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SMJK SHING CHUNG

SG. SIPUT (U) PERAK


FIRST TERM EXAMINATION / CHEMISTRY FORM 4
NAME: ___________________________
CLASS:________________

SECTION A
(25 marks)
Answer all questions from this section. Write your answer in the space provided in page 12
1.

Which of the following are considered good practice when carrying out an experiment in the
laboratory?
I Do not taste chemicals
II Use clean apparatus
III Used a piece of paper to light the Bunsen burner
IV Use only the necessary chemicals
A I and II only
B I, II and III only
C I, II and IV only
D I, II, III and IV

2.

Which of the following experiments should be carried out in a fume chamber?


A An experiment that releases a poisonous gas
B An experiment that releases an explosive gas
C An experiment that uses explosive chemicals
D An experiment that uses flammable chemicals

3.

Which of the following chemical industries and products are correctly matched?
Chemical industry

4.

Product

Electronics

Fuel

Chemical substance

Sodium benzoate

Petroleum

Ceramic

Food

Monosodium
glutamate

Diagram below shows part of the steps in a scientific investigation.


Step 1: Making observation
Step 2
Step 3: Identifying variable
Step 4: Planning a scientific investigation
What does step 2 represent?
1

A
B
C
D
5.

Making a conclusion
Making a hypothesis
Analyzing data
Interpreting data

Practising positive scientific attitudes and noble values during a scientific investigation
enables us to...
I be more responsible and professional.
II become scientists who are creative, precise and able to handle challenges.
III be able to end an experiment in a short time.
IV use simple method during a scientific investigation.
A I and II
B I and III
C II and IV
D III and IV

6.
The table below shows the melting points and boiling points of four substances, A, B, C and D..
Which of these
substances is a
liquid at 50C?
Melting point
Boiling point
Substance
(C)
(C)

7.

-187

-126

75

130

C
114curve and the heating
444 curve of a substance.
The graph in diagram 1 shows
the cooling
Which of the letters represents
the melting
D
-79of the substance?68

Diagram 1
A R
C T
8.

B S
D U

Diagram 2 shows the symbol for element P. How many protons, electrons and neutrons are
there in one atom of P? P is not the actual symbol for the element.

9.

Diagram 2
Neutrons

Protons

Electrons

79

79

44

44

44

114

35

35

44

79

79

114

Diagram 3 shows the electron arrangement in the M3+ ion. An atom of element M contains
12 neutrons.

Diagram 3
Which of the following statements about the atom is correct?
A The nucleon number is 25.
B The proton number is 10.
C The total number of electrons is 12.
D The number of valence electrons is 10.
10. Which of the following are isotopes?
Nucleon number

Number of neutrons

12

II

13

III

35

18

IV

79

44

A I and II
B I and III
C II and III
D III and IV
11. Which of the following electronic configurations are correct, based on the given proton
numbers?

Proton number

Electron configuration

11

2.9

II

15

2.8.5

III

18

2.8.6.2

IV

20

2.8.8.2

A
B
C
D

I and II
I and III
II and III
II and IV

12. The symbol in diagram 4 represents an atom of element X.

Diagram 4
Which of the following is the electron configuration of element X?
A 2.8.8.8.8.1
B 2.8.5.2
C 2.8.7
D 2.8.2.5
13. An atom of element P has 20 protons and 20 neutrons. How many valence electrons does
element P have?
A 1
B 2
C 3
D 4
14. Atom Y has a proton number of 7 and a mass number of 14. What is the electronic
configuration of Y3- ?
A 2.5
B 2.8
C 2.8.4
D 2.8.8
15. Which of the following shows the correct type of particle for each substance?
Atom

Molecules

Ions

Sodium chloride Copper

Ethane

Ethane

Copper

Sodium chloride

Copper

Ethane

Sodium chloride

Copper

Sodium chloride

Ethane

16. Which of the following is a use of the carbon-14 isotope?


A Detection of leakage in underground pipes
B Killing cancer cells
4

C Studying the age of ancient artefacts


D Fertilizer
17. Diagram 5 shows the cooling curve of naphthalene. Which of the following statements
about the process that occurs at point Q are true?

Diagram 5
I
II
III
IV

The kinetic energy of the molecules decreases.


Naphthalene is in the liquid state.
Naphthalene loses heat to the surroundings.
Naphthalene has completely solidified.

A I and II
C II and III

B I and III
D II and IV

18. Which of the following diagrams best shows the arrangement of the helium gas particles in a
balloon?

19. Which of the following scientists discovered the negative particles in an atom?
A Rutherford
B John Dalton
C J. J. Thomson
D James Chadwick
5

20. Diagram 6 is the heating curve of a solid.

Diagram 6
Which of the following is the melting point of the solid?
A K
B L
C M
D N
21. Diagram 7 shows the atomic symbol of an atom.

Diagram 7
Which of the following electron arrangements has the same number of valence electrons as
the atom shown in Diagram above?

22. What happens after an atom has receives 1 electron?


A The atom becomes an ion.
B The nucleon number of the atom increases.
C The proton number of the atom increases.
D The ability of the atom to become a cation increases.
6

23. Element X has 82 protons and its nucleon number is 132. Which of the following symbols
represents an atom of an isotope of X?

24. Which of the following factors does not differentiate between the properties of crystal
sodium chloride and molten sodium chloride?
A Arrangement of particles
B Movement of particles
C Kinetic energy of particles
D Size of particles
25. The cooling curve for liquid naphthalene is shown in diagram 8.

Diagram 8
Based on the graph, liquid naphthalene begins to freeze at
A V
B X

C W
D Y
SECTION B
(25 marks)
Answer all questions from this section.

1. Diagram 9 shows two sets of apparatus set up in an experiment to investigate the movement
of particles in water at different temperatures using potassium manganite (VII) crystals.

Diagram 9
(a) i. Name the process involved in this experiment.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
ii. Compare the rates at which the particles move in set I and set II.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
iii. Explain your answer in (ii).
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
(b) Table 1 shows the chemical formulae of four substances.
Substance

Chemical formula

Carbon dioxide

CO2

Magnesium

Mg

Naphthalene

C10H8

Sodium chloride

NaCl
Table 1

i. State the type of particles present in each of the substances in given table.
Carbon dioxide : _______________________________________________________
Magnesium
: _______________________________________________________
Naphthalene
: _______________________________________________________
Sodium chloride : ______________________________________________________
[4 marks]
ii. Which of the above substances diffuses at the fastest rate?
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
2. Diagram 10 shows the heating curve for naphthalene.
8

Diagram 10
(a) What is the melting point of naphthalene?
_________________________________________________________________[1 marks]
(b) State the physical states at the stages A, B and C.
i. A: ___________________________________________________________________
ii. B: ___________________________________________________________________
iii. C: ___________________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
(c) At stage B, the temperature will not increase even though heat is provided. Why?
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
(d) Sketch the cooling curve for naphthalene.

[2 marks]
(e) State the purpose of using a water bath to heat up the naphthalene solid.
________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

3. Diagram 11 shows the symbols of element X and element Y. The letters used are not the actual
symbols of the elements.

Diagram 11
(a) i. State the proton number and neutron number of elements X and Y.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
ii. Write the electron configurations of elements X and Y.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
(b) Many elements exhibit the phenomenon of isotopy whereby an element can have more
than one type of isotope. For example, chlorine with a proton number of 17 has two
isotopes, chlorine-35 and chlorine-37.
i. What is meant by isotopes?
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[1 marks]
iii. Write the symbols of the two isotopes of chlorine.

[2 marks]

SECTION C
(20 marks)
Answer any one question from this section.
4. Diagram 12 below shows an atom of element X.
The letter used is not the actual symbol of the element.

10

Diagram 12
(a) Describe the atom shown in Diagram above.
[4 marks]
(b) Another atom of element X has 2 neutrons.
(i) Compare this atom with the atom in Diagram above.
(ii) Write the symbol for this atom in the form of

[4 marks]
A
Z

X
[2 marks]

(c) Diagram 13 shows the heating curve of element X.

Diagram 13
Describe graph above in terms of states of matter, particle arrangements and changes in
energy.
[10 marks]

5(a)(i) Name an element that has more than one isotope.


(ii)Based on your answer in (a)(i), compare and contrast the isotopes.
[12 marks]
(b)

Matter is made up of tiny and discrete particles.

11

Design a laboratory experiment to prove the above statement. Your answer should consist
of the following items:

Chemical(s) required
Procedure of the experiment
Observation
Conclusion
[8 marks]

Answer for section A

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

21
22
23
24
25

Prepared by,

Checked by

_____________

_____________

__________________

Mr. M.Ganesan

Mr. R.Thanabal

Ms. See Toh Wai Fong

12

Verified by,

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