7 views

Uploaded by kanishka

foundation design

- Ramset Specifiers Anchoring Resource Book ANZ - C101 PLUS Anchor Studs (1)
- Load Bearing Capacity
- Latest Technology Ofunderground Rock Cavern Excavation in Japan
- KSDesign_PartThree
- Shallow Foundations
- 32.Three Dimensional Analysis of Piled-Raft Foundation in Clay Soils
- Randolph - McClelland Lecture - Powerpoint Slides
- Sikacrete-114
- Sama Wira Mulpha Industires
- Concrete Admixture Catalogue
- Angle of Repost
- Geotechnical Seismic Isolation by Scrap Tire-Soil Mixtures
- 16 Index
- Tyre Wase Bearing Capacity
- Stability Analysis Procedures - Theory and Limitations
- Size Effect on Shear Behavior of High Strength Rc
- An Experimental Investigation on Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete with Partial Replacement of Natural Sand by M-Sand
- Chapter 3 - Uls
- Lesson 1 Shallow Foundation-Bearing Capacity 2
- Bearing Capacity - Wikipedia

You are on page 1of 58

and Rafts, Flexible design, Deep foundations;

Piles and piers, Machine foundations,

Foundations under difficult ground conditions,

Provisional structures, Construction techniques,

Improvement of existing foundations.

L.C.Kurukulasuriya

Bearing capacity

Slip line fields in the soil beneath a foundation

In each of the zones there are two-families of slip lines inclined to each other

at an angle of (/2 +) (or (/2 - )) .

The bearing capacity qf of a foundation is the mean total stress on

the surface of the underlying soil when the latter is on the point of

collapse. It is a function of the foundation geometry, the soil weight,

and the soil strength which will be assumed to be defined by the

Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion,

f = c + n tan

If the soil strength is defined in terms of effective stress, in the form,

f = c + ( n u ) tan

The same analytical methods may be used to compute the effective

bearing capacity qf .

Plastic Theory

In plastic methods of analysis, soil is assumed to be an

ideal rigid plastic material.

unique.

material.

These are called limit theorems.

Lower bound theorem

If a stress distribution is found which is in equilibrium

satisfying stress boundary conditions everywhere and

at the same time does not violate yield criterion, then

the body will not collapse under applied loads.

If a compatible mechanism of deformations is found

satisfying displacement boundary conditions everywhere,

then the load determined by equating internal energy

dissipation to the external work done would make sure

that the body will collapse.

lower bound solution so that the collapse load can be

closely bracketed.

Note: All elastic solutions are lower bound solutions.

(a) Lower bound solutions for smooth foundations on weightless soil

(b) Lower bound solutions for smooth foundations on weightless frictional soil

(a) Foundations on frictionless soil

Shallow foundations

1. Locate the site and the position of load. A rough

estimate of the foundation load(s) is usually

provided by the client.

2. Inspect the site physically for any geological or

other evidence that may indicate a potential

design problem that will have to be taken into

account in the design or to give a design

recommendation. Supplement this inspection

with any previously obtained soil data.

the basis of its outcome, supplement by

necessary field testing and any laboratory test

program.

4. Determine the necessary soil design

parameters based on integration of test data,

scientific principles, and engineering judgment.

For complex problems, compare the

recommended data with published literature or

engage another geotechnical consultant to give

an outside perspective to the results.

obtained earlier.

The foundation should be economical and be

able to be built by the available construction

personnel.

Take into account practical construction

tolerances and local construction practices.

Interact closely with all concerned (client,

engineers, architect, contractor) so that the

substructure system is not excessively

overdesigned and risk is kept within acceptable

levels.

-Safety against shear failure of soil

- Retaining walls, bridge piers, transmission towers

- protection against

-uplift

-overturning

-scour

-cavities created by insects

Mass concrete

R/fd concrete

R/fd concrete

R/fd concrete

Pad foundation

Strip foundation

Special footings

-Rectangular

-Trapezoidal

-Cantilever (Strap)

Combined footings

Mat/Raft foundations

Flat plate

(b) Plate thickened

under columns

(c) Waffle-slab

Two way beam and slab

part of mat

Cellular

Ring Foundations

- General shear failure

(Vesic, 1973)

Design of foundations

- On clayey soils -either bearing capacity or

settlement may govern the design

- the undrained shear strength is usually the controlling

factor as clays are of low permeability and undrained

conditions could prevail during loading.

- the bearing capacity will increase with time as the clay

is consolidated. At this stage, settlement could govern

the design.

- On granular soils

- high permeability will ensure drained conditions.

- applied load will increase both shear stresses and

shear strength.

- therefore, the allowable bearing stress in terms of

bearing capacity failure is very high.

- as a result, the allowable bearing pressure is determined

by consideration of settlements rather than strength.

(except in foundations of low width)

Terzaghis Bearing Capacity Theory (1943)

-Rigid strip foundation

1

qult = cN c + qN q + BN

2

- Includes considerations for

- shape (rectangular, circular) - S

- depth - d

- inclinations of load, ground and base - i, g, b

1

qult = cN c S c d cic g cbc + qN q S q d q iq g q bq + BN S d i g b

2

- Effect of water table to be considered in q and terms

- Under undrained conditions

qult = cN c 1 + S c + d c ic bc gc

Example:

Evaluate the ultimate bearing capacity of a square footing of dimensions

2.6 m x 2.6 m placed at a depth of 1 m below the ground surface. Consolidated

undrained triaxial tests gave effective cohesion (c) of 10 kN/m2 and effective

angle of internal friction () of 24. Bulk unit weight = 16.5 kN/m3

1

qult = cN c S c d c + DN q S q d q + BN S d

2

N q = e tan tan 2 45 +

2

N c = (N q 1)cot

N = 1.5(N q 1) tan

d c = 1.0 + 0.4

S c = 1. 0 +

Nq B

Nc L

S q = 1.0 +

B

sin

L

S = 1 .0 0 .4

D

B

d = 1.00

D

B

B

L

D

A=BxL

q ult D

FOS against bearing capacity failure =

P D

A

D

A

Factor of safety =

Inclined loads are produced when the footing is loaded with both a

vertical V and a horizontal component(s) Hi of loading.

Using the Inclination Factors

component parallel to each base dimension defined as

For HB = 0.0; ICB, I q,B, I B are all 1.0

H = HL parallel to the L dimension

For HL = 0.0; ICL, IqL, I L are all 1.0

equations given in Table and using either the

exponent given in that table or the one suggested

as below.

For Iq use exponent = 2 to 3

For I use exponent = 3 to 4

2. Use the inclination factors just computed to compute

Hansen shape factors as,

"edited" Hansen bearing capacity equation

Include the base bi and ground gi factors if applicable. They are

not given in the equation for purposes of clarity. Remember that

all d = 1.0.

Lack of soil on the slope side of the footing will tend to reduce the

stability of the footing.

1. Develop the exit point E for a footing. The angle of the exit is taken as

(45 - /2) since the slope line is a principal plane

ground) and the failure surface adE = L1 (footing on slope) to obtain

3. Compute a reduced Nq based on the ratio of area ecfg (call it A0- footing on flat

ground) to the equivalent area Efg = A1 (footing on slope), or the alternative Efgh =

A1, to obtain the following:

have Nq= Nq. This distance appears to be about b/B >

1.5 (or possibly 2).

4. The overall slope stability should be checked for the

effect of the footing load using a slope-stability program.

At least a few trial circles should touch

point c (footing on slope) as well as other trial entrance

points on top of and on the slope.

account for the reduction in passive pressure on the

slope side of the wedge caf (footing on slope) when the

base is either within the b/B < 2 zone on top of the slope

or when b/B = 0.

1. Assume no reduction of N for b/B > 2

a. Compute the Coulomb passive pressure coefficients

for the slope angle using = ( - ) for one

computation and (+) for the other.

Use the friction angle = for both computations.

When you use = (+ or 0) you are computing the

passive pressure coefficient Kp = K max on the base

side away from the slope and when = ( - ) you are

computing Kp = K min.

b. Now using Kmax and Kmin compute an R ratio as

= /2

Now divide by 2 (allow for a contribution of from either

side of the wedge caf (ref: footing on slope)). The side

away from the wedge will contribute the full of N, but the

contribution from the slope side will be a fraction depending

on the foregoing R ratio and the distance b/B.

d. Now calculate the adjusted N .

Note that,

uncertainties in the stress state when there is loss of soil

support on one side of the base, even for strip (or long)

bases.

The ultimate bearing capacity may be computed using

the Hansen equation modified to read as follows:

equation since the depth effect is included in the

computations of ratios of areas. It is conservative to

assume Sc=Sq=1, but S should be evaluated.

END of Part 1

- Ramset Specifiers Anchoring Resource Book ANZ - C101 PLUS Anchor Studs (1)Uploaded bychintan_jajal
- Load Bearing CapacityUploaded byalphading
- Latest Technology Ofunderground Rock Cavern Excavation in JapanUploaded bypbldzcms
- KSDesign_PartThreeUploaded byMohd Harizam
- Shallow FoundationsUploaded byTulikaBose
- 32.Three Dimensional Analysis of Piled-Raft Foundation in Clay SoilsUploaded byKho Yen Liang
- Randolph - McClelland Lecture - Powerpoint SlidesUploaded bysofronije2005
- Sikacrete-114Uploaded bysmartman35
- Sama Wira Mulpha IndustiresUploaded bylbhock123
- Concrete Admixture CatalogueUploaded bytonni.s36
- Angle of RepostUploaded bySingDollar
- Geotechnical Seismic Isolation by Scrap Tire-Soil MixturesUploaded bymahak
- 16 IndexUploaded bysaxlamag
- Tyre Wase Bearing CapacityUploaded byPalak Shivhare
- Stability Analysis Procedures - Theory and LimitationsUploaded byAndyra Jaiz Baddu
- Size Effect on Shear Behavior of High Strength RcUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- An Experimental Investigation on Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete with Partial Replacement of Natural Sand by M-SandUploaded byAnonymous kw8Yrp0R5r
- Chapter 3 - UlsUploaded byjessica
- Lesson 1 Shallow Foundation-Bearing Capacity 2Uploaded byRidho Putra Purnomo
- Bearing Capacity - WikipediaUploaded byAlkindi Yahya
- Bearing Capacity Based on Plate Load Test NDJUploaded byNazmi Dhiyauddin
- Embankment on Soft Clay Improved With PVDUploaded byJose Leo Mission
- Briaud-Pressio-2010-simplified.pdfUploaded bySajid Iqbal
- direct-shear-test.docxUploaded byMiraj Kayastha
- PF0125Uploaded byJaime Norambuena
- MG3!03!11 Shear StrengthUploaded byXu Dong Feng
- shearstrengthofsoil-160419075246Uploaded byLaura Carrero
- 110003985169Uploaded byasadrekarimi
- atriculo de analisis de la fractura.docUploaded byRomy Hancco Soncco
- TFUploaded byJiabin Li

- Gravity Wall DesignUploaded bykanishka
- Culvert Design 1Uploaded bykanishka
- form_kUploaded bykanishka
- form_bUploaded bykanishka
- Hydrological Study ReportUploaded bykanishka
- SLS 452 Specification for Concrete non pressure pipes.pdfUploaded bykanishka
- Road Map Sri LankaUploaded bysalic2013
- Fdn Eng-Part 5Uploaded bykanishka
- 1.2m box culvert.xlsxUploaded bykanishka
- Soil Nail Wall Design ReportUploaded bykanishka
- 1 Factories Ordinance iUploaded bykanishka

- Econ Gate ValvesUploaded byEngr.Mmosaad
- Qsp_chapter11 - The Bohr AtomUploaded bynoel
- Emerson_PWROG Rosemount 3150 Update Jan 2014 Rev2Uploaded bympower611
- Clean Air SystemsUploaded byAkram Hossain
- Introduction to Solid Phase ExtractionUploaded byrajdewaan
- Synthesis of an Alkyl HalidesUploaded byEricka Galang
- reg_RedQ_specialy_regulators.pdfUploaded byDavid Saldarriaga
- Unit-6 Linear Transformations - IIUploaded byChandradeep Reddy Teegala
- CFX Intro 17.0 WS App a Scripting and Batch ProcessingUploaded bymarcosandia1974
- Mathematics Past Question and Answer for Pre-University StudentsUploaded byChristopher Olasupo
- Case Study GT COntrol Valve Varnish-Servo ValvesUploaded byengrsurif
- An Improved Hybrid DSTATCOM Topology to Compensate Reactive and Nonlinear LoadsUploaded byChristian Emenike
- PuenteUploaded byIng Manolo Hernandez
- Moment ConnectionUploaded byKannan As
- Relative StabilityUploaded bysivaeinfo
- Bernoulli PrincipleUploaded byPrasillaPrisi
- Formation of soap foaming capacity of soapUploaded byRay Kumar
- Ch3 Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundations (1-37) -2016Uploaded byRafi Sulaiman
- Rapid determination of oxalic acid by reversed-phase high-perfor- mance liquid chromatographyUploaded byCarlos José Pachón Cubaque
- Flow of Fluid Through Fixed BedsUploaded byGrano Prabumukti
- Ondas korotayev.pdfUploaded bydocumentosvaltierra
- Analysis and Design of Steel Framed Buildings With and Without Steel Plate Shear WallsUploaded bycjm
- Stress Concentration in Finite Metallic Plates With Regular HolesUploaded byAli T
- UTP ETP Sample Progress ReportUploaded byAfif Izwan
- Effect of Biomass Particle Size and Air Superficial Velocity on the Gasification Process in a Downdraft Fixed Bed GasifierUploaded byjimmy_burgos_11
- EarthworkUploaded byJonathan
- Shell LubeAnalyst user_guide.pdfUploaded bysurawutwijarn
- lnzdUploaded bypabloN_1991
- Intro Remotes SensingUploaded byEnrique Zadomen
- tesesteampunk.pdfUploaded byMarcus Vinicius Martins