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ENERGY AUDIT IN TECHNO INDIA ENGINEERING

COLLEGE,
SALT LAKE CAMPUS
THESIS SUBMITTED FOR PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT
FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE
OF

MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY
IN
ENERGY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
SUBMITTED BY
SHEIKH JELLAR REHMAN,
EXAM ROLL NO. M4 EMR 1001

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF


DR. TUSHAR JASH

SCHOOL OF ENERGY STUDIES


JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY


JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY
KOLKATA-700 032
2008-2009

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY


JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY
KOLKATA-700 032

RECOMMENDATION CERTIFICATE
Certified that the work titled Energy Audit of Techno India Engineering College, Salt
Lake Campus has been completed by Sheikh Jellar Rehman under our supervision. This
work may be accepted in the partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of
Master of Technology in Energy Science and Technology.
To the best of our knowledge, this work has not been submitted for the award of any
degree or diploma.

____________________
(Dr. Subhasis Neogi ).
Teacher in-charge,
School of Energy Studies,
Jadavpur University.

_____________________
Dean
Faculty of Engineering & Technology
Jadavpur University.

_________________________
( Dr. Tushar Jash), Supervisor,
Senior Lecturer in Energy Science & Technology,
Jadavpur University
.

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY


JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY
KOLKATA-700 032
CERTIFICATE OF APPROVAL

The forgoing thesis is hereby approved as a creditable study of a technical subject carried
out and presented in a manner satisfactory to warrant its acceptance as a pre-requisite
to the degree for which it has been submitted. It is understood that by this approval the
undersigned persons does not necessarily endorse or approve any statement made,
opinion expressed or conclusion drawn therein but approve the thesis only for the
purpose for which it has been submitted.

Committee of
Final Examination for
Evaluation of Thesis

____________________
_____________________
_____________________

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I feel great pleasure in expressing my deepest respect, reverence, indebtedness and


heartiest gratitude to my respected superior Dr. Tushar Jash ( Senior Lecturer, School
of Energy Studies, Jadavpur University ) for his acute interest, judicious guidance,
constant inspiration, affection and help during the entire period of execution of present
work and also making the theme of the project work.
I also grateful to Dr.Subhasis Neogi ( Reader, School of Energy Studies) , Prof. Dr. B.
Ghosh( Director, School of Energy Studies ) and Mr. Ratan Mandal, Lecturer, School
of Energy Studies) for their valuable kind advice and encouragement during the period
of work.

Lastly, I would once again thank my supervisor Dr. Tushar Jash who kindly allowed
me to work in this interesting project work for useful purpose.

School of Energy Studies,


Jadavpur University,
Kolkata-700 032

( Sheikh Jellar Rehman)

DEDICATED

TO

MY PARENTS

AND

WIFE, SON & DAUGHTER

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Disclaimer
The views expressed in this report are those of the author and may not
represent or reflect the views of Techno India, Salt Lake, Kolkata.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

CONTENTS

Sl No.

Topic Description

Page Number

1.

Introduction, Definitions and procedure of Energy audit

1 to 7

2.

Building and Room description

8 to 9

3. Monthly load calculation for Ground floor rooms

10 to 17

4. Monthly load calculation for First floor rooms

18 to 22

5. Monthly load calculation for Second floor rooms

23 to 27

6. Monthly load calculation for Third floor rooms

28 to 32

7. Monthly load calculation for Fourth floor rooms

33 to 37

8. Graphical presentation & comparison for daily,


Monthly And Yearly Electrical Energy consumption

38 to 41

9. Energy saving potential and final recommendations

42 to 44

10. Building photographs


11. Floor wise building detailed layout

45
46 to 50

INTRODUCTION
An energy audit is a study of a plant or facility to determine how and where
energy is used and to identify methods for energy savings. There is now a
universal recognition of the fact that new technologies and much greater use of
some that already exist provide the most hopeful prospects for the future. The
opportunities lie in the use of existing renewable energy technologies, greater
efforts at energy efficiency and the dissemination of these technologies
and options.
This energy audit of the Techno India Engineering College, Salt Lake Campus
academic area has been carried out and reported in this thesis. .This report is
just one step, a mere mile marker towards our destination of achieving energy
efficiency and i would like to emphasise that an energy audit is a continuous
process. I have compiled a list of possible actions to conserve and efficiently
utilize our scarce resources and identified their savings potential. The next step
would be to prioritize their implementation. I look forward with optimism that the
institute authorities, staff and students shall ensure the maximum execution of
the recommendations and the success of this work.
.
Techno India one of the pioneer private Engineering College in West Bengal
was established in the year 2001 initially with four AICTE approved Degree
Engineering course. At present the college is running 6 UG Courses and 3 PG
Courses. Geographical advantage of being in the Sector-V, Salt Lake, Kolkata,
the IT hub of West Bengal, the college enjoys overall advantage for easy
communication. In addition, overall Infrastructure, Laboratory facilities, dedicated
faculty members and other ample amenities have placed this college as
distinguished one in its class.
Courses Offered (UG):

Student Strength

1) Computer Science & Engineering


60
2) Information Technology
60
3) Electronics & Communication Engineering
120
4) Electrical Engineering
60
5) Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering
60
6) Food Technology
60
-------------------------------Total:
420

Courses Offered (PG):


1) Master of Business Administration
2) Master of Computer Application
3) M. Tech in VLSI & Micro Electronics

Student Strength
60
60
18
--------------------------------Total:
138

Therefore total student strength becomes (4X420 + 2X138) = 1956


Five undergraduate departments 1) Computer Science & Engineering
2) Information Technology, 3) Electronics & Communication Engineering,
4) Electrical Engineering, and 5) Food Technology got NBA accreditation
for 3 years from January,2010.
Also Techno India extends support by providing faculty members and Laboratory
Experiments for the students of Aliah University.
Energy audit objective
This energy audit assumes significance due to the fact that the Techno India,
Salt Lake Campus electricity bill had crossed Rs. 13 lakhs during 2009-10
financial year and it was aimed at obtaining a detailed idea about the various end
use energy consumption activities and identifying, enumerating and evaluating
the possible energy savings opportunities. The target is to achieve savings in the
electrical energy consumption to the extent of 20%. The audit was also aimed at
to learn or feel of the practical problems and difficulties in carrying out energy
audits.
Specific Energy Consumption (SEC)
The Specific Energy Consumption (SEC) is defined as the energy consumption
per unit of product output. The specific energy consumption considering
students, faculty and staff members were calculated which forms the institute
SEC and was taken as reference for comparison. The SEC was calculated to be
113.19 kWh/person/annum (for 2009-10 financial year) for the academic area
and Rs. 603.29 per person per annum. In comparison to IITs or any Govt.
residential College this figure is very small. It is one tenth SEC of IIT, Mumbai [6]
ENERGY AUDIT FOR COLLEGE BUILDINGS

The energy audit in a building is a feasibility study. For it not only serves to
identify energy use among the various services and to identify opportunities for
energy conservation, but it is also a crucial first step in establishing an energy
management programme. The audit will produce the data on which such a
programme is based. The study should reveal to the owner, manager, or

management team of the building the options available for reducing energy
waste, the costs involved, and the benefits achievable from implementing those
energy-conserving opportunities (ECOs).
The energy management programme is a systematic on-going strategy for
controlling a building's energy consumption pattern. It is to reduce waste of
energy and money to the minimum permitted by the climate the building is
located, its functions, occupancy schedules, and other factors. It establishes and
maintains an efficient balance between a building's annual functional energy
requirements and its annual actual energy consumption.
STAGES IN ENERGY PROGRAMME

The energy audit may range from a simple walk-through survey at one extreme
to one that may span several phases. These phases include a simple walkthrough survey, followed by monitoring of energy use in the building services,
and then model analysis using computer simulation of building operation. The
complexity of the audit is therefore directly related to the stages or degree of
sophistication of the energy management programme and the cost of the audit
exercise. The first stage is to reduce energy use in areas where energy is wasted
and reductions will not cause disruptions to the various functions.
The level of service must not be compromised by the reduction in energy
consumed. It begins with a detailed, step-by-step analysis of the building's
energy use factors and costs, such as insulation values, occupancy schedules,
chiller efficiencies, lighting levels, and records of utility and fuel expenditures. It
includes the identification of specific ECOs, along with the cost-effective benefits
of each one. The completed study would provide the building owner with a
thorough and detailed basis for deciding which ECOs to implement, the
magnitude of savings to be expected, and the energy conservation goals to be
established and achieved in the energy management programme. However, the
ECOs may yield modest gains.
The second stage is to improve efficiency of energy conversion equipment and to
reduce energy use by proper operations and maintenance. For this reason, it is
necessary to reduce the number of operating machines and operating hours
according to the demands of the load, and fully optimize equipment operations.
Hence the ECOs would include the following:
Building equipment operation,
Building envelope,
Air-conditioning and mechanical ventilation equipment and systems,
Lighting systems,

Power systems, and


Miscellaneous services.
The first two stages can be can be implemented without remodeling buildings
and existing facilities.
The third stage would require changes to the underlying functions of buildings by
remodeling, rebuilding, or introducing further control upgrades to the building.
This requires some investment.
The last stage is to carry out large-scale energy reducing measures when
existing facilities have past their useful life, or require extensive repairs or
replacement because of obsolescence. In this case higher energy savings may
be achieved. For these last two stages, the audit may be more extensive in order
to identify more ECOs for evaluation, but at an increased need for heavier capital
expenditure to realize these opportunities.
SURVEYING A COLLEGE BUILDING

A walk-through survey of the building may reveal several ECOs to the


experienced eye of the auditor. The survey could be divided into three parts.

Preliminary survey
Prior to the walk-through survey, the auditor may need to know the building and
the way it is used. The information can be obtained from:
architectural blueprints,
air-conditioning blueprints,
electrical lighting and power blueprints,
utility bills and operation logs for the year preceding the audit,
air-conditioning manuals and system data, and
building and plant operation schedules extensive in order to identify more
ECOs for evaluation, but at an increased need for heavier capital
expenditure to realize these opportunities.

SURVEYING THE BUILDING


A walk-through survey of a building may reveal several ECOs to the experienced
eye of the auditor. The survey could be divided into three parts.
Walk-through
Thus having familiarized with the building, the walk-through process could be
relatively straightforward, if the blueprints and other preliminary information
available describes the building and its operation accurately. The process could
begin with a walk around the building to study the building envelope. Building
features such as building wall color, external sun-shading devices, window
screens and tint, and so on are noted as possible ECOs.
If a model analysis is included in the study, the building must be divided into
zones of analysis. The survey inside the building would include confirmation that
the air-conditioning system is as indicated on plans. Additions and alterations
would be noted. The type and condition of the windows, effectiveness of window
seals, typical lighting and power requirements, occupancy and space usage are
noted. This information could be compared against the recommendations in the
relevant Codes of Practices.
System and plant data could be obtained by a visit to the mechanical rooms and
plant room. Nameplate data could be compared against those in the building's
documents, and spot readings of the current indicating panels for pumps and
chillers recorded for estimating the load on the system.
Operator's input
The auditor may discuss with the building maintenance staff further on the
operating schedules and seek clarification on any unusual pattern in the trend of
the utility bills. Unusual patterns such as sudden increase or decrease in utility
bills could be caused by changes in occupancy in the building, or change in use
by existing tenants. It is not uncommon for tenants to expand their computing
operations that may increase the energy use significantly.
Report
At this stage, ECOs could be found in measures such as:
Reduce system operating hours,
Adjust space temperature and humidity,
Reduce building envelope gain,
Adjust space ventilation rates and building exfiltration,

Review system air and water distribution,


Adjust chiller water temperatures, and
Review chiller operations.
The benefit from adopting each ECO should be compared against cost of
implementation. Caution should be exercised in the cost-benefit analysis given
the wider range of certainty of the projections made. However, a survey at this
level may be sufficient for small buildings.
MEASUREMENTS
The capability of the energy auditor and the scope of an audit could be extended
by the use of in place instrumentation and temporary monitoring equipment. Inplace instrumentation refers to existing utility metering, air-conditioning control
instrumentation and energy management systems (EMS). The use of in-place
utility metering and temporary monitoring equipment in energy auditing can yield
valuable information about the building systems such as:
Energy signature and end-use consumption analysis,
Discovery and identification of ECOs,
Quantification of energy use and misuse,
Establishing bounds for potential energy reduction, and
Data acquisition for further calculation and analysis.
Existing information
Existing instrumentation such as utility meter readings, and energy billings could
be used to establish energy consumption patterns for the building. The regularity
of consumption pattern is an indicator that no significant change in consumption
occurred prior to the audit. This can also be used to check the validity of
projections based on extrapolated short-term monitored data. Utility data could
be used to establish useful indices such as kWh/m2/year to compare relative
energy performance of buildings.
Air-conditioning control instrumentation such as chilled water temperature
probes, water flow meters could be used to estimate cooling load demand and
plant operation. For example, chilled water temperature outside the designed
range may indicate that cooling coils may be operating under off design
conditions.

Short term monitoring


The building may not be equipped for monitoring energy consumption and it may
be necessary to install temporary measurement devices such as instantaneous
recorders (strip chart, data loggers, etc) and totalizing recorders (kWh meters) to
obtain data over the period of a week for the study. Monitored data is also useful
for completing the energy model of a building for use in some building energy
simulation software. For example the total building energy consumption would
include energy used in the vertical transportation system and potable water
pumps which are not modelled in the software.
An estimate for annual consumption is extrapolated from the typical week
consumption profile. Regularity of the weekly consumption profile means that the
annual consumption could be estimated with confidence and the value used to
cross check with the annual energy bills.
MODEL ANALYSIS
Building energy consumption in simplest terms is just the product of rate of
consumption of a system and the period of operation. In lighting systems, its
energy consumption could be determined manually with precision as it does not
interact with other consumption variables.
Energy consumption of cooling systems, however, is many times more
complicated as it is affected by the internal heat gain within a building as well as
weather variables, which varies in a complex manner over time.
Building model analysis using computers offers several improvements over
manual calculations. These include:
Precise schedule of building parameters,
Precise determination of weather impact,
Specification of part load performance of plant and equipment, and
Consideration of parameter interactions such as lighting load on airconditioning consumption.
Software
Some software permit hour-by-hour calculations of building consumption for the
entire 8760 hours of the year, but require thorough knowledge of the software to
carry out accurate and meaningful analysis. Simplified software based on
consumption analysis on characteristic days may also be considered. However,
the improvements in computational power of the desktop PC has introduced
several powerful features and user-friendly graphical interface possible in more

recent versions of such software making it more accessible to the practicing


engineer.
Analysis
The general procedure for an analysis would be to establish a model giving an
annual consumption within 10% of the measured data. This establishes the base
model. The impact of ECOs on energy consumption would be compared against
the base model. ECOs could be considered singly or in combinations to
determine interactions between them. The results of the energy savings in each
analysis should not be taken as absolute but rather taken to be relative to the
base run so as to give an indication of the order of magnitude of savings. Thus
those ECOs which shows significant gains would be implemented.
SUMMARY
The objective of energy audit is to identify the end use of energy in building and
its ECOs; and as a feasibility study leading to implementation of an energy
management programme. The audit procedures can be expanded as needed in
the various phases of the energy programme, with the application of each
succeeding phase yielding more information on energy use, and more
opportunities for raising energy efficiency.
.

BUILDING & ROOM DESCRIPTION


Techno India building structural foundation was planned for G + 3 floor . But due
to sudden extreme increase in demand of Graduate Engineers for the IT sector
worldwide, new departments as well as number of students increased which led
to further requirement of new class rooms. Therefore 4th floor was built with
temporary structure after load calculation. So roof of this floor was made by
corrugated tin sheets with a false roof by thermocol type thermal insulation. But
due to this a heavy thermal mass retains heat during the day time. To remove
this heat each room is provided by 2 numbers of air conditioning machines of 1
ton capacity. If solar PV panels were provided over the corrugated tin sheets a
huge amount of electrical energy could have been saved as well as some good
amount of green power could have been generated.
The individual class rooms are given a unique number as indicated in the
drawing of layout of each floor.The total covered area of all the floors is 6287.98
square meter. Dimension of each individual room is indicated in the layout
drawing. The building is painted with ivory white color to give a decent and
traditional institutional look.

ROOM ANALYSIS
Ground floor consists of 1) Principals Office, 2) Directors Room,
3) Administrators Office, 4) Administrative Office, 5) Library, 6) Power System
Laboratory, 7) Physics Laboratory-I, II and III, 8) Basic Electrical Engg. Lab,
9) Mechanical Workshop, 10) Electrical Machine Laboratory, 11) Power
Electronics and Drives Laboratory, 12) Electrical Measurement Laboratory,
13) 4 number of Toilets ( Two for Gents & Two for Ladies)
Total covered area for first floor is: 1868.5 m2 So ground floor is having total 14
rooms: 9 laboratory rooms and 5 rooms for Library and Administrative purpose,
First Floor: Having covered area of 1124.82 m2 with 6 no.s of Theory class
rooms, 2 no.s of Laboratory rooms, 4 rooms for faculty, 1-room for Computer
store, 1 room for Internet Server and 3 no.s of Toilets.
Second Floor: Having covered area of 1124.82 m2 with 4 no.s of Theory class
rooms, 2 no.s of Laboratory rooms, 4 rooms for faculty, 1-room for Registrars
office, 1 room for Accounts department and 3 no.s of Toilets.
Third Floor: Having covered area of 1124.82 m2 with 6 no.s of Theory class
rooms, 2 no.s of Laboratory rooms, 4 rooms for faculty, 1-room for Registrars
office, 1 room for Accounts department and 3 no.s of Toilets.
Fourth Floor: Having covered area of 1045.02 m2 with 8 no.s of Laboratory
rooms, 4 rooms for faculty, and 3 no.s of Toilets.
If we summarise :
a) Number of Theory Class Room 16
b) Number of Practical Class Room-23
c) Number of Faculty Room
-16
d) Number of Administrative Room - 06
e) Number of Toilets
-16
f) Number of Rooms for Library
- 02
g) Number of Room for Pantry
- 01

Total number of Rooms

= 80

Apart from these, one room is made separately as a Xerox facility Centre and
one Common Room for the students. Both are located at ground floor beside
the playground. We will calculate the Electrical power rating of the appliances
used in each room and also calculate the energy consumption per month
based on the usage of each room.

ROOM NO.105 (POWER SYSTEM LAB)


As per routine of the college 6 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5
6

Tube light
CFL
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Lab set up

55
6
330
24
7.9
11
12
132
24
3.17
75
4
300
24
7.2
60
5
300
100
30
300
2
600
100
60
100W X 15 10
1000
24
24
Total Energy consumption per month = 132.27 kWh

ROOM NO.106 (BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGG. LAB)


As per routine of the college 24 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 96 hours .
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Personal Comp.
Lab set up

55
10
550
96
52.8
75
8
600
96
57.6
300
1
300
100
30
100W X 20 10
2000
96
96
Total Energy consumption per month = 236.4 kWh
ROOM NO.107 (BOARD OF DIRECTORS ROOM)
There is no hard and fast schedule for using this room but as per experience
it is found that total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours .
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5
6

Mini halogen
Split type A.C.
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Printer

50
2000
75

4
200
24
4.8
1
2000
24
48
4
300
24
7.2
NIL
300
1
300
24
7.2
250W
1
250
4
4
Total Energy consumption per month = 71.2 kWh

ROOM NO.108 (POWER ELECTRONICS & DRIVES LAB)


As per routine of the college 6 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5
6

Tube light
CFL
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Lab set up

55

16
880
24
21.12
NIL
75
8
600
24
14.4
NIL
300
9
2700
12
32.4
185W X 15 10
2775
12
22.2
Total Energy consumption per month = 90.12 kWh

ROOM NO.109 (ELECT. MEASUREMENT LAB)


As per routine of the college 6 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Lab set up

55
75

12
660
24
15.8
10
750
24
18
NIL
300
1
300
24
7.2
35 W X 15 10
1000
12
42
Total Energy consumption per month = 83 kWh
ROOM NO.110 (PHYSICS LAB-I)
As per daily routine of the college 20 hours per week is allotted for this
practical class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 80 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5
6

Tube light
CFL
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Printer

55

10
550
80
44
NIL
75
4
300
80
24
60
2
120
80
9.6
300
4
1200
80
96
250W
1
250
10
2.5
Total Energy consumption per month = 176.1 kWh

ROOM NO.103 (PHYSICS LAB-II)


As per routine of the college 20 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 80 hours .
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Personal Comp.
Lab set up

55
75
300
20W

14
770
80
61.6
10
750
80
60
1
300
80
24
10
200
48
9.6
Total Energy consumption per month = 155.2 kWh

ROOM NO.104 (PHYSICS LAB-III, OPTICAL)


As per routine of the college 12 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 48 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
3
3

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Lab set up

55
4
220
48
10.6
75
2
150
48
7.2
30W X 2
2
60
48
2.9
Total Energy consumption per month = 20.7 kWh

RECEPTION
Reception is open for at least 10 hours a day and 6 days per week. So total
usage of this space per month is 10x6x4 = 240 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.

55
75
250

2
110
240
26.4
1
75
240
18
Nil
1
250
100
25
Total Energy consumption per month = 69.4 kWh

OFFICE OF THE ADMINISTRATOR


This office is rarely used since administrator has another responsibility. So
main use of this room is to conduct some meeting and special purpose.
Monthly usage of this room is limited to 10 hours only.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5
6

Tube light
CFL
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Window A.C.

1
2
3
4
5

CFL
Ceiling Fan
Split type A.C.
Personal Comp.
Printer

1
2
3
4
5
6

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Xerox Machine
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Fax Machine

55
11
75

2
110
10
1.1
4
44
10
0 .44
2
150
10
1.5
NIL
300
1
300
10
3.0
1000
1
1000
10
10
Total Energy consumption per month = 16.04 kWh
PRINCIPALS OFFICE ROOM
Utilisation of this office is very high in this private college .This office is used
for at least 8 hours a day for 6 days in a week. So total hours of usage of this
room per month is 192 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
11
12
132
192
25.34
75
1
75
192
14.4
2000
1
2000
134.4
268.8
300
1
300
153.6
46.08
200W
1
200
4
0.8
Total Energy consumption per month = 335.42kWh
ROOM FOR ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF
This office is also a highly utilized area. Office opens at 10.00 a.m. and closes
at 6.00 p.m. for 6 days per week. So most of the appliances are being run for
8 x 6 x 4=192 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
55
75
750
60
300
200

8
6
1
3
6
1

440
450
750
180
1800
200

192
192
48
192
100
20

84.48
86.4
36
34.56
180
0.4

Printer

300

2
600
10
6
Total Energy consumption per month = 427.84 kWh
MAIN COLLEGE LIBRARY
This is also an area which is maximum utilized . Library is equipped with
automatic book issue & receive system with the help of scanner, bar code &
computer software. Library open at 8.00 a.m.and closes at 6.00 p.m.. It is
used for 10 hours a day & 6 days in a week. Total hours of usage of this area
per month is 10 x 6 x 4 = 240 hours.
Library Reading Room
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Personal Comp.

55
75
300

Sl Name of the
no equipment

1
2
5
6

CFL
Ceiling Fan
PC + Scanner
Printer

12
660
240
158.4
7
525
240
126
1
300
240
720
Total Energy consumption per month = 1004.4 kWh
Library Book Store Room
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
22
75
300
250

234
5148
240
1235.5
16
1200
240
288
7
2100
240
504
1
250
10
2.5
Total Energy consumption per month = 2030 kWh

Library Toilet ( 1 Gents + 1 Ladies)


Sl Name of the
no equipment

Rating of
the
Equipment
(W)

1
2

11
40

CFL
Exhaust Fan

Numb
er of
equip
ment

Conne
cted
load
(W)

Total
running
hours per
month

Energy
consumption
per month
(kWh)

4
44
240
19.2
2
80
240
10.56
Total Energy consumption per month = 29.76 kWh
Total Energy consumed for Library work per month = 3064.16 kWh

MECHANICAL WORKSHOP
The workshop includes the faculty room for Mech. Engg. Departments also.
So lights, fans and computers are on for at least 6 hours a day, 5 days per
week, monthly usage 120 hours. Laboratory equipments all are driven by 1 hp
Electrical Motors of 14 numbers and one Welding Machine. Total 5 number of
set ups are run at a time for 3 hours a day for 5 days in week. So total
equipment running hours per month =3 x 5 x 4=60 hours per month for 5 sets
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Tube light
CFL
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Printer
Lab set up
Welding M/c

55
34
1870
120
224.4
11
21
231
120
27.72
75
21
1575
120
189
60
5
300
120
36
300
4
1200
100
120
250
1
250
4
1
746W X 5
14
10444
60
223.8
1000
1
1000
5
5
Total Energy consumption per month = 826.92 kWh

ELECTRICAL MACHINE LAB


This laboratory comprises of set ups run by # phase and single phase
Induction Motors of following capacity.
a) 3 hp motors 8 nos takes a load of 24 hp
b) 2 hp motors 2 no.s takes a load of 4 hp
c) 1 hp motor 1 no. takes a load of 1 hp
d) 5 hp motors 5 no.s takes a load of 25 hp
16 numbers of motors takes a load of 54 hp.
Therefore average Electrical Power per set-up is 2.52 kW. At a time 5
numbers of set ups are run and practical class allotted is 6 hours per week.
So usage of this room is 6 x 4 = 24 hours.
Sl Name of the
no equipment

Rating of
the
Equipment
(W)

Numb
er of
equip
ment

1
2
3

55
75
2.52kW X5

28
7
16

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Lab set up

Conne
cted
load
(W)

Total
running
hours per
month

Energy
consumption
per month
(kWh)

1540
24
36.96
525
24
12.6
40.32
24
302.4
kW
Total Energy consumption per month = 351.96 kWh

STUDENTS TOILET ROOM ( 1 FOR BOYS + 1 FOR GIRLS)


This is opened at 8.00 a.m. and closed at 6.00 p.m. So total hours of usage of
this room per month is 10 x 6 x 4 = 240 hours.
Sl Name of the
no equipment

Rating of
the
Equipment
(W)

1
3

Tube light
Exhaust Fan

55
40

1
2
3
4

Tube light
Exhaust Fan
Table Fan
One Heater

55
40
60
1500

Numb
er of
equip
ment

Conne
cted
load
(W)

Total
running
hours per
month

Energy
consumption
per month
(kWh)

4
220
240
52.8
2
80
240
19.2
Total Energy consumption per month = 72 kWh
PANTRY ROOM
This is opened at 8.00 a.m. and closed at 6.00 p.m. So total hours of usage of
this room per month is 10 x 6 x 4 = 240 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
55
240
13.2
1
40
240
9.6
1
60
240
14.4
1
1500
48
72
Total Energy consumption per month = 109.2 kWh
STUDENTS COMMON ROOM
This room is opened at 9.00 a.m. and closed at 5.00 p.m. But after the
detailed study it is found that the ceiling fans are run for average 5 hours and
lights are on for 4 hours for 24 days.

Sl Name of the
no equipment

Rating of
the
Equipment
(W)

1
3

55
75

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

Numb
er of
equip
ment

Conne
cted
load
(W)

Total
running
hours per
month

Energy
consumption
per month
(kWh)

8
440
96
42.24
8
600
120
72
Total Energy consumption per month = 114.24 kWh

STUDENTS FACILITY CENTRE


This room is opened at 11.00 a.m. and closed at 5.00 p.m. The usage of this
room thus is 6 x 24 = 144 hours per month. The monthly energy consumed is
charged separately by providing separate Energy Meter since the above
facility centre is outsourced. The calculation shown below quite matches with
the monthly meter reading.

Sl Name of the
no equipment

Rating of
the
Equipment
(W)

1
2
3
4

55
40
60
750

Tube light
Exhaust Fan
Table Fan
Xerox Machine

Sl Name of the
no equipment

1
2

Pump Motor-I
Pump Motor-II

Numb
er of
equip
ment

Conne
cted
load
(W)

Total
running
hours per
month

Energy
consumption
per month
(kWh)

7
385
144
55.44
1
40
144
5.76
2
120
144
17.28
2
1500
72
108
Total Energy consumption per month = 186.48 kWh
PUMP ROOM
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
7.5 x 746
1
5595
120
671.4
3 x 746
1
2238
120
268.6
Total Energy consumption per month = 940 kWh

LIGHTS FOR CORRIDOR, STREET, PORTICO & PLAY GROUND


Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Street lights
Corridor,Tube Lt
Portico, CFL
Play Ground

125
55
11
400

10
1250
300
375
18
990
48
47.52
28
308
20
6.16
20
8000
20
160
Total Energy consumption per month = 588.68 kWh

Total average Electrical Energy consumption per month due to the appliances in the
ground floor is ( 132.27 + 236.4 + 71.2 + 90.12 + 83 + 176.1 + 155.2 + 20.7 + 69.4 +
16.04 + 335.42 + 427.85 + 1004.4 + 2030 + 29.76 + 826.92 + 351.96 + 72 + 109.2 +
114.24 + 186.48 + 940 + 588.68 ) kWh = 8067.33 kWh
1.Lighting load: (462 + 550 + 200 + 880 + 660 + 550 + 770 + 220 + 110 + 154 + 132 +
440 + 660 + 5148 + 44 + 2101 + 1540 + 220 + 55 + 440 + 385 + 10548) = 26,269 W
2. Fan load: ( 600 + 600 + 300 + 600 + 750 + 420 + 750 + 150 + 75 + 150 + 75 + 450 +
180 + 525 + 1200 + 80 + 1875 + 525 + 80 + 100 + 600 + 160) = 10,245 W
3. Air conditioning load: (1000+2000+2000)= 5000 W

4. PC, Printers, Xerox Machine, Fax etc: ( 600 + 300 + 300 + 250 + 2700 + 300 +
1450 + 300 + 250 + 300 + 500 + 750 + 1800 + 800 + 300 + 2100 + 250 + 1450 + 1500 )
= 16,200 W
5. Laboratory set up, heater, pump motor etc: ( 1000 + 2000 + 2775 + 1000 + 200 +
60 + 11444 + 40320 + 1500 + 7833 ) = 68,132 W
Total connected load in the ground floor: ( 26,269 + 10,245 + 5000 + 16200 + 68132 )
= 125,846 Watt = 126 kW ( approx)
LOAD & ELECT. ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER MONTH FOR 1ST FLOOR
CLASS ROOM NO.207
As per routine of the college 4 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 80
hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

8
440
80
30
5
375
80
35.2
Total Energy consumption per month = 65.2 kWh
CLASS ROOM NO.206
As per routine of the college 4 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 80
hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

8
440
80
30
5
375
80
35.2
Total Energy consumption per month = 65.2 kWh

STUDENTS TOILET ROOM ( 1 FOR BOYS + 1 FOR GIRLS)


This is opened at 8.00 a.m. and closed at 6.00 p.m. So total hours of usage of
this room per month is 10 x 6 x 4 = 240 hours.
Sl Name of the
no equipment

Rating of
the
Equipment
(W)

1
3

55
40

Tube light
Exhaust Fan

Numb
er of
equip
ment

Conne
cted
load
(W)

Total
running
hours per
month

Energy
consumption
per month
(kWh)

4
220
240
52.8
2
80
240
19.2
Total Energy consumption per month = 72 kWh

CLASS ROOM NO.205


As per routine of the college 4 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 80
hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

10
550
80
36
6
450
80
44
Total Energy consumption per month = 80 kWh

ELECTRICAL FACULTY ROOM-I ( In front of stair case)


This room is highly utilized area. Faculties are present and occupy this room
for at least 6 hours a day for 5 days in a week. So most of the appliances are
being run for 6 x 5 x 4 =120 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Window A.C.
Personal Comp.

55
75
1000
300

5
275
120
33
2
150
120
18
1
1000
100
100
2
600
120
72
Total Energy consumption per month = 223 kWh

ELECTRICAL FACULTY ROOM-II ( R-204)


This room is highly utilized area. Faculties are present and occupy this room
for at least 6 hours a day for 5 days in a week. So most of the appliances are
being run for 6 x 5 x 4 =120 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Printer
Window A.C.
Exhst fan(Toilet)
Tube in Toilet

55
75
60
300
250
1000
40
55

6
330
120
39.6
3
225
120
27
1
60
8
0..48
3
900
40
36
1
250
4
1
1
1000
120
120
1
40
120
4.8
1
55
120
6.6
Total Energy consumption per month = 235.48 kWh

CLASS ROOM NO.203


As per routine of the college 5 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
100 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

12
660
100
66
6
450
100
45
Total Energy consumption per month = 111 kWh
CLASS ROOM NO.202
As per routine of the college 5 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
100 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

10
550
100
55
4
300
100
30
Total Energy consumption per month = 85 kWh

CLASS ROOM NO.201


As per routine of the college 5 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
100 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

14
770
100
77
9
675
100
67.5
Total Energy consumption per month = 144.5 kWh

COMPUTER STORE ROOM


This room is highly utilized area. One faculty from CSE occupy this room for
at least 6 hours a day for 5 days in a week. So most of the appliances are
being run for 6 x 5 x 4 =120 hours per month.

Sl Name of the
no equipment

Rating of
the
Equipment
(W)

1
2
3
4
5
6

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Printer
Exhaust fan

55
75
60
300
250
40

1
2
3
4

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Personal Comp.
Window A.C.

55
75
300
1000

Numb
er of
equip
ment

Conne
cted
load
(W)

Total
running
hours per
month

Energy
consumption
per month
(kWh)

2
110
120
13.2
1
75
120
9
2
120
120
14.4
1
300
120
36
1
250
8
2
1
40
120
4.8
Total Energy consumption per month = 79.4 kWh
CONTROL SYSTEM LAB
As per routine of the college 6 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class room. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours. So
most of the appliances are being run for 6 x 4 = 24 hours per month. Out of
total 36 nos. of PC 14 are run at a time for 6 hours per week.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
8
440
24
10.56
8
600
24
14.4
36
10800
24
100.8
2
2000
24
48
Total Energy consumption per month = 173.76 kWh

MCA LAB
As per routine of the college 6 hours per day & 5 days per week.So total
hours of usage of this room per month is 120 hours. Out of total 37 nos. of PC
20 are run at a time for 6 hours per week.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Personal Comp.
Window A.C.

55
75
300
1000

8
440
120
52.8
6
450
120
54
37
11100
20x120
720
1
1000
120
120
Total Energy consumption per month = 946.8 kWh
ELECTRICAL FACULTY ROOM-III( In front of stair case)
This room is highly utilized area. Faculties are present and occupy this room
for at least 6 hours a day for 5 days in a week. So most of the appliances are
being run for 6 x 5 x 4 =120 hours per month.

Sl Name of the
no equipment

Rating of
the
Equipment
(W)

Numb
er of
equip
ment

Conne
cted
load
(W)

Total
running
hours per
month

Energy
consumption
per month
(kWh)

1
2
3
4
5

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Table fan
Window A.C.
Personal Comp.

55
75
60
1000
300

1
2
3
4
5
6

Tube light
Ceiling Fan.
Personal Comp.
Server CPU
Window A.C.
Printer

55
3
165
120
19.8
75
1
75
120
9
300
4
1200
80
96
500
3
1500
160
240
1000
1
1000
120
120
250W
1
250
8
2
Total Energy consumption per month = 486.8 kWh

8
440
120
52.8
1
75
120
9
3
180
120
10.8
1
1000
60
60
4
1200
120
144
Total Energy consumption per month = 276.6 kWh
INTERNET SERVER ROOM (Between R-201 & R-202)
This room is highly utilized & four hardware experts occupy this room for at
least 6 hours a day for 5 days in a week. So most of the appliances are being
run for 6 x 5 x 4 =120 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)

LIGHTS FOR CORRIDOR


Sl Name of the
no equipment

Rating of
the
Equipment
(W)

Corridor,Tube Lt 55

Numb
er of
equip
ment

Conne
cted
load
(W)

Total
running
hours per
month

Energy
consumption
per month
(kWh)

18
990
48
47.52
Total Energy consumption per month = 47.52kWh

Total average Electrical Energy consumption per month due to the appliances in the
First Floor is (223 + 65.2 + 65.2 + 72 + 47.52 + 80 + 235.48 + 111 + 85 + 144.5 + 79.4
+ 173.76 + 946.8 + 276.6 + 486.8 ) kWh = 3092.3 kWh
1.Lighting load: ( 275 + 440 + 440 +110 + 990 + 550 + 330 + 660 + 550 + 110 + 440 +
440 + 440 + 165 + 110) = 6050 W

2. Fan load: (150 + 375 + 375 + 40 + 40 + 450 + 345 + 450 + 300 + 675 + 235 + 600 +
450 + 630 + 75) = 5190 W
3. Air conditioning load: (1000+1000+1000+1000+1000+2000)= 7000 W
4. PC, Printers, Xerox Machine, Fax etc: ( 600 + 1200 + 550 + 11100 + 10800 + 1200
+ 2950 ) = 28,400 W
Total connected load in the ground floor: (6050 + 5190 + 7000 + 28,400)
= 46,640 Watt = 47 kW ( approx)
LOAD & ELECT. ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER MONTH FOR 2nd FLOOR
CLASS ROOM NO.308( Chemistry Lab)
As per routine of the college 6 hours per day is allotted for this practical class
room & 16 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 96
hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp
Cond. Meter

55
75
60
300
50

6
330
96
63.4
6
450
96
43.2
1
60
96
5.8
2
600
96
57.6
4
200
96
19.2
Total Energy consumption per month = 189.2 kWh

STUDENTS TOILET ROOM ( 1 FOR BOYS + 1 FOR GIRLS)


This is opened at 8.00 a.m. and closed at 6.00 p.m. So total hours of usage of
this room per month is 10 x 6 x 4 = 240 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
3

Tube light
Exhaust Fan

55
40

4
220
240
52.8
2
80
240
19.2
Total Energy consumption per month = 72 kWh

CLASS ROOM NO.307


As per routine of the college 6 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
120 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

Sl Name of the
no equipment

1
2

55
75

12
660
120
79.2
6
450
120
54
Total Energy consumption per month = 133.2 kWh
LIGHTS FOR CORRIDOR AND PORTICO
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)

Corridor,Tube Lt 55
Portico, CFL
11

18
990
48
47.52
24
264
20
5.3
Total Energy consumption per month = 52.82 kWh

CLASS ROOM NO.306


As per routine of the college 6 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
120 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

12
660
120
79.2
6
450
120
54
Total Energy consumption per month = 133.2 kWh
CLASS ROOM NO.304
As per routine of the college 6 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
120 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

12
660
120
79.2
6
450
120
54
Total Energy consumption per month = 133.2 kWh

MCA FACULTY ROOM-I ( R-305)


This room is highly utilized area. Faculties are present and occupy this room
for at least 6 hours a day for 5 days in a week. So most of the appliances are
being run for 6 x 5 x 4 =120 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Printer
Window A.C.
Exhst fan(Toilet)
Tube in Toilet

55
75
60
300
250
1000
40
55

6
330
120
39.6
4
300
120
36
1
60
20
1.2
5
1500
120
180
1
250
4
1
1
1000
120
120
1
40
120
4.8
1
55
120
6.6
Total Energy consumption per month = 355.2 kWh
CLASS ROOM NO.303
As per routine of the college 6 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
120 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

12
660
120
79.2
6
450
120
54
Total Energy consumption per month = 133.2 kWh

FACULTY ROOM-II ( R-302)


This room is highly utilized area. Faculties are present and occupy this room
for at least 6 hours a day for 5 days in a week. So most of the appliances are
being run for 6 x 5 x 4 =120 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Window A.C.
Personal Comp.

55
75
1000
300

8
440
120
52.8
8
600
120
72
1
1000
120
120
7
2100
100
21
Total Energy consumption per month = 265.8 kWh

ACCOUNTS SECTION
This room is highly utilized area. Two accountants occupy this room for at
least 6 hours a day for 5 days in a week. So most of the appliances are being
run for 6 x 5 x 4 =120 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Printer

55
75
60
300
250

4
220
120
26.4
2
150
120
18
2
120
120
14.4
2
600
120
72
2
500
4
2
Total Energy consumption per month = 132.8 kWh
FACULTY ROOM-III
This room is highly utilized area. Faculties are present and occupy this room
for at least 6 hours a day for 5 days in a week. So most of the appliances are
being run for 6 x 5 x 4 =120 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5
6

Tube light
Table Fan
Ceiling Fan
Window A.C.
Personal Comp.
Printer

55
60
75
1000
300
250

1
2
3
4
5

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Personal Comp.
Window A.C.
Printer

55
75
300
1000
250

8
440
120
52.8
2
120
120
14.4
1
75
120
9
1
1000
120
120
2
600
100
61
1
250
4
1
Total Energy consumption per month = 230.8 kWh
ROOM FOR COLLEGE REGISTRAR & FACULTY
This office is also a highly utilized area. Office opens at 10.00 a.m. and closes
at 4.00 p.m. for 5 days per week. So most of the appliances are being run for
5 x 5 x 4=100 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
4
220
100
22
1
75
100
7.5
1
300
80
24
1
1000
100
100
2
250
2
0.5
Total Energy consumption per month = 154 kWh

DSP & VLSI LAB R-301


As per routine of the college 12 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class room. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 48 hours. So
most of the appliances are being run for 48 hours per month. Out of total 28
nos. of PC 14 are run at a time for 12 hours per week.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Personal Comp.
Split Type A.C.
Exhaust Fan

55
75
300
2000
40

14
770
48
37
7
525
48
25.2
28
8400
48
201.6
2
4000
48
192
1
40
120
4.8
Total Energy consumption per month = 460.6 kWh
FACULTY ROOM-IV( In front of stair case)
This room is highly utilized area. Faculties are present and occupy this room
for at least 6 hours a day for 5 days in a week. i.e.120 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5
6

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Table fan
Split Type A.C.
Personal Comp.
Printer

55
75
60
2000
300
250

8
440
120
52.8
1
75
120
9
3
180
120
10.8
1
2000
100
200
4
1200
100
120
1
250
4
1
Total Energy consumption per month = 400.8 kWh
Total average Electrical Energy consumption per month due to the appliances in the
second floor is (189.2 + 72 + 133.2 x 4 + 47.52 + 175.2 + 5.3 + 265.8 + 58.8 + 204.4 +
154 + 259 + 400.8 + 180 + 2 + 201.6 ) kWh = 2820.42 kWh
1.Lighting load: ( 660 + 220 + 660 + 990 + 660 + 660 + 385 + 660 + 264 + 440 +
220 x 3 + 770 + 440 ) = 7469 W
2. Fan load: ( 510 + 80 + 450 X 3 + 360 + 40 + 450 + 600 + 270 + 195 + 75 + 565 +
255) = 4750 Watt
3. Air conditioning load: 10,000 W
4. PC, Printers, Xerox Machine, Fax etc: ( 600 + 200 + 1500 + 2100 + 1100 + 850
+550 + 8400 + 2200 ) = 17,500 W

Total connected load in the Second Floor: ( 7469 + 4750 + 10,000 + 17,500)
= 39,719 Watt = 40 kW ( approx)
LOAD & ELECT. ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER MONTH FOR 3rd FLOOR
FACULTY ROOM-ECE ( In front of North Side stair case)
This room is highly utilized area. Faculties are present and occupy this room
for at least 7 hours a day for 5 days in a week. i.e.140 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Window A.C.
Personal Comp.

55
75
1000
300

3
165
140
23.1
2
150
140
21
1
1000
140
140
2
600
140
84
Total Energy consumption per month = 268.1 kWh

CLASS ROOM NO.409


As per routine of the college 7 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
140 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

6
330
140
46.2
6
450
140
46.2
Total Energy consumption per month = 109.2 kWh
CLASS ROOM NO.408
As per routine of the college 7 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
140 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

7
385
140
53.9
9
675
140
94.5
Total Energy consumption per month = 148.4 kWh

Sl Name of the
no equipment

1
2

LIGHTS FOR CORRIDOR AND PORTICO


Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
the
er of
cted
running
Equipment equip load
hours per
(W)
ment
(W)
month

Corridor,Tube Lt 55
Portico, CFL
11

Energy
consumption
per month
(kWh)

18
990
48
47.52
24
264
20
5.3
Total Energy consumption per month = 52.82 kWh

CLASS ROOM NO.407


As per routine of the college 7 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
140 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

12
660
140
92.4
6
450
140
63
Total Energy consumption per month = 155. kWh

STUDENTS TOILET ROOM ( 1 FOR BOYS + 1 FOR GIRLS)


This is opened at 8.00 a.m. and closed at 6.00 p.m. So total hours of usage of
this room per month is 10 x 6 x 4 = 240 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
3

Tube light
Exhaust Fan

55
40

4
220
240
52.8
2
80
240
19.2
Total Energy consumption per month = 72 kWh
MATHEMATICS FACULTY ROOM ( R-406)
This room is highly utilized area. Faculties are present and occupy this room
for at least 6 hours a day for 5 days in a week. So most of the appliances are
being run for 6 x 5 x 4 =120 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
4

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Personal Comp.

55
75
300

6
3
6

330
225
1800

120
120
100

39.6
27
18

5
6
7
8

Printer
Window A.C.
Exhst fan(Toilet)
Tube in Toilet

250
1000
40
55

1
250
2
0.5
1
1000
120
120
1
40
120
4.8
1
55
120
6.6
Total Energy consumption per month = 216.7 kWh

CLASS ROOM NO.405


As per routine of the college 7 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
140 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

11
605
140
84.7
6
450
140
63
Total Energy consumption per month = 147.7 kWh

CLASS ROOM NO.404


As per routine of the college 7 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
140 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

12
660
140
92.4
6
450
140
63
Total Energy consumption per month = 155.4 kWh

CLASS ROOM NO.403


As per routine of the college 7 hours per day is allotted for this theory class
room & 20 days a month. So total hours of usage of this room per month is
140 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2

Tube light
Ceiling Fan

55
75

12
660
140
92.4
6
450
140
63
Total Energy consumption per month = 155.4 kWh

INDUSTRAL ENGINEERING LAB(R-402)


As per routine of the college 6 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class room. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours. Out of
total 15 nos. of lab set ups 10 are run at a time with 10Watt capacity each.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Personal Comp.
Lab set up

55
75
300
20

12
660
24
15.84
7
525
24
12.6
1
300
100
30
15
300
10 X 20
4.8
Total Energy consumption per month = 63.24 kWh
TRAINING & PLACEMENT CELL
This room is highly utilized area. Two placement personnel occupy this room
for at least 8 hours a day for 6 days in a week. So most of the appliances are
being run for 8 x 6 x 4 = 192 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Window A.C.
Personal Comp.
Printer

55
75
1000
300
250

6
330
192
63.36
2
150
192
28.8
1
1000
192
192
2
600
100
60
1
250
4
1
Total Energy consumption per month = 345.16 kWh

EDGE ROOM FOR STUDENTS( In front of Southside stair case)


This room is used by the students of Techno India provided with Internet
facility for carrying out, develop & practice different kinds of softwares related
with Robotics, Games etc.This room is used for least 4 hours a day for 6 days
in a week. i.e.96 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Table fan
Personal Comp.

55
75
60
300

6
330
96
31.68
1
75
96
7.2
3
180
96
17.28
2
600
96
57.6
Total Energy consumption per month = 113.68 kWh

TELEMETRY & REMOTE CONTROL LAB ( R-401)


As per routine of the college 6 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class room. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours. Total
8 nos. of laboratory set ups of 20 Watt capacity are run.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3

Tube light
Ceiling Fan
Lab. Set ups.

55
75
20

16
880
24
21.12
4
300
24
7.2
8
160
24
0.32
Total Energy consumption per month = 28.64kWh

Total average Electrical Energy consumption per month due to the appliances in the
Third Floor is (268.1 + 109.2 + 148.4 + 47.52 + 155.4 + 72 + 216.7 + 147.7 + 155.4 +
155.4 + 63.24 + 345.16 + 113.68 + 28.64 ) kWh = 2026.54 kWh
1.Lighting load: ( 165 + 330 + 385 + 990 + 660 + 220 + 330 + 605 + 264 + 660 + 660 +
330 + 385 + 880 ) = 6864 W
2. Fan load: ( 150 + 450 + 675 + 450 + 120 + 225 + 450 + 450 + 450 + 525 + 150 + 75 +
180 + 300 ) = 4650 W
3. Air conditioning load: 2,000 W
4. PC, Printers, Xerox Machine, Fax etc: ( 600 + 2050 + 300 + 200 + 850 + 600 )
= 4,600 W
Total connected load in the Second Floor: ( 6864 + 4650 + 2000 + 4600)
= 18,114 Watt = 18.1 kW ( approx)
LOAD & ELECT. ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER MONTH FOR 4th FLOOR
This floor is built on temporary structure and has a roof with corrugated tin
sheets with a false roof. Heat radiated by sun during the daytime gets trapped
between the false roof & tin shed. All the rooms are provided with A.C.
machine to keep the room temperature within tolerable limit. There is no
theory class room in this floor and almost all the laboratory rooms are used
for sitting the faculties as well as lab assistants.

Sl Name of the
no equipment

LIGHTS FOR CORRIDOR


Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
the
er of
cted
running
Equipment equip load
hours per
(W)
ment
(W)
month

Corridor,Tube Lt 55

Energy
consumption
per month
(kWh)

15
825
48
39.6
Total Energy consumption per month = 39.6 kWh

ROOM NO. 501 (MICROWAVE LAB- I )


As per routine of the college 6 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours. There are
total 10 number of set ups of 20 W capacity. .
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Ceiling Fan
Light ( CFL)
Window A.C.
Lab set up

75
22
1000
20

10
750
100
75
45
990
100
99
1
1000
100
100
10
200
24
4.8
Total Energy consumption per month = 278.8 kWh

ROOM NO. 502 (FACULTY ROOM-ECE)


As per requirement of the college faculties sit here stay almost 48 hours per
week.So total hours of usage of this room per month is 192 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Table Fan
Tube Light
Window A.C.
Personal Comp.

60
55
1000
300

3
180
192
34.56
3
165
192
31.68
1
1000
192
192
3
900
192
172.8
Total Energy consumption per month = 431.04 kWh

ROOM NO. 503 (MICROWAVE LAB-II)


As per routine of the college 6 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours. There are
total 7 number of set ups of 20 Watt capacity. .
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5

Ceiling Fan
Light ( CFL)
Window A.C.
Personal Comp.
Lab set up

75
22
1000
300
20

8
600
100
60
18
396
100
39.6
1
1000
100
100
2
600
100
60
7
140
24
3.36
Total Energy consumption per month = 262.96 kWh

ROOM NO. 504 ( DIGITAL ELECTRONICS LAB )


As per routine of the college 6 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours. There are
total 10 number of set ups of 20 Watt capacity. .
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Ceiling Fan
Light ( CFL)
Window A.C.
Lab set up

75
22
1000
20

8
600
100
60
18
396
100
39.6
2
2000
100
200
10
200
24
4.8
Total Energy consumption per month = 304.4 kWh

ROOM NO. 505 ( MICROPROCESSOR & MICROCONTROLLER LAB )


As per routine of the college 6 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours. There are
total 10 number of set ups of 20 Watt capacity. .
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Ceiling Fan
Light ( CFL)
Window A.C.
Lab set up

75
22
1000
20

8
600
100
60
18
396
100
39.6
2
2000
100
200
10
200
24
4.8
Total Energy consumption per month = 304.4 kWh

ROOM NO. 506 ( ANALOG ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT LAB )


As per routine of the college 6 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours. There are
total 10 number of set ups of 20 Watt capacity. .
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Ceiling Fan
Light ( CFL)
Window A.C.
Lab set up

75
22
1000
20

8
600
100
60
18
396
100
39.6
2
2000
100
200
10
200
24
4.8
Total Energy consumption per month = 304.4 kWh
ELECTRONICS FACULTY ROOM ( R-407 )
This room is highly utilized area. Faculties are present and occupy this room
for at least 8 hours a day for 6 days in a week. So most of the appliances are
being run for 8 x 6 x 4 =192 hours per month.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Light ( CFL )
Ceiling Fan
Table Fan
Personal Comp.
Printer
Window A.C.
Exhst fan(Toilet)
Tube in Toilet

22
75
60
300
250
1000
40
55

1
2
3
4
5

Ceiling Fan
Light ( CFL)
Window A.C.
Personal Comp.
Lab set up

75
22
1000
300
20

18
396
192
76.03
1
75
192
14.4
3
180
150
27
4
1200
100
120
1
250
4
1
1
1000
192
192
1
40
120
4.8
1
55
120
6.6
Total Energy consumption per month = 430.43 kWh
ROOM NO. 508 (ADVANCED COMMUNICATION LAB )
As per routine of the college 6 hours per week is allotted for this practical
class. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 24 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
8
600
150
90
27
297
192
57.03
2
2000
192
384
2
600
100
60
10
200
24
4.8
Total Energy consumption per month = 595.83 kWh

ROOM NO. 509 ( COMMUNICATION LAB )


This practical class room is also used as faculty room, so different appliances
are run for different duration. A judicious average study has been made to
calculate the Electrical Energy consumption..
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4
4

Ceiling Fan
Light ( CFL)
Window A.C.
Personal Comp.
Lab set up

75
22
1000
300
20

8
600
150
90
27
297
192
99
2
2000
192
384
2
600
100
60
10
200
30
6
Total Energy consumption per month = 597.03 kWh

ROOM NO. 510 (FACULTY ROOM-ECE)


As per requirement of the college faculties sit here stay almost 48 hours per
week. So total hours of usage of this room per month is 192 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Table Fan
Tube Light
Split Type A.C.
Personal Comp.

60
55
2000
300

4
240
100
24
3
165
192
31.68
1
2000
100
200
4
1200
100
120
Total Energy consumption per month = 375.68 kWh

STUDENTS TOILET ROOM ( 1 FOR BOYS + 1 FOR GIRLS)


This is opened at 9.00 a.m. and closed at 5.00 p.m. So total hours of usage of
this room per month is 8 x 6 x 4 = 192 hours.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
3

Tube light
Exhaust Fan

55
40

4
220
192
42.24
2
80
192
15.36
Total Energy consumption per month = 57.6 kWh

ROOM NO.511 (BASIC ELECTRONICS ENGG. LAB)


This practical class room is also used as faculty room, so different appliances
are run for different duration. A judicious average study has been made to
calculate the Electrical Energy consumption. There are total 15 numbers of
lab set ups out of which 10 are run at a time with 20 Watt capacity.
Sl Name of the
Rating of
Numb Conne
Total
Energy
no equipment
the
er of
cted
running
consumption
Equipment equip load
hours per per month
(W)
ment
(W)
month
(kWh)
1
2
3
4

Light (CFL)
Ceiling Fan
Personal Comp.
Lab set up

22
6
132
192
54
75
10
750
72
25.34
300
1
300
100
30
20W X 15
10
300
72
14.4
Total Energy consumption per month = 123.74 kWh

Total average Electrical Energy consumption per month due to the appliances in the
Fourth Floor is (39.6 + 278.8 + 431.04 + 262.96 + 304.4 X 3 + 430.43 + 595.83 +
597.03 + 375.68 + 57.6 + 123.74) kWh = 4105.9 kWh = 4106 kWh ( approx)
1. Lighting load: ( 825 + 990 + 165 + 396 X 5 + 297 X 2 + 165 + 220 + 132 )
= 5071 W
2. Fan load: ( 750 + 180 + 600 X 6 + 255 + 240 + 80 + 750 ) = 5855 Watt
3. Air conditioning load: 16,000 W
4. PC, Printers, Xerox Machine, Fax etc: ( 200 + 900 + 600 + 300 + 200 + 200 + 200 +
1450 + 600 + 600 + 1200 + 300 + 300 )
= 7,050 W
Total connected load in the Fourth Floor: ( 5071 + 5855 + 16,000 + 7050 ) = 33,976
Watt = 34 kW ( approx)

TOTAL CONNECTED LOAD FOR DIFFERENT USAGE( IN WATT)


LIGHTING FAN LOAD AIRCONDITIONER P.C., Lab, Printer
Ground Floor
26269
10245
5000
92165
First Floor

6050

5190

7000

28400

Second Floor

7469

4750

10000

17500

Third Floor

6864

4650

2000

4600

Fourth Floor

5071

5855

16000

7050

TOTAL

51723

40000

149715

LIGHTING

51723

30690
Percentage
19%

FAN LOAD

30690

11.3%

AIRCONDITIONER

40000

14.7%

P.C., Lab, Printer

149715

55%

TOTAL CONNECTED
LOAD:2,72,128W

LOAD DISTRIBUTION

19%

LIGHTING
FAN LOAD

55%

11%
AIRCONDITIONER
15%

P.C., Lab, Printer

Typical daily Electrical Energy Consumption in January, 2010


Feeder - I
Feeder - II
St.
Final
St.
Final
Rdg
Rdg
Net kWh
Rdg
Rdg
Net kWh
1.1.2010 854165 854285
120
242320 242560
240
2.1.2010 854285 854419
134
242560 242800
240
4.1.2010 854419 854577
158
242800 243100
300
5.1.2010 854577 854705
128
243100 243350
250
6.1.2010 854705 854844
139
243350 243580
230
8.1.2010 854844 855295
451
243580 244300
720
9.1.2010 855295 855505
219
244300 244550
250
11.1.2010 855505 855727
222
244550 244880
330
12.1.2010 855727 855868
141
244880 245090
210
13.1.2010 855868 855932
64
245090 245190
100
15.1.2010 855932 856099
167
245190 245470
280
16.1.2010 856099 856192
93
245470 245700
230
18.1.2010 856192 856351
159
245700 246020
320
19.1.2010 856351 856426
75
246020 246136
116
20.1.2010 856426 856523
97
246136 246310
174
21.1.2010 856523 856587
64
246310 246420
110
25.1.2010 856587 856935
348
246420 247070
650
27.1.2010 856935 857089
154
247070 247340
270
28.1.2010 857089 857256
167
247340 247670
330
29.1.2010 857256 857429
173
247670 247812
142
30.1.2010 857429 857545
116
247812 248120
308
3380
5800
TOTAL KwH
KwH

1.4.2010
2.4.2010
5.4.2010
6.4.2010
7.4.2010
8.4.2010
9.4.2010
10.4.2010
12.4.2010
14.4.2010
16.4.2010
17.4.2010
19.4.2010
20.4.2010
21.4.2010
22.4.2010

Typical daily Electrical Energy Consumption in April, 2010


Feeder - I
Feeder - II
St.
Final
Net
St.
Final
Rdg
Rdg
kWh
Rdg
Rdg
Net kWh
869103 869351
248
279340 279800
460
869351 869561
210
279800 281000
1200
869561 870095
534
281000 282230
1230
870095 870409
314
282230 284120
1890
870409 870687
278
284120 284490
370
870687 870961
274
284490 285420
930
870961 871318
357
285420 286690
1270
871318 871579
261
286690 286990
300
871579 872067
488
286990 288390
1400
872067 872515
448
288390 290100
1710
872515 872807
292
290100 290640
540
872807 873078
271
290640 291630
990
873078 873516
438
291630 293200
1570
873516 873801
285
293200 294370
1170
873801 874062
261
294370 295310
940
874062 874329
267
295310 296480
1170

Total
kWh
360
374
458
378
369
1171
460
552
351
164
447
323
479
191
271
174
998
424
497
315
424
9180
KwH

Total
kWh
708
1410
1764
2204
648
1204
1627
561
1888
2158
832
1261
2008
1455
1201
1437

Benchmarking is a method which should be used on a continual basis as best


practices are always evolving. Benchmarking of energy consumption is a
powerful tool for performance assessment and logical evolution of avenues for
improvement. Historical data, well documented, helps to
bring out energy consumption and cost trends month-wise / daily. Trend analysis
of energy consumption, cost, relevant production features, specific energy
consumption, help to understand effects of capacity utilization on energy use
efficiency and costs on a broader scale. The basis for benchmarking the energy
consumption at Techno India College is energy consumed per person (includes
teaching staff and students). The benchmarking parameters here are,
Departmental energy performance
kWh consumed per m2 of area and
kWh consumed per capita
ENERGY SAVING POTENTIAL
1. (a)Elimination of Wastages: During load survey for last few months it is
observed that all Theory Classrooms are normally used up to 3.00 p.m. But
for floor and room cleaning agency who are assigned to clean and lock the
classrooms come at 4 p.m.. During this one hour may be slightly less but if
some other time is taken into account one complete hour all the appliances in
the classroom are run when the room is unoccupied. This one hour wastage
can be avoided if every room is provided with a small MCB beside the main
entrance door so that all the appliances can be put off by any faculty or
student leaving the room last. Calculation of saving in Electrical Energy is as
under. There are total 16 Classrooms in this building and connected load is
16,755 W.
So monthly electrical energy saving is 16,755 X 1 X 20 Watt-hour
= 335.1 kWh. Yearly Energy saving is 335.1 X 12 = 4021.2 kWh. Cost of
Energy = 4021.2 X Rs.5.33 = Rs.21,433/- Cost of 16 numbers of MCB is
Rs.80 X 16 = Rs.1280.
Net saving per year Rs.21,433/ - Rs.1280/- = Rs.20,153/- and pay back
period is hardly 20 days of full operation that is one month.
(b) It has been observed that in all the toilets Lights and exhaust fans are on
for 8 hours a day though it is not required. 50% of total load consumed can be
saved without any effect on their performance. So energy saving potential is
50 % of 57.6 X 5 X 12 = 1728 kWh per year. Cost of this energy is 1728 X
Rs.5.33 = Rs.9210/2. By using energy saving appliances:
Replacing the 55 Watt i.e. T12 Fluorescent Tube Lights in the Faculty Rooms
and Laboratory rooms and using 36 Watt CFL which gives almost same luminous
flux.

Existing Total Electrical Energy consumed by existing lights in 16 faculty rooms is


528 kWh per month and same for 13 numbers of Laboratories is 572 kWh. So
total Energy spent on existing lights for those rooms are 1100 kWh.
Whereas by new lights the Energy consumption will be 346 kWh and 375 kWh,
gives a total figure of 721 kWh.
Net Electrical Energy saving for new lighting per month is (1100 721) kWh
= 379 kWh per month. Annual saving is 379 X 12 = 4548 kWh .
Net amount saved is Rs.5.33 X 4548 = Rs. 24,241/- per year and cost of new
installation is around Rs.20,000/-. So pay back period is around 10 months..
Therefore due the above recommendations a net yearly saving of Rs.53,604/( Rupees Fifty Three Thousand Six Hundred Four Only)

ENERGY CONSERVATION AND EFFICIENCY


Energy Management Structure
At Techno India Engineering College campus electrical power is received at 33
kV and it has two number of dry core transformer of 1.6 MVA. It has a substation
with different feeders at 440 Volt. Each feeder is having separate energy meters
since lot of Commercial customers are present here. It has a automatic Static Var
controller due to which power factor is improved to 0.94. But all the activities like
new installation, maintenance, repair etc are being managed by 3 ordinary
electrician who are basically responsible for avoiding breakdown.
In order to streamline the use of energy in the Techno India College campus and
to ensure its efficient utilization, I propose three possible energy management
structures. A final decision on the type of energy management structure suitable
for the institute should be taken by the Institute management.
(I) Appointment of an Energy Manager for the institute, with suitable experience
and a proven track record. The person shall be responsible for the day to day
energy conservation activities. New staff should be allotted to the Energy
Manager or some staff members from Electrical Maintenance Section be made
responsible to him/her. An annual review of the energy performance of the
institute is to be performed and a certain percentage of the quantified savings be
shared with the Energy Manager.
(II) An electrical engineer should himself take over the responsibility of
ensuring efficient energy use on the campus. This will ensure prompt
implementation of measures. This system may also require additional staff. A
performance related incentive in the form of a bonus can be provided to the
electrical maintenance staff based on savings achieved.
(III) Formation of an Institute level committee headed by the Dy. Director to
review the implementation of energy conservation measures. All departments
and section heads should submit a bi-annual report of compliance for review and
action. Sections/ departments not achieving savings to be penalized and suitable
incentives may be given to the performing departments.

An annual review of the implementation of the energy saving measures should


be taken up and performance should be monitored. A report of the same should
be sent to the Director, electrical energy consumption should be made a subject
in the Institute budget with separate heads for departments. Energy performance
can be a basis for providing incentives to the concerned departments.

REFERENCES:[1]. Sukhatme S.P., Solar Energy, Tata McGraw Hill Publ., New Delhi, 1996.
[2]. L.C.Witte, P.S.Schmidt, D.R.Brown, Industrial Energy Management and Utilisation,
Hemisphere Publ, Washington, 1988.
[3]. W.C.Turner, Energy Management Handbook, Wiley, New York, 1982.
[4]. http://www.energymanagertraining.com/new_course.php)
[5]. US Governments Energy Star page for fluorescent bulbs,
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm
[6]. George Mel & Jose Victor: Energy audit of IIT Bombay campus:2008:p-11
[7]. Typical lumen outputs and energy costs for outdoor lighting,
www.nofs.navy.mil/about_NoFs/staff/cbl/lumentab.html
[8]. General Electric and lighting products,
www.gelighting.com/na/home_lighting/products/energy_smart
[9]. Information on energy saver for room air conditioners, www.aircosaver.com
[10].Official website of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency, Govt. of India,
www.beeindia.nic.in
[11]. Detailed information and case studies on energy audits,
www.energymanagertraining.com
[12]. www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_audit
[13]. Website of the Ministry of Power, http://powermin.nic.in/distribution/energy_audit
[14]. The Energy Conservation Act, 2001,
http://powermin.nic.in/acts_notification/energy_conservation_act/index.htm

Photograph of Techno India Engineering College

Photograph of Corridor