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ICDS12

International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation


LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION

ICD

REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

SUMMARY

Existing Structure Description

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Renovation Project

Structural Assessment and Inspection


Structural Interventions

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

EXISTING STRUCTURE DESCRIPTION

Inaugurated in 1952, to host a


Hockey World Championship
without the roof, which was later
finished in 1954;

Crystal Palace

Occupied the same location as


the Crystal Palace, dated 1865
and inspired by Londons original;
6500m2 & 5000 seating capacity;

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Original design from the architect


J.
Carlos
Loureiro,
who
participates enthusiastically in
this renovation project.

Oportos Sports Pavilion inauguration in 1952

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

EXISTING STRUCTURE DESCRIPTION

LNE

FLOORS

The entrance level slab (3.3m) is


divided into 9 parts, with one
circular plus 8 radial expansion
joints;
Four levels of galleries above
level 3.3m supported by 32
triangular frames and also
divided by the 8 radial expansion
joints;
Stahlton slab in general Twoway slabs 25cm thick, prestressed in one direction and
supported by a grid of beams;
Shallow foundations.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

EXISTING STRUCTURE DESCRIPTION

72m diameter, 15m high dome;

ROOF

Ribbed reinforced concrete


spherical cap;
Thin (8cm to 5cm) two way
reinforced slabs;

Supported by 32 radial beams


(meridians)

and 8 circular beams (parallels);

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These slabs have circular skylights;


In 1959, it was applied a cooper
sheet waterproofing, giving it its
characteristic greenish look.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

RENOVATION PROJECT

The renovation project determines the construction of new structures,


becoming a congress complex with a large auditorium for 1000 people,
several conference rooms and a restaurant.

LNE

The existing building will become a modern multipurpose arena for 7000
people.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

RENOVATION PROJECT

The new auditorium will be built over an existing underground parking,


conditioning the supports location, and will have a steel structure roof
with a free span of over 30m.

In the existing pavilion, permanent stands will be introduced, which


implies the construction of steel beams attached to the existing structure
to support the stand seating elements.

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Given the uniqueness of this building the intervention observes the


principle of reversibility, meaning that the added elements may be
removed if necessary.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND INSPECTION

Characterization of materials

LNE

Buildings pathologies
Static load test

Dynamic load test

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND INSPECTION


CHARACTERIZATION OF MATERIALS

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The inspection plan aimed at assessing the mechanical properties of the


existing materials as well as the corrosion state of the rebar in the main
reinforced concrete structural elements in order to determine the durability
and remaining life time of the structure already aged at 60 years.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND INSPECTION

LNE

CHARACTERIZATION OF MATERIALS

Steels strength and Young


Modulus determination

Concretes strength, Young Modulus and


carbonation penetration determination

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND INSPECTION


BUILDINGS PATHOLOGIES

Several pathologies were identified throughout the inspection, some of


which require an immediate attention and rehabilitation solutions.
The most critical areas were:
exterior columns;

exterior beams at the base of the dome;

connection hinges between the concrete dome and the rest of the

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structure;

columns supporting the central skylight.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND INSPECTION

BUILDINGS PATHOLOGIES
Exterior columns (al. A)

LNE

Severe rebar oxidation due to insufficient


concrete cover in elements subjected to
environmental agents.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND INSPECTION


BUILDINGS PATHOLOGIES

Exterior beams at the base of the dome (level 5)

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The expansion joints present anomalies due to


environment effects, increased by the faulty
water tightness of the domes lower panels.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND INSPECTION

BUILDINGS PATHOLOGIES

Connection hinges between the concrete dome


and the rest of the structure

LNE

Disaggregation of unconfined concrete, placed


afterwards to lock the nodes rotation after the
domes completion.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND INSPECTION


BUILDINGS PATHOLOGIES

Columns supporting the central skylight

ICD

Severe concrete deterioration and rebar oxidation on the columns upper


and lower ends.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND INSPECTION

STATIC AND DYNAMIC LOAD TESTS

LNE

The load tests preformed during the inspection, allowed, not only to assess
the structural integrity and determine the behaviour of the existing structure
under the new loading, but also to calibrate the numerical models used in
the structural design process.

Cantilever load test

Arena slab load test

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

Dynamic load test


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ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND INSPECTION


STATIC AND DYNAMIC LOAD TESTS
Cantilever load test

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3 load tests were preformed on the 2nd


level radial cantilever beams in order to
simulate the load from the new stands.
The results confirmed the existing
structures capacity to withstand the
new imposed loads.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND INSPECTION

STATIC AND DYNAMIC LOAD TESTS


Arena slab load test

LNE

Due to its key role on the renovation project, the arena slab was subjected
to load testing under different configurations, namely, distributed and
punching loads on different panels as well as linear and concentrated
loads on beams. The results of these tests lead to the definition of
strengthening solutions to the inner span of the radial beams.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT AND INSPECTION


STATIC AND DYNAMIC LOAD TESTS
Dynamic load test

ICD

Both ambient vibration tests and forced


vibration tests were preformed, through
which the most significant natural
frequencies and damping coefficients
were determined.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL INTERVENTIONS
Stand structure

Strengthening the slabs

LNE

Strengthening the foundations

Suspension of technical grid


Strengthening the dome

Rehabilitation of reinforced concrete structure

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL INTERVENTIONS

STAND STRUCTURE
In order to accommodate the increased number of
seating audience while providing a higher comfort, a
new fixed stand was introduced in the renovation
project.

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The stands structural concept evolved through


different solutions having in mind the structural
optimization and minimization of the impact over the
existing structure and of the respective retrofit.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL INTERVENTIONS

LNE

STRENGTHENING THE SLABS

Changing
the
loading
by
introducing new surcharges, point
loads from the stand and the
existence of penetrations in the
slabs, led to the need to check the
impact on the existing structure of
all these modifications.
It was concluded that the slab
could be maintained although
there is need to retrofit locally and
to introduce strengthening in
beams.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL INTERVENTIONS

ICD

STRENGTHENING THE SLABS

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL INTERVENTIONS

LNE

STRENGTHENING THE FOUNDATIONS


Due to the increased load in the arena slab and the reduced dimensions of
the existing foundations, strengthening solutions were adopted.
Furthermore, consequence of deepening the ground slab level, several
existing foundations needed to be replaced by new ones at the new deeper
level. A construction method had to be planned to support the loads during
the execution.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL INTERVENTIONS

ICD

SUSPENSION OF TECHNICAL GRID


The renovation project, with the objective of creating a multipurpose venue,
previewed the installation of a technical grid, supported from the dome.
Even though the grid itself does not make part of this project, support points
were considered and a thorough study was carried out in order to assess
the effect of the corresponding loads on the existing domes structure.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL INTERVENTIONS

LNE

STRENGTHENING THE DOME


As a dome, the roof structure of the pavilion, is highly susceptible to loads
which are not uniformly distributed. Therefore, the installation of the grid
and the respective loads, which may vary their intensity and position, forced
to implement strengthening solution to the domes structure, in particular the
lower parallel, and the top (closing) parallel.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL INTERVENTIONS

ICD

REHABILITATION OF REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURE


The methods for the repair and
protection of concrete structures
detailed are grouped in 11 principles
which relate to degradation of the
concrete matrix or defects caused by
reinforcement corrosion.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

STRUCTURAL INTERVENTIONS

REHABILITATION OF REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURE


The rehabilitation methodology consisted in the definition of groups of
activities, which are applied to the different structural elements depending
on:

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type and extent of the


pathology;

environment to which the


element is subjected;
desired appearance when
finished.

OPORTOS SPORTS PAVILION REFURBISHMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT

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ICDS12
International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC Lisbon Portugal 31 May - 1 June 2012

DURABLE STRUCTURES

CONCLUSIONS

S12

LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

Proper maintenance is essential to ensure the designed lifetime;


Unsatisfactory diagnosis and incorrect choice and application of

rehabilitation product may lead to severe pathologies in the future;

The proposed retrofit design and rehabilitation measures, based on this


information, aimed fundamentally at extending the life of the reinforced
concrete structure as well as to respond to the new proposed uses;
The thorough knowledge of the existing structures condition and

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behaviour obtained from the exhaustive inspection plan carried out in


the design phase, minimized the volume of demolition of existing
structural elements, leading, not only to lower costs but also to the
preservation of an important landmark to the city of Porto.
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DURABLE STRUCTURES
LNEC Lisbon 31 May - 1June 2012

LNE

OBRIGADO

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