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# UNIVERSITY OF MAURITIUS

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

MAY 2010
PROGRAMME

MODULE NAME

Surveying
Friday

DATE

MODULE CODE

CIVE 1005Y(1)

14 May 2010
TIME

## 13.30 16.30 Hrs

NO. OF
QUESTIONS SET

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
All questions carry equal marks.

DURATION
NO. OF
QUESTIONS TO BE
ATTEMPTED

3 Hours
5

## SURVEYING CIVE 1005Y(1)

All questions carry equal marks.
Question 1
(a)

Briefly explain how an automatic level can be checked for the presence of any
collimation error.
[5 marks]

(b)

The following levels were taken with a metric staff on a series of pegs at 100
m intervals along the line of a proposed trench:
BS
2.10

IS

FS

2.94

Remarks
TBM1 (128.75m)
Peg A
Peg B
Peg C
Peg D
Peg E

3.81

TBM2(124.07m)

2.85
1.80

3.51
1.58
2.24

1.68
2.27
3.06

## If the trench is to be excavated from peg A, commencing at a formation level

of 26.50 m and falling to peg E at a grade of 1 in 200, calculate the height of
the sight rails at A, B, C, D and E, if a 3m boning rod is to be used.
[15 marks]
Question 2
The measured internal angles of a traverse ABCDEA are:
A
B
C
D
E

=
=
=
=
=

51 37 40
192 08 55
101 51 55
87 29 35
106 53 35

## The lengths of the sides are measured in metres as AB = 88.335, BC = 65,205, CD =

76.405, DE = 112.960, EA = 125.400.
Calculate the corrected coordinates of stations B, C, D and E if the coordinates of A
are 50.235mE, 75.170 mN and the bearing of the line AB is 56 56 40.
[20 marks]

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## SURVEYING CIVE 1005Y(1)

Question 3
A modern tacheometer was set up over a station P and vertical staves held at BM
and at A and B were observed with results shown in the table below:

Inst.
Stn.

Staff
Stn.

BM
A
B

Horz.
Circle
---28 12 15
93 51 55

Vertical
Angle

2 15 10
3 36 00
-2 42 30

Top

Mid

Bottom

2.310
2.466
2.552

1.887
1.600
1.455

1.464
0.732
0.388

Calculate:
(a)
(b)
(c)

## the horizontal distance AB

the heights of points A and B above datum
the error (in mm) which would occur if the slope distance rather than the
horizontal distance of AB was plotted on a 1:500 scale plan
[20 marks]

Question 4
Reciprocal vertical angles were observed between two stations A and B as follows:
Mean observed angle
Height of instrument at
Height of signal at
Reduced level of A
Distance AB

A to B
B to A
A
B
A
B

= -1 02
= -2 59
= 1.35 m
= 1.33 m
= 3.10 m
= 4.50 m
= 175.4 m
= 11 600 m

## Estimate the reduced level of B.

[10 marks]
What would be the error in that level if only the observation from B to A had been
taken and the assumption made that the refraction coefficient was 0.071? A length of
30.95 m at mean sea level may be taken to subtend an angle of 1 at the centre of the
earth.
[10 marks]

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## SURVEYING CIVE 1005Y(1)

Question 5
A line ABCD was measured as a whole and in sections. Due to variations in
accuracy, the measurements have been assigned weights as shown below:
Line
AB
BC
CD
AC

Observed Length(m)
39.2310
120.7160
61.2560
159.9350
221.2180

Weight
3
2
2
1
1

Find, by the method of least squares, the most probable length of AB, BC and CD to
the nearest tenth of a millimeter.
[20 marks]
Question 6
(a)

Explain clearly what is meant by (i) accuracy, (ii) precision and (iii) standard
error of a set of observations.
[6 marks]

(b)

Set 1:
Set 2:
Set 3:
Calculate

## 165 47 08, 14, 12, 17, 09, 12.

165 47 11, 12, 13, 13, 08, 09.
165 47 11, 12, 13, 10.
the most probable value,
the standard error of a single observation and
the standard error of the mean.
[6 marks]

(c)

## A rectangular plot of land is measured as 77.00 0.01 m by 148.00 0.03 m.

Calculate the expected error in the area.
[8 marks]

Question 7
(a)
(b)

(c)

## Give four reasons for using photogrammetric mapping.

[4 marks]
With respect to vertical photographs derive:
(i)
the general expression for scale,
(ii)
an expression for the radial displacement of an image from the
principal point due to relief,
[6 marks]
An area of 300 km2 is to be air photographed at a scale of 1 in 7000, the
photograph being 230 mm by 230 mm. A longitudinal overlap of 60% and a
lateral overlap of 25% must be provided. Calculate the minimum number of
prints required if the flying strips are 20 km long.
[10 marks]
END OF QUESTION PAPER

/ph

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