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SPECIMEN WRITTEN EXAMINATION QUESTIONS

CSWIP 3.1
1.1

Part A and Part A2


Candidates are required to tick, or otherwise indicate, the corrective answer in the section
provided. There is only one correct answer for each question.
1

Applying preheat when welding carbon manganese steel is normally done to


avoid:
a)
Slag inclusions
b)
Hydrogen cracking
c)
Lack of sidewall fusion
d)
Porosity

Which of following mechanical properties of a weld in carbon manganese steel is


most affected if the heat input per unit length of weld is excessively high?
a)
b)
c)
d)

You observe centerline cracking a weld that as been made one of five work
stations each making similar components. The first action to take is:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Impound all welding consumables


Report the occurrence to high authority
Stop all welding
Call for full NDT checks

Which of the following defects is unlikely to be found by visual inspection.


a)
b)
c)
d)

Elongation
Tensile strength
Hardness
Toughness

Linear misalignment
Undercut
Overlap
Linear slag inclusion

Which of the following welding processes uses a resisitive heating system to


achieve weld metal deposition.
a)
Manual metal arc welding
b)
Submerged-arc welding
c)
Electro slag welding
d)
Resistance spot welding
Which of the following units could Charpy V notch energy be measured in?
a)
b)
c)

Pounds per square inch


Joules
Newtons per square millimeter
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d)
7

The usual method of assessing the sensitivity of radiograph is by means of a:


a)
b)
c)
d)

Austenitic stainless steels


High strength alloy steels
Low and medium strength steels
Low carbon steels

Manual metal arc welding of low alloy steels is more likely to be performed with:
a)
b)
c)
d)

13

The prevention of porosity


The prevention of cracking
The enhancement of arc voltage
Their ease of arc starting

For which of the following is pre-heating most likely to be required?


a)
b)
c)
d)

12

Bend test
Macro examination
Impact tests
Fracture tests

Hydrogen controlled electrodes were developed principally for:


a)
b)
c)
d)

11

Mandatory
Depend upon site and weather conditions
Dependent upon the contractors confidence in his procedures
Only required when CO2 welding is to be used.

Which of the following destructive tests is not normally required for welder
approval test for mild steel?
a)
b)
c)
d)

10

Dosimeter
Fluoroscope
IQI ( Penetrameter)
Clinometer

Under normal contract conditions, weld procedure approval tests for pipe work
are:
a)
b)
c)
d)

None of the above

Rutile electrodes
Cellulosic Electrodes
Iron powder electrodes
Basic hydrogen controlled electrodes

which of the following defects is more common to weld deposited by the


CO-2 welding process than weld deposited by manual metal arc?
a)

Slag inclusion
Page 2 of 29

b)
c)
d)
14

Which defect would you expect to obtain in TIG welds in non-deoxidized steel?
a)
b)
c)
d)

15

Penetrants
Magnetic particles
Radiography
Ultrasonic flaw detector

You suspected that ferritic steel plates, which have been edge, prepared contain
crack in the prepared edges. Which NDT method would you use to check this?
a)
b)
c)
d)

19

Cellulosic electrodes
Submerged arc with acid flux
Spray transfer Co-2-welding
Basic coated normal metal arc electrodes

Which of the following methods of NDT would be most likely to detect lack of
side fusion in ferritic steel welds?
a)
b)
c)
d)

18

Weld metal cracks


HAZ cracks
Lamellar tearing
Porosity

Which of the following is likely to give the highest impact strength in ferritic
weld metal?
a)
b)
c)
d)

17

Under cut
Porosity
Tungsten inclusions
Linear misalignment

Which of the following can arise from copper inclusions is a ferrite steel weld?
a)
b)
c)
d)

16

Excess penetration
Lack of side fusion
Tungsten inclusions

Radiography
Magnetic particle
Penetrants
Ultrasonic flaw detector

Which of the following defects do you not expect to find by visual examination
of completed welds?
a)
b)

Linear slag inclusions


Under cuts
Page 3 of 29

c)
d)
20

Stress relief is not helpful in one of the following cases. Which one?
a)
b)
c)
d)

21

Color
Length
Trade name
AWS/BS639 Code Letter

When manual metal arc welding is being carried out on an open construction site,
which groups of welder are most likely to require continuous monitoring?
a)
b)
c)
d)

26

Cellulosic
Iron oxide
Acid
Basic

You would with certainty recognize a hydrogen controlled flux covered electrode
from its:
a)
b)
c)
d)

25

Cause lamellar tearing


Fuse together to form a bond
Affect the weld metal composition
Cause internal tearing on a micro-scale

When hydrogen control is specified for a manual metal arc-welding project the
electrode would normally be:
a)
b)
c)
d)

24

100 DP Hv
350 DP HV
500 DP Hv
750 DP Hv

What effect to midthickess lamination in steel plate normaly have when they are
located within a weld HAZ?
a)
b)
c)
d)

23

In improving resistance to stress corrosion cracking


In dimensional stability after machining improving
In lowering the peak residual stress
In softening the steel

What is the maximum hardness usually recommended for the HAZ of a medium
strength ferritic steel weld?
a)
b)
c)
d)

22

Overlap
Linear misalignment

Concrete shuttering welding team


Pipe welders
Plater welders
Plant maintenance welders

You noticed manual metal arc welding electrodes, stripe of flux, are being used
as filler wire, for TIG welding. You would object because:
Page 4 of 29

a)
b)
c)
d)
27

When open site working, serious porosity in manual metal arc welding is brought
to your attention. What would you investigate?
a)
b)
c)
d)

28

30

a)
4.0% Chromium molybdenum
b)
12.0% Chromium
c)
Austenitic Stainless Steel
d)
9.0% Nickel Steel
When the TIG welding Austenitic Stainless Steel pipe. Argon gas backing is
called for. This is to:
Prevent oxidation
Prevent under bead cracking
Prevent porosity
Control the penetration bead shape

Pre-heating a carbon steel manual metal arc welding is carried out to minimize
the risk of
a)
b)
c)
d)

32

Porosity
Cracking in the weld area
Under cut for fillet welds
Lack of root fusion defects

One of the following alloys is non-magnetic, Which?

a)
b)
c)
d)
31

Electrode type
Power plant type
Electrode storage
Day temperature

The steel composition in structural contract is changed form 0.15% carbon, 0.6%
manganese, to 0.2% carbon, 1.2% manganese. Might this influence the incidence
of:
a)
b)
c)
d)

29

It is too expensive
The wire would be too thick
The weld metal composition may be wrong
The wire is too short

Scattered porosity
Worm hole porosity
Parent metal cracking
Lack of penetration

IN UK practice, BS 499 Part2 specifies that the drawing dimension quoted for a
fillet weld is the:
a)

Leg length
Page 5 of 29

b)
c)
33

For open site manual metal arc welding the following equipment is available.
Which would you choose for safe working?
a)
b)
c)
d)

34

The weld could be hard and brittle


The weld metal could be too soft
There will be no effect on the weld
The weld have under cut

A welder qualification test is o verify:


a)
b)
c)
d)

38

Assembly welding only


Assembly and tack welding
Joint over 25 mm thick only
Cruciform welds only

You see a welder using oxy-acetylene flame with along feathered inner cone.
What would be the effect of this on carbon steel?
a)
b)
c)
d)

37

The wire diameter


The current return connections
The gas flow rate
The torch to work angle

Pre heating for arc welding applies to:


a)
b)
c)
d)

36

The root gap tolerance


The angle of penetration
The root face width
The gas cut finish

During CO-2 welding, the arc length is most likely to be affected by:
a)
b)
c)
d)

36

Single operator transformer


Multi operator transformers
AC/DC composite power unit
Diesel engine driven motor generator

If submerged welding to be used to make butt welds, which would you be most
critical of:
a)
b)
c)
d)

35

Actual throat thickness


Weld width

The skill of the welder


The quality of the materials
The non-destructive procedures
The manufacturing methods

A fabricating procedure calls for fillet welds to be blended in by grinding. This is


to influence:
Page 6 of 29

a)
b)
c)
d)
39

Bend test specimens have been taken from a 25 mm thick carbon steel butt weld.
Which would show lack of inter-run fusion:
a)
b)
c)
d)

40

Permit it to proceed
Permit it to proceed with fume extraction
Stop the operation at once
Advise the welder to drink milk and proceed

What two functions in arc welding must be in equilibrium to enable a stable arc
to be established?
a)
b)
c)
d)

43

X-ray examination
Dye penetrant
Ultrasonic inspection
It would not have been found by any inspection method

You are to over see arc welding of some machine fittings and find they are
cadmium plated. What you:
a)
b)
c)
d)

42

Side bend
Root bend
Face bend
Guided bend

Lamellar tearing has been occurred in steel fabrication. BEFORE welding could
it have been found by:
a)
b)
c)
d)

41

HAZ cracking
Fatigue life
Residual stresses
Yield strength

Arc voltage
Current
Wire/electrode feed rate
Metal burn-off rate

In MMA welding, what parameter is used for the control penetration into the base
material?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Voltage
Welding speed
Iron powders in the coating
Current

Page 7 of 29

44

In the welding of butt joint from one side, which of the following controls the
profile of the root bead?
a)
b)
c)
d)

45

What type of power source characteristic is required for manual welding?


a)
b)
c)
d)

46

Molybdenum
Chromium
Titanium
Carbon

In MAG/CO2 welding, which parameters give the greatest control of weld


appearance during dip transfers or short-circuiting welding?
a)
b)
c)
d)

50

Cause corrosion Problems


Give off Phosgene Gas
Leave Residues
All of the Above

Which of the following chemical elements has the greater effect on the harden
ability of a steel plate?
a)
b)
c)
d)

49

Macro
Nick break
Hardness
Charpy vee notch

Degreasing components are essential for quality welding but some agents may:
a)
b)
c)
d)

48

Constant voltage
Flat Characteristic
Drooping Characteristic
Motor Generator

Which of the following destructive tests would indicate the toughness of weld
metal/parent metal HAZ.
a)
b)
c)
d)

47

Root Face
Bevel Angle
Root Gap
One of the above

Wire sick-out length


Amperage
Wire feed speed
Inductance

In MMA welding, the slag produced can be varied to suit the welding position;
which type of slag would be required for welding in the HV position?
a)
b)
c)

Fluid
Viscous
None of the above
Page 8 of 29

d)
51

52

The weld metal deposits of manual metal arc electrode achieves its mechanical
strength through?
a)
The core wire
b)
The flux coating
c)
Iron powder with the flux coating
What constituent is needed in coating of electrode of an electrode to prevent
formation of porosity in welding of rimming steel?
a)
b)
c)
d)

53

Density of the Film


IQI indicator
KVA available
Stand-off distance

A steel described, as QT will have improved tensile properties it has?


a)
b)
c)
d)

57

Prevent formation of porosity in the weld


Prevent burn-through in the root run
Prevent oxidation of the rood bead
Eliminate the formation of H2

In X-ray the quality of the radiograph negative is assessed by the?


a)
b)
c)
d)

56

Ductility
Toughness
Fatigue strength
Mechanical strength

In the welding of Austenitic pipe work, the borer is usually purged with Ar to?
a)
b)
c)
d)

55

Iron powder
Calcium fluoride
Silicon
Calcium carbonate

Welds made with high heat inputs show a reduction in one of the following
properties?
a)
b)
c)
d)

54

Semi fluid

Had control of chemical composition


Been heat treated
Been quality tested
Been vacuum melted

Which one o the following steels would give rise to the formation of porosity
when autogenously welded with an arc process?
a)
b)
c)

Fully killed steel


Semi killed steel
Rimming steel
Page 9 of 29

d)
58

In submerged arc welding, the use of excessively high voltage would result in?
a)
b)
c)
d)

59

Tungsten
Manganese
Molybdenum
Carbon

Welding a steel plate of CE of 0.45 would require preheating to?


a)
b)
c)
d)

64

Sintered and agitated


Agitated and fused
Crushed and agglomerated
Fused and agglomerated

In a steel, which has improved creep properties at elevated temperature, which


one of the following elements helps in this improvement?
a)
b)
c)
d)

63

Cracking I the HAZ


The formation of chromium carbides
Cracking in the weld metal
Distortion

Submerged arc fluxes can be supplied in two forms; thses are?


a)
b)
c)
d)

62

Hydrogen control is needed


Iron powder in the electrode
Higher arc voltage can be obtained
Shorter arc length can be achieved

In the welding of Austenitic stainless steels, the electrode and plate material can
be purchased with low carbon contents. The reason for this is to prevent?
a)
b)
c)
d)

61

Insufficient flux melting


Excessive flux melting
Slag removal difficulties
Spatter

The use of cellulosic electrode is often made when welding the root pass of pipes
in the field. This is because?
a)
b)
c)
d)

60

Fine grained steel

Prevent the formation of sulphides


Prevent hardening in the HAZ
Prevent the formation of carbides
To improve mechanical properties in the weld

Which
of
the
system of fusion?
a)
b)

following

Friction welding
Diffusion bonding
Page 10 of 29

processes

uses

the

keyholing

c)
d)
65

In friction welding, is the metal at the interface in the?


a)
b)
c)
d)

66

Excessive penetration
Change in weld metal composition
Narrow weld width
Excessive bead profile

The British code for visual inspection requirements is:


a)
b)
c)
d)

71

Nick break
Side bend test
Charpy input
Macro test

In submerged arc welding, excessive arc voltage may cause?


a)
b)
c)
d)

70

Shows reduction in size


Is flat and featureless
Breaks in the weld metal
Breaks in the parent material

What destructive test would be required to ascertain the likelihood of cracking in


the HAZ of a weld?
a)
b)
c)
d)

69

Have poor profile


Have larger grain size
Have high hardness in the HAZ
Have low elongation properties

In a tensile test, a brittle material would be indicated if the fracture surface?


a)
b)
c)
d)

68

Liquid state
Solid state
Plastic state
Elastic state

Welding procedures may require welds to be deposited at a controlled rate heat


input. High heat inputs would?
a)
b)
c)
d)

67

Electron beam welding


Autogenous TIG welding

BS4872
BS499
BS4870
None of the above

A code of practice for visual inspection should cover the following:


a)
b)

Before, during and after welding activities


Before welding activities only
Page 11 of 29

c)
d)
72

Incomplete penetration in a butt joint could be caused by:


a)
b)
c)
d)

73

Corrosion
Fatigue life
Overlap type defects
All of the above

Slag inclusion would occur with:


a)
b)
c)
d)

78

Poor consumable choice


Welding position
Excessive travel speed
All of the above

Toe blending is important as it may affect:


a)
b)
c)
d)

77

Cap height
Toe blend
Weld width
A, B & C

You notice a very veed ripple shape. This is most likely caused by:
a)
b)
c)
d)

76

Linear misalignment
Incorrect tilt angle
Differing root face widths
All of the above

When visually inspecting a completed single vee butt weld cap you would
certainly assess:
a)
b)
c)
d)

75

Excessive root face width


Excessive root gap size
Low current setting
Both A & C

Incomplete root fusion weld certainly be caused by:


a)
b)
c)
d)

74

After welding activities only


None of the above

Manual metal arc


Metal inert gas
Submerged arc welding
Both A & C

Undercut principally caused by:


a)
b)

Excessive amps
Excessive volts
Page 12 of 29

c)
d)
79

Undercut normally assessed by:


a)
b)
c)
d)

80

Excessive travel speed


All of the above

Its depth
Its length
Its blending
All of the above

A welding procedure is useful to:


a)
b)
c)
d)
81

An essential variable may:


a)
b)
c)
d)

82

The leg lengths


The actual throat thickness
The design throat thickness
Both A & C

The planar defect is:


a)
b)
c)
d)

84

Up to 5
2 2.5
5 10
None of the above

When visually inspecting a fillet weld, it would normally be sized by:


a)
b)
c)
d)

83

Change the properties of the weld


Influence the visual acceptability
Require re-approval of a weld procedure
All of the above

A magnifying glass may be used during visual inspection but BS 5289 states that
its magnification should be:
a)
b)
c)
d)

82

Give information to the welder


Give information to the inspector
Give Confidence to a product
All of the above

Incomplete fusion defects


Slag inclusion
Incomplete penetration
Both A & C

Penetrant and Magnetic particle inspection are mainly used to:


a)
b)

Aid visual inspection


Because application standard says so
Page 13 of 29

c)
d)
85

To confirm visual uncertainties


All of the above

Defects outside of the limits specified in a standard should always be:


a)
b)
c)
d)
86

MIG welding tends to be susceptible to lack of fusion problems. This is because


of:
a)
b)
c)
d)

87

Better profiles
Improved toe blending
Improved ripple shape
All of the above

Cracks in welds may be due to:


a)
b)
c)
d)

91

Poor access
Loss of gas shield
Dirty materials
All of the above

Weave technique may give rise to:


a)
b)
c)
d)

90

Basic cellulosic and rutile


Neutral cellulosic and rutile
Basic cellulosic and neutral
None of the above

The main causes of porosity in welded joints are:


a)
b)
c)
d)

89

Poor maintenance of equipment


Incorrect setting
Poor inter run cleaning
All of the above

Manual metal arc electrodes can be grouped into three main types. Thses are:
a)
b)
c)
d)

88

Repaired
Reported to a senior person
Assessed along with other defects
All of the above

Solidification problems
Hydrogen problems
Excessive stresses
All of the above

With reference to a root penetration bead, you could certainly assess:


Page 14 of 29

a)
b)
c)
d)

Root fusion and penetration


Root concavity
Burn-through
All of the above

92

A fatigue failure characteristic by the appearance of the fracture surface. It would


be:
a)
Rough and torn
b)
Cheveron like
c)
Smooth
d)
None of the above

93

Stray arcing may be regarded as a serious defect. This is because:


a)
b)
c)
d)

94

Overlap in welds could be influenced by:


a)
b)
c)
d)

95

Poor welding technique


Welding process
Welding position
All of t he above

Flame cut preparations may, during welding, increase the likelihood of:
a)
b)
c)
d)

96

It may reduce the thickness dimension of a component


It may cause liquation cracks
It may cause hard zones
All of the above

Cracking
Misalignment problems
Inclusions
All of the above

Macroscopic examination requires any specimen to be inspected:


a)
b)
c)
d)

Once, after etching


Twice, before and after etching
Using a microscope
None of the above

97

Which of the following may be classes as a more serious defect:

98

a)
Slag inclusions
b)
Fusion defects (interun)
c)
Fusion defects (surface)
Code of practice is:
a)
b)
c)
d)

A standard for workmanship only


A set of rules for manufacturing a specific product
Levels of acceptability of a weldment
None of the above
Page 15 of 29

99

Movement of the arc by magnetic forces in-MMA welding is termed:


a)
b)
c)
d)

100

A metallurgical problem most associated with submerged arc welding is:


a)
b)
c)
d)

101

The temperature required for cut initiation


The ability to cut stainless steels
The depth of cut obtainable
None of the above

The main uses of arc cutting/gouging processes is in:


a)
b)
c)

103

Hydrogen cracking in HAZ


Solidification cracking in the weld metal
Hydrogen cracking in the weld metal
Lamellar tearing in the weld metal

Oxy pressure and nozzle size would influence what in flame cutting:
a)
b)
c)
d)

102

Arc deviation
Arc misalignment
Arc blow
Arc eye

The cutting of single bevel preparations


The removal of deposited welds
The cutting of single U-type preparations

Which of the following processes joins metals plastically:


a)
b)
c)
d)

Friction welding
Resistance welding
Plasma welding
All of the above

104

Which electrode classification would be relevant AWS A 5.1-81:

105

a)
E 6013
b)
E 5133
c)
E 7018 G
d)
Fleet weld 5
Which of the following coating is associated with Stove welding;
a)
b)
c)
d)

106

Rutile
Cellulosic
Basic
Oxidizing

A common gas mixture used in MIG welding nickel alloys to combine good
levels of penetration with good arc stability would be:
a)
b)

100% CO
100% argon
Page 16 of 29

c)
d)
107

The type of SAW flux is more resistance to moisture absorption:


a)
b)
c)
d)

108

The material being ingrained with in-service contaminates


Restricted access with the repair area
The possible position of the weld
Any of the above

Hydrogen cracking in the weld metal is likely when:


a)
b)
c)
d)

113

A large grain formation


A reduction of in service temperature to sub zero levels
Ferritic rather than austenitic steels
All of the above

Repair welding is often more difficult than production due to:


a)
b)
c)
d)

112

Low ductility values


Low fracture toughness values
High fracture toughness values
High tensile strength

The likelihood of brittle fracture in steels will increase with:


a)
b)
c)
d)

111

3200 C
2300 C
5000 C
None of the above

A large grain structure in steels is said to produce:


a)
b)
c)
d)

110

Fused
Agglomerated
Basic
All of about the same resistance

The flame temperature of oxy/acetylene mixture gas is given as:


a)
b)
c)
d)

109

80% argon 20% CO2


98% argon 2% oxygen

Carbon manganese steels


Stainless steels
Micro alloyed steels (HSLA)
Low carbon steels

EN standard 288 would refer to which of the following:


Page 17 of 29

a)
b)
c)
d)
114

Porosity is caused by:


a)
b)
c)
d)

115

Annealing
Normalizing
Hardening
Stress relieving

The presence of iron sulphide in the weld metal is most likely to produce which
of the following upon contraction of the weld:
a)
b)
c)
d)

119

Lack of side wall fusion


Surface undercut
Incompletely filled groove
Overlap

The process of tempering is often carried out to regain toughness after which of
the following processes:
a)
b)
c)
d)

118

A root bend test


A side bend test
A face bend test
None of the above

Ultrasonic testing is of advantage in detecting which of the following weld


imperfections over other NDT methods:
a)
b)
c)
d)

117

Entrapped slag in the solidifying weld


Entrapped gas in the solidifying weld
Entrapped metallic inclusions in the solidifying weld
None of the above

In bend test, the face of the specimen is in tension and root is in compression; the
type of test being carried out would be:
a)
b)
c)
d)

116

Welder approval testing


Welding equipment
Welding procedure approval
Consumables for submerged arc welding

Solidification cracking
Hydrogen cracking
Intergranular corrosion
Stress corrosion cracking

Generally the most suitable method of detecting lack of sidewall fusion would
be:
a)
b)
c)

Ultrasonic
MPI
Radiography
Page 18 of 29

d)
120

Hot shortness term is used to indicate:


a)
b)
c)
d)

121

Knowledge and experience


Literacy
Honesty and integrity
All of the above

The correct term for a joint prepared on one component only is:
a)
b)
c)
d)

126

Weld on arrow side


Weld on other side
Weld on site
Full penetration required

A welding inspectors main attribute includes:


a)
b)
c)
d)

125

Re-qualification of the welding procedure


Possible change in the welds microstructure
Possible change in t he mechanical properties
All of the above

Weld symbol placed on a dotted line in accordance with ISO requirements


means:
a)
b)
c)
d)

124

Thin materials
Tee joints
Plate thickness greater than 25mm
None of the above

In welding procedure term, a change in essential variable means


a)
b)
c)
d)

123

Lamellar tearing
Solidification cracking
Hydrogen cracking
None of the above

The use of cobalt as an isotope would generally be used on:


a)
b)
c)
d)

122

Penetrants

A bevel butt
A J butt
A K butt
All of the above

Technically a code of practice is:


a)
b)
c)

A standard
A set of rules for the manufacture of a product
Related to welder and weld procedure approval
Page 19 of 29

d)
127

The correct term for cap height is:


a)
b)
c)
d)

128

Weld ability aspects


Crack sensitivity aspects
Typical mechanical properties
All of the above

A basic electrode would normally:


a)
b)
c)
d)

133

Weld decay
Sensitization
Solidification cracking
All of the above

Carbon equivalent values are useful to determine:


a)
b)
c)
d)

132

They can withstand creep failure


They may suffer re-heat cracking problems
They may suffer loss of toughness
All of the above

An austenitic stainless steel may suffer:


a)
b)
c)
d)

131

Impact values
Stress
Strain
Both a) & c)

The important point if high temperature steel is that:


a)
b)
c)
d)

130

Reinforcement
Cap profile height
Excessive weld metal
All of the above

A tensile test will assess


a)
b)
c)
d)

129

All of the above

Have superior mechanical properties


Require baking before use
Not be used on low carbon steels
Both a) and b)

When referring to TIG welding, the shielding gas could be:


a)
b)

Argon + Hydrogen
Argon + Helium
Page 20 of 29

c)
d)
134

Argon + Nitrogen
All of the above

When referring to MIG welding, the shielding gas could be:


a)
b)
c)
d)

Argon
Argon + 1% Oxygen
Argon + 20% CO2
None of the above

135

Submerged arc utilities:

136

a)
Deep penetration characteristic
b)
High deposition rate on DC+
c)
Flat (P.A.) welding only
Ultrasonic would be prefer over radiography due to:
a)
b)
c)
d)

137

The most serious defects


a)
b)
c)
d)

138

Temperature of the component


The C.E. % of the material
The elements in the material
All of the above

Post heat treatment:


a)
b)
c)
d)

140

Planar
Cracks
Lack of fusion
All of the above

The weldability of a material may be affected by:


a)
b)
c)
d)

139

Ability to find more defects


Lowest skill requirements
Ability to detect laminations
Both a) and c)

Must be applied to welds if a crack free weld is required1


Should never exceed 300 dg C
May stress relieve
Must always be applied using gas flames

Which of the following welding processes may be described, as a low hydrogen


process in comparison with general MMA welding:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

TIG
MIG
MAG
None of the above
All f the above
Page 21 of 29

141

Which form of NDT could be used on a fillet weld on aluminum?


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)

142

Which of the following NDT methods would not detect sub-surface defects?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

143

Not associated with welding


Types of cracks
Only encountered in MMA welds
Hydrogen related problems

Pre heating prior to welding:


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

147

To adjust the voltage


To adjust the amperage
To convert A.C to D.C.
To prevent arc strikes

Fish eyes, chevron cracks and fissures are:


a)
b)
c)
d)

146

To initiate the arc


To obtain penetration
To avoid lack of fusion
MMA welding does not have a high O.C.V.

What is the purpose of a rectifier in relation to welding plant?


a)
b)
c)
d)

145

MPI
Dye penetrant testing
Ultrasonic testing
Radiography
All of the above would detect sub-surface defects

Why have a high O.C.V. with MMA welding


a)
b)
c)
d)

144

Dye penetrant testing


Ultrasonic testing
Radiography
MPI
a, b and c
D only
All of the above

Must always be carried out


Need not be carried out if post heat treatment is to follow welding
Is always carried out using gas flame
None of the above
All of the above

What does pre heat prior to welding have an affect on:


a)
b)
c)

Hardenability
Weldability
Cooling rate
Page 22 of 29

d)
e)
148

The toes of the cap on a butt weld:


a)
b)
c)
d)

149

The inspection of a product or service


A management system designed only to ensure material compatibility
Not solely related to planning and inspection
The implementation of quality control

Which welding process is considered the most versatile?


a)
b)
c)
d)

154

The distance from toe to the face


The distance from the root to face center
The distance from the root to the toe
The distance from toe to toe

Quality assurance is:


a)
b)
c)
d)

153

The distance from the toe to the face


The distance from the root and to the face center
The distance from the root to the toe
The distance from toe to toe

What is throat thickness of the fillet weld?


a)
b)
c)
d)

152

A U preparation
A V preparation
A double V preparation
Lack of side wall fusion does not exist with MMA

What is the leg length of a fillet weld?


a)
b)
c)
d)

151

Must overlap on the external surface of a pipe or plate by at least 1.5mm


Must be grounded
Must never be grounded
None of the above

Which of the following butt-weld preparations is generally most susceptible to


lack of side wall fusion during MMA welding?
a)
b)
c)
d)

150

All of the above


None of the above

SAW
TIG
MIG/MAG
MMA

Quality assurance:
a)

Is an other term for inspection


Page 23 of 29

b)
c)
d)
155

Which NDT method would never be use on a 6 aluminum pipe weld?


a)
b)
c)
d)

156

Argon
Xenon
Carbon dioxide
Helium

Why is welding is shielded?


a)
b)
c)
d)

160

Must have at a thorough knowledge of NDT


Must know how to interpret radiographs
Must have a thorough knowledge of welding metallurgy
None of the above
All of the above

Which of the following is not an inert gas?


a)
b)
c)
d)

159

Because it is applied at a high amperage


Because it is applied when the root is still hot
Because it could cause hot shortness
Because it heat treats the root

Generally speaking a welding inspector, as a minimum requirement:


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

158

Radiography
Magnetic particle inspection
Ultrasonic testing
Dye penetrant testing

Why is hot pass so-called?


a)
b)
c)
d)

157

Related to all activities and functions concerned with the attainment of


quality
Is the activity of ensuring documents relating to specific contracts are in
order
Is the activity of carrying out quality control

To eliminate hydrogen
To retard the cooling rate of the weld
To eliminate the atmosphere
To ensure maximum heat input

The primary duty of welding inspector:


a)
b)
c)
d)

Is ensure welds are defect free


Is to ensure the weld is free from residual stresses
Is to write job specifications
Is to ensure all welding and associated activities are carried out in
accordance with the procedure(s)
Page 24 of 29

161

Which of the following welding processes is most susceptible to lack of fusion?


a)
b)
c)
d)

162

Fillet welds are


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

163

Voltage
Amperage
Polarity
None of the above

Lap joints contain:


a)
b)
c)
d)

166

Associated Pipeline Industries


American Pipe Institute
American Pipeline Institute
American Petroleum Institute

When welding using the MMA process, varying the arc length will give the most
variation of:
a)
b)
c)
d)

165

Preferable to butt welds due to high strength


Difficult to assess with Non Destructive Testing in comparison with butt
(grove) welds
Used only for appearance purposes
Only feasible on steels
All of the above

API stands for


a)
b)
c)
d)

164

Submerged arc
CO2 (metal active gas)
Manual metal arc
Tungsten inert gas

Fillet welds
Corner joints
Butt welds
Single bevel butt welds

Which arc welding process utilizes a non-consumable electrode?


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

MIG
TIG
MMA
SAW
All of the above
Page 25 of 29

167

A welding Inspector:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

168

Which electrodes are very susceptible to causing porosity in the deposited welds
if long arc employed?
a)
b)
c)
d)

169

c)
d)

It does not cause a problem


It may lead to cracking, especially with small welds between large
components
It causes distortion
Restraint is term not used in relation to welding

Which mechanical test (s) can b e used to make an assessment of surfacing


breaking defects?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

173

It is solely the decision of the welder


It depends on the requirement of the procedure and specifications
It is solely the decision of the welding inspector
No, all welds should be completed before dropping the temperature to
ambient

What is the problem with restraint during welding?


a)
b)

172

Minimum pre heat temperature


Minimum stress relieve temperature
The lowest temperature to be used when normalizing
The lowest temperature allowed during welding and between passes

Is it permissible to allow a single V butt weld to cool down passes?


a)
b)
c)
d)

171

Basic
Cellulosic
Rutile
None of the above

What do you understand by the term minimum interpass temperature


a)
b)
c)
d)

170

Must know how to interpret radiographs


May be required to interpret radiographs on certain contracts
Should be able to weld
Both b and c
All of the above

Bend test
Nick break test
Macro test
None of the above
All of the above

What is the purpose of a tensile test?


a)

To assess tensile strength


Page 26 of 29

b)
c)
d)
174

When a metal returns to its original shape after an applied load has been
removed, the metal is said to have:
a)
b)
c)
d)

175

N/mm
PSI
mm
Both a and b

What is a crater pipe?


a)
b)
c)
d)

180

Stress
Load divide by cross sectional are
Extension of gauge length divided by the original gauge length
Toughness

Stress can be measured in:


a)
b)
c)
d)

179

Stress
Load divided by cross sectional area
Extension of gauge length divided by original gauge length
Toughness

Strain is equal to:


a)
b)
c)
d)

178

Tensile failure
Yield failure
Fatigue failure
Shear failure

Stress is equal to:


a)
b)
c)
d)

177

Plasticity
Ductility
Elasticity
Malleability

Fluctuating load is: cyclic stresses, below the UTS on a weld component may
lead to:
a)
b)
c)
d)

176

To assess ductility
To assess yield strength
All of the above could be assessed

An oval tube
Another term for burn through
A type of porosity
A shrinkage defect

Which British standard relates to welding term and symbols


a)
b)

BS 639
BS 638
Page 27 of 29

c)
d)
181

How could you accurately measure the root radius of a charpy or Izod specimen?
a)
b)
c)
d)

182

Lack of penetration
Lack of fusion
The freezing of the electrode
All of the above

Stress acting in the opposite direction of compressive stress is known as:


a)
b)
c)
d)

186

Is repairable
Always results in s cut out and complete reweld
Is acceptable up to 2mm in length
May be repaired or cut out depending on specification requirements.

If the amperage were too low during the welding of a root bead the possible
result would be:
a)
b)
c)
d)

185

A particular pattern of porosity


Made up of wormholes
Made up of piping
All the above are correct
None of the above

A crack is a weld zone:


a)
b)
c)
d)

184

With a machine called shadowgraph


With a rule
With a vernier caliper
With a densitometry

Herringbone porosity is:


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

183

BS 18
BS 499

Residual stress
Shear stress
Hoop stress
Tensile stress

Distortion may be affected by:


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Restraint
Heat input
Material properties
Material thickness
All of the above
Page 28 of 29

187

Distortion:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Is plastic deformation
Is elastic deformation
Is another term for stress
May be elastic or plastic deformation
All of the above

Page 29 of 29