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MINISTERUL EDUCAIEI
AL REPUBLICII MOLDOVA
AGENIA DE ASIGURARE
A CALITII



: , , ,
2 2015
: 180 .
: .

:
- .
- .

_________

,,Nufrul Alb . :
Na, K, Mg, Cl, C, O, H.

.

1 19 20
2 1
3 2O7
4 II
5 4
6
2 8 7
7
8

1
2

1) Ca, Fe, S, , O

,
:


1.

____________________

2.

____________________

3.

____________________

4.

____________________

2)

______

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

( )

) ________________________________________;
) _____________________________
__________________________________________________________________.
3

(II)
. :
A) (II)
:
+
_____________________________________________________________
) (II)
: Mg, NaOH, K2S, BaCl2
1) __________________________________________________________
2) __________________________________________________________


(IV), ,
:
2H2S + 3O2 = 2SO2 + 2H2O + Q
1) ,
. :
) ;
) ;
) ;
) .

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

2) ,
(IV), :
a) SO2 + CaO _______________________________________
) SO2 + ______________________________________
5

70 150-180
.
. ,

730 HCl 10 %, :
NaOH + HCl = NaCl + H2O
:

__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
: ____________________________________________________________

,
:
1) _________.
(2,24 / 22,4 )

2) ,
, _________________________.
( / )

3) ______________________________ .
( / )

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

4) , ______________________ .
( / )

5) , pH >7, ____________________________ .
( / )

6) , 2 % , ____________.
( / )

7) ____________________.
( / )

- , .
.
1) ,
:
CaCl2, Na2CO3, NaOH, HCl, K2CO3, a(NO3)2
1 ________________

2 ________________

2)
(), ()
() .
_____________________________________________________________()
____________________________________________________________()
____________________________________________________________()
8

, ,
.
1)

2) .
3)

4)

5)

6)

2--1-
.

2- -1-:
1) :
___________________________________________________________
2) ,
:

L
0
1
2
3
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7

L
0
1
2
3
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7

L
0
1
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3
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8

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8



3)
:
___________________________
10

___________________________

, .
. (..),
46 , :
C2H5OH + O2
:

CO2 + H2O

( !)

__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
: ____________________________________________________________

11

:
)

3 3

,[ Ni ]
t

________________ +

______________

O
H3C

+ Ag2O

________________ + ____________

)
12

+ Na

CH2 = CH2 + HCl

_________________ + ___________

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

L
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

_________________

1836 . .
:
1) _______________________
2) :
)____________________________________________________________
)____________________________________________________________
3) ( ):
______________________________________________________________
4) ( ):
______________________________________________________________
5) :
______________________________________________________________

II

III

IV

VI

VII

VIII

Li
11

Na
19

29

9,01218

10,81
13

12,011

14,0067
15

24,305

Al

Si

28,0855

30,97376
23

44,9559
Sc
31

47,88
Ti
32

50,9415 V
33

Ga

Ge

As

Be

22,98977

Mg

39,0983

Ca

12
20
30

Rb

Sr

85,4678

39

107,868
Ag
55

112,41 Cd
56

Cs

Ba

132,9054

196,9665

Au

Fr

88

59
Pr

140,9077

90
Th

232,0381

91
Pa

231,0359

Ra

[223]

58 Ce

140,12

Hg

200,59

60 Nd

144,24

In
57*

137,33

80

14

26,98154

22

69,72

72,59
40

88,9059
Y
49

87,62

48

21

40,08

65,38
Zn
38

87

63,546
Cu
37

79

He 4,0026

6,941

47

1,0079

Sn

114,82

118,69

72

10

Ne

35,453
25

Ar

51,996 Cr
34

54,938 Mn
35

55,847 Fe
36

Se

78,96
42

Br

Kr

92,9064 Nb
51

95,94 Mo
52

[98]
53

Sb

121,75

Te 127,60
74

75

73

16

17

18

Cl

32,06

24

74,9216

15,9994

26

79,904
43

20,179

39,948

83,80
44

Tc

101,07 Ru
54

Xe

126,9045

76

131,29

138,9055 La
81

178,49 Hf
82

180,948 Ta
83

183,85 W
84

186,207 Re
85

190,2 Os
86

Tl

Pb 207,2
104

Bi 208,980
105

Po

At [210]
107

Rn

204,383

89**

226,025

18,9984

41

Zr

91,22
50

227,028

61
Pm

[145]

Ac

Rf [262] Db [263]
*

[261]

62 Sm

150,36

[209]
106
e

63
Eu

151,96

64
Gd

157,25

65
Tb

158,9254

Sg

Bh

[262]

66
Dy

162,50

67
Ho

164,9304

27

45

28

Co

58,9332

102,9055

77

Rh

[222]
108

109

[267,13] Hs

[168,14]

Ni

46

Pd

106,42

78

Ir

192,22

58,69

Pt

195,08

110

Mt

Uun

[?]

68 Er

167,26

69
Tm

168,9342

70
Yb

173,04

71
Lu

174.967

100 Fm

[257]

101
Md
[258]

102
No

[255]

103
Lr

[260]

**
92

OH -

93
Np

237,0482

238,0389

2B

H+

94
Pu

[244]

95
Am

[243]

96 Cm 97 Bk

[247]
[247]

98
Cf
[251]

99
Es
[252]

,
NH4+

Li+

Na+

K+

Ba2+

Ca2+

Mg2+

Al3+

Cr3+

Zn2+

Mn2+

Fe2+

Fe3+

Pb2+

Cu2+

Ag+

Br

S2-

2-

SO42-

2-

2-

PO4

3-

CH3COO-

SO3

CO3

SiO3

NO3

: , , ; - -
.
*

225B


I
S
C
Se
P
H
As
B
Si
1B

Cl

Br

4,0

3,5

3,07

3,0

2,8

2,5

2,5

2,5

2,4

2,1

2,1

2,0

2,0


Mg Al Mn Zn Cr Fe Ni Sn Pb

Al

Mg

Ca

Na

1,8

1,5

1,2

1,04

0,9

0,8

(H)

Cu

Hg

Ag

0B

Li

K Ba Sr Ca

Na

Pt

Au