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DESTINATION GOA

Prepared & Edited by

Ramadas Kaipa
WILD LIFE & SANCTUARIES

Mollem National Park

Home to a rich and rarefied wildlife, Mollem Nation Park is situated in the heart of Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary.
The park is spread in an area of 107 sq km abundant with dense forests. Mollem National Park was notified as a National
Park since 1978. It covers the core zone of Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary. Located 65 km away from Panaji, Mollem
Nation Park is named after the village Mollem in Sanguem Taluka where it is located. Placed on the slopes of Western Ghat
ranges, it is very near eastern Goa-Karnataka border. This national park is sheltering a number of animals, birds and
plants which are otherwise on the verge of extinct. Come to the park for its virgin treasure of nature.

The Flora
West Coast Semi- Evergreen Forests, West Coast Tropical Evergreen Forests and Moist Deciduous Forests are the major
types of vegetation in and around this national park. Terminalia, Xylia, Dalbergia, and Lagerstromia are some of the
species here. Evergreen forests are mainly centered on higher altitudes and along the river banks. Grass is very limited.
The Fauna
Gaur, leopards, chital, mouse deer, barking deer, wild boar, Indian porcupine, wild dogs, leopard cat, sambar deer, bonnet
macaque, common langur, jungle cat, civet, flying squirrels, Malabar giant squirrel, pangolin, and the slender loris.
Poisonous snakes such as king cobras, pythons, kraits, and vipers etc.

The Avifauna
Some of the popular bird species here are Paradise flycatcher, Indian great black woodpecker, Emerald dove, Malabar pied
hornbill, Great Indian hornbill, Grey jungle fowl, Fairy bluebird, Drongo, Wag tails, Shrikes, Barbets, Kingfishers etc. This
wildlife sanctuary is also home to around 200 avian species.

The Activities
You can drive in or just walk along the mud trails. When you trek through the dense forest, you will find herds of bison
besides other animals. Observe each and every moment of wildlife. Don't walk through the large webs which may be spun
amidst tree branches. Have a close us at the huge spiders and colourful butterflies
including Chocolate Pansy, Crimson Rose and Blue Mormon.

Location
In the heart of Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary 65 km from Panaji, in Sanguem Taluka

Best Season
October to March
8.00am to 5.00 pm

Entry Fee
Adult Rs 20
Child Rs 5
Extra charges for camera and vehicle

Where to Stay
You can stay at Dudhsagar Resort at Mollem which is just a few hundred metres away from this national park. Rooms, rest
houses and dormitories maintained by state government can also be preferred. Permission can be taken from the Range
Forest Officer if you want to pitch your own tents in a campsite. Two other private resorts are very close to Tambdi Surla
Temple. These are Shanti Nature Resort and Backwoods.

How to Reach
Nearest airport at Dabolim is 80 km away from Mollem National park. Colem railway station is the nearest railhead, placed
6 km from the park.. You can pick buses or hire taxis, available at regular intervals from Panaji and Margao.

Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary

If you want to have a close look at rich and rarefied wildlife, captivating landscape and
dense evergreen forests, then Goa's Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary is the perfect
place for you. Located 65 km away from Panaji, Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary is
located at Mollem village in Sanguem Taluka. It is located on the slopes of Western Ghat
ranges which is very close to eastern Goa-Karnataka border. Formerly known as Mollem
Game Sanctuary, it was renamed as Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary later. Covering
an area of 240 sq. km, dense forests in it range from evergreen to moist deciduous. It
makes it an ideal habitat for a variety of flora and avian species.
The Flora
Three major types - West Coast Semi- Evergreen Forests, West Coast Tropical Evergreen Forests and Moist Deciduous
Forests. Here, you will see the species of Terminalia, Xylia, Dalbergia, Lagerstromia etc. Grass is very limited here while
the evergreen forests are mainly centered on higher altitudes and along the river banks.

The Fauna
Leopard Cat, Panther, Mouse Deer, Jungle Cat, Barking Deer, Spotted Deer, Gaur, Porcupine, Wild Boar, Wild Dog, Sambar,
Common Langur, Flying Squirrel, Bonnet Macaque, Civet, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Slender Loris, Pangolin etc. Sometimes
tigers have also been spotted here. The sanctuary is famous for numerous snakes including King Cobras, Python, Krait,
Viper and non-poisonous snakes also.

The Avifauna
This wildlife sanctuary is also home to around 200 avian species. Some of the popular bird species here are Paradise
flycatcher, Indian great black woodpecker, Emerald dove, Malabar pied hornbill, Great Indian hornbill, Grey jungle fowl,
Fairy bluebird, Drongo, Wag tails, Shrikes, Barbets, Kingfishers etc.

The Activities
You can drive in or just walk along the mud trails. When you trek through the dense forest, you will find herds of bison
besides other animals. Observe each and every moment of wildlife. Don't walk through the large webs which may be spun
amidst tree branches. Have a close us at the huge spiders and colourful butterflies including Chocolate Pansy, Crimson
Rose and Blue Mormon.

Location
65 km from Panaji, in Sanguem Taluka

Best Season
October to March - 8.00am to 5.00 pm

Entry Fee
Rs 20 for Adult, Rs 5 for Child (extra charges for camera and vehicle)

Where to Stay
One good option is Dudhsagar Resort at Mollem. It is a few hundred metres away from the sanctuary entrance. You can
also stay in rooms, rest houses and dormitories of state government. You can also take prior permission from the Range
Forest Officer for pitching your own tents in a campsite within the sanctuary. Shanti Nature Resort and Backwoods are two
other private resorts, very close to Tambdi Surla Temple.

How to Reach
Nearest airport at Dabolim is 80 km away from this wildlife sanctuary. Nearest railhead, 6 km from sanctuary is at Colem
railway station. Buses and taxis are available at regular intervals for Mollem from Panaji and Margao.

Catigao Wildlife Sanctuary

Do you want to explore very deep forests, where you may hardly find sun light on the
ground? If yes, then Catigao Wildlife Sanctuary is the most suitable place in Goa.

Established in 1969 to save the forest lining on the border of Goa and Karnataka, this
wildlife sanctuary is spread in 85.65 sq km of mixed deciduous woodland. This wildlife
sanctuary inspires all the tree lovers. One river named Talpona flows through the
sanctuary, while the other one River Galjibaga runs through the south-eastern boundary of
Cotigao.

One road passes through the wildlife sanctuary. It is fairly difficult in some areas so it
would test your navigational skills. However, cool lush greenery will rejuvenate your
senses while your walk through the wildlife sanctuary. Come and enjoy sweet chirping of the birds and other sounds of
forests while your trip in the sanctuary.

The Flora
Moist-deciduous type trees are main vegetation of Cotigao Sanctuary. Some of the trees attain the heights up to 30
metres. This vegitation is interspersed with semi-green and evergreen forests.

The Fauna
Unfortunately Catigao Wildlife Sanctuary offers limited wildlife sights. The reason is that all the tigers and leopards of the
forests were hunted out long ago. However you may spot Wild boars, two species of Monkey and Gaurs. You may also find
other animals including Bison, Langur, Pangolin, Deer, Black Panther, Gazelles, Porcupines, Sloth Bears, Hyenas and
Panthers besides these animals.

The Activities
Trek along the mud trails and take a trial at Bhutpal. You can climb 18 m high ladder into a treetop shelter. You will have a
picturesque view of waterhole located very near and its scenic surroundings. Walk further to enchanting location of Bela
Lake. This lake inside the sanctuary is just 2.5 km from Hathipal Eco-tourism complex. Visit Nature Interpretation Centre
which has several Botanical and faunal exhibits as an interesting diversion.

Several charming Bandharas and waterholes at Catigao Wildlife Sanctuary. Climb into 3-m high watch tower at Tulsimol.
You can see animals who come to drink water especially during early morning and late evening hours.

Location
In east Canacona Taluka, 86 km from Goa's capital

Best Season
October to March

Entry Fee
Rs for Adult, Rs 2 for Child (additional for camera and vehicles)

Where to Stay
Hathipal Eco-tourism Complex of Forest Department has a 6-bedded cottage, a 3-bedded cottage and 5 thatched tents.
The complex is open during October to April. A Forest Rest House is also available for you at Poinguinim, but it is mostly
used by forest officers. In case you want to go for an overnight stay, either in watchtower or forest department's rest
house, you should take the prior permission from Deputy Conservator Of Forests.

How to Reach
Dabolim airport is 75 km away from Cotigao. This airport has flights from almost all the major cities like Mumbai, Delhi
and Bangalore. You can hire taxi to reach the sanctuary then onwards. he nearest railheads from Cotigao are Margao (53
km) and Panaji (86 km). Buses ply to Karwar halt at Canacona from then onwards. Buses plying south on NH 17 to
Karwar halt via Chaudi will drop you well within the periphery of 2 km.

Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary

If a bird lover plans a trip to Goa, his trip is not complete without visiting Salim Ali Bird
Sanctuary. Regarded as 'the paradise of bird watchers', it is named after India's most
renowned ornithologist. Hoe to a large variety of birds, this is the only one bird sanctuary
of Goa.

You will find umpteen number of domestic and migratory birds in this sanctuary, spread in
1.8 sq km. You may also spot other rarefied wildlife here including Indian rock Python,
smooth Indian otter and flying fox.

Mangrove swamps are on the western tip of the Chorao island besides river Mandovi. The mangroves are abundant with
chirping birds, making the overall ambiance really memorable. Almost 14 species of mangroves are found here, which
makes it an ideal breeding ground for planktons, shrimps, estuarine fish and tiny crabs. Mangroves also provide feeding
ground for bird species.

The Avifauna
A large variety of migratory birds can be seen in this bird sanctuary during November to February. Pintail ducks,
Cormorants, Mallards, Purple Moorhen and Storks are some of the famous migratory birds which can be easily spotted.

A large variety of resident birds can be spotted here. These include Herons, Drongos, Eagles, Kites, Kingfisher, Baya
(weaver birds), Purple Sun bird, Egrets, Tailor Birds, Grey-headed Myna, Red-wattled Lapwing, Redshank, Common
Sandpipers, Green Bee-eater and Pheasant-tailed Jacana.

Some Activities
A network of water channels criss-cross Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary. You may cruise along the placid waters of the canals to
the gentle sound of the water gently lapping against the boat and sweet chirping of the birds. You may also have a
spectacular view of the white-bellied sea eagle coming down swiftly to catch a fish from the waters when you are on boat
cruise. Otherwise, you also can climb the watch-tower which was built in this Bird Sanctuary to provide a better view of
the birds.
Location
Located on Chorao island in Tiswadi Taluka, 5 km from Panaji

Best Season
November to February but anytime in the year with the permission of warden, Forest Deptt.

Entry Fee
Rs 50

Where to Stay
You are advised to stay at Panaji if you are coming to visit Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary. This town has plenty of
accommodation available in Panaji, which can be opted as per your requirements and budget. Hotel Casa Pinho, Hotel
Ashoka Plaza, Hotel Delmon, Hotel Check Inn, Hotel La Grande and Hotel Manvins are some of the best hotels in Goa.

How to Reach
Nearest major city is Panaji, capital city of Goa. You can hire a taxi or ride a bus to reach Ribander ferry jetty. This jetty is
situated at a distance of 3 km from Panaji along Linhares Causeway. You can take a ferry across Mandovi river to the
island of Chorao.

Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary

Goa attracts all including wildlife enthusiasts. There are numerous wildlife sanctuaries in
Goa where you may find umpteen number of endangered animal species besides virgin
treasure of natural beauty. Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary is smallest of the Goan wildlife
sanctuaries. Located up in green-covered foothills of the Western Ghats, Bondla is the
home to Sambhar and Wild Boar. Spread in a wide area of 8-sq-km, it is very easily
accessible. This wildlife sanctuary is situated 55-km from Panajim and 38-km from
Margoa. It houses a Botanical Garden, fenced Deer Park and a Zoo. The zoo is rated the
best in the area having enough spacious enclosures.

Bondla wildlife sanctuary is a suitable destination for a trip with whole family. As you walk along, you may spot a giant red
Malabar squirrel, a wild Boar, a Sambar or several other wildlife. An archaeological exhibit in the form of a statue of the
deity Gajalaxmi. You can also check out the collections at the Nature Education centre.

You can also watch the crocodiles as they clamber themselves out of the water and rest over the rocks in the sun. Bondla
is also good for bird-watching too. It really enthralls to hear the chirping of large variety of birds including Indian scimitar
babbler, Brown fish owl, Oriental dwarf Kingfisher and Ruby throated yellow bulbul.

Established originally to house orphaned animals, the zoo is now a breeding colony for large species of deer. Covering 8-
sq-km of deciduous forest, Bondla is a miniature zoo of sort housing caged animals and birds. A popular picnic destination
for locals, Bondla zoo offers elephant rides as a major attraction.

The Fauna
Wild Boar, Monkeys, Deer, Langurs, Gaur, Jackals, Leopards and Pythons are residing fearlessly in the hills of southeast.
This is also another bird-watching haven, quite similar to its counterparts at Chorao and Cotigao. Two rivers flow very near
the forest - Rangado river on the east and Madhel on its north. Bison, Deer, Wild Beer, Leopard, birds and various types of
serpent are also found here at Bondla forests. You can also visit the only mosque Safa Shahouri Masjid on the way. Built
by Ali Adilshah in 1560, this monument can be seen at Ponda.

Location
Located in Ponda Taluka in Central Goa, 20 km from Mollem, 52 km from Panaji

Best Season
October to March
9.00 am to 5.00 pm, Thursday closed (Garden and Zoo)

Entry Fee
Adult Rs 5, Child Rs 2 (extra charges for camera and vehicles)
Two wheelers Rs 10, Cars Rs 50, Mini buses/Vans Rs 100
Elephant Rides Rs 80 per ride (4 persons)

How to Reach
Dabolim Airport is just 50 km from this wildlife sanctuary. You can ride a bus or hire a taxi to reach the sanctuary. Its
nearest railhead is Margao (36 km) which is well-linked with the other major destinations of the country. You can hire a
taxi to reach Bondla then onwards. You also can access Panaji (52 km) to reach Bondla.

SPORTS @ GOA

Water Scooters in Goa

An ideal destination for water sports, Goa, offers non-parallel opportunities for your thrill
and enjoyment. People with the love for adventure have a habit for being on the edge. If
you enjoy the speed of life, you may find water scooters really thrilling. These high-
speed vehicles can accommodate two persons. Water scooters zoom through the water
surface at great speed. These popular form of sports in Goa are generally used by water
guards.

Water scooter ride may not last longer but you will enjoy even this small but thrilling
ride on large ocean waves. The waves may hit your face and you may be tempted to
hold the life-jacket of your ride-partner very strongly as the scooter zooms through the
waves with great speed. This water sports offers all the thrills of a motor bike with the
tenderness of an ocean instead of hard tar road below your feet. The speed of the
scooter depends up on the fact how much scared you are. The person handling the
scooter decides the speed.

Starry Connection
Perhaps you may still be carrying the memories of a TV serial 'Baywatch'. If you want to find enacting as a character of
this TV serial including voluptuous Pamela, you can enjoy riding water scooters in Goa. You may also remember Hindi flick
'Dil Chahta Hai' when the lovelorn fan screamed "Aakash" from her Water Scooter as the male protagonist (Aamir Khan)
ducks in embarrassment.

Some memories
One of the tourist reminisces with joy "My water scooter was very fast with a lot of bumping on the waves. I was partially
soaked when I came out of it. My sons were a bit annoyed. They had complains that they were treated like mere kids.
There scooters were very slow for for their liking. My elder nephew did not even get soaked!"

Where to get water scooters


Cidade de Goa, Dona Paula jetty, Majorda and Candolim beach are some of the sites where water scooters are available.

When to go for water scooters


The best season for enjoying water sports in Goa is from October to May. It's the season when the skies are cloudless and
blue and the water remains placid.

Something special about Goa


Extremely placid water and gentle breeze at Goa make it a suitable place even for the beginners. They can try riding
water scooters without having much fear. Some tourists ride these water scooters because they give an rare opportunity
of watching dolphins from close quarters.

Rates
Normally you may be asked to pay Rs 200 per person for water scooter ride. Although the operators may come to even as
below as Rs 100 per person.

Sea Fishing in Goa

Sea fishing is a sport, very rare until recent years and yet to catch on in Goa. It has some very uncommon features
among all the adventure water sports. You may wait for hours just to have a catch and even then you may or may not get
the catch. Sea Fishing involves going far out in a motor boat and to expect some catch including kingfish, tuna and jack
fish. Operators take the groups to bait and Butterfly Islands, much closer to shore, for fishing.

Sports fishing or recreational fishing is still a famous water sport throughout the world. Keeping in mind the popularity of
sports enthusiasts, a set of regulations came into existence. There are specific guidelines for the fishing season in which a
certain species can be caught, the permission for minimum catch per day and the choice of fishing sites.

It offers an opportunity for the fishing freaks to find out the unexplored territories from vast expanse of the sea housing
countless treasures. Fishing also spurs us to challenge our daring and prove our worth. All of us love to transcend our
limits. Agonda Beach is the most popular place to enjoy sea fishing as it offers a large variety of Soormai, salmon and
mullet.
Fishing Equipments
All you will need a barbed metal hook at the end of nylon or Dacron line, a wood, fiberglass or metal rod or pole. Heavier
rods and reels of the bait-casting type are used in salt-water fishing. Usual methods are however trolling and casting from
the surf.

When to go for fishing


Fishing tours to Goa are a great delight as it offers the tourist a sense of immense pleasure in doing this local activity with
the fishermen. The most suitable time for fishing is before and just on the top of the high tide. The bait used for the fishes
is the sardine or shrimp, available locally in the market.

Fishing on the beach


It involves a lot of effort, often thwarted by sea waves. Fishing in the serene beaches is always preferred as it enhances
the enjoyment. You may get Rockfish, Stingray and Guitarfish.

Fishing on the boat


Many boats are also available on hire for sea fishing. It may cost some around ten pounds for three hours. Boat fishing is
divided into two types Bottom fishing and trolling. If you choose bottom fishing, you may
come across the rocky outcrops along the shore.

Age Limit
Adults only

Rates
Rs 500 pr hour (Approx)

Skills Required
Patience in plenty

Safety Tips
Keep all the emergency procedures in mind while going for sea fishing.

Scuba Diving in Goa

Some of the most fulfilling experience of a holiday in Goa is the discovery of a colourful
underwater. The turquoise, blue green and aquamarine waters in the islands of Maldives,
the presence of Spanish and Portuguese galleons and World War II ships are the major
underwater attractions. Grande Island and Malvan Shoal are other major diving sites
around Goa.

Colourful and beautiful shells, attractive corals and fishes attract all of us to explore more.
Scuba Diving unearths the underwater treasure of Goa. Scuba Diving helps you to unearth
the underwater treasure of Goa. Underwater visibility in Goa ranges for five meters to ten
meters throughout the peak season. Tourists prefer Goa for Scuba Diving because the
waters here are temperate and safe. Even the beginners find it comfortable to dive
because these is a total absence of riptide currents.

Scuba Diving Gears


Masks, Snorkels and Fins are the basic diving gears. Single, two, three and four window masks are the best option for
better visibility especially under deep water. Slip on fins allow more water to flow over the blade, so, these are suitable for
warm water diving. You can choose strap fins for a better performance. These fins allow a smoother and more powerful
kick without much effort.

Where to go for Scuba Diving


Goa has a marine life of Goa, quite similar to that of the Maldives. Grand Island is a preferred site for local diving. Suzy's
Wreck, Sail Rock, Davy Jones Lockers, Sail Rock, Tunnel, Bounty Bay, Surge City and Uma Guma Reef. Another world class
diving site, Angria Bank, is a world class diving site, 120 km from Goa. An underwater mass about half the size of Goa is a
reservoir of fishes and corals. It will be a memorable experience for you to enjoy diving here.

When to go for Scuba Diving


October to May is the best season for enjoying scuba diving because the skies are blue and cloudless and the water
remains placid.
Some Tips
Before committing to a full-fledged course, check out Try Dives. It is held every Mondays at Sun Village in Arpora, Cidade
de Goa at Vaunguinin Beach, Dona Paula and Goa Marriotte Resort in Miramar.

Certain safety options should always be kept in mind while diving. Never dive alone, dive with the partner instead as this
ensures the help in the very moments of need.

Display a 'Diver Below' flag to advice your presence to boat drivers and jet skis. You should be totally fit physically and
mentally to before going for diving.

You should also keep in mind all the safety precautions while planning your diving trip. If the region is protected one, this
applies more. Never let the plants damaged, wildlife disturbed and any garbage left behind.

Experts and instructors are always there. They have the right to refrain any participant from undertaking the adventure. If
any participant has a heart disease, respiratory or sinus related problems, a doctor's certificates is required. 12 years is
the minimum age for diving in India and will be only at instructor's discretion

Water Skiing in Goa

Water-skiing is not only a perfect relaxation beach holiday activity on the beach sites of
India, but also an suitable adventure sport on the seacoast. The best beaches suitable for
water-skiing are located in Goa. Numerous beach resorts and hotels in Goa are well-
equipped enough to provide all the facilities needed for the water-skiing.

Water-Skiing demands strength and skill. You should be prepared for tumbles and
resulting soreness. You need strong leg and back muscles and a relaxed posture. This new
adventure sports in India is a more thrilling than snow skiing. The reason is that there is
no snow or mountainous slopes. You glide on water instead. In addition to it, you need to
be good swimmer because you may have to let go off the tow-rope attached to the boat.
Being stiff, in fact, doesn't help at all here. You should practice bending your knees slightly
and maintaining them parallel to each other. Water-Skiing is a major tourist attraction in Goa.

All one who enjoy gliding through waves, would find splashing through the watery depths. Surfing and water-skiing are
quite similar to each other but the major difference is that your hands are not free in water-skiing. Secondly, surfing can
take place in the high tides of the ocean, water-skiing is not limited to sea only, it can be done in the lakes also.

Some Tips
Ensure that there is another observer on the boat besides the operator. If waters are rough, you should avoid skiing.
Choppy seas prevent the boat from maintaining a steady course and speed. It's best if you go over the hand signals with
the operator to avoid miscommunication and confusion.

If you are a first timer, then you may get seasick. Beginners in this sport get nervous and sea sick. But once you acquire
the sense of balance, you may find riding on the as a piece of cake.

You should let the driver/observer know you are all right after a fall, by clasping both hands above your head. Water-
skiing is very tough, so you should get your basics right. If you find the excitement becoming too much, you always have
an option of letting go the tow-rope if the excitement become too much for you.

Water-skiing, in fact, is a good exercise to your body. It strengthens your muscles of arms and legs. So you should always
be cautious, if it is for the first time for you. It will be quite tiresome for you. The best way to get trained in water-skiing is
to try it on a dry land. You can also get through with the balancing act on the water.

Where to Water Skiing


Calangute, Candolim, Arossim, Mobor, Utorda, Rajbaga

Rates
Rs 400-1,200 (depends upon length of ride and operator)

The Skills Needed


Physical stamina, comfort with water

Parasailing in Goa
Another thrilling water sport of Goa, Para sailing is also known as Para Ascending. Only a speedboat and a parachute is
required in it. Parachutes are tied to the speedboats and a 300 feet long rope is attached to speed boat at one end and
para sail harness at the other. With the speedboat gaining the momentum, Para Sailor is hauled up in the air and it has
little or no control over the parachute. The speed is controlled by tow-vehicles. The person flying the para sail controls its
sideways. You can enjoy the view of clear blue-sky and captivating water body below. All the speed lovers who love high
flying can opt for this water sport. It is very popular among all the tourists visiting Goa. Sensing the huge popularity of
Para sailing, government and non-governments organizations organize training sessions of para sailing in Goa at a very
nominal rate for tourists.

The dream of flying like a bird while soaking up the beauty of Goan coastline can be realized by para sailing. There are
two ways of doing it - winch-boat para sailing and beach para sailing. You alone take off and land on a winch boat in
winch-boat para sailing. You are launched from the beach itself in beach para sailing. Beach landing can be tricky. It
requires good coordination and expertise of ground staff and powerboat operator. As all the operators may not be trained,
you should be careful while choosing a operator.

Where to Parasail
The beaches offering para sailing facilities include Condolim beach, Anjuna beach, Majorda beach, Baga beach and Dona
Paula beach. Some of the hotels including The Taj and Bogmallo Resort provide necessary tools for this enthralling sport.

Para Sailing Sinquerim-Candolim-Calangute gives a view of Fort Aguada and also of the grounded tanker River Princess.
Other views to take in the Arossim-Cansaulim and Utorda streatch with a stunning coastline and the isolated Grande and
Bait islands off the Mormugao Coast nearby. Mobor Beach is specially near The Leela Palace Hotel, where the River Sal
meets the Arabian Sea and forms a pristine Mobor Peninsula, crowned by Betul Hillock. You can get the views of the
Mandoli meeting the sea views of the Mandovi meeting the sea.

When to Parasail
October to May is the best season for enjoying para sailing. Skies are clear and cloudless and deep blue. Water remains
calm and placid in these days.

Rates
Rs 500 to Rs 1,250 are charged for 3 to 5 minutes ride in addition to boat ride charges.

The Skills Needed


You are just required to be comfortable with height and other gear before taking off. Apart from boat operator, ensure that
there is another observer in the boat. The reason is that boat operator can not keep an eye on you.

Other Sports in Goa

Jet-Skiing
This is for those who who love speed. Jet-skis with 100-135 hp-powered engine, are used in
Goa rush high-adrenalin thrills. You may easily get carried away with this pretty
uncomplicated machine. That is the reason why most operators make it mandatory for an
instructor to accompany the rider. If your skills satisfy your instructor, you may also be
allowed a solo run.

Where to Jet-Ski
Candolim, Colva, Calangute, Miramar, Utorda, Arossim, Benaulim, Mobor, Rajbaga

Rates
Charges for the rides between 2, 10 and 15 minutes may cost Rs 400, Rs 1,000 and 1,500
respectively.

Rs 2,500 for a 30-min jet-ski ride at International Grand Resort at Rajbanga

Knee-and-Wake Boarding
Very similar to water-skiing, knee-boarding has a slot for your knees and there is to it. It requires less focus on balance
than water-skiing and is a very simpler technique. The skier has one broad board instead o f two narrow ones on which to
maintain balance in wake-boarding.

Where to go
Mobor, Candolim and Rajbanga

Rates
Rs 700-1,200 for 15 minutes

Skills required
You should be at ease with water and well versed in water skiing.

Some Tips
There should always be an observer besides the boat operator.

Banana, Bump & Ringo Rides


Very popular among kids, Banana rides are one of the latest attractions in water sports in Goa. It is really enthralling to sit
on a six-seat banana-shaped contraception and to be towed by a speedboat rolling and pitching over undulating sea
waves. There are some variations in Ringo or bump rides. Be prepared for the flip at the very end of the ride because it
adds that bit of extra excitement for beginners. As everybody is in life jackets, it is pretty safe too.

Where to go for it
Available on all the major beaches

Rates
Rs 200 per head per 15 minute ride, approximately

Skills needed
You should be at ease with water.

Catamaran/Hobie Cat Sailing


A more relaxed sailing activity, Catamaran Sailing is made up of a twin hull with trampoline in between the hulls and a
mast for sailing. It has a normal seating capacity of accommodating four persons. A trained professional is required to sail
the catamaran for the enjoyment with safety.

Where to sail
Calangute, Candolim, Dona Paula, Arossim, Utorda, Benaulim,Caolva, Mobor

Rates
Rs 600-1,500 per hour

Skills required
A high level of skill and training

Supercross Racing
A Supercross Championship League featuring RM Suzuki, CR Honda, KX Kawasaki, YZ Yamaha and KIM 125 cc bikes are
being organized in India for the very first time. This championship began in November 28, 2004 and continued till May1,
2005. State government funded the championship. Supercross event is held on a fortnightly basis (every alternate
Sunday) in the very first kind of stadium in the country. The stadium is spread over 25,000 sq m.
Rates
Rs 100 for outside circle/ Rs 300 for inner circle

Microlite-Flying /Motor Cars in Goa

Goa has umpteen number of options for water sports. Microlite flying is the latest addition.
A motorized machine with a forty feet wing span, microlite can accommodate two to three
persons including one operator. You need not to know gliding for microlite flying because it
is a operators job. You are just expected to sit and enjoy unfolding Goa beneath you.

Microlite-flying is a new fad among a clutch of aviation enthusiasts in India. A basic


microlite, in fact, can be assembled for just around Rs 5-6 lakh, somehow equivalent of
buying a car for a middle class person. The hobby of flying is infectious in nature. The
moment passion catches on, it becomes too hard to give it up. Microlite flying is a
variation of hang-gliding. It was initially introduced by Nikki's Travel Services at Anjana,
Goa from November, 2004.

Ability of being able to assemble a microlite with commercially available parts is half the fun in itself. Microlites typically
use motorcycle or lawnmower engines although certified but costly engines are also available. Their normal speed is about
120 kilometres per hour, consuming around 14 litres of petrol per hour. These can stay in the air for five hours at a
stretch. Microlites can be also be designed to be open to the elements, with the wind rushing past you.

Microlites are new to Indian skies. Rajiv Gandhi, India's late Prime Minister and a trained pilot himself, cleared the use of
this addictive sport in the civil sector way back in 1989. Microlite flying has gained the phenomenal popularity since then.
Almost all the human beings have always envied the birds for their ability to fly. "Aviation is very addictive", says one
microlite flier "Microlite flying is like experiencing an orgasm," he continues.

A single-seater should ideally weigh less than 330 kg and a twin-seater, 450 kg. It can reach a cruising height of around
11,000 feet although most fliers prefer to stick closer to the ground, 3,000 feet or so. But these can't be flown at night
and unfriendly weather conditions. These cannot be used for aerobatics also. If the government eases regulations a bit, it
would be popularized more.

Where to go for Microlite Flying


This facility is only available at Calangute.

When to go for Microlite-flying


Anytime when the weather conditions are friendly. Ideal conditions for it are as follows.

Maximum wind speed 15 to 20 mph


Visibility more than 5 km in flight

Cloud base above 1000 feet

Medical Requirements
You should get a declaration of fitness form by your doctor. Medical requirements are almost similar to those in case of
driving. It is restricted only for adults with no upper age limit.

Equipments needed
Headsets, helmets, flying suits, gloves, warm clothing, thick pair of socks during winters

Rates
Rs 1,500 per person for around 15/20 minutes and Rs 2,500 for 30 minutes approximately

FORTS

Fort Aguada

Introduction

Have you ever experienced a mixture of ancient Portuguese territory and a five star
luxurious stay? Do you think it is genuine blend? Well even if you've the slightest doubt in your mind, let's clear it out! As,
staying and visiting this fort will be your life time experience, knowing the Portuguese culture along with modern
amenities. Fort Aguada Beach Resort is a venture of Taj Group of Hotels and has been fashioned from the remains of the
16th century Portuguese Fort.

Location
Situated at the top of Sinquerim plateau in Bardez Taluka, commanding the vast expanses of Arabian Sea, the fort was
graded as a reference point of ships. Built on the mouth of river Mandovi, it was strategically located and was the chief
defence of Portuguese against the Dutch and Marathas. Perched on a high cliff, this fort was perhaps the strongest fort
protecting Portuguese territory.

Renowned For Its Fascinating Location


Built on the ramparts of 16th century Portuguese fortress, the Fort Aguada Beach Resort makes for a stunning sight from
the elegant terraces to the emerald gardens below. The Fort Aguada Beach Resort is famous on account of this Fort that
has partially lasted the ravages of time and now been converted into a beach resort.

History
The fort derived its name from Portuguese word "Aguada" which symbolizes "Water". The fort was built by Portuguese in
1612 AD near Mandovi River. The motto behind the fort was to protect Goa against any enemy attack from sea. The fort
houses a spring which supplied water to ships in earlier times. The fort exhibits the splendour of Portuguese rule in Goa.
Attractions in Fort
As you move around and inside this fort you'll be astonished to see the unfolding beauty of this massive structure. Some
of the interesting features you will come across in the fort are a 19th century lighthouse which once housed a monolithic
bell, an enormous water tank that could store ten million litre fresh water, and a prison in the basement interestingly the
largest in Goa.

Fort Aguada Beach Resort


Presently, the fort has been converted to a 5 star heritage hotel with all recreational facilities. With sea-facing deluxe
cottages and villas spread over an 88-acre Taj complex, Fort Aguada Beach Resort, is popular with international and
domestic tourists for its princely comforts, personalized services, maiden beaches, tropical setting, and ultimate location.
It offers a fabulous opportunity at self-healing and rejuvenation with its luxurious Spa Aguada and a host of other facilities
for recreation and bodily freshness.

Nearby Places
Many tourist attractions and places of historical significance are located near the Fort Aguada Beach Resort in Goa. The
location of Fort Aguada Beach Resort of Goa is at a place from where the tourists can get to the well-known destinations.
You can visit the little Church of St Lawrence which is near. Built in 1630, this church is a must visit site.

How To Reach
From the Panjim Bus Stand, the location of Fort Aguada Beach Resort in Goa is at a distance of around 15 kilometers.
Tourists will find Innumerable modes of transportation from these places to the location of Fort Aguada Beach Resort in
Goa.

Mormugao Fort

Introduction

You might expect a fort to have stern and uncluttered look - but not this one. The fort commands a magnificent look and
is worthy of being visited. Dating back to 1624, this was once the most important of coastal forts. The fort is near to the
internationally famous Marmagoa Harbour which was built to protect the harbour situated near the Vasco da Gama town.

Location
It is situated at the extreme northwestern point of Salsete and guard the entrance to the port. Located just north of Vasco
Da Gama city and just south of Mormugao Port, this is the closest fort to Goa's airport. Primarily, Mormugao was
generalized to be the capital of the Portuguese empire, hence the fort was erected and in 1703 the viceroy moved into the
town.

An Informative Inscription
An inscription over the fort of the gate reads (in translation from the Portuguese): The Catholic King Dom Filippe, the third
of this name, reigning in Portugal, Dom Francisco da Gama, fourth Count of Vidigueira, Admiral of India, a member of His
Majesty's Council and a Gentleman of the Royal Household, being Viceroy for the second time, this Fortress was begun,
the first stone being laid on ...April 1624….".

A Popular Fort
The Maratha warriors continued to attack the town and the fort and finally the Portuguese gave up the township in
preference for Old Goa. As, a main constituent of Goan history, and being one of the most important India forts it is also
very popular with those indulging in historical travel activities of Goa.

Attractions Of Fort
The fortress is about 10 km in circumference and boasts of possessing some ancient articles like 20 bulwarks, three
magazines, five prisons, a chapel and quarters for the guard. There were two beautiful fountains. The Fonte de Malabar
kept the royal arms and was said to bob up from a gold mine and the Fonte de Santo Ignacio which had a more modest
beginning in a sulphur mine.

Near By Places
Mormugao fort is closer to Varca beach. Varca has a belt of wooden fishing boats that are peculiar in their appearance.
This too has proven to be very popular with visitors from around the world and is well worth a visit.

How To Reach
By Air
Dabolim, Goa's airport lies atop the rocky plateau which is 4-km southeast of Vasco da Gama.

By Rail
The nearest railway station to Margoa is situated at Vasco da Gama.

By Road
Arriving by bus from Panjim or Margao is very easy as you'll be dropped off to the nearest situated Kadamba bus Terminus
which is 3-km east of the town centre from Vasco. From Vasco you can hire ferries to reach Margao harbour.

Chapora Fort

Introduction

If you think Goa is only about beaches, wine and fun, check your memory. Forts have
always been related to history. But these grandiose structures not only speak of past,
they demand fun loving environment too. The pleasure of scaling the heights of a Goan
fort to enjoy the view over the Arabian Sea is only imaginable if you take out time to
visit this fort. Don't you remember the spot in the movie 'Dil Chahta Hai' where, three
mega stars shared their emotions and watched the ships come and go? It was Chapora
Fort that was highlighted so much in the movie. Wasn't the location looking splendorous
in the movie? And if you too want to be a part of it, visit Goa!

Location
BThe fort of Chapora is 8 miles to the northwest of Aguada and 25 kms from Panaji. Vagator beach is situated at the back
of this Fort. Goa Chapora Fort is situated near the Anjuna beach in Goa. Chapora Fort is also called as "Shahapura" built
by Adil Shah of Bijapur.

History
The Chapora Fort Goa dating back to 1617, is one of the finest examples of Portuguese architecture. It was rebuilt by the
Portuguese as a border watch tower and later deserted by the Portuguese in 1892 as the empire continued to draw farther
North, known as the New Conquests. This Fort is mostly in ruins now. The massive walls and the scattered Muslim
headstones are all that is left of Chapora Fort. Deserted since the 19th century, it is in complete ruins today though the
view down the coastline looks as wonderful as ever.

Attraction Of the Fort


The view from the fort is magnificent and the houses built in dense groves of coconut palms, inhabited by fishing
community look very pleasing to the eyes.

Near by AttractionsYou can freak out at many places near to this fort. There are many restaurants, banks, cafes, post
offices etc. You can also enjoy the maiden beauty of the most popular beach in Goa, the
Anjuna beach, where you can spent your whole day. With rocky and dry grasslands, the
Vagator is also famous for its old Portuguese style mansions built in the colonial era.

How To Reach :
A large number of buses come in from Mapusa and Calangute Beach to Chapora Fort.
There are direct buses too from Panjim. You can also hire rented motorcycles or taxis.
Cabo Palace Fort

Introduction

Do you know tourists generally get confused between the Cabo Palace Fort and the magnificently built Raj Bhavan? As,
the fort has been transformed into Raj Bhavan it is a bit hard to recognize it. But nevertheless, you'll enjoy visiting this
grandiose structure.

Location
Built in 1540 A.D, this fort is situated on the south headland of the river Mandovi opposite Fort Aguada. The Cabo Fort is
known severally in the modern times as the Cabo Fort, Cabo Palace, Cabo Raj Niwas and even Raj Bhavan. Currently, the
house of the Governor's house, used to be the house of Viceroy in colonial India.

Attractions of the Fort


Durbar Hall
This was official reception area used for the swearing ceremonies and other official occasions.

Dining room
Has a massive capacity to accomodate over 30 persons

Rooms
House three suites and seven double rooms.

Collectibles
Bohemian chandeliers, Chinese porcelain, silver and a wide range of high quality wooden furniture with delicate
workmanship. The most unique are the pieces of antique Chinese porcelain manufactured in Canton. There is also a worn-
out set of crockery having a similar design with same coat of arms. All these had been specially ordered for the use of the
Portuguese Governor General. There is also a remarkable collection of high quality wooden furniture with exquisite
workmanship. A set of elaborately carved chairs are simply excellent for the fact that Hindu Gods and Temples have been
carved on them.

Chapel
A small Chapel was constructed at the very end of the mansion, dedicated to our virgin lady of the cape (Nossa Senhora
do Cabo). It also served as a turning point for the seamen.Every Wednesday, at around 11 a.m., Anjuna breaks into a
flood of colours. Huge number of tourists vehicles start raising clouds of dust in its surroundings. Whatever one needs,
from a used paperback to a haircut, one would find it here. The flea market is a heaven for hardcore shoppers and good
bargainers, to bid on wonderful blends of Tibetan, Kashmiri and Gujarati trinkets and handicrafts, European snacks,
cassettes of a noisy brand of music called 'Goa Trance', artificial ornaments carvings and T-shirts.

How To Reach
From the Panjim Bus Stand, the location of Fort Aguada Beach Resort in Goa is at a distance of around 15 kilometers and
Fort Cabo is just opposite to Fort Agauda. Tourists will find innumerable modes of transportation from these places to the
location of Fort Cabo in Goa.

Shri Shantadurga Temple

Location

Shri Shantadurga Temple, is positioned 18 kms from Margao, at Fatorpa (Quepem). Situated
at the foothill of Kavalem, the Shantadurga temple owns a beautiful massive tank called as
Dipa Stambha and Agrashalas.

The original place of Shree Shantadurga Devi


The original place of Shree Shantadurga devi was at Keloshi. From there devi was repositioned to Kavlem during the
dominance of Portuguese government. The original site of Sri Shantadurga temple is Kardelivana of Quelossim in
Mormugao Taluka, where the great poet Krishnadas Shama composed epic "Sri Krishna Charita" credibly in the 14th
century on the lines of Dnyaneshwari.

History
The temple was built in 1728 AD during the rule of Shahu Maharaj of Satara at the request of Naro Ram Mantri, one of his
very good ministers.

Current Structure
This current structure of Shree Shantadurga devi was built during the period from 1713 A.D to 1738 A.D. Many
redevelopments has been done over the years to the main templeas well as the temples of other deities besides the
agarshala [guest house] which is built encircling the temple.

Other Names
At several places it is known by various names, "Thamai", "Sateri", "Bhumka", "Adimaya" and others.

Idol
Shree Shantadurga temple has an imposing idol of Goddess Shree Durga who speculated between Shree Vishnu and
Shree Shiva and ceased the fearful war going on between the two Lords. She is encircled by Vishnu and Shiva on both the
sides.

Three temples of Shri Shantadurga


There are three temples of Shri Shantadurga - one at Kavlem, Pemem and Fatorpa (Quepem). Given below are the details
of the three Shri Shantadurga Temple in Goa.
Shri Shantadurga (Kavlem): An opulently built temple is located 33 kms from Panaji. The Shri Shantadurga temple has
a rich and beautiful 'Garbhakuda' (the holy of holies) where, the deity is kept. The deity was shifted from Kelsi. This
temple is dedicated to Shantadurga. Shantadurga is the Goddess who mediates between Vishnu and Shiva. The
'Agrashalas' provide accommodation facilities to the devotees like lodgings etc.

Shri Shantadurga (Pemem): This Shri Shantadurga Temple is positioned 14 kms from Mapusa at Dhargal, Pemem. The
temple is set in the middle of extremely beautiful scenic environment. The Goddess of this Shri Shantaduega temple was
moved out at Sanquelim, when all the temples in Barde were destroyed by the Portuguese. So, in 1550 A.D this Goddess
was taken to Dhargal in Pemem Taluka which also formed a component of Sewantwadi territory. The 'Zatra' of this
Goddess is held in the month of December.

Shri Shantadurga (Kunkolienkarin): This Shri Shantadurga temple is situated 18 kms from Margao, at Fatorpa
(Quepem). Earlier it was from Cuncolim village in Salcete Taluka, the Goddess was removed to Fatorpa in 16th Century
during religious persecution by the Portuguese. The annual 'Zatra' falls in the month of Pausha Shuddha Navami and is
participated by thousands of devotees and tourists from all over the world.

Festival
The annual zatra, which falls in the month of Pausha Shuddha Navami draws thousands of devotees from all over the Goa.

Manguesh Temple

Location

Manguesh Temple is situated along the National Highway-4A about 23-km from Panaji.
Positioned 22 kms from Panaji, this temple is set on a picturesque location, on a hillock
surrounded by lush green hills.

History
Although the Sri Manguesh temple was hidden as a closed book in Cortalim, but then, it
was moved to its present site between Mardol and Priol during the 16th century. The
structure that tourists admire dates back to 1700's.

Deity
Lord Shiva is the main deity worshipped in this temple.

Attractions of Manguesh Temple


The temple is full of many attractions which are listed below-:

The massive welcome gate and an elegant lamp tower "Noubatkhana" dominating the temple tank makes the
tourist feel bewildered at its first sight and the Agrashalas on three sides also give an enchanting look.

It has an airy atmosphere of a peculiar style. The grand white tower at the entrance is a landmark of the countryside.

Inside, the floor is surfaced with marble and decorative tiles which further highlight the white walls. The beautiful raised
silver thresholds, with fluorite patterns, direct to the sanctum which houses a Shiva Lingam .

A golden "Shesha" next to the Linga and an image of Shiva compromises the main altar.

Legend
There is an interesting story or legend related to Lord Manguesh, who is an incarnation of Lord Shiva. The name
Manguesh is not used for Lord Shiva anywhere else in India. You'll come to know why it is used in Goa only.according to
legends once Lord Shiva lost everything he had in a game of dice with his wife Parvati. As decided, he went to go into self-
imposed exile and visited Goa. But, Parvati could not live without her husband so she came to find out Lord Shiva in
jungles. Lord planned to play a prank with her. He turned himself into a tiger to scare her. Parvati cried out for help and
uttered the words 'Trahi Mam Girisha' (O Lord of Mountains Save Me!). Lord Shiva immediately turned himself back into
his normal form and the two were united.But the cry for help, and the words 'mam girisha' got linked with Lord Shiva. In
the course of time the words abbreviated to Manguirisha or Manguesh by which name he is known today also. A linga
which was left to mark the place where the legend happened was noticed by a local shepherd and finally a temple was
built to house Lord Manguesh.

Architecture
The temple architecture is a blend of Hindu, Christian and Muslim charms and is illuminated in glorious lights during the
annual Jatra which is held in January. The deity is taken out in a palanquin and paraded in huge chariots during the
festival which is attended by thousands of devotees. Festivals and many other religious activities are conducted at regular
intervals.

Goa Mansions - Accumulation of Architectural Splendour

Do you know the Portugese ruled over Goa for 450 years? Isn't it difficult to nullify the
influence of Portugese? Houses are built by people, history preserves them and tourists
behold them in admiration. Portugese left Goa in 1961, but still where ever you look, you'll
see their lasting impact on everything. The country mansions were built between the 18th
and 20th century, where Indians and Europeans met. The landscape of Goa is dotted with
heritage houses, villas, mansions that are a reminder of the Portuguese era. Thrill yourself
by looking at some unique examples of clever amalgam of the Indian and Portuguese
styles. At some places you can even enjoy the glimpses of European and Italian styles. So,
now get ready to amaze yourself by watching some of the exclusive architectural heritages of Goa. Walk into any of the
grand mansions and you will be bewildered to see how much care is taken to beautify these residences.

Some of The Grandiose Structures


Salvador Da Costa Mansion
Plan a trip to Loutolim and astonish yourself by seeing some dream houses with fairy tales gardens scattered everywhere.
A 19th century creation will take your heart away by its magnificent grandeur. A creation of Padre Pedrinho and Padre
Laurence is known for its Gothic style windows, wide verandas and cluster columns.

Figueredo Mansion
The most fascinating feature of this house is the balcony or porch, with its pyramidal angled roof, supported on
elephantine columns, which are often crimped with intricately moulded capitals. Sit on the entrance steps leading to the
balcony. This passage was the place where, the family spent long hours in conversation. It is amazing to see the adorned
ceilings, rich wall paintings and the China mosaic that beautified its floors.
Mascarenhas Mansion
This mansion located on Goa's most happening beach Anjuna has a rich and classic 'balcoes' (balconies). An L shaped seat
along the porch is carved out of expensive and delicate wood. There are also some fine stained glass floral engravings
which re no longer made or available these days.

Solar Dos Colacos Mansion


Solar dos Colacoa Mansion is situated at Ribandar on the left bank of the River Mandovi, half-way between Old Goa and
Panjim. It is built in baroque style with an imposing frontage and an excellent view of islands and the historical churches
of Old Goa.

Vivian Coutinho Mansion


Vivian Coutinho Mansion in Fatorda, at the entrance of Margao, depicts the hard work and sincerity that went into the
planning of the entrance of a house. The Coutinhos had a well-maintained picturesque garden.

Colaco Mansion
This is perhaps the only mansion facing the water front wth beautiful walls colored in Ox-blood colour, one of the three
traditional colours of Goan exteriors, the other being White (very Portuguese) and indigo (very Indian). The corridor of
this massive structure runs along the front facade and faces the Mandovi River

Dr. Pinto De Rosario Mansion


Pinto de Rosario Mansion is amidst Panjim and Mapusa in Porvorim. The rare pieces like cut-glass, silver, blue china, ivory
are of superb quality The Italian floor tiling is the highlight of the parlour. Above the intricately carved sofa is a Dutch
tapestry, an imitation of Rembrandt's Night Watch. The love- chair is believed to be 200 years old.

Some Other Mansions


Goa is dotted with many other Architectural pieces such as magnificent Albuquerque mansion depicts an antique
architectural art with classical balconies. Then you can view Miranda Mansion- built in 1710 this mansion has a separate
chapel for worship. Then there is another mansion in Margao Sat Burnzam an imitation of typical Portuguese style has a
doble storeyed facade. Another marvel is Dr Alvaro Loyola Furtado Mansion in Chinchinim exhibiting richness unmatched
at the time it was built ie in 1883. If you have a deep interest for architecture then just set on foot and you will discover
various examples yourself.

CITIES

Arambol

Location :
Arambol is 32-km, Northwest of Mapusa and Chapora in Goa.
Arambol - Know before you go
The largest coastal village in Pernem district, and the only one really geared up for
tourism, is Arambol or Harmal, 32km northwest of Mapusa. If you're happy with basic
amenities but want to stay somewhere lively, this might be your best bet. The village's
two beaches are beautiful and still relatively unexploited. Parties do occasionally happen,
drawing visitors across the river from Anjuna and Vagator, but these are rare intrusions
into an otherwise tranquil, out-of-the-way corner of the state. Arambol is an ideal place
to spend some time in total peace and tranquility. The cool sea breeze here and the
swaying palm trees create a perfect holiday atmosphere.

The immediate coastline lacks the palm-fringed exotic cliches of the southern Goa beaches, but it has plenty of character
and is pretty in its own kind of way. The main beach has adequate bodysurfing and there are several attractive bays to the
north.

Major attractions :
Located around an area of high ground west of the main coast road, Arambol provides all the basic amenities that are
needed to make a stay pleasant. Some attractions :

Arambol Beach
The coastline lacks the palm-fringed exotic clinches of the southern Goa beaches but it has plenty of character and is
pretty in its own kind of way. To reach Paradise beach , follow the track over the headland to the north. Beyond a rather
insalubrious smelling, rocky-bottomed cove, the trail emerges to a broad strip of soft white sand hemmed in on both sides
by steep cliffs.

Freshwater Lake
A small freshwater lake extends along the bottom of the valley into a thick jungle. Fed by boiling hot springs, the lake is
lined with sulphurous mud, which, when smeared over the body, dries to form a surreal, butter-coloured shell to revitalise
the skin.

Canacona

Location
This is Goa's southernmost taluka. Its capital is Chaudi. It is the gateway to many of Goa's southern tip beaches including
Agonda, Palolem and Rajbhag.

Canacona - Know before you go


Far south of Goa is Canacona district - among the last parts of the territory to be included into the Novas Conquistas, and
has retained a distinct Hindu feel. It was ceded to the Portuguese by the Raja of Sund in the Treaty of 1791. The area also
boasts some of the state's most striking scenery. Set against a backdrop of the jungle-covered Sahyadri hills (extension of
the Western Ghat range), a string of pearl-white caves and sweeping beaches briefs its
indented coastline.

Major Attractions
Shree Mallikarjun Temple
This temple is situated at Canacona. It is dedicated to Lord Mallikarjun, an incarnation of
Lord Shiva. It was built in the 16th century and renovated in 1778. The temple contains
more than 60 deities of different gods and goddesses inside. It has massive wooden
pillars that are exquisitely carved. The main festivals celebrated are Rathasaptami or the
chariot festival is celebrated in February and Shigmo in April.

Shree Sanusthan Gokarn Parthagali Jeevotham Math, Parthagali


This Math is situated at Parthagali, in Canacona taluka. It is a math of the Gaud
Saraswat community, and was established in 1475 by Swamiji Shreemad
Narayanateertha. It is headed by a Swamiji, an uninterrupted lineage of over 23 so far. In the campus lies a Banyan tree,
considered to be a Tapasya Kshetra, the site of revelation of the inner self by the process of meditation. There are few
temples in the campus.

Catigo Wildlife Sanctuary


The Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary, 10-km southeast of Chaudi, was established in 1969 to protect a remote and vulnerable
area of forest lining the Goa- Karnataka border. Encompassing 86-sq-kms of mixed deciduous woodland, the reserve is
certain to inspire tree lovers. more.

Pololem Beach
Palolem, 2-km west of Chaudi, pops up more often in glossy holiday brochures than any other beach in Goa more.

Cavelosim Beach
Sleepy Cavelossim, straddling the coast road 11-km south of Colva, is the last major settlement in southwest Salcete.

Agonda
Agonda, 10-km north of Chaudi, can only be reached along the sinuous coast road connecting Cabo De Rama with NH-14
at Chaudi. No signposts mark the turning and few of the tourists that whizz past en route to Palolem pull off here, but the
beach, fringed along its entire length by Todi trees, is superb.

Mapusa

Location :
Mapusa is situated 13 Kms, north of Panaji. It lies at the crossroads of National
Highways and is an important gateway to the beaches of North Goa.

Mapusa - Know before you go


The town's name, pronounced `Map-sa', after the Konkani words for `measure' and
`fill', is an indication of its commercial nature. Mapusa is the main commercial centre of
the population in the northern provinces of Goa and the main town for the supplies if
you are staying at either Anjuna or Chapora. This is the capital of Bardez taluka, North
Goa. It is famous for its Friday Market when the whole of Bardez comes to buy and sell
products of all kinds. If you're staying at Calangute, Baga or Candolin, you have choice
of Panaji or Mapusa as service centre. There's not much to see in Mapusa, though the
Friday market is worth a visit. Besides being a busy market town, Mapusa is
conveniently close to some of Goa's most popular beaches.

Major Attractions
Some of the most popular beaches near Mapusa town are :
Calangute: About 8 km south from Mapusa, Calangute is Goa's most popular beach, a
highly commercialised but sizzling beach that offers good sunbathing, passable
swimming and the most delicious food along the coast.

Baga: A happening beach 10 km west of Mapusa, crescent-shaped Baga is less crowded


than Calangute, but comparatively safer for swimming. Baga has soft white sand and a
green backdrop of paddy fields. Baga is popular for water sports - parasailing, jet skiing,
body boarding and surfing, though the waves aren't good enough for the professional surfers. Another attraction of the
tourists are the dolphin cruises on a boat out at sea. Baga's nightlife is more exciting than Calangute's, with music, dance
and wine.

Anjuna: Anjuna has traditionally been a rave centre and attracts partygoers and backpackers to its famous beach parties,
especially around the Christmas-New Year season. Anjuna's golden sands and tall coconut palms make the beachfront a
pretty hangout place and the sea is safe for swimming.

Arambol: Arambol (also called Harmal) is pretty but not overcrowded. Arambol's stretches of soft white sand would be
just what the doctor ordered for your peace of mind. There are regular trance parties and even full moon parties here.

Margao

Location:
Salcete Taluka, 33-km From Panjim in Goa.

Margoa - Know before you go


Margao, the capital and the chief town of South Goa, has a decidedly Portuguese flavour
and an old world charm. Margoa is also the commercial centre of South Goa. The Math
of the Vaishnavas was first established here. In 1564, the early period of
Christianisation, the Jesuits built a church, which was destroyed by the Mohammedans in 1571.

Finally in 1675 the present Church of the Holy Spirit was raised. One of the most magnificent of Goa's churches, with a a
unique row of houses on either side of lavish architectural setup and mango tree lined rectangular square in front.

The history of Margoa can be estimated by the presence of the Pandava Caves at Aquem Alto, next to the Chapel of St.
Sebastian. Margoa offers the visitor a large garden and a children's park in Gogol. The Chapel of the Monte, built in 1820
on a small promontory, provides a panoramic view of the city.

Major attraction
The major attractions at Margoa - Beaches, The Old Market, Pandava Caves, The Steely Church of The Holy Spirit.

Beaches
Some of Goa's top beaches near Margao are :
Colva : Colva beach, 6 km from Margao, has a throbbing nightlife but a somewhat downmarket ambience by day. Colva's
highly commercialised with resort complexes, large holiday crowds, trinket stalls, discos and restaurants and the
waterfront is clean and the water's safe for swimming.

Benaulim : Benaulim lies right in the centre of Colva, 7 km west of Margao. Benaulim is a popular tourist hotspot with a
crop of luxury resorts, time-share apartments, guesthouses and moderately priced
hotels. Despite its popularity, Benaulim still has an air of tranquility: the beachfront is
beautiful, with silver sands, shady palm trees and safe waters.

Mobor: Mobor is the spot where Colva ends and the River Assolna meets the sea. The
beach at Mobor lies in a sheltered cave overlooked by cliffs on one side - it makes for a
picture perfect setting.

Majorda: Majorda lies 2 km north of Colva, and is a pretty beach dominated by a luxury
resort, hotels, restaurants, shops, boutiques and the best European bakeries in Goa.

South of Margao lie a host of quieter, more isolated beaches; venture beyond Cape
Rama to the peace and beauty of the beaches at Palolem and Galgibaga- perfect for a
day away from the crowds of bathers swarming around the more visited beaches.

Panaji

Location
29kms north of Dabolim airport in Goa. Panaji is the capital of Goa.

Panaji - Know before you go


Panaji is one of the India's smallest and most pleasant state capital. Built on the south
banks of the wide Mandovi River, it officially became the capital of Goa in 1843. The
church on the main square, the Baroque architecture, pretty villas, cobbled streets and
interesting buildings give Panaji a distinctly Portuguese ambience. The city lies by the
left bank of the Mandovi River, and close at hand are a bunch of good beaches, perfect for lolling around and soaking up
the sun.

Called Panjim by the Portuguese, Panaji, which means the land that does not flood is the state capital of Goa. Unlike many
other capital cities, Panaji has a distinct relaxed character. Most visitors consider Panaji as little more than a transport
hub, but this lovely state capital has retained its Portuguese heritage and releases an aura more close to the
Mediterranean than of India. In the oldest part of the town, the Portuguese heritage has survived remarkably well; there
are narrow winding streets, old houses with over changing balconies and red-tiled roofs whitewashed churches and
numerous small bar and cafes. Portuguese sign are still visible over many premises.

Major Attractions
The sights are few, but among those worth visiting are the old Church of the Immaculate Conception (on the hillside at
one end of the Municipal Gardens) and the Mahalakshmi Temple. The nearest beach is at Miramar, 3 Km along the road to
Dona Paula.

Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, Pilar Seminary, Fontainhas, The Chapel of St. Sebestian are some of the major attractions here.

The Beaches
Dona Paula: Dona Paula is a pretty and peaceful beach shaded by palms and casuarinas, 9 km southwest of Panaji. The
beach is named after Dona Paula de Menezes (a viceroy's daughter) who jumped off a cliff when refused permission to
marry a local fisherman. Dona Paula is quite a hotspot, not only for its beauty but also because of a romantic legend that
gave the beach its name. The hapless maiden is said to be entombed at the nearby Raj
Bhawan's Cabo Chapel. Dona Paula beach offers water sports facilities, especially water
scootering.

Miramar: The beach closest to the capital Panaji (3 km), Miramar is conveniently located
in the heart of the state capital which is also why it is rather crowded, though you can
watch some spectacular sunsets, as the sun goes down at the confluence of the River
Mandovi and the Arabian Sea.

Ponda

Location :
The city of Ponda lies about 28kms south-east of Panaji and 17kms north-east of Margao
and is also the capital of Ponda Taluka .

Ponda - Know before you go


Ponda is considered to be the heart of Hinduism in Goa. Ponda taluka is most famous for
its temples. Hindus abandoned their coastal settlements and moved inland during the
Portuguese inquisition, a majority of them settled in Ponda, most of whom have made
the area their home for centuries. When Portuguese arrived in Goa, they destroyed every temples and mosques they
could lay their hands on. As a result, temples in Goa are generally set back from the coast and comparatively new,
although some are just about 400 years old.

Ponda is now a transportation centre and some of the best temples in Goa are located here. A few small factories and
industrial estates have sprung up on the outskirts of the town due to its proximity to some of Goa's largest iron ore mines.

Major Attractions
Safa Masjid
The Safa Masjid is Goa's best-preserved sixteen-century Muslim monument. It was constructed by Adil Shah in 1560 and
is also known as Safa Shahouri Masjid. It has a beautiful backdrop of wooded low hills rising in the background.

Mahalsa Narayani Temple


The Mahalsa Narayani Temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu's consort Laxmi, though
some people believe it is the Lord Vishnu's female form Mohini. A lamp tower, which is
seven floors high can also be found here. Garuda, the great bird that was Lord
Vishnu's conveyance sits atop a pillar, which rests on the back of a turtle. There are
intricately carved columns and painting of the 10 avatars or incarnations of Vishnu.

Shri Mangesh Temple


The Shri Mangesh Temple is set atop a hill at Priol, northwest of Ponda leading to Old
Goa. The temple has a seven-storey lamp tower (which is a unique trait of Hindu
temples in Goa), a Nandi bull (Lord Shiva's conveyance), as well as shrines to Parvati
and Lord Ganesha. During the festival of Mangesh Jatra, the rath (temple chariot) is
pulled by several devotees.

Shantadurga Temple
The Shantadurga Temple is dedicated to Durga. Shant means peace and Durga supposedly mediated a dispute between
Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu, bringing peace to the world; in the temple she is depicted in between the two deities. The
interior has polished marble and several chandeliers provide that light. The deity of Shantadurga with Lord Vishnu and
Lord Shiva on either side is behind a silver screen. This is one of the largest Hindu temples in Goa.

Nagesh Temple
The Nagesh Temple is dedicated to a form of Lord Shiva, Nagesh, the God of serpents. There is an inscription here dating
the temple back to 1413, which was renovated some time in the 18th century. This temple also has a lamp tower, five
floors high. There are woodcarvings depicting scenes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata. There is a Nandi bull, Lord
Shiva's vahana or conveyance as well as shrines to Lord Ganesha and Laxmi-Narayan.

South of here lies the Mahalaxmi Temple. It is said to be the original form of the principal deity of the Shakti sect. A
Marathi inscription dates this temple back to 1413.

Wildlife Sanctuaries
Ponda is also the gateway to Goa's wildlife sanctuaries, both the Bondla and the Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary and also the
Dudhsagar Waterfalls.

Vasco-da-Gama
Location :
This is one of Goa' s largest industrial and commercial cities located about 39kms southwest of Panaji.

Vasco - Know before you go


Vasco da Gama is a very neat & clean coastal town. Popularly known as Vasco, this town was originally called Sambhaji.
Imposing huge buildings and a church dominates the city centre here. Close to Marmagoa Harbour and 3 km from
Dabolim airport, Vasco-Da-Gama is the junction of the railway lines into Goa. The town was named after the legendary
Portuguese explorer and Goa's former Viceroy, Dom Vasco da Gama. It lies on the western tip of the Mormugao peninsula
overlooking the mouth of the Zuari river. This area came under Portuguese rule in 1543 and for a long time was a very
busy port.

Major Attraction
Some of the major attractions of Vasco are :

Bogmolo Beach
The sandy beach at the end of the cave would be even more picturesque were it not for the monstrous multi-storey edifice
perched above it. Until Oberoi erected a huge five star hotel here, Bogmalo was just another small fishing village,
hemmed in by a pair of palm fringed headlands at the northern end of Colva bay.

The Naval Aviation Museum


Inaugrated in 1998 at Dabolim is the first naval museum in Asia. The museum showcases the history of Indian Naval
Aviation, various aircrafts, weapons, sensors, safety equipment, rare photographs depicting Goa's liberation and artifacts
(also spelt as artefacts). A multimedia games section is an added attraction. Situated in the picturesque backdrop of the
Bogmalo beach, the museum has become a must-visit place for all tourists.

Other Nearby Attractions :


Beaches - Bogmalo, Velsao, Majorda, Colva,
Churches - Church of St. Andrew, Vasco, Church of St. Alex, Curtorim, Church of Holy Spirit, Rachol Seminary, Rachol
Temples - Shree Damodar Temple, Vasco
Masjid - Jama Masjid, Vasco
Monuments - Cabo de Rama, Buddhist caves, Rivona

BEACHES

Anjuna Beach

Location

Anjuna is a small village in north Goa, on the shores of the Arabian Sea. It lies 18 km away from Panaji, the capital of
Goa.

Climate
Goa has a consistent climate throughout the year with just meager fluctuations in the temperature. December and
January might require light woolens, but April and May are warm. The period from June to October brings heavy rain,
almost up to 320 cm. The temperature during the summers ranges from 24°C to 32.7°C and during the winters it ranges
from 21.3°C to 32.2°C.

The Beach
Anjuna Beach is popularly known as the freak capital of the world, for its claimed
popularity of Trance Parties and the Hippies who tried to synthesize the spiritual traditions
of the East and the art, ideas and the music of the West. The area was discovered by a
group of travelers, sometime in the late 1950s to mid-1960s, including Eight Finger Eddie.
Since then a small international psychedelic scene began to meet there to party during the
dry season. As the calm water of the Arabian sea fondles the Indian shore, Anjuna comes
alive with its ever-famous full-moon pungent parties and the Wednesday flea market to
take one on to a trance trip.

The main attractions of Anjuna Beach


Albuquerque Mansion
The magnificent Albuquerque Mansion built in 1920 (flanked by octagonal towers and an attractive Mangalore tile-roof).

Mascarenhas Mansion
With riches and classic 'balcoes' (balconies) at Anjuna stands the monumental Mascarenhas Mansion. The L-shaped seat
along the length of the porch is of expensive wood. It has some of the finest stained glass floral etchings
Wednesday Flea Market
Every Wednesday, at around 11 a.m., Anjuna breaks into a flood of colours. Huge number of tourists vehicles start raising
clouds of dust in its surroundings. Whatever one needs, from a used paperback to a haircut, one would find it here. The
flea market is a heaven for hardcore shoppers and good bargainers, to bid on wonderful blends of Tibetan, Kashmiri and
Gujarati trinkets and handicrafts, European snacks, cassettes of a noisy brand of music called 'Goa Trance', artificial
ornaments carvings and T-shirts.

The Acid House Party


Anjuna is also known for its full-moon acid parties. Held for and by young tourists, these parties have attracted thousands
of tourists. The trance party with fun & frolic goes all night besides the fire.

Chapora Fort
Chapora Fort lies in the vicinity of the Anjuna. The Fort gives a splendid view of the nearby Anjuna and Vagator beaches.
Once, it was a domain of the Muslim rulers before the Portuguese annexed it.

Baga Beach

Location

Calangute and Baga lie on the shores of the Arabian Sea of North Goa in India. It is
encircled by Arpora-Nagoa, Saligao and Candolim, in the Bardez taluka, and is just 15
km from Panajim, the capital of the state of Goa.

Climate
Goa has a consistent climate through the year with only meager fluctuations in the
temperature. December and January might require light woolens. April and May are
warm. The period from June to October brings heavy rain, almost up to 320 cm. The temperature during summers ranges
from 24°C to 32.7°C and during winters, from 21.3°C to 32.2°C.

The Beach
Baga is a small but perfect beach located between its two more famous cousins, Colva on one side and Calangute on the
other. It is a far better place to enjoy some restful moments if you don’t like the hustle and bustle of Colva or Calangute.
It is a fishing beach with international touriststs marinating in the sun and domestic visitors paddling. The fact is that the
sand here is neither white nor gold but brown. There is the grove of palms that comes fairly close to the water’s edge. The
Baga River flows down one side of it offering a pleasant diversion for children and those who love the water but can’t risk
the rip currents that swirl round the mouth.

The main Attractions of Baga Beach :


Baga--Excursions

Medicinal Springs
The narrow road leading past the Bom Viagem Convent along the cashew-covered foothills, leads to the springs at
Mottant. This is an ideal spot for picnics and bathing, as the water of the spring is believed to be medicinal.

Baga Retreat House


Overlooking the village and the Arabian Sea, at the Baga hilltop is the Baga Retreat House dedicated to St Francis Xavier.
It was known as the Casa de Retiros.

Other Activities
Water Sports
Parasailing, water skiing and wind surfing at the beach starts in the afternoon when the wind is blowing just in the right
direction and it goes on till sunset.

Crocodile And Dolphin Spotting Tours


Backwater crocodile and dolphin spotting down the Mandovi River to the Zuari River is a
favourite pastime for the tourists. The banks of these rivers are thickly forested with
mangrove trees. Crocodiles inhabit the wetland in this area. Dolphin can be spotted at the
open sea at the mouth of the Mandovi River.

Benaulim Beach

Location
At the end of the Colva beach, Benaulim is a quiet and pleasant beach. Benaulim lies 40 km away from Panaji, the capital
of the Indian state Goa.

Climate
Goa has a consistent climate through the year with just meager fluctuations in the temperature. December and January
might require light woolens. April and May are warm. The period from June to October brings heavy rain, almost up to 400
cm. The temperature during the summers ranges from 24°C to 32.7°C and during the winters it ranges from 21.3°C to
32.2°C.

The Beach
According to Hindu mythology, Benaulim is the place where the arrow of Lord Parsurama landed when he created the state
of Goa. Known in Sanskrit as Banali, it was changed to Benaulim by the Portuguese. The main attractions on this beach
are the dolphin cruises. The beach gets fairly crowded in the evenings and on weekends with local visitors. Benaulim is
about 2 km away from Colva and is more peaceful and serene than Colva. The best thing about Benaulim is that it is still
rather undiscovered by domestic tourists even though it is a fishing beach.

The Main Attractions of Benaulim Beach


Nossa Senhora de Merces (Our Lady of Mercy) Church
The church is famous for its annual religious eventFama of Menino Jesuse (Child Jesus)since the 17th century. The
predominantly Catholic community celebrates it on the third Monday of October every
year. It is one of Goa’s most popular feasts and a big fair is held on the occasion.

The Bull Fight


From early October to late May, from 4 pm onwards, one can see the bull fights at
Benaulim. On the beat of taped Konkani music, the bullfights are usually held in an old
rice field with no fences or barricades just outside a village.

The Church of St John


The Church of St John the Baptist is situated on a hill beyond the village and worth a
visit. The church is a wonderful example of Goan Christian architecture.

Bogmalo Beach

Location

Vasco da Gama which is 8km from Bogmalo. Goa Bogmalo beach is also situated very close to the airport, the beach is
about 18 km from Dabolim Airport

Climate
Goa has an equable climate with little variation in the average minimum and maximum temperatures. During the summer
(April to June) the minimum temperature is 26°C and the maximum is 34°C. The monsoon (July to October) brings
temperatures down marginally to 24°C and the maximum temperature down to 31°C. In winter from November to March
the minimum is 21°C, while the maximum is 32°C.

The Beach
Bogmalo beach is broad, flat and open. It is among the least heavily used beaches. Cluster of small beach shack
restaurants and occasional fishing villages, scattered under the coconut palm gives Bogmalo a unique look. Initially
Bogmalo beach in Goa was a very quiet fishing village until tourists started pouring in and tourism started infecting this
small Indian state of Goa. Unlike other beaches of Goa, Bogmalo beach in Goa is clean and not very crowded. And if you
are in urge of swimming, you can definitely do that, as the beach is safe for swimming. After the swim, you can try out
those numerous eating joints offering delicious Goan cuisine.

This beach in Goa is very pleasant and the air is very tranquil. The Bogmalo beach resort is an appropriate place to stay
during a tourist's beach holiday to Bogmalo but it may come as expensive to many. Cheap hotels or guesthouses are also
available for the people who come here in shoestring budget.

Other Activities
Fishing : You can try your hand at fishing.
Swimming : The water is safe for swimming at Bogmalo beach in Goa.

This Goa beach has a complete array of eating joints and restaurants, that offer delicious
Goan food accompanied by the ever-famous Goan drink Feni.

Colva Beach
Location

Colva is a small village in south Goa on the shores of the Arabian Sea. It lies 39 km away from Panaji, capital of the
Indian state of Goa.

Climate
Goa has a consistent climate through the year with just meager fluctuations in the temperature. December and January
might require light woolens. April and May are warm. The period from June to October brings heavy rain, almost up to 400
cm. The temperature during the summers ranges from 24°C to 32.7°C and during the winters it ranges from 21.3°C to
32.2°C.

The Beach
With 20 km of virgin white sands, palm fringed, and sun drenched beaches, Colva is the most loved beach for Goans.
Colva beach is pride of Salcette and the only rival to Calangute by its scenic splendour. The natural & unique blend of
sand, sea and sky is harmonious and enchanting. Colva is given the title of 'Queen of Beaches in India', as this beach has
no equal in India. It's like a paradise, with 40 Km of unstopped white sand fringed with coconut palms along the whole of
its length and a warm, calm sea. The silver-gray, powder-fine sand of the beach has been the inspiration for many folk
tales and songs.

The Main Attraction of Colva Beach


Nossa Senhora de Merces (Our Lady of Mercy) Church
The church is famous for its annual religious event-Fama of Menino Jesuse (Child Jesus)-since the 17th century. The
predominantly Catholic community celebrates it on the third Monday of October every year. It is one of Goa’s most popular
feasts and a big fair is held on this occasion.

On the Beach
The seen on the beach is colourful, with tourists both - Indian and foreigners, as well as locals -can be seen strolling in
colourful dresses. Many of them can be seen having a sunbath on the golden sands. The novelty stalls and the drink
stands on the golden sands under the moonlight makes the evening on the Colva Beach simply romantic.

Colva - Excursions
About 2 km away from Colva is the Benaulim, which is more peaceful and serene than Colva.
The Church of St John the Baptist is situated on a hill beyond the village Benaulim and worth a visit.

Candolim Beach

Location

Candolim is a beach that is very much in North Goa. This is part of a 30 km stretch of
beach coastline along the west coast of Goa by the Arabian sea. Begins at Fort Aguada
continues as Sinquerim Beach, then as Candolim beach and merges into Calangute Beach
and then to Baga Beach and then Anjuna Beach and then to Vagator Beach finally ending
at Chapora Beach and Fort.

Climate
Goa has an equable climate with little variation in the average minimum and maximum
temperatures. During the summer (April to June) the minimum temperature is 26°C and
the maximum is 34°C. The monsoon (July to October) brings temperatures down marginally to 24°C and the maximum
temperature down to 31°C. In winter from November to March the minimum is 21°C, while the maximum is 32°C.

The Beach
Candolim Beach is a part of a long stretch of beach coastline along the Arabian Sea that begins at Fort Aguada and ends
at Chapora Beach. Candolim beach is less crowded and quite peaceful, as compared to Anjuna or Calangute. Though you
will find tourists strolling by the shore of the Candolim beach, you can still find some quiet and relaxing places for
yourself. Candolim is the best beach if you want solitude from the hustle and bustle of Aguada though not expecting too
much of facilities. There is good food and long and straight beach backed by scrub-covered dunes with little shelter,
popular with package tourists. Candolim is very quite, and this is due to the fact that there aren’t resorts all around the
beach.

Candolim is also the birth place of Abbe Faria. Abbe Faria is considered to be one of the Great Goan Freedom Fighters and
also the Father of Hypnotism.

The main Attraction of Candolim Beach


The most basic attraction is Aguda Fort & Calangute Beach.

Fort Aguada :
Fort Aguada was built in the year 1612 by the Portuguese. This is a famous Fort in Goa and is worth visiting. On the
Northern side of this Fort there are two beaches. One of these is Candolim and the other being Calangute.

Other Attractions
Fishing : If you want to try your hand at fishing, you are welcome to do so too.

Yoga & Meditation : Some hotels at Candolim beaches offer yoga and meditation session for the tourists in Goa.

Water Sports : Goa Candolim beach offers various water-sports activities-right from parasailing to water-skiing and
more. There are special guides also who can help you through these activities.

Beach Excursion : Goa Candolim beach also arranges special beach excursions wherein a tourist is taken right to the
middle of the sea from where he can capture some memorable sunsets.

Dona Paula Beach

Location
Seven kilometers west of the Indian state of Goa’s capital Panaji, Dona Paula Beach is
nestled on the southern side of the rocky hammer-shaped headlands that divide the Zuari
and Mandovi estuaries.

Climate
The climate is equable and moist throughout the year. While it is pleasant and temperate
from October to May it is rainy from June to September. Temperature variations
throughout the year are mild. May is the warmest month with a temperature of around
30°C and January is coolest with a mean daily temperature of 25°C. Due to its proximity
of the sea, the territory is generally humid and even during the summer months humidity
is generally above 60 percent.

The Beach
Named after the Dona Paula de Menzes, daughter of a viceroy (in colonial India), the Dona Paula beach offers an
opportunity to the tourists to have a sunbath and buy cheap seaside goods from local vendors. Dona Paula de Menzes
threw herself off the cliff, when refused permission to marry a local fisherman, Gaspar Dias. It is said that Dona Paula is
entombed in the Cabo Chapel of the Raj Bhawan and is supposed to be seen emerging from the moonlit waves wearing
only a pearl necklace. With the romance and myth attached to it tourists throng the Dona Paula Beach not only in search
of the deceased beloved, but also to indulge & enjoy in water sports on the clean waters. Providing a good view of the
Mormugao harbor, the Dona Paula beach is fringed by palm trees and casuarina groves. The proximity of the beach to the
capital city makes it a popular tourist sight.

The Main Attractions of Dona Paula


Water Sports
The most important attraction of this beach is the water sport facilities available here. The Dona Paula Sports Club offers
water-scooter, cycle, and motorboat rides. Other water sports include windsurfing, parasailing, water-skiing, toboggan ski-
biscuit, skibob, sports fishing, snorkeling, harpoon fishing, kayaking, and yachting.

National Oceanography Institute


Established in the 1960s, the National Oceanography Institute delves not only upon marine biology, but incorporates
almost all the major branches of coastal and marine oceanography. The major attraction of the institute is its Marine
Biology Museum and Taxonomy Reference Center.

Cabo Raj Niwas


The Cabo Raj Niwas (the Governor’s House) is half a kilometer away from the National Oceanography Institute. It houses
the tomb of Dona Paula de Menzes in the Cabo Chapel. The Raj Bhawan provides an excellent view of the nearby coastline
and the Aguada Fort.

Excursion at Dona Paula


The main attractions near Dona Paula Beach are Reis Magos Church and the Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary.

Reis Magos Church


Approximately 10 km from the beach is one of the oldest churches built in Goa, the Reis Magos Church. It is dedicated to
the three Magi (the wise men of the East)Gaspar, Melchior, and Balthazar who, according to a legend, were guided by a
star to Bethlehem to greet the newborn Jesus. This church was once the residence of all dignitaries and a mission center
of the Franciscan order.

Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary


The Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary is situated on the western tip of the island of Choro, along the Mandovi River, about 9 km
from Dona Paula Beach. Spread over 2 sq km, this sanctuary is a mangrove forest. Local and migratory birds are found
here all through the year.

Miramar Beach

Location

Miramar Beach is the nearest beach from the capital of the Goa, Panaji. The beach is just
3 km from Panaji in the north of the state and a km away from Dona Paula. It lies
adjoining the estuary of the river Mandovi as it opens into the Arabian sea.

Climate
The climate is equable and moist throughout the year. While it is pleasant and temperate
from October to May it is rainy from June to September. Temperature variations
throughout the year are mild. May is the warmest month with a temperature of around
30°C and January is coolest with a mean daily temperature of 25°C. Due to its proximity of the sea, the territory is
generally humid and even during the summer months humidity is generally above 60 percent.

The Beach
Miramar Beach also known as Gaspar Dias is a lovely golden beach of soft sand griddled with palm trees facing the blue
Arabian Sea, where River Mandovi meets the Arabian Sea and a thick grove of shady palms form a dense canopy over the
area. The word 'Miramar' in Portuguese stands for viewing the sea. On account of its good location, the Miramar Beach of
Goa is ideal for evening walks. The tourists can spend a nice time in the Palm shaded area that is quite captivating for the
tourists visiting the beach.

The 2 km long coast boasts of fine, soft silvery sand bed that sparkle in the moonlight. From here one can have a
panoramic view of the Aguada fort just across the Mandovi River. It also offers a captivating view of the well-preserved
Portuguese fort across the river, known as Aguada Fort. Not much crowded, it offers peaceful surroundings and the much-
desired solitude for those who want few moments of life away from the crazy crowd of the city.

The Main Attraction of Miramar Beach


The importance of these coastal wintering grounds has been universally acknowledged all over the world. At least three-
fourths (500 plus species) of migratory birds incorporate the coastline or the coastal plain into their migration routes. The
migratory birds, like Plovers and Gulls return to Miramar beach each winter, as it gives them a brief respite from the harsh
winter back home. Here they find food in plenty in the form of aquatic invertebrates, seeds and insects.
SOME MORE INFO ON THE BEACHES WE DECIDED TO VISIT

Agonda Beach in Goa

The Agonda beach is situated towards the north of Goa. It lies a bit secluded from the mainland and thus is a bit
difficult to reach. There are no local buses that ply here. So one can always take a
cab or hire a bike and reach here. The Agonda beach is a 3-kilometer long beach,
which is no less than paradise. It is not much frequented by tourists, which gives it a
touch of solitude. If you are looking for uninterrupted peace and tranquility amongst
the calm waves and swaying coconut trees, the Agonda beach is the place for you.

A little away from the beach is the fort of Cabo de Rama. Though in ruins, it creates
an element of mysticism and drama around the beach. This fort is also not much
frequented but people make it a point to visit this fort to appreciate its beauty and
architecture. It is said that Lord Rama (of the Hindu epic Ramayana), stayed here
with his wife Sita, during his 14 year old exile.

The Agonda beach is a beautiful stretch of land, which is flanked by the ocean on one side and the small hills on the
other side. If you are looking forward to some adventure, hire a tent and spend the night camping on the beach,
under the starry skies, listening to the crashing of the waves against the shore.

Anjuna Beach

Anjuna Beach is one the most popular beaches of Goa which is situated 8 kilometers west of Mapusa and 18
kilometers from the capital city, Panaji. The village of Anjuna is located in north Goa, and is a small area, which is
nestled between the Arabian Sea and a small hillock. It overlooks the sea and thus gives a splendid look of the
shoreline. The Anjuna Beach is known for its soft white sands and shoreline dotted
with exotic palm trees. Its natural beauty attracts thousands of tourists from all over
the world.

Since the Anjuna beach has a rocky promontory, the ocean currents are not very
strong and it offers the perfect locale for bathing and playing in the water. Tourists
look forward to enjoying the water along with getting tanned in the sun. Sun
bathing is a very popular activity on the beach. Anjuna is famous for its flea market
which one can find towards the north where small cafes, bars and ethnic Indian
handicrafts stalls are lined. One can find just about everything here. The electric
items that are kept on sale here are particularly famed. The flea market is held on Wednesdays every week and if
you are talented at bargaining, you can get away with good stuff at minimal prices. The main tourist attractions
nearby are the Albuquerque mansion and the Chapora fort.

Anjuna is also famous for its trance parties that take place on the shore. The music played is usually loud
psychedelic trance, which transports one to another world literally. These parties usually take place on full moon
nights as it adds to the magic of trance music. Getting to Anjuna Beach is not difficult as all forms of transport are
available from the major cities.

Arambol Beach Goa

The Arambol beach is an incessant and eye-catching wavy stretch of sand, still
untouched by humans in contrast to other beaches. The beach is usually quiet except
on Sundays, when a huge swarm of local resident get together here for holidaying.
The best part about this beach is that it is secluded which makes it a very peaceful and
serene locale. There is a relaxed environment and a person can totally unwind and
relax on this long stretch of tranquil Arambol beach.
Another feature of this beach is the village of Arambol nearby. It is located on the shore and the people of this
village are absolutely adorable. They are very friendly people and try to help you in every possible manner in case
you approach them. You can get the feel of the typical Goan culture from this village. The village provides a scenic
backdrop to the beach. Though tourists often visit the beach, it looks as though it is untouched by time. That makes
it even more appealing and serene and is considered as the ideal get away for relaxing and getting charged up.

The Arambol beach offers a well-made running track for those who want to explore the beach while jogging. Apart
from that, there are many fresh water springs and sulphur pits if someone wants to swim but is apprehensive about
the ocean currents.

Calangute Beach in Goa

Located 16 kilometers from Panaji, Calangute beach is popularly known as the "Queen of all Goan beaches". This
beach was originally known by the name "kolli gutti", which means "land of
fishermen". Due to the Portugal rule, the name got distorted and came to what it is
presently known as. The place around sthe Colangute beach is abundant in
coconut trees, which add serenity to the scenic surroundings.

The Colangute beach is lined with local shacks, which serve amazing food and
drinks. It is an ideal place to check out the local cuisines. Combined with chilled
beer, music and lovely backdrop of the beach, it is the ultimate place to unwind
and relax. To recharge your energy levels, indulge in the various water sports that
are offered at the beach. There are many music concerts held there every now and then and is a favorite among
music and art lovers. There is also an art gallery called Kerkar Art Gallery located on the beach, which attracts all
art lovers who look for a soul-searching experience.

It is said that the hippies were the first ones to find this beautiful land. As they spread the word among fellow
hippies, the Colangute beach attracted more and more people and today is one of the busiest beaches in Goa
thronging with locals and tourists. The beach has a leveled shoreline and not rocky at all. This makes it ideal for
indulging in daring adventure sports and diving.

Colva Beach in Goa

The lively and bubbly movements of the sea waves make the sea look like it is
dreamily enjoying the tickling vibrations spread by the waves riding over it. This is
how you can describe the sea at Colva beach. You have to go to the Colva beach to
experience the sheer laidback waters and relaxed environ. To make your visit more
interesting, just gather your compilation of favorite books and head for Goa's Colva
beach. You can spend the day relaxing on the shore, reading the books with just the
sighs of the sea to perturb you.

The Colva Beach skillfully manages to keep its serene and peaceful landscape
intact. The Colva beach in Goa has gained popularity recently. Colva beach is one
of those beaches in this small Indian state of Goa that is developing at a very rapid pace with the advent of many
hotels and resorts in the nearby areas. There are a number of shacks lined up along the Colva beach that offer you
delicious Goan cuisine along with innovative cocktails. You can relax in one of those shacks and savor the mouth-
watering food that is served while looking at the cosmic sea in front of you.

The Benaulim Beach is located approximately 2 kilometers away from Colva beach. This beach is even more calm
and tranquil than the Colva beach. The Benaulim Beach provides a prospect to see the lovely nature in its
emotionally enriching form, with virtually no disturbance from the outside world. While wondering around, one can
spot age-old Portuguese homes still standing on the shore.

Dona Paula Beach


The Dona Paula beach is a popular tourist attraction in Goa. It has been the shooting locale of many Indian movies
and offers a variety of water sports. The beach has a mysterious past. It is said that the spirit of Dona Paula de
Menzes, daughter of a viceroy (in colonial India) haunts the beach. The Dona Paula beach has been named after her.
It is said that she threw herself off the cliff when she was refused permission to
marry a local fisherman, Gaspar Dias. Locals say that she is sometimes seen
emerging from the waves on a moon lit night.

Most tourists are attracted by this story and come here to feel the romantic
mysticism of the place. Another major attraction is the vast variety of water sports
this beach has to offer. One can try out diving, skiing, surfing, sailing, etc here at
the Dona Paula beach. For the not so daring, there is always the option of floating,
light swimming and sun bathing on the shores. The beach has many small shacks
and street markets which sell handicrafts and Indian stuff. You can also buy good beachwear at minimal prices if
you can bargain.

Another tourist attraction near the beach is Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary. It is a small piece of land, which homes
many species of exotic flora and fauna. Getting to Dona Paula beach is pretty easy as it is well connected by roads.
You can get in a cab or hire a bike to reach here and explore the adventurous and romantic Dona Paula beach.

Miramar Beach in Goa

On the way to the Dona Paula beach, 1-kilometer ahead of the convergence of the
Arabian Sea and the Mandovi River, lies the Miramar beach of Goa. The beach is
just 3 kilometers from Panaji, the capital of Goa. The Miramar beach is also
popularly known as the Gaspar Dias beach.

The Miramar beach expands up to 2 kilometers and is an ideal beach for evening
walks. Given its fine location, one can catch a charming view of the sea. The
Miramar beach is pretty popular among tourists and it also offers accommodation
near the shore. There are many good hotels in the vicinity that offer good
accommodation with all modern facilities along with the magnificent view of the sea.

One can also catch a splendid view of the Aguada Fort, which lies just across the Mandovi River. The Miramar
beach has fine silvery sands, which makes it ideal for taking long walks and soaking up the sun. Tourists can find
all facilities here, from shopping to enjoying themselves to trying out local cuisines at the beach shacks.

Palolem Beach in Goa

Situated in the southern part of Goa, the Palolem beach is the most famous and well known in the southern part of
the state of Goa. It is nearest if you drove from the state of Karnataka, which flanks
Goa from the south. The beach is just 3 kilometers from the Konkan railway station
and can be reached from just about anywhere in Goa.

The Palolem beach is the most photogenic beach with its crescent shaped shoreline
and white sand. The picturesque blue water lapping on the white sand of the shore,
which is dotted by coconut trees here and there, makes it the perfect beach to relax
and take it easy. Despite being frequently visited by tourists, the Palolem beach
remains clean and looks untouched. A major attraction at the beach is the ferry
service, which takes tourists on a ride into the ocean to spot Dolphins. Tourists discovered the Palolem beach long
back. Today the beach has some seaside shacks that offer local seafood and snacks, small souvenirs and other stuff
like beachwear, curios etc.

The Palolem beach offers accommodation for tourists in beautiful, exquisite beach huts, which have all modern
amenities. The beach is usually crowded on weekends; so if you are looking forward to unwind and relax, head for
the beach on weekdays. One can also hire a ferry or a boat and persuade the fishermen to take you to the small
islands located on the northern part of the beach.

Vagator Beach in Goa

Situated at a distance of 9 kilometers from Mapusa and 22 kilometers from Panaji, lies the Vagator beach. With
black lava rocks and golden sands, lined with coconut trees, the Vagator beach is a
tourists delight. It is mainly a fishing village so fishermen often frequent the beach.
The famous Chapora fort provides the ideal background for the beach.

While on the Vagator beach, you can watch the ocean change its color from
aquamarine blue to a tinge of green. To truly enjoy your visit to the beach, take a
stroll on the shore bare feet and let the gentle waves lap at your feet. If you have the
luxury of time, sit with the locals and listen to the numerous stories and local
legends that have been talked about over the ages in these parts. They are
interesting and you get to taste home cooked food too as the villagers are very warm people who treat guests as
kindly as they can.

The 500-year-old Portuguese Fort, known as the Chapora fort is also an ideal getaway for some stolen moments
with oneself. Spend some time in the historical monument and watch the sun go down into the ocean. Your visit to
the Vagator beach will be worth it!

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