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URAGAVAGGA.

KHAGGAVISAiWVSUTTA.

3.

and intercourse with others should be avoided, for


all vices in its train;
therefore one should leave
the corrupted state of society and lead a solitary life.

Family

life

society has

1. Having laid aside the rod against all beings,


and not hurting any of them, let no one wish for a
son, much less for a companion, let him wander

alone like a rhinoceros \

who has

In him

2.

fections
affection

(and then) the pain which follows

arise,
;

(34)

intercourse (with others) af-

considering the misery that originates in

one wander alone like a rhinoceros. (35)


3. He who has compassion on his friends and
confidential (companions) loses (his own) advantage, having a fettered mind
seeing this danger
in friendship let one wander alone like a rhino-

affection let

ceros.

(36)

Just as a large

4.

entangled

alone like

As

5.

tree (with

each other, such

(in

and wife

with children

bamboo not

bamboo
;

is)

its

branches)

the care one has

(but) like the shoot of a

clinging (to anything) let one

a rhinoceros

wander

(37)

a beast unbound in the forest goes feeding

at pleasure, so let the wise man, considering (only


his)

own

will,

wander alone

like a rhinoceros.

(38)

6. There
midst of
company, both when sitting, standing, walking, and
going away; (but) let one, looking (only) for freedom from desire and for following his own will,
wander alone like a rhinoceros.
(39)
7. There is sport and amusement in the midst of
is

Comp. Dhp.

(a constant) calling in the

v.

142.

Comp. Dhp.

v.

345.

KHAGGAVISAJVASUTTA.

company, and

for children there is great affection

(although) disliking separation from his dear friends,


let

one wander alone

He who

8.

and

is

is

at

a rhinoceros.

like

home

(40)

in (all) the four

not hostile (to any one), being content with

this or that,

overcoming

him wander alone

like

dangers fearlessly,

(all)

a rhinoceros.

(ascetics),

some gaha^as (householders) dwelling

also

houses

children,

let one,

caring

wander alone

little

Removing the marks of a gihin


holder) like a Kovildra tree whose leaves
10.

let one,

^
(a

(42)

house-

are fallen,

cutting off heroically the

after

in

about other people's

a rhinoceros.

like

let

(41)

Discontented are some pabba^itas

9.

regions

ties

of a

wander alone like a rhinoceros.


(43)
If one acquires a clever companion, an associate righteous and wise, let him, overcoming all
dangers, wander about with him glad and thought-

gihin,
11.

ful 1

(44)

.
^

one does not acquire a clever companion,


an associate righteous and wise, then as a king
abandoning (his) conquered kingdom, let him wanIf

12.

der alone like a rhinoceros


Surely

13.

we ought

(45)

to praise the

good luck of

having companions, the best (and such as are our)


equals ought to be sought for; not having acquired such friends let one, enjoying (only) allowable
things,
14.

wander alone

like a rhinoceros 3

Seeing bright golden

by the goldsmith,

(bracelets),

(46)

well-wrought

striking (against each other

when

there are) two on one arm, let one wander alone

a rhinoceros.

like
1

Comp. Dhp.

v.

(47)
2

328.
3

Comp. Dhp.

v.

Comp. Dhp.

61.

v.

329.

URAGAVAGGA.

15.

Thus

(if

swear or scold

join myself) with another

one wander alone

let

The

shall

considering this danger in future,

like

a rhinoceros.

(48)

which are
and charming, under their different
shapes agitate the mind; seeing the misery (originating) in sensual pleasures, let one wander alone
16.

sensual

pleasures

indeed,

various, sweet,

like a rhinoceros.
1

7.

These (pleasures

misfortunes,

are) to

sharp

diseases,

me

(49)
calamities, boils,

pains,

and

dangers;

seeing this danger (originating) in sensual pleasures,

one wander alone like a rhinoceros.


(50)
8. Both cold and heat, hunger and thirst, wind
and a burning sun, and gad-flies and snakes having
overcome all these things, let one wander alone like

let

a rhinoceros 1
19.

As

(51)

the elephant, the strong, the spotted, the

large, after leaving the

herd walks at pleasure

in

the forest, even so let one wander alone like a


rhinoceros.
20.

(52)

For him who

delights

in

intercourse (with

is inconvenient which tends to


temporary deliverance reflecting on the words of
(Buddha) the kinsman of the AdL/a family, let one
wander alone like a rhinoceros.
(53)

others, even) that

21.

The

harshness of the (philosophical) views

have overcome, I have acquired self-command, I


have attained to the way (leading to perfection),
I am in possession of knowledge, and not to be
led by others; so speaking, let one wander alone
I

like

a rhinoceros.

22.

(54)

Without covetousness, without


1

Comp. Gataka

I,

p. 93.

deceit,

without

KHAGGAVISA2VASUTTA.

craving, without detraction, having got rid of pas-

and

sions

folly,

being free from desire

in all the

world, let one wander alone like a rhinoceros.

(55)

companion who
teaches what is useless and has gone into what is
wrong, let him not cultivate (the society of) one
23.

Let one

a wicked

avoid

who

is devoted (to and) lost in sensual pleasures,


one wander alone like a rhinoceros.
(56)
24. Let one cultivate (the society of) a friend
who is learned and keeps the Dhamma, who is
magnanimous and wise; knowing the meaning (of
things and) subduing his doubts, let one wander

let

alone like a rhinoceros.


25.

sport,

Not adorning

(57)

himself, not

looking out for

amusement, and the delight of pleasure

world, (on the contrary) being loath of a

a rhinoceros.

Having

of

wander alone

dressing, speaking the truth, let one


like

in the
life

(58)

son and wife, father and mother,


wealth, and corn, and relatives, the different objects of
26.

left

one wander alone like a rhinoceros.


(59)
little
happiis
there
This is a tie, in this

desire, let
2 7.

'

ness, little enjoyment, but

more of

a thoughtful

alone like a rhinoceros.

(60)

fish-hook/ so having understood,

man wander
28.

pain, this is a

let

Having torn the

ties,

having broken the net

as a fish in the water, being like a


to the burnt place, let

fire

not returning

one wander alone

like a rhi-

noceros.
29.

With downcast

(61)

eyes,

and not prying

1
,

with his

senses guarded, with his mind protected free from

1
padalolo ti ekassa dutiyo dvinnazfl tatiyo ti evazra
Na
ga#amag7taw pavisituk&mataya kaw^uyamanapsido viya abhavanto
dighaarika-anavatthaankavirato va\ Commentator.

URAGAVAGGA.

IO

wander alone

passion, not burning (with lust), let one


like

a rhinoceros.

(62)

Removing the

30.

characteristics

(householder), like a Piri^atta tree

are cut

of

a gihin

whose leaves

clothed in a yellow robe after wandering

off,

away (from

his house), let

one wander alone

like a

rhinoceros.
31.

(63)

Not being greedy of sweet

things, not being

unsteady, not supporting others, going begging from

house to house, having a mind which is not fettered


to any household, let one wander alone like a rhinoceros.
32.

(64)

Having

left

the five obstacles of the mind,

being independent, having


cut off the sin of desire, let one wander alone like a

having dispelled

all

sin,

rhinoceros.
33.

sure

Having thrown behind (himself


and

distress,

(65)
bodily) plea-

and previously (mental) joy and

pain,

having acquired equanimity,

tranquillity,

one wander alone like a rhinoceros. (66)


34. Strenuous for obtaining the supreme good
(i.e. Nibbana), with a mind free from attachment, not
living in idleness, being firm, endowed with bodily
and mental strength, let one wander alone like a
purity, let

rhinoceros.

(67)

35. Not abandoning seclusion and meditation,


always wandering in (accordance with) the Dhammas 1
seeing misery in the existences, let one wander alone
,

like

a rhinoceros

(68)

36. Wishing
Mna), being careful, no

for the destruction of desire

one wander alone

a rhinoceros.

Dhammesu

Vixkk&m

Nib-

fool, learned, strenuous, con-

siderate, restrained, energetic, let


like

(i.e.

(69)

anudhamma^ari.

Comp. Dhp.

v. 20.

KASIBHARADVAGASUTTA.

37. Like a lion not trembling at noises, like the

wind not caught in a net, like a lotus not stained by


water, let one wander alone like a rhinoceros.
(70)
his
strong
teeth,
after
overcomlion
by
As
a
38.
ing (all animals), wanders victorious as the king of the
animals, and haunts distant dwelling-places 1 (even
so) let one wander alone like a rhinoceros.
(71)
,

39. Cultivating in (due) time kindness, equanimity,

compassion, deliverance, and rejoicing (with others),

unobstructed by the whole world,

one wander

let

alone like a rhinoceros.


40.
folly,

of

having rent the

ties,

not trembling in the loss

one wander alone

life, let

41.

(72)

Having abandoned both passion and hatred and

They

cultivate (the

a rhinoceros 2

like

society

serve them for the sake of advantage

now

out a motive are


their

own

profit

wander alone

men know

(therefore) let

one
(74)

is

ended.

KASIBHARADVAGASUTTA.

The Brahmarca Kasibh&radva^u


but the

(73)

friends with-

a rhinoceros.

Khaggavisa/zasutta

4.

difficult to get,

and are impure

like

of others) and

latter

Brahma^a is
Compare Sp. Hardy,
so the

of S. John

v.

reproaches

Gotama

with idleness,

convinces him that he (Buddha) also works, and

becomes a saint.
Manual of Buddhism, p. 214; Gospel

converted, and finally

17.

was heard by me
time Bhagavat dwelt in Magadha at Dakkhm&giri in the Br&hma^a village Ekana/a. And at
that time the Br&hma^a KasibhcLradvi^as five hun-

So

it

At one

Pantdniti durani senasan&niti vasati//Mnani. Commentator.


Comp. Dhp. v. 20.