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intersection of lines and planes

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The points A(1, 2, 1), B(3, 1, 4), C(5, 1, 2) and D(5, 3, 7) are the vertices of a tetrahedron.

(a)

(2)

(b)

Find the Cartesian equation of the plane that contains the face ABC.

(4)

(c)

Find the vector equation of the line that passes through D and is perpendicular to .

Hence, or otherwise, calculate the shortest distance to D from .

(5)

(d)

(i)

(ii)

(4)

(e)

(4)

(Total 19 marks)

2.

ax + 2y + z = 3

x + (a + 1)y + 3z = 1

2x + y + (a + 2)z = k

where a

(a)

(3)

(b)

Find the value of a such that the three planes do not meet at a point.

(5)

(c)

Given a such that the three planes do not meet at a point, find the value of k such that the

planes meet in one line and find an equation of this line in the form

x x0

l

y y0 m .

z z

n

0

(6)

(Total 14 marks)

3.

The points P(1, 2, 3), Q(2, 1, 0), R(0, 5, 1) and S form a parallelogram, where S is

diagonally opposite Q.

(a)

(2)

(b)

13

m

(2)

(c)

(2)

(d)

Find the Cartesian equation of the plane, 1, containing the parallelogram PQRS.

(3)

(e)

Write down the vector equation of the line through the origin (0, 0, 0) that is

perpendicular to the plane 1.

(1)

(f)

Hence find the point on the plane that is closest to the origin.

(3)

(g)

A second plane, 2, has equation x 2y + z = 3. Calculate the angle between the two

planes.

(4)

(Total 17 marks)

4.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

Find a b.

(iii)

Hence find the Cartesian equation of the plane containing the vectors a and b

and passing through the point (1, 1, 1).

(iv)

The plane intersects the x-y plane in the line l. Find the area of the finite

triangular region enclosed by l, the x-axis and the y-axis.

(11)

(b)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

deduce that p + qp + q.

(8)

(Total 19 marks)

5.

A plane has vector equation r = (2i + 3j 2k) + (2i + 3j + 2k) + (6i 3j + 2k).

(a)

(6)

(b)

The plane meets the x, y and z axes at A, B and C respectively. Find the coordinates of

A, B and C.

(3)

(c)

(3)

(d)

(4)

(e)

Hence, or otherwise, find the distance from the origin to the plane .

(2)

(f)

Using your answers from (c) and (e), find the area of the triangle ABC.

(2)

(Total 20 marks)

6.

2x 2y z = 3

4x + 5y 2z = 3

3x + 4y 3z = 7

intersect at the point with coordinates (a, b, c).

(a)

(2)

(b)

2x 4y 3z = 4

x + 3y + 5z = 2

3x 5y z = 6.

Find a vector equation of the line of intersection of these three planes.

(4)

(Total 6 marks)

7.

Consider the plane with equation 4x 2y z = 1 and the line given by the parametric equations

x = 3 2

y = (2k 1) +

z = 1 + k.

(a)

the value of k;

(4)

(b)

the coordinates of the point of intersection of the line and the plane.

(4)

(Total 8 marks)

8.

Let O be the origin, (OA) the x-axis, (OC) the y-axis and (OD) the z-axis.

Let M, N and P be the midpoints of [FG], [DG] and [CG], respectively.

The coordinates of F are (2, 2, 2).

(a)

(3)

(b)

Find MP MN .

(4)

(c)

Hence,

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(7)

(d)

Determine the coordinates of the point where the line (AG) meets the plane MNP.

(6)

(Total 20 marks)

9.

(a)

Show that a Cartesian equation of the line, l1, containing points A(1, 1, 2) and B(3, 0, 3)

x 1 y 1 z 2

.

2

1

1

(2)

(b)

x 1 y 2 z 3

1

2

1

l1 and l2 intersect, and find the coordinates of their point of intersection.

An equation of a second line, l2, has the form

(5)

(c)

Given that direction vectors of l1 and l2 are d1 and d2 respectively, determine d1 d2.

(3)

(d)

(3)

(e)

Find a vector equation of the line l3 which is perpendicular to the plane and passes

through the point T(3, 1, 4).

(2)

(f)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(7)

(Total 22 marks)

10.

5x y + az = 5 where a is a real number.

(a)

(2)

(b)

(i)

Find the value of a for which the planes do not meet at a unique point.

(ii)

For this value of a show that the three planes do not have any common point.

(6)

(Total 8 marks)

11.

4

A ray of light coming from the point (1, 3, 2) is travelling in the direction of vector 1

2

and meets the plane : x + 3y + 2z 24 = 0.

Find the angle that the ray of light makes with the plane.

(Total 6 marks)

12.

Find the vector equation of the line of intersection of the three planes represented by the

following system of equations.

2x 7y + 5z =1

6x + 3y z = 1

14x 23y +13z = 5

(Total 6 marks)

13.

(a)

Find the set of values of k for which the following system of equations has no solution.

x + 2y 3z = k

3x + y + 2z = 4

5x + 7z = 5

(4)

(b)

Describe the geometrical relationship of the three planes represented by this system of

equations.

(1)

(Total 5 marks)

14.

(a)

3

2

r1 = 2 m 1

7

2

1 4

r2 = 4 n 1

2 1

(2)

(b)

Hence show that these two lines intersect and find the point of intersection, A.

(5)

(c)

Find the Cartesian equation of the plane that contains these two lines.

(4)

(d)

8

3

Let B be the point of intersection of the plane and the line r = 3 8 .

0

2

(4)

(e)

If C is the mid-point of AB, find the vector equation of the line perpendicular to the plane

and passing through C.

(3)

(Total 18 marks)

15.

(a)

Show that the following system of equations will have a unique solution when a 1.

x + 3y z = 0

3x + 5y z = 0

x 5y + (2 a)z = 9 a2

(5)

(b)

(6)

(c)

Hence, solve

x + 3y z = 0

3x + 5y z = 0

x 5y + z = 8

(2)

(Total 13 marks)

16.

Consider the points A(1, 2, 1), B(0, 1, 2), C(1, 0, 2) and D(2, 1, 6).

(a)

(2)

(b)

Calculate AB BC .

(2)

(c)

(3)

(d)

Find the Cartesian equation of the plane P containing the points A, B and C.

(3)

(e)

Find a set of parametric equations for the line L through the point D and perpendicular to

the plane P.

(3)

(f)

(4)

(g)

(2)

(h)

(2)

(i)

(4)

(Total 25 marks)

17.

(a)

1 3 1

A = 2 2 1

1 5 3

(2)

(b)

x 3y + z = 1

2x + 2y z = 2

x 5y + 3z = 3

(3)

10

(c)

A fourth plane with equation x + y + z = d passes through the point of intersection. Find

the value of d.

(1)

(Total 6 marks)

11

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