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HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF 10.5 MLD ( 20 HOURS) W.T.

P AT JAMAKHANDI
SUMMARY OF COMPONENTS
THE TREATMENT PLANT CONSISTS OF THE FOLLOWING UNITS:
(1) AERATOR - 1 NO.
(2) RAW WATER CHANNEL - 1 NO.
(3) FLASH MIXER- 1 NO.
(4) CLARIFLOOCULATOR- 1NO.
(5)FILTER HOUSE COMPLEX WITH
A) FILTERS - 5 NOS ( EACH TWO COMPARTMENT )
(B) CHEMICAL HOUSE - 64 SQ.MTS
(C ) OFFICE - 24 SQ.M
(D) LABORATORY - 24 SQ,MTS
(E) CHLORINATION ROOM - 20 SQ.M
(F) CHEMICAL TANKS - 2 NOS 1000 LITRES EACH
(6) PURE WATER SUMP - 10 LAKH LITRES
(7) WASH WATER TANK - 2.5 LAKH LITRES
PLANT PARAMETERS
CAPACITY OF WTP =
OPERATING HOURS =
CAPACITY OF WTP FOR 24 HOURS

10.5 MLD
20
12.6 MLD

DISCHARGE
PER HOUR
PER MINUTE
PER SECOND

525 Cu.M
8.75 Cu.M
0.146 Cu.M

1. AERATOR
TYPE OF AERATOR
AREA
0.015 TO
AREA REQUIRED
DIAMETER OF INLET CHANNEL
HEIGHT OF AERATOR
NUMBER OF STEPS
RISE OF EACH STEP
DIAMETER OF BOTTOM MOST STEP
RADIUS OF BOTTOM MOST CHANNEL
WIDTH OF COLLECTION CHANNEL

CASCADE
0.045
15.75
1050
1250
3
300
4599
2300
1000

Sq.M/Cu.M
Sq.M
MM
MM
NOS
MM
MM
SQRT (( AREA x 4 / PAI ) + ( INLET DIA.) ^2)
MM
MM

2. RAW WATER CHANNEL


WIDTH OF CHANNEL
DEPTH OF CHANNEL
VELOCITY
0.8
TO
AREA PROVIDED
AREA REQUIRED
DEPTH OF FLOW
COLUMN SUPPORTS - 5000 MM C/C

750
750
1
0.56
0.18
243

MM
MM
MPS
Sq.M
Sq.M
MM

AREA REQUIRED / WIDTH OF CHANNEL

3. FLASH MIXER
DETENTION TIME
10
TYPE - CIRCULAR OR SQUARE
SHAFT SPEED GREATER THAN
VELOCITY GRADIENT
IMPELLER DIA / TANK DIA.
VERTICAL BAFFLES
POWER REQUIREMENT
DETENTION PERIOD =
VOLUME REQUIRED =
HEIGHT OF LIQUID =
AREA REQUIRED =
DIA. OF MIXER REQUIRED =
DIA.. PROVIDED =
VOLUME PROVIDED =
LIQUID HEIGHT / TANK DIA. =
FREE BOARD=
HEIGHT OF TANK =
SIZE OF TANK PROVIDED =

TO

40

0.2
0.1
1
30
4.375
2500
1.75
1493
1500
1.77
1.67
300
2800
1500

SECS
100 RPM
300 PER SEC
TO
0.4
TO
0.084
DIA
TO
3
WATT/Cu.M/HOUR
SECS
Cu.M
MM
Sq.M
MM
MM
Cu.M

DTENTION TIME x DISCHARGE


ASSUMED
VOLUME / HEIGHT
FROM AREA

MM
MM DIA.

2800 MM HEIGHT

PROJECTION OF VERTICAL BAFFLES =


150
TO
126 MM
PROVIDED 150 MM X 75 MM VERTICAL BAFFLES OF FOUR QUANDRANTS
IMPELLER DIAMETER =
300
TO
600 MM
POWER REQUIREMENTS
POWER REQUIREMENT CONSIDERED =
EFFICIENCY FACTOR
MOTOR POWER REQUIRED =
MOTOR PROVIDED =

2 WATT/Cu.M/HOUR
0.6
2.35 HP
2.5 HP

POWER ASSUMED IN RANGE

PIPE FROM FLASH MIXER TO CLARI-FLOCCULATOR


VELOCITY RANGE =
0.3
TO
0.6
MPS
VELOCITY ADOPTED FOR DESIGN =
0.45 MPS
AREA OF PIPE REQUIRED =
0.32 Sq.M
DISCHARGE/VELOCITY
DIA. OP PIPE REQUIRED =
642 MM
FROM AREA
PROVIDE 750 MM NP2 RCC PIPE FROM FLASH MIXER TO CLARI-FLOCCULATOR

4. FLOCCULATOR
SIDE WATER DEPTH =
DETENTION TIME =
PADDLE AREA =
PADDLE REVOLUTION =
VELOCITY GRADIENT =
POWER CONSUMPTION =

2500
TO
30 MINUTES
10
TO
1
TO
20
TO
0.75
TO

TOTAL VOLUME OF FLOCCULATOR =


SIDE WATER DEPTH =
AREA OF FLOCCULATOR REQUIRED =
DIA. OF INLET CHAMFER =
THICKNESS OF INLET CHAMFER =
TOTAL DIA. OF INLET CHAMBER =
AREA OF INLET CHAMBER =
TOTAL AREA REQUIRED =
DIA. OF FLOCCULATOR REQUIRED =
DIA. OF FLOCCULATOR PROVIDED =

262.5
3.25
80.77
750
150
1050
0.87
81.64
10224
10500

4000

MM

25
5
75
2

PERCENT OFTANK AREA


REVOLUTION PER MINUTE
SEC
KWH / MLD

Cu.M
M
Sq.M
MM
MM
MM
Sq.M
Sq.M
MM
MM

DETENTION TIME X DISCHARGE


ASSUMED PARAMETER
VOLUME/DEPTH
FROM AREA

POWER REQUIREMENTS
C/S AREA OF FLOCCULATOR =
30.71 Sq.M
GRADIENT VALUE = G =
40
MU =
0.0009
POWER REQUIRED = MU x G^2 x VOL.=
378 WATTS
POWER SPENT/UNIT VOLUME =
1.44 WATTS
MOTOR EFFICIENCY FACTOR =
0.75
POWER OF MOTOR REQUIRED =
0.68 HP
PROVIDE 1.0 HP MOTOR FOR PADDLE DRIVING

RANGE : 0.75 TO 2 WATTS/Cu.M/Hr

PADDLE REQUIREMENTS
VELOCITY AT TIP OF BLADE =
0.4 MPS
VELOCITY OF WATER AT BLADE TIP=
0.1 MPS
0.25 x VELOCITY OF BLADE TIP
Cd =
1.8
GAMMA =
1000
RELATIVE VELOCITY OF BLADE =
0.3 MPS
AREA OF PADDLES REQUIRED =
15.56 Sq.M
PADDLE AREA / FLOCCULATOR AREA =
50.65 PERCENT
PADDLE AREA PROVIDED AS % OF C/S AREA OF FLOCCULATOR =
25
PADDLE AREA ADOPTED =
7.68 Sq.M
PADDLE REVOLUTION =
1 RPM
VERTICAL EDGE OF BLADE =
3841 MM

5. CLARIFIER
DETENTION TIME =
2
TO
SIDE WATER DEPTH =
2.5
TO
SURFACE LOADING =
30
TO
WEIR LOADING =
BOTTOM SLOPE =
1
IN
SCRAPING SYSTEM=
30
TO
SHAPE =
CIRCULAR
VOLUME OF TANK =
VOLUME OF TANK WITH 10 % OVERLOADING=
SIDE WATER DEPTH =
SIDE WATER DEPTH ADOPTED =
SURFACE AREA REQUIRED =
AREA OF FLOCCULATOR WITH INLET CHAMBER =
AREA OF FLOCCULATOR +CLARIFIER =

2.5
4
40
300
12
40
1050
1155
3250
3400
339.71
81.64
421.34

HOURS
M
Cu.M/DAY/M
Cu.M/DAY/M
MIN / REVOLUTION
Cu.M
Cu.M
MM
MM
Sq.M
Sq.M
Sq.M

DISCHARGE X DETENTION TIME

VOLUME / SIDE WATER DEPTH

COMBINED DIA. OF FLOCCULATOR+CLARIFIER=


DIA. ADOPTED =
COMB. AREA. OF FLOC.+CLARIFIER PROVIDED =
AREA OF CLARIFIER PROVIDED =

23160
24000
449.856
368.22

MM
MM
Sq.M
Sq.M

SURFACE LOADING
SURFACE LOADING / HOUR=
SURFACE LOADING / DAY =

1.43 Cu.M /Sq.M


34.22 Cu.M/Sq.M < 40 Cu.M / Sq. M

WEIR LOADING
WEIR LENGTH =
WEIR LOADING =

75.41 M
167.09 Cu.M / M /DAY < 300 Cu.M / M / DAY

DESIGN OF LAUNDER
VELOCITY OF FLOW =
0.4
DEPTH OF LAUNDER =
500
WIDTH OF LAUNDER =
750
PERIMETER OF LAUNDER = P =
1750
AREA OF LAUNDER = A =
375000
HYDRAULIC RADIUS =
214.29
N-VALUE IN MANNINGS FORMULA =
SLOPE REQUIRED =

M / SEC
MM
MM
MM
Sq.MM
MM

M/SEC

0.013
0.00021

0.21

SLOPE

1 IN

M
4840.658 (NEGLIGEBLE)

OPENING FROM FLOCCULATOR TO CLARIFIER


VELOCITY OF FLOW =
1 CM/SEC
0.01 M/SEC
PERIMETER OF FLOCCULATOR WALL =
32.99 M
CONSIDER 50 % OPENINGS
LENGTH OF OPENINGS =
16.50 M
AREA OF OPENING REQUIRED =
14.58 Sq.M
DEPTH OF OPENING =
884 MM
PROVIDE 1000 MM OPENING FOR 50 % OF PERIPHERAL LENGTH
SLUDGE PIPE
SLUDGE VOLUME =
2.5 Cu.M / MLD
VOLUME OF SLUDGE =
26.25 Cu.M
DESLUDGING PERIOD =
4 HOURS
SLUDGE VOLUME / PERIOD =
4.375 Cu.M
SLUDING DURATION =
10 MINUTES
DISCHARGE =
0.007292 Cu.M / SEC
VELOCITY OF FLOW =
1.2 MPS
AREA OF PIPE REQUIRED =
0.006076
DIA, OF SLUDGE PIPE REQUIRED =
88 MM
PROVIDED SIZE OF NP2-RCC PIPE FOR DESLUDGING =

300 MM

6. FILTER HOUSE
TYPE : RAPID SAND FILTERS
RATE OF FILTRATION =
80
TO
OVER LOAD =
10 PERCENT
LENTH / BREADTH =
1.11
TO
BEDS FOR EACH FILTER =
2
RATE OF FILTRATION =
4.8
TO
DISCHARGE INCLUDING 10 % OVERLOADING =
RATE OF FILTRATION ADOPTED =
AREA OF FILTERS REQUIRED =
NO. OF FILTERS - EACH OF TWIN BED =
AREA OFEACH BED =
RATIO (LENTH / BREADTH) ADOPTED =
BREADTH OF FILTER BED REQUIRED =
LENTH OF FILTER BED REQUIRED =
PROVIDE - 8 BEDS FOR 4 FILTERS OF SIZE =

100

LPM / Sq.M / HOUR

1.5
6
577.5
5.4
106.94

Cu.M / Sq.M/HOUR
Cu.M / HOUR
Cu.M / HOUR
Sq.M

4
13.37 Sq.M
1.25
3.27
4.09
3300
4000 MM x MM

UNDER DRAINAGE SYSTEM


AREA OF PERFORATIONS / AREA OF FILTER =
0.3 %
TOTAL AREA OF PERFORATIONS =
39600 Sq.MM
TOTAL AREA OF LATERALS =
2.5 X AREA OF PERFORATIONS
AREA OF MANIFOLD =
1.8 X AREA OF LATERLAS =
SIZE OF MANIFOLD PROVIDED =
450 450
LATERALS
SPACING OF LATERALS =
NO. OF LATERALS ON BOTH SIDE =
AREA OF EACH LATERAL =
DIA. OF EACH LATERAL =
SIZE OF LATERALS ADOPTED =

175
38
2625
58
60

MM
Sq.MM
MM
MM (ID)

AREA OF FILTERS X 0.3


99000 Sq.MM
178200 Sq.MM
202500 Sq.MM

LENGTH OF LATERAL =

1260 MM

(FILTER WIDTH x 0.9 - MANIFOLD) /2

PERFORATIONS
12 MM PERFORATIONS
SIZE OF PERFORATIONS =
12 MM
TOTAL AREA OF PERFORATIONS =
39600
AREA OF PERFORATION/AREA OF LATERALS (12 MM) =
0.5
SPACING OF PERFORATIONS =
250
NO. PERFORATIONS / LATERAL =
5
TOTAL NO. OF PERFORATIONS =
189
AREA OF EACH PERFORATION =
113.112
TOTAL AREA OF PERFORATIONS =
21378.17
PROVIDED (AREA OF PERFORATIONS / AREA OF LATERALS) =

Sq.MM

AREA OF FILTERS X 0

MM
SAY
Sq.MM
Sq.MM
0.22

<

0.5

8 MM PERFORATIOPNS
AREA OF PERFORATIONS ( 8 MM) = AREA OF PERFORATIONS - AREA OF 12 MM PERFORATIONS
=
18221.832 Sq.MM
SIZE OF PERFORATIONS =
8 MM
SPACING OF PERFORATIONS =
200 MM
NO. PERFORATIONS / LATERAL =
6 SAY
TOTAL NO. OF PERFORATIONS =
226
AREA OF EACH PERFORATION =
50.272 Sq.MM
TOTAL AREA OF ORIFICES =
11361.47 Sq.MM

5 MM PERFORATIONS
AREA OF PERFORATIONS (5 MM) = AREA OF PERFORATIONS - AREA OF ( 12 AND 10 ) MM PERFORATIONS
=
6860.36 Sq.MM
SIZE OF PERFORATIONS =
5 MM
SPACING OF PERFORATIONS =
140 MM
NO. PERFORATIONS / LATERAL =
9 SAY
TOTAL NO. OF PERFORATIONS =
339
AREA OF EACH PERFORATION =
19.6375 Sq.MM
TOTAL AREA OF ORIFICES =
6657.113 Sq.MM
TOTAL AREA OF PERFORATIONS (12+8+5)MM =

39396.75

>

39600

FILTER INLET CHANNEL


OVER LOADING =
10 %
DISCHARGE WITH OVERLOADING =
=
VELOCITY OF FLOW =
0.3
AREA REQUIRED =
0.40
WIDTH OF CHANNEL =
750
DEPTH OF CHANNEL =
750
AREA PROVIDED =
562500
DEPTH OF FLOW =
535
FREE BOARD AVAILABLE =
215

1.1 FACTOR
577.5 Cu.M / HOUR
0.16 Cu.M / SECOND
TO
0.4
MPS
Sq.M
=
401042 Sq.MM
MM
MM
SQ.MM
>
401042
MM
MM

WASH WATER TROUGH


RATE OF WASHING =
600 LPM/Sq.M/MIN
0.01 Cu.M/SEC/Sq.M
DISCHARGE REQUIRED / FILTER =
0.264
NO. OF TROUGHS / BED =
2
NO. BEDS / FILTER =
2
DISCHARGE / TROUGH =
0.066 Cu.M / SEC
VELOCITY OF FLOW =
2 MPS
AREA OF TROUGH REQUIRED =
33000 Sq.MM
WIDTH OF TROUGH PROVIDED =
300 MM
BREADTH OF TROUGH PROVIDED =
300 MM
AREA OF TROUGH PROVIDED =
90000 Sq.MM
>
33000
FILTER INLET CONDUIT
DISCHARGE / FILTER INCLUDING OVER LOAD =
VELOCITY OF FLOW =
0.4 MPS
AREA OF PIPE REQUIRED =
100260 Sq.MM
DIA. OF PIPE REQUIRED =
357 MM
DIA. OF PIPE PROVIDED =
350 MM

0.04 Cu.M / SEC

FILTER OUTLET CONDUIT


DISCHARGE / BED INCLUDING OVER LOAD =
VELOCITY OF FLOW =
1.8 MPS
AREA OF PIPE REQUIRED =
22280 Sq.MM
DIA. OF PIPE REQUIRED =
168 MM

0.04 Cu.M / SEC

Sq.MM

DIA. OF PIPE PROVIDED =

200 MM

WASH WATER INLET CONDUIT


WASHING RATE =
DURATION OF WASH =
PERIOD OF WASH =
NO. OF FILTERS PER WASH =
DISCHARGE =
VELOCITY OF FLOW =
AREA REQUIRED =
DIA. REQUIRED =
DIA. OF PIPE PROVIDED =

600
10
6
1
0.264
3.6
0.07
306
300

LPM/Sq.M/MIN
MIN
HOURS

600
10
6
1
0.264
2.4
0.11
374
400

LPM/Sq.M/MIN
MIN
HOURS

0.01 Cu.M/Sq.M/SEC

0.01 Cu.M/Sq.M/SEC

Cu.M / SEC
MPS
Sq.M
MM
MM

WASH WATER OUTLET CONDUIT


WASHING RATE =
DURATION OF WASH =
PERIOD OF WASH =
NO. OF FILTERS PER WASH =
DISCHARGE =
VELOCITY OF FLOW =
AREA REQUIRED =
DIA. REQUIRED =
DIA. OF PIPE PROVIDED =

Cu.M / SEC
MPS
Sq.M
MM
MM

PAC TANKS
DOSAGE OF PAC =
2.2 MG / LITRE
QUANTITY OF PAC REQUIRED =
23.1 KG/DAY
SOLUTION STRENGTH =
5 PERCENT
QUANTITY OF SOLUTION =
462 LITRES
=
0.462 Cu.M
NO. OF TANKS PROVIDED =
2
SIZE OF EACH TANK =
1200
1200
1200 MM x MM x MM
CAPACITY OF TANKS PROVIDED =
3.46 Cu.M
CHEMICAL STORAGE AREA / CHEMICAL HOUSE
QUANTITY OF PAC REQUIRED =
STORAGE PERIOD =
90
STORAGE QUANTITY =
2079
CAPACITY OF EACH BAG =
50
NO. OF BAGS =
42
STORAGE HEIGHT =
1500
MOVEMENT AREA REQD. =
50
AREA REQUIRED AS PER TENDER =
AREA PROVIDED (MM x MM ) =
4000

23.1 KG/DAY
DAYS
KGS.
KGS.
MM
%
24 Sq.M
6000

24 Sq.M

(L x B)

7. WASH WATER TANK


WASHING RATE =
DURATION OF WASHING =
PERIOD OF WASH =
QUANTITY OF WATER REQUIRED =
TANK CAPACITY PROVIDED =
STAGING OF TANK =
DIA. OF TANK =
HEIGHT OF TANK =
CAPACITY OF TANK PROVIDED =

600 LPM/Sq.M/MIN
=
10 MIN
6 HOURS
158.4 Cu.M
200 Cu.M
9000 MM
7000 MM
5000 MM

8. WASH WATER PUMPS


CAPACITY OF TANK =
EMPTYING PERIOD OF TANK =
PUMPING RATE =
PUMPING HEAD INCLUDING HEAD LOSS
EFFICIENCY OF PUMP =
CAPACITY OF PUMP REQUIRED =
CAPACITY OF PUMP PROVIDED =

200
6
0.009
15000
0.75
2.47
2.5

Cu.M
Cu.M/SEC
MM
HP
HP

CONDUIT FROM PURE WATER CHANNEL TO PURE WATER SUMP


DISCHARGE WITH 10 % OVERLOAD =
VELOCITY OF FLOW =
AREA OF PIPE REQUIRED =
DIA. OF PIPE REQUIRED =
DIA. OF NP2-RCC PIPE PROVIDED =

9. PURE WATER SUMP

0.16
1.8
0.09
337
400

MPS
Sq.M
MM
MM

0.01

CAPACITY OF TANK =
DEPTH OF TANK =
AREA OF TANK REQUIRED =
DIA. OF TANK REQUIRED =
DIA. OF TANK PROVIDED =

200 Cu.M
3000 MM
66.67
9213 MM
10000