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O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.

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TOPIC 4: Moles

PART-1 MCQs
1- A 25 cm3 sample of dilute sulphuric acid contains 0.025 moles of the acid.
What is the hydrogen ion concentration in the solution?
A 0.25 mol / dm3
B 0.50 mol / dm3
C 1.00 mol / dm3
D 2.00 mol / dm3

[JUNE 2003]

2- Which sulphide contains the greatest mass of sulphur in a 10 g sample?

[JUNE 2003]
3- 124 g of phosphorus vapour has the same volume as 71 g of chlorine gas at the
same temperature and pressure.
What is the formula of a molecule of phosphorus?
AP8

B P4

C P2

DP

[JUNE 2003]

4- What is the mass of magnesium which completely reacts with 250 cm3 of 1.0 mol/dm3
sulphuric
acid?
A6g

B 12 g

C 48 g

D 96 g

5- A volume of ethane, C2H6, at r.t.p. has a mass of 20 g.


What is the mass of an equal volume of propene, C3H6, at r.t.p.?
A 20 g

B 21 g

C 28 g

D 42 g

[NOV-2003]

6- 'Cracking' of hydrocarbons breaks them into smaller molecules.


Which example of 'cracking' would produce the largest volume of products from one
mole of
hydrocarbon? Assume that all measurements are made at the same temperature
and pressure.

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

7- When 20 cm3 of a gaseous alkene burns in an excess of oxygen, 60 cm 3 of carbon


dioxide are
formed. Both volumes are measured at r.t.p.
What is the formula of the alkene?
A C 3H 6
B C3H8
C C6H12
D C6H14

[NOV-2004]

8- All ammonium salts on heating with sodium hydroxide produce ammonia gas.
From which ammonium salt can the greatest mass of ammonia be obtained?
A 0.5 mol (NH4)3PO4
B 0.5 mol (NH4)2SO4
C 1.0 mol NH4Cl
D 1.0 mol NH4NO3
[NOV-2004]
9- How many moles per dm3 of gaseous carbon dioxide are there if 4.4 g occupies
500 cm3?
A 0.1 mol /dm3 B 0.2 mol /dm3 C 2.2 mol /dm3 D 8.8 mol /dm3
[JUNE2005]
10- Element X is a solid at room temperature.
It needs one electron per atom to gain the electronic structure of a noble gas.
It is the least reactive element in its group.
What is the element X?
A At
B Cs
CF
D Li
[JUNE- 2005]
11- Aluminium sulphate can be obtained as shown in the equation.

How many moles of sulphuric acid are needed to produce 0.5 mol of aluminium
sulphate?
A 0.5
B 1.0
C 1.5
D 3.0
[JUNE- 2005]

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

12- The diagram shows the electrolysis of a concentrated aqueous solution


containing both
copper(II) ions and sodium ions.
Which metal is deposited at the negative
electrode and why?

13- Which pollutant increases the growth of algae in rivers and streams?
A chlorine
B heavy metal ions
C nitrate ions
D sulphur dioxide
14- What is the mass of aluminium in 204 g of aluminium oxide, Al2O3?
A 26 g B 27 g
C 54 g
D 108 g
15- 2 dm3 of aqueous sodium hydroxide of concentration 5 mol /dm 3 were required
for an experiment.
How many moles of sodium hydroxide were needed to make up this solution?
A 2.5
B5
C7
D 10
16- An 8 g sample of oxygen atoms contains the same number of atoms as 16 g of
element X.
What is the relative atomic mass, Ar, of X?
A4
B8
C 16
D 32
17- Which quantity is the same for one mole of ethanol and one mole of ethane?
A mass
B number of atoms
C number of molecules
D volume at r.t.p.
18- In an experiment 264 g of strontium reacts with 213 g of chlorine.
What is the formula of strontium chloride?
A SrCl
B SrCl2 C SrCl3
D Sr2Cl

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

19- The element X forms a gaseous molecule X2. One volume of X2 combines with
one volume of
hydrogen to form two volumes of a gaseous hydride.
What is the formula for the hydride of X?
A HX
B HX2
C H2X
D H2X2
20- Which substance has the highest percentage by mass of nitrogen?
A NH4NO3 Mr = 80
B (NH4)2SO4 Mr = 132
C CO(NH2)2 Mr = 60
D (NH4)3PO4 Mr = 149
21- The equation represents the action of dilute nitric acid on copper.
xCu + yHNO3 xCu(NO3)2 + 4H2O + 2NO
What are the values of x and y?
A x = 1, y = 4
B x = 1, y = 8
C x = 3, y = 4
D x = 3, y = 8
22- Which statement about the substance formed when a given mass of an element
burns in excess
oxygen is always correct?
The substance formed is
A denser than the element.
B greater in mass than the element.
C soluble in water.
D white in colour.
23- The diagram shows apparatus for measuring the volume of hydrogen given off
when an excess of
dilute hydrochloric acid is added to powdered metal. The volume of gas is measured
at room
temperature and pressure.

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

The experiment is carried out three times, using the same mass of powder each
time but with
different powders:
pure magnesium
pure zinc
a mixture of magnesium and zinc
Which powder gives the greatest volume of hydrogen and which the least volume?

24- All ammonium salts on heating with sodium hydroxide produce ammonia gas.
From which ammonium salt can the greatest mass of ammonia be obtained?
A 0.5 mol (NH4)3PO4
B 0.5 mol (NH4)2SO4
C 1.0 mol NH4Cl
D 1.0 mol NH4NO3
25- In which oxide does X have the same oxidation state as in the chloride, XCl3?
A X3O
B X2O
C XO2
D X2O3
26- One mole of a sample of hydrated sodium sulphide contains 162 g of water of
crystallisation.
What is the correct formula of this compound?
A Na2S.3H2O
B Na2S.5H2O
C Na2S.7H2O
D Na2S.9H2O

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

27- Carbon dioxide can be obtained as shown in the equation.


3Na2CO3 + 2H3PO4 2Na3PO4 + 3CO2 + 3H2O
How many moles of phosphoric acid, H3PO4, are needed to produce 1.5 mol of
carbon dioxide?
A 0.5
B 1.0
C 1.5
D 2.0
28- The fertiliser ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3, Mr = 80) is manufactured from
ammonia (NH3, Mr = 17)
by a two-stage process.
Stage 1 NH3 + 2O2 HNO3 + H2O
Stage 2 HNO3 + NH3 NH4NO3
What is the maximum mass of fertiliser that can be made if only 17 tonnes of
ammonia is available?
A 34 tonnes
B 40 tonnes
C 80 tonnes
D 97 tonnes
29- Which gas contains the same number of molecules as 9 g of water?
A 2 g of hydrogen
B 14 g of nitrogen
C 32 g of oxygen
D 44 g of carbon dioxide
30- The equation for the reaction between copper and nitric acid is shown.
vCu + wHNO3 xCu(NO3)2 + yNO + zH2O
v, w, x, y and z are whole numbers.
Which values of v, w, x, y and z balance the equation?

31- Which reactions take place during the electrolysis of aqueous copper(II) sulfate
with copper electrodes?

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

32The relative atomic mass of oxygen is 16.


What are possible values of the relative molecular mass of different molecules of
water formed by
the combination of oxygen and hydrogen?
1 18
2 19
3 20
A 1 only
B 1 and 2 only
C 1 and 3 only
D 1, 2 and 3
33- Calcium reacts with water as shown.
Ca(s) + 2H2O(l) Ca(OH)2(aq) + H2(g)
What is the total mass of the solution that remains when 40 g of calcium reacts with
100 g of
water?
A 58 g
B 74 g
C 138 g
D 140 g
34- Hydrogen reacts with oxygen as shown in the equation below.
2H2(g) + O2(g) 2H2O(l)
How much gas will remain if 2 dm3 of hydrogen are reacted with 1 dm3 of oxygen at
room
temperature?
A 0 dm3
B 1 dm3
C 2 dm3
D 3 dm3
35- Two different hydrocarbons each contain the same percentage by mass of
hydrogen.
It follows that they have the same
A empirical formula.
B number of isomers.
C relative molecular mass.
D structural formula.

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

36- What is the mass of one mole of carbon-12?


A 0.012 g
B 0.024 g
C1g
D 12 g
37- What is the concentration of iodine molecules, I2, in a solution containing 2.54 g
of iodine in
250 cm3 of solution?
A 0.01 mol /dm3
B 0.02 mol /dm3
C 0.04 mol /dm3
D 0.08 mol /dm3
38- What is the mass of oxygen contained in 72 g of pure water?
[Relative atomic masses: H = 1; O = 16]
A 16 g
B 32 g
C 64 g
D 70 g
39- The equation for the reaction between calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid
is shown.
CaCO 3(s) + 2HCl(aq) CaCl2(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)
How many moles of calcium carbonate will give 24 cm 3 of carbon dioxide when
reacted with an
excess of the acid?
(Assume one mole of carbon dioxide occupies 24 dm 3.)
A 1 mol
B 0.1 mol
C 0.01 mol
D 0.001 mol
40- The empirical formula of a liquid compound is C 2H4O.
To find the empirical formula, it is necessary to know the
A density of the compound.
B percentage composition of the compound.
C relative molecular mass of the compound.
D volume occupied by 1 mole of the compound
41- What is the relative molecular mass Mr of CuSO4.5H2O?
A 160
B 178
C 186
D 250
42- What is the ratio of the number of molecules in 71 g of gaseous chlorine to the
number of
molecules in 2 g of gaseous hydrogen? [Relative atomic masses A r (atomic weights):
H, 1: Cl,
35.5]
A1:1
B1:2
C 2 : 1 D 71 : 2
43- Which equation shows a reaction that would actually take place?
A 2MgO + C CO2 + Mg
B MgO + Cu CuO + Mg

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

C PbO + Zn ZnO + Pb
D ZnO + H2 H2O + Zn
44- What has the same mass as 0.25 mol of copper atoms?
A 0.5 mol of oxygen molecules
B 1 mol of sulfur dioxide molecules
C 1.5 mol of water molecules
D 2 mol of oxygen atoms
45- A 10 cm3 sample of a gaseous hydrocarbon is completely burnt in oxygen. The
total volume of the
products is 70 cm3. All gas volumes are measured at room temperature and
pressure.
Which equation represents the combustion of the hydrocarbon?
A CH4(g) + 2O2(g) CO2(g) + 2H2O(g)
B C2H4(g) + 3O2(g) 2CO2(g) + 2H2O(g)
C C3H8(g) + 5O2(g) 3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g)
D 2C2H6(g) + 7O2(g) 4CO2(g) + 6H2O(g)
46- 0.5 mol /dm3 hydrochloric acid is added gradually to a flask containing 20 cm 3 of
2 mol /dm3
sodium hydroxide solution.
What is the total volume, in cm3, of the mixture in the flask when the solution is just
neutral?
A 30
B 40
C 60
D 100
47- Two of the reactions used in the manufacture of nitric acid, HNO 3, are shown.
2NO + O2 2NO2
4NO2 + 2H2O + O2 4HNO3
What is the maximum number of moles of nitric acid which could be formed from
one mole of
nitrogen monoxide, NO?
A 0.5 B 1.0
C 2.0
D 4.0
48- One volume of a gaseous element X2 combines with an equal volume of
gaseous hydrogen to
form two volumes of a gaseous hydride.
What is the formula for the hydride of X?
A H2X B HX
C HX2 D H2X2
49- The relative atomic mass of chlorine is 35.5.
What is the mass of 2 moles of chlorine gas?
A 17.75 g
B 35.5 g
C 71 g
D 142 g

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

50- The compounds CO(NH2)2 and NH4NO3 are used as fertilisers.


The proportion of nitrogen by mass in CO(NH 2)2 is 1 that in NH4NO3.
The proportion of nitrogen by mole in CO(NH 2)2 is 2 that in NH4NO3.
Which words correctly complete gaps 1 and 2?

51- 18 g of water contains the same number of molecules as


A 18 g of ammonia gas.
B 2 g of hydrogen gas.
C 14 g of nitrogen gas.
D 16 g of oxygen gas.
52- The complete combustion of 20 cm 3 of a gaseous alkane, X, requires 130 cm3 of
oxygen. Both
volumes were measured at r.t.p..
What could be the identity of X?
A butane
B ethane
C methane
D propane
53- Sodium hydrogencarbonate decomposes on heating.
2NaHCO3 Na2CO3 + H2O + CO2
In an experiment, a 5.0 mol sample of sodium hydrogencarbonate is heated.
Which volume of carbon dioxide, measured at room temperature and pressure, is
evolved?
A 24 dm3
B 36 dm3
C 48 dm3
D 60 dm3
54- What is the percentage, by mass, of nitrogen in the fertiliser (NH 4)3PO4?
[Ar: H, 1; N, 14; O, 16; P, 31]
A 9.4%
B 18.8%
C 28.2%
D 37.6%

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

PAPER -2 THEORY
1- Marble statues are being damaged by acid rain. The chemical name for marble is calcium
carbonate.
A student investigated the reaction between marble chips and nitric acid.
CaCO3(s) + 2HNO3

(aq) Ca(NO3)2(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)

The diagram shows the apparatus the student used.

The student recorded the balance reading every minute.


The table shows the results.
5070/02/M/J/03

(a) Explain why the balance reading decreases during the experiment.
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(b) How can the student tell when the reaction has finished?
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7
(c) (i) Calculate the number of moles of nitric acid in 50 cm3 of 2.0 mol / dm3 solution.

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

(ii) Calculate the number of moles of calcium carbonate in 2.0 g.

(iii) Which reagent, calcium carbonate or nitric acid, is in excess?


Explain your answer.

[5]
(d) The student repeats the experiment using the same quantities of calcium carbonate and
nitric acid. This time the acid is at a higher temperature. Describe and explain, in terms
of collisions between reacting particles, the effect of increasing the temperature on the
rate of reaction.
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[JUNE-2003]
2-

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

(b) Potassium reacts with water as shown in the equation.


2K(s) + 2H2O(l) 2K+(aq) + 2OH(aq) + H2(g)
Describe what you would see when potassium reacts with water.
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(c) A sample of 0.195 g of potassium was added to 500 cm3 of cold water. When the
reaction was finished, 100 cm3 of 0.100 mol/dm3 hydrochloric acid was added to form
solution X.
(i) Calculate the number of moles of hydroxide ions formed when the potassium was
added to water.

(ii) Calculate the number of moles of hydrogen ions in 100 cm3 of 0.100 mol/dm3
hydrochloric acid.

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

(iii) Give an ionic equation to represent the neutralisation


reaction....................................................................................................................................
(iv) Suggest a pH value for solution X.
Explain your answer.
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[4]
Draw the electronic structure of both a potassium ion and an oxide ion.
Include the charge on each ion.
Potassium ion

Oxide ion

[2]
2- A fertiliser contains three compounds:
ammonium sulphate, (NH4)2SO4,
iron(II) sulphate, FeSO4,
sand, SiO2.
(a) Calculate the percentage by mass of nitrogen in ammonium sulphate.

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

.................................. % [2]

(b) Aqueous iron(II) ions and aqueous iron(III) ions can be distinguished by reaction with
aqueous sodium hydroxide. Describe what you would observe as a result of each
reaction.
observation with aqueous iron(II) ions ............................................................................
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observation with aqueous iron(III) ions ...........................................................................
......................................................................................................................................[2]
(c) Aqueous iron(II) ions can be oxidised by reaction with acidified potassium
manganate(VII), KMnO4. The colour change during the reaction shows that iron(II) ions
act as a reducing agent.
(i) Describe the colour change during the reaction.
.............................................................................................................................. [1]
(ii) In terms of oxidation numbers, explain the meaning of the term reducing agent.
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(d) The mass of iron(II) ions in a sample of fertiliser can be determined by the reaction
between iron(II) ions and acidified potassium manganate(VII), KMnO4.
A student analysed a sample of the fertiliser. He dissolved the sample in 25.0 cm3 of
dilute sulphuric acid and titrated the solution formed with 0.0200 mol / dm3 potassium
manganate(VII).
The student used 22.5 cm3 of potassium manganate(VII) to reach the end-point.
(i) Calculate the number of moles of potassium manganate(VII) used in the titration.

................................ moles [1]

O LEVEL PAST PAER QUESTIONS.


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TOPIC 4: Moles

(ii) One mole of potassium manganate(VII) reacts with five moles of iron(II) ions.
Calculate the mass, in grams, of iron(II) ions in the sample analysed.

................................ g [2]
[Total: 9]
[JUNE 2007]
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