER TUBE ARE ILLUSTRATED IN FIGURE 2. NOTE: IF THE TWO
ELLS ILLUSTRATED ARE CLOSELY (LESS THAN THREE PIPE
DIAMETERS) PRECEDED BY THIRD ELL IN A DIFFERENT PLANE,
THE PIPING REQUIREMENTS SHOWN FOR DIMENSION A, SHOULD
BE DOUBLED.

ORIFICE

FIGURE 3
A

ORIFICE

LESS THAN 10D

FIGURE 4
A

ILLUSTRATED ARE METER TUBES PRECEDED BY TWO ELL BENDS


IN THE SAME PLANE. WHERE THERE ARE NO OTHER FITTINGS,
DIMENSIONAL DATA FOR FIGURE 3 APPLIES WHEN METER TUBE
IS PRECEDED BY A WIDE OPEN GATE, PLUG OR GLOBE VALVE.

ORIFICE

GREATER THAN 10D

FIGURE 5
A

AS REQUIRED BY

ORIFICE

PRECEDING FITTING
A

AS REQUIRED BY
PRECEDING FITTING

THIS FIGURE ILLUSTRATES A CONCENTRIC REDUCER PRECEDING THE


METER TUBE. THIS TYPE OF INSTALLATION IS USED TO INCREASE OR
DECREASE INTERNAL DIAMETER OF METER TUBE FROM THAT OF FLOW
LINE TO ENABLE USE OF PROPER BETA RATIO. FOR INSTALLATIONS
WITH ECCENTRIC REDUCERS, USE FIGURE 1 DIMENSIONS.

ORIFICE

FIGURE 3A
ORIFICE METERINGPIPING INSTALLATION REQUERIMENTS

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

31

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION

Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

MINIMUM METER TUBE LENGTHS IN TERMS OF PIPE DIAMETERS

METERING ACCURACY
INSTALLATION
FIGURE

CLASS 1 OR 2

CLASS 3

FIG. 1

50

12

20

FIG. 2

60

12

20

FIG. 3

40

12

20

FIG. 4

30

12

20

FIG. 5

30

12

20

NOTES:
1. FOR THOSE INSTALLATIONS NOT EXPLICITLY COVERED IN INSTALLATION FIGURE 1 THROUGH 5 IT IS
RECOMMENDED THAT THE METER TUBE LENGTHS SHOWN IN FIGURE 2 BE USED.
2. ALL STRAIGHTENING VANES REQUIRE PDVSA APPROVAL.
3. NO THERMOWELL OR PIPE INTRUSION ITEMS ARE PERMITTED WITHIN DISTANCES A AND B.
4. THE TERM FITTINGS INCLUDE ELBOWS, TEES, CROSSES, DRUMS, TANKS, THERMOWELLS, ETC.

FIGURE 3B
ORIFICE METERINGPIPING INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA
Men Principal
LIQUIDS

FLOW INSTRUMENTATION
Indice manual

Indice volumen

LIQUIDS OR STEAM

PDVSA K302
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page

32

Indice norma
GASES

ENSURE PIPE IS ALWAYS FULL OF LIQUID


HORIZONTAL FLOW

FLOW
ONLY

OR

FLOW
ONLY

WETGAS OR
STEAM

SINGLE PHASE

LIQUIDS WITH OR WITHOUT

GAS ONLY

ENTRAINED SOLIDS

VERTICAL FLOW

FIGURE 4
LOCATIONS OF ORIFICE FLANGE TAPPINGS

PDVSA
ITEM N

QUANTITY

RECEIVER INSTRUMENTS
OFF

SPECIFICATION REFERENCES
I.S.A S
PDVSAK

Item N

Tag. N

No. of
inputs

SHEET

PROJECT REFERENCE

Scale
Ranges

Chart
Ranges

By

OF
REVISED

DATE

Service

Notes:

20.1b

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORMS


20.1A AND 20.1B

PDVSA 20.1
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

RECEIVER INSTRUMENTS
a.

To be used for a single item. Use secondary sheet for multiple listing.

b.

Check as many as apply.

c.

Nominal size refers to approximate front of case dimensions; width x height.

d.

It is assumed that the instrument has its own case of shelf suitable for single
mounting, unless MULTICASE is checked. Shelf or separable case for multiple
case mounting instrument is not included unless listed and described as an
accessory.

e.

Enclosure class refers to composite instrument. If electrical contacts are the case
they must meet this classification inherently or by reason of the enclosure. Use
NEMA identification system or ISA System RP8.1.

f.

Specify electrical power to the entire instrument from an external source.

g.

For multiple instruments list ranges on secondary sheet, but specify other chart
options on primary sheet. Chart graduations assumed to be uniform unless
otherwise noted. Circular charts assumed to have 24 hr/revolutions speed; strip
charts 3/4 in. to 1 in. per hour.

h.

Chart drive mechanism assumed to be synchronous motor operating on 117V 60


Hz and suitable for ENCLOSURE CLASS specified on line 5. If the chart drive is
pneumatic so state identify pneumatic pulser under options. Notes deviations
from standard (MFR) under notes i.e., dual speed or special speeds.

i.

The scale type may be SEGMENTAL, VERTICAL, HORIZONTAL, DIAL


(CIRCULAR) or other. Ranges 1, 2, 3 and 4 are used for multiple inputs. The first
listed (N 1) is assumed to be the controller input, if a controller is used.

j.

See explanation of terminology given on specification sheet. For further definition


refer to American National Standard C85.11963, Terminology for Automatic
Control. Specific ranges of control modes can be listed afetr OTHER, if
required.

k.

For multiple items specify on second sheet.

l.

If standard automanual switching is not known or not adequate, specify particular


requeriments, such a BUMPLESS, PROCEDURELESS, 4POSITION, or as
required.

m.

Remote set point adjustment assumes full adjustment range. Specify limits if
required. Under other can be noted bias or ratio.

n.

Specify if applicable.

o.

Specify if applicable.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORMS


20.1A AND 20.1B

PDVSA 20.1
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

p.

All input signals on multichannel instruments assumed to be the same unless


otherwise noted.

q.

Specify number of inputs.

r.

Check if power source for the loop is contained in this instrument or in some
external instrument.

s.

Form may be SPST, DPDT or other. Rating refers to electrical rating of switch or
contacts in amps.

t.

Specify if alarm is actuated by measured variable or by deviation from controller


set point, Give contact action if single throw form.

u.

Specify required accessories and options, fill in number of charts. This is assured
to be number of chart roles for strip charts.

v.

After selection is made fill in manufacturer and specific model number.


SECONDARY SHEET For listing multiple instruments. List all instruments of the
same type specified on the primary sheet, with variations an shown. Notes refers
to notes listed by number at the bottom of the sheet. Line 11 of sheet 1a is
tabulated under measurement increases, output tabulate increase or decrease.

PDVSA
ITEM N

QUANTITY

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE INSTRUMENTS


OFF

SHEET

PROJECT REFERENCE
N

SPECIFICATION REFERENCES
I.S.A S
PDVSAK

GENERAL

XMTR
CONTR

SERVICE

1. Tag N
2. Function

Record

3. Material

Yoke

4. Enclosure

Safe area
Weatherproof

Classified
Ex. Proof

Temp. Class

T1

5. Power Supply

110 V 60 Hz

6. Chart

Circular

8.

Scale Range

9.

Output

420 m.A.

10.

Cont. Mode

12.

Set Point ADJ

Manual

13.

Output

420 m.A.

14.

Type

16.

Element

Flow
Diaphragm

17.

Material

Body

Service
Indicate

Control

Range

Integrator

T4

T6

Spring

Speed

315 Psig
PI

T5

20 Psig

DriveElec
Other

Reversible Action
Remote
Other

315 Psig

Diff. Press

Level

Elevation

Suppression

Bellows
Element

Body

Rating
Adj. Range

20.

Process Data

Fluid

ALARMS

21.

Switches

Function on measurement input

OPTIONS

22.

Options

Notes:

T3

24 Volts d.c.

Diff Range

23.

DATE

Class
Group
Div
Intr. safe
STD.

T2

19.

Conn1/2 npt

Flanged

Set At
Max. Press

Max. Temp.
High

Low

High and Low

No. of alarms

Rating 1 AMP. at 24 Volts D.C. see note 2

Pressure element

Range

Temp. Element

Range

Filt Reg

REVISED

Other

18.

MFR

Transm

By

OF

Gauges

Material
Type
Charts

3valve manifold

Model No

1. All items shall be corrosion resistant to marine atmosphere and tropicalised.


2. Alarm contact shall be normally closed and open on alarm condition. Alarm setting shall be adjustable

20.20a

PDVSA
DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE INSTRUMENTS
ITEM N

QUANTITY

OFF

SHEET

PROJECT REFERENCE
N

SPECIFICATION REFERENCES
I.S.A S
PDVSAK

Tag. N

Set Range

Scale or Chart

Scale Factor

Service

By

OF
REVISED

DATE

Notes

NOTES

20.20b

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORMS


20.20A AND 20.20B

PDVSA 20.20a
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE INSTRUMENTS


1. To be used for a single item. Use secondary sheet for multiple listing.
2. Check as many as apply.
3. Nominal size refers to approximate front of case dimensions; width x height.
4. Yoke refers to a bracket designed for mounting the instrument on a pipe stand.
5. Enclousure class refers to composite instrument. If electrical contacts are the
case they must meet this classification inherently or by reason of the
enclousure. Use NEMA identification system or ISA System RP8.1.
6. Specify electrical power to the entire instrument from an external source.
7. Specify chart size, range and number if applicable.
8. 24 hr is the time for one rotation of the chart. Other speeds should be listed
in hours or days. If a spring wound clock is used fill in number of hours or days
it runs between windings.
9. The scale type may be SEGMENTAL, ELECTRIC, or DIAL (CIRCULAR).
Space is provided for multiple ranges on the same scale.
10. Specify transmitter output if applicable.
11. See explanation of terminology given on specification sheet. For further
definition refer to American National Standard C8511963, Terminology for
Automatic Control. Specific ranges of control modes can be listed after
OTHER, if required.
12. For multiple items specify on seconds sheet.
13. If standard automanual switching is not known or not adequate, specify
number of positions.
14. Remote set point adjustment assumes full adjustment range. Specify limits if
required.
15. Specify if applicable.
16. Specify if applicable.
17. Specify measured variable.
18. Specify type od element or write in MFR.STD.
19. Materials refer to wetted parts only.
20. Overrange protection refers to maximum differential pressure.
instrument can withstand without a shift in calibration.

The

21. Adjustable range means that the range can be changed without replacing any
parts.
22. Elevation.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORMS


20.20A AND 20.20B

PDVSA 20.20a
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

23. Give process data affecting meter selection. Flow elements such as orifice
plates are specified on separate forms.
24. Refers to connections piped to process equipment or pipe line. Special flanged
connections and extended diaphragms for level applications should be
described afetr OTHER.
25. Form may, be SPST, DPDT, or others. Rating refers to electrical rating of switch
or contacts in amps.
26. Specify if alarm is actuated by measured variable or by deviation from controller
set point. Give contact action if single throw form.
27. Specify required accessories. If temperature element is used, the second line
is provided to specify well, length of capillary tubing and other details of the
thermal system.
28. After selection is made fill in manufacturer and specific model number.
SECONDARY SHEET For listing multiple instruments. List all instruments of the
same type specified on the primary sheet, with variations an shown. Notes refers
to notes listed by number at the bottom of the sheet.

PDVSA
ITEM N

ORIFICE PLATE AND FLANGES

QUANTITY

OFF

SHEET

PROJECT REFERENCE
N

SPECIFICATION REFERENCES
I.S.A S
PDVSAK

REVISED

DATE

Service

Tag
Erosive
Accuracy

By

OF

Corrosive

Class 1 ( 1%)

With solids

Liquid

Class 2 ( 2%)

Class 3(>2%)

Units

Maximum

Process Data

Gas

Steam

Service conditions
Normal

Minimum

Flow rate
Pressure
Temperature
Density
Molecular weight
SP. GR. at base conds.
Viscosity

CP

Compressibility factor

Specific heat ratio

Pipe line

Size

INCHES

SCH

INSIDE DIA.

Meter run

Size

INCHES

SCH

INSIDE DIA.

Orifice plate
calculations

Maximum flow rate


Differential range
Orifice diameter
b ratio
Chart multiplier

Reading x

Bleed hole
Plate thickness

Yes

ORIFICE PLATE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Yes

No

Vent

Drain

ORIFICE FLANGES

Other:
Concentric
ISO5167 STD
Other:
Bore: Exact
Nearest 1/8 in
Material: 304 SS
316 SS
Other:
Carrier ring: Yes
No
Matl.
Type
MFR. & Model N

Fabricated meter run:

No

= flow rate

ISO5167 STD

7. Taps: Flange
8. Size: 1/2 inch
9. Type Weldneck
10. Material: C.Steel
11. Flanges: Yes
12. Flange rating:

Other:
Pipe
Other:
Slipon
Other:
No

Type

Notes: Planimeter equation if applicable

S20.21

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORM 20.21

PDVSA 20.21
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

ORIFICE PLATES AND FLANGES


1. Check if concentric bore, or write in eccentric, segmental, etc.
2. ISA Standard reference given above. This also conforms to AGAASME
requirements.
3. Check whether plate is to be bored odd size for exact maximum rate, or to
nearest 1/8 in. for approximate maximum rate.
4. Select plate material.
5. If ring joint assembly is used, give ring material and configurations.
6. Refers to plate, not flanges.
7. Select one of the standard tap locations or write in other.
8. Select tap size.
9. Select flange construction.
10. Select flange material. If stainless steel, show type; such as, 304 SS..
11. Indicate whether orifice flanges are to be included with the plate, or
furnished by others.
12. Note flange rating.
13. Tag number or other identification N.
14. Process service.
15. Line number. Include line size.
16. List fluid, unless classified.
17. Liquid, gas, or vapor.
18. Maximum flow assumed to be meter maximum. Give flow units.
19. Figure only if units given above.
20. Upstream operating pressure and units. This is also the contract figure
unless otherwise noted.
21. Operating temperatute, F or C. See comment in 20 above.
22. Specific gravity at Base Temperature.
23. Liquid specific gravity at operating temperature given on Line 21.
24. Applies to gas, at operating pressure. Supercompressibility factor
normally required for gases over 100 psig because the gas at this pressure
and above does not follow the ideal gas laws.
25. Applies to vapor or gas. Cp specific heat at constant pressure, Cv specific
heat a constant volumes Ratio = K at the operating temperature.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORM 20.21

PDVSA 20.21
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

26. Viscosity and units, at operating temperature given on line 21.


27. Applies to vapor or steam. Write SAT if saturated; otherwise give %
quality or degrees superheat, in F or C.
28. Contract base conditions. Pressure must be given in absolute units.
29. Bellows, diaphragm, mercury, etc.
30. Set range and units.
31. Applies to wet meters.
32. Fill in if applicable.
33. Full scale range and units. See comment under 18 above.
34. Fill in required.
35. Fill in for final records after approved bore calculation is available.
36. For final records, see comment on 35.
37. In inches; or give line size and Schedule.
38. ANSI Flange Rating, i.e., 4 in. 300 lb RF.
39. If desired, state whether top or bottom.
40. Give plate thickness.

PDVSA
ITEM N

QUANTITY

ROTAMETERS

OFF

SHEET

PROJECT REFERENCE
N

SPECIFICATION REFERENCES
PDVSAK302

REVISED

DATE

Service

Tag
Erosive

By

OF

Corrosive

With solids

Liquid

Gas

Class 3(>2%)

Accuracy

Service conditions
Units

Maximum

Normal

Minimum

Process Data
Flow rate
Pressure
Temperature
Density
Molecular weight
SP. GR. at base conds.
Viscosity

CP

Compressibility factor
Specific heat ratio

Pipe line

Size

INCHES

SCH

INSIDE DIA.

Meter run

Size

INCHES

SCH

INSIDE DIA.

Meter

30

Extension Well Mtl

6
7

31

Gasket Mtl

Conn. Size/Type

Inlet. Dir./Outlet Dir.

Fitting Material

32
33
34

Transmitter Output
Trans. Enclosure Class
Scale Range

35

No. of Contacts Form

36
37

Rating Housing

10

Packing or ORing Mtl.

11
12

Enclosure Type

13

Tube Mtl/Float Mtl

14

Meter Scale: Length & Type

15

Meter Scale Range

16

Meter Factor

39
40

Valve Size & Material


Valve Location

19

Tube Number

20

Float Number

41
42

Const. Diff. Relay Mtl


Purge Meter Tubing

43

Airset

Size Float Guide

17

MFR
Notes:

EXT

XMTR

ALARMS

Action

38
OPTION

Model No.
1. All items shall be corrosion resistant to marine atmosphere and tropicalised
S20.22

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORM 20.22

PDVSA 20.22
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

ROTAMETERS
1. List tag number.
2. Show line number, vessel number, or line specification.
3. Give function such as INDICATE, RECORD, CONTROL, TRANSMIT,
INTEGRATE, etc.
4. FLUSH PANEL, FRONT PANEL, PIPE, etc.
5. Give voltage, dc or ac, and ac frequency.
6. Give nominal connection size and type such as SCREWED, 150 lb FLANGED,
etc.
7. Select orientation of inlet and outlet designated as RIGHT, LEFT, VERTICAL
OR REAR.
8. Select material of end fittings. Note if lining is required.
9. Select either packing or O ring design and note material.
10. Select type of enclosure, if any, such as SIDE PLATE, SAFETY GLASS, etc.
11. Give meter size. Note that this is not the same as connection size but refers
to the nominal size of the tube and float combination.
Give the method of float guiding as NONE, FLUTES, POLE, EXTENSIONS.
12. Select tube and float material.
13. Selct type meter scale: NONE, ON GLASS, METAL STRIP. select meter scale
length.
14. Select meter scale range and flow units. Remember that rotameters scales
cannot start at zero but typically have rangeability of 10:1 or 12:1.
15. Meter factor if not direct reading.
16. Accuracy statement does not imply any specific calibration.
17. Note if hydraulic calibration is required and state required accuracy.
18. If fluid cannot be identified, state if liquid or gas.
19. Give fluid color or transparency which will affect float visibility in glass tube
meters.
20. List maximum operating flow rate and units, usually the same as maximum of
meter scale.
21. Show normal and minimum flow rates expected.
22. Give operating specific gravity of liquid (Numerically equal to density in
gm/cm3).
23. Give maximum expected viscosity and units.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORM 20.22

PDVSA 20.22
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

24. Give operating pressure and temperature, with units,.


25. For gases give operating density and units, unless molecular weight is on Line
27.
26. For gases give density at standard conditions (14.7 psia and 60F unless stated
otherwise, and/or molecular weight if known.
27. State maximum allowable pressure drop at full flow, if applicable.
28. If meter has an extension well, state material of well.
29. Select material of gasket on extension.
30. If meter transmits, state pneumatic or electronic output such as 21103 kPa
(315 psig), 420 mA, etc.
31. Give transmitter electrical classification such as General Purpose, Class 1,
Group D, etc.
32. Give transmitter scale size and range. Note that this is not the meter scale but
the scale of the attached instrument.
33. Number of alarm contact in case.
Form of contacts: SPDT, SPST, DPDT, etc.
34. Contact electrical load rating. Contact housing GP, Class I, GR.D, etc. Use
NEMA identification.
35. HIGH, LOW, DEVIATION.
36. Specify needle valve if required.
37. Valve may be on the inlet, outlet or separately mounted. Do not list here if valve
is to be furnished by others.
38. This relay may be used on purge assemblies.
39. When manufacturer is selected fill in exact model and part numbers.

PDVSA
ITEM N

MAGNETIC FLOWMETERS

QUANTITY

OFF

SHEET

PROJECT REFERENCE
N

SPECIFICATION REFERENCES
PDVSAK302

REVISED

DATE

Service

Tag
Erosive

By

OF

Corrosive

With solids

Liquid

Class 3(>2%)

Accuracy

Service conditions
Units

Maximum

Normal

Minimum

Process Data
Flow rate
Pressure
Temperature
Density
SP. GR. at base conds.
Viscosity

CP

Fluid conductivity

Pipe line

Size

INCHES

SCH

INSIDE DIA.

Meter

Size

INCHES

SCH

INSIDE DIA.

Metering
element

Size, Sched

26

Instrument Tag Number

Line Material

Connection Type
Connection Matls

27
28

Function
Mounting

29

Enclosure Class

Tube Material

30

Length Signal Cable

9
10

Liner Material
Electrode Type

31

Type Span Adjustment

11

Meter Casing

32

Power Supply

33

Transmiter Output

12
13

Electrode Matl
Power Supply Elect. Code

14

Grounding, Type & Matl

15
16

Enclosure Class

SECONDARY INSTR.

34
35
36
37
38

Integrator

39

Modes Output

OPTIONS

40

MFR

41
42

Contact. No. Form

43

Rating Elec. Code

44

Action

MODEL N

Notes: 1. All items shall be corrosion resistant to marine atmosphere and tropicalised

S20.23

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORM 20.23

PDVSA 20.23
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

MAGNETIC FLOWMETERS
1. Tag number of meter only.
2. Refers to process application.
3. Show line number or identify associated vessel.
4. Give pipeline size and schedule. If reducers are used, so state.
5. Give material of pipe. If lined, plastic or otherwise nonconductive, so state.
6. Give connection type: FLANGED, DRESSER COUPLINGS, etc.
7. Specify material of connections.
8. Select tube material. (Nonpermeable material required if coils are outside
tube).
9. Specify material of line.
10. Select electrode type: STD, BULLET NOSED, ULTRASONIC CLEANED,
BURN OFF, etc.
11. Specify electrode material.
12. Describe casing: STD, SLPASH PROOF, SUBMERSIBLE, SURMERGED
OPERATION, etc.
13. Give ac voltage and frecuency, along with application NEMA identification of
the electrical enclosure.
14. State means for grounding fluid: GROUNDING RINGS, STRAPS, etc.
15. State power supply and enclosure class to meet area electrical requirements.
16. State fluid by name or description.
17. Give maximum operating flow and units; usually same as maximum of
instrument scale.
18. Give maximum operating velocity, usually in ft/s.
19. List normal and minimum flow rates.
20. List maximum and minimum fluid temperature F.
21. List maximum and minimum fluid pressure.
22. List maximum (at lowest temp.) conductivity of fluid.
23. If a possibility of vacuum exists at meter, so state and give greatest value
(highest vacuum).
24. List tag number of instrument used directly with meter.
25. Control loop function such as INDICATE, RECORD CONTROL, etc.
26. Mounting: FLUSH PANEL, SURFACE INTEGRAL WITH METER, etc.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORM 20.23

PDVSA 20.23
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

27. Give NEMA identification of case type.


28. State cable length required between meter and instrument.
29. Span adjust: BLIND, ft/s DIAL, OTHER.
30. Give ac supply voltage and frequency.
31. If a transmitter, state analog output electrical or pneumatc range, or pulse train
frequency for digital outputs, i.e, pulses per gallon.
32. List scale size and range.
33. List Scale Size and Range for indicating transmitter.
34. Recorder chart speed in time per revolution or inch per hour.
35. List chart range and number.
36. If integrator is used, state counts per hour, or value of smallest count; such as
10 GAL UNITS.
37. For control modes: (Per ANSI C85.11963, Terminology for Automatic
Control). Writein PIf, If, PIs, PIfDf, etc.
P
I
D

=
=
=

proportional (gain)
integral (auto reset)
derivative (rate)

Subscripts:
f
s
n

=
=
=

fast
slow
narrow

State output signal range, pneumatic or electronic.


38. Controller action in response to an increase in flowrate INC. or DEC.
State automan. switch as NONE, SWITCH ONLY, BUMPLESS, etc.
39. Number of alarm lights in case. Give form of contacts; SPDT, SPST, etc.
40. Contact electrical load rating. Contact housing General Purpose, Class I,
Group D, etc., if not in the same enclosure described in line 29.
41. Action of alarm: HIGH, LOW, DEVIATION, ETC.
42. Fill in manufacturer and model numbers for meters.
43. and
44. Instrument after selection.

TURBINE FLOWMETERS

PDVSA
ITEM N

OFF

QUANTITY

SHEET

PROJECT REFERENCE
N

SPECIFICATION REFERENCES
PDVSAK302

Erosive

REVISED

DATE

Service

Tag
Corrosive

Class 1 (+ 1%)

Accuracy

By

OF

With solids

Class 2 (+ 2%)

Liquid

Gas

Class 3(>2%)
Service conditions
Units

Maximum

Normal

Minimum

Process Data
Flow rate
Pressure
Temperature
Density
Molecular weight
SP. GR. at base conds.
Viscosity
Compressibility factor
Specific heat ratio

CP
k

Pipe line

Size

INCHES

SCH

INSIDE DIA.

Meter run

Size

INCHES

SCH

INSIDE DIA.

Meter

5 End Connections
6 Body Rating
7 Nominal Flow Range
8 Accuracy
9 Linearity
10 K Factor, Cycles per Vol. Unit
11 Excitation
Materials: Body
Support
Shaft
Flanges
Rotor

12
13
14
15
16
17 Bearing: Type
18 Bearing: Material

19 Max. Speed
20 Min. Output Voltage

34
35

Secondary Instr. Tag No.

36

Function

37
38

Mounting

39

Scale Range

40

Output Range
Totalizer Type

41
42
43
44

SECONDARY INSTR.

Power Supply

Compensation
Preset Counter
Enclosure Class

45
46

Strainer Size & Mesh

47
48

21 Pickoff Type
22 Enclosure Class
23 No. of Pickoffs:
24 Preamplifier:
MFR

Mounted on meter
Other:

Model No.

Notes: 1. All items shall be corrosion resistant to marine atmosphere and tropicalised

S20.24

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

PDVSA 20.24

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORM 20.24

REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

TURBINE FLOWMETERS
Refer to ISA Standard S31, Specification, Installation and Calibration of Turbine
Flowmeters
1.

Show meter tag number, Quantity is assumed to be one unless otherwise


noted.

2.

Refers to process service or applications.

3.

Give line number or process area.

5.

Specify size and style of connections, such as 1 in. NPT, 2 in. 150 lb
ANSI, etc.

6.

Pressure and temperature design rating required.

7.

Nominal flow range is obtained from manufacturers data. This usually


defines linear range of selected meter.

8.

Turbine meter accuary figures are terms of percent of instantaneous flow


rate.

9.

Degree of linearity over nominal flow range.

10. K factor relates cycles per second to volume units. Enter this figure after
selection is made.
11.

Excitation modulating type only expressed as volts

at

hertz.

12 to 16. Specify materials of construction or write in MFR STD.


17. Specify sleeve or ball bearings, or name if floating rotor design.
18. Bearing material will be MFG STD if not stated otherwise.
19. Maximum speed or frequency which the meter can produce without physical
damage.
21. Pickoff may be standard hitemp., radiofrecuency type (RF) or explosion
proof. Minimum output voltage
volts peak to peak.
22. Specify electrical classification of enclosure such as General, Purpose,
Weather Proof, Class 1, Group D, etc.
23. Specify fluid data as indicated, using line 28 for additional item if required.
34. Give Tag No. of secondary instrument if different from meter Tag No..
35. Preamplifier if used.
36. Specify function of instrument, such as rate indicator, totalizer, or batch
control.
37. Flush, surface or rack.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORM 20.24

PDVSA 20.24
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

38. Power Supply, i.e., 117 Vac.


39. Applies to rate indicator.
40. Give output range such as 420 mA, 21103 kPa (315 psig), etc.
41. May be used for number of digits, and to state whether counter is reset or
nonreset type.
42. Specify range of compensation, if required, in pressure and/or temperature
units or viscosity units.
43. Preset counter.
44. Specify NEMA classification of enclosure.
45. Specify strainer size and mesh size. Request vendors recommendation if
not known.
50. Fill in after selection is made.
51. Fill in after selection is made.
52. Fill in after selection is made.

PDVSA
ITEM N

QUANTITY

POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT METERS


OFF

SHEET

PROJECT REFERENCE
N

SPECIFICATION REFERENCES
PDVSAK302

Tag
Accuracy

By

OF
REVISED

DATE

Service

Erosive
Corrosive
With solids
Liquid
Class 1 ( 1%)
Class 2 ( 2%)
Class 3(>2%)
Units

Gas

Maximum

Service conditions
Minimum
Normal

Process Data
Flow rate
Pressure
Temperature
Density
Molecular weight
SP. GR. at base conds.
Viscosity
Compressibility factor
Specific heat ratio
Size
Pipe line
Meter run Size
4 Type of element
Meter
5 Size
6 End Connections
7 Temp. & Press. Rating
8 Flow Rate Range
9 Totalized Units
10 Enclosure Class
11 Power Supply
12 Materials: Outer Housing
Main Body Cover
13
Rotating Element
14
Shaft
15
16
Blades
17 Bearing: Type & Material
18 Packing
19 Type of Coupling
20 Pulse transmitter type:
No. of outputs:
K Factor, pulses per vol. unit:
Transmitter output:
MFR 46 Model Number

CP
k
INCHES
INCHES
21
22
23
24
25
26

SCH
SCH
Register Type
Totalizer
Reset
Capacity
SetStop

INSIDE DIA.
INSIDE DIA.

35
36

Flow Units
ShutOff Valve

37

Switch: Single or 2Stage

38

Temp. Compensator

41
42

Air Eliminator
Strainer: Size & Mesh

COUNTER

OPTIONS

43
44

Notes: 1. All items shall be corrosion resistant to marine atmosphere

S20.25

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORM 20.25

PDVSA 20.25
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT METERS


1.

Tag No. of instrument.

2.

Process service.

3.

Pipe line or vessel identification.

4.

Write in type of rotating element, such as, disc, piston, vane, helical,
rotors, etc.

5.

Show connection pipe size.

6.

Specify end connections type and ANSI rating such as 300 lb R.F.

7.

Specify the manufacturers recommended body pressure and


temperature rating, such as 250 psi at 190F.

8.

Write in manufacturers recommended normal operating range.

9.

Specify smallest totalized unit, such as Tens of Gallons, Pounds,


Barrels.

10.

Specify enclosure electrical classification, if applicable, such as Class


1, Group D., Div. 2, General Purpose, etc.

11.

Specify power supply, if applicable.

12.

Specify materials of construction. If no preference, write in, MFR.STD.


(Manufacturers Standard).

1318. Specify materials of construction, if no preference, write in,


Manufacturers Standard (MFGSTD).
19.

Specify type of coupling.

20.

Specify coupling such as Magnetic, or MFR.STD.

21.

Specify register type such as horizontal, vertical, inclined, inline


reading, dial reading, print, etc.

22.

specify number of figures such as 6 digit, 5 digit, or 099, 999, etc.

23.

If totalizer reset required write in type. If reset is not required, write in


none.

24.

Write in number of figures or maximum quantity (in flow units) that can
be held in counter.

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA

INSTRUCTIONS TO FILL FORM 20.25

PDVSA 20.25
REVISION

DATE

AUG.94

Page
Men Principal

25.

Indice manual

Indice volumen

Indice norma

Specify by writing in yes if a setstop is required to operate shutoff


valve, switch, etc.

2734. Specify fluid data as completely as possible, note at operating


conditions. Be sure to note if liquid is at saturation conditions.
35.

Specify by writing in yes if a shutoff valve is required. Valve to be


manufacturers standard construction unless otherwise noted.

36.

Specify by writing in yes if a switch is requered. Two switches are


required for 2stage shutoff control.

37.

Write in yes if manufacturers standard temperature compensator is


required. Write in no if not required.

38.

Specify, if transmitter is required, by writing in type such as pulse, rate


of flow, etc.

39.

Give transmitter output in pulse per gallon, 420 mA, etc.

40.

Write in yes if air eliminator is required, otherwise write in no.

41.

Specify, if strainer is required, by writting in type such as Y, Basket,


etc. Strainer to have same pressure and temperature rating, end
connections and material as meter body unless otherwise noted.

4546. Identify manufacterers name and model number after selection is


made.