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BS NA EN 1993-1-1 (2005) (English): UK National
Annex to Eurocode 3. Design of steel structures.
General rules and rules for buildings

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MAGNACARTA(
1
2
97
)

NA to BS EN 1993-1-1:2005

UK National Annex to
Eurocode 3: Design of

steel structures
Part 1-1 : General rules and rules
for buildings

NO COPYING WITHOUT BSI PERMISSION EXCEPT AS PERMITIED BY COPYRIGHT lAW

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NA to BS EN 1993-1-1:2005
Publishing and copyright information

The BSI copyright notice displayed in this document indicates when the
document was last issued.
BSI2008
ISBN 978058054960 1
ICS 91.080.10
The following BSI references relate to the work on this standard:
Committee reference B/525/31
Draft for comment 07/30128092 DC

Publication history
First published December 2008

Amendments issued since publication


Amd. No.

Date

Text affected

NA to BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005

BRITISH STANDARD

Contents
Introduction 1
NA.1 Scope 1
NA.2 Nationally Determined Parameters 1
NA.3 Decisions on the status of informative annexes 7
NA.4 References to non-contradictory complementary information
Bibliography

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover,
pages i to ii, pages 1 to 8, an inside back cover and a back cover.
8512008

NA to BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005

This page deliberately left blank

BRITISH STANDARD

NA to BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005

BRITISH STANDARD

National Annex (informative) to


BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, Eurocode 3: Design
of steel structures - Part 1-1: General rules
and rules for buildings
Introduction
This National Annex has been prepared by BSI Subcommittee
B/525/31, Structural use of steel. It is to be used in conjunction with
BS EN 1993-1-1:2005.

NA.1

Scope
This National Annex gives:
a)

the decisions for the National Determined Parameters described


in the following subclauses of BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005:

NA.2
NA.2.1

2.3.1(1)
3.1(2)
3.2.1(1)
3.2.2(1)
3.2.3(1)
3.2.3(3)B
3.2.4(1)B
5.2.1(3)
5.2.2(8)

5.3.2(3)
5.3.2(11)
5.3.4(3)
6.1 (1)
6.1(1)B
6.3.2.2(2)
6.3.2.3(1)
6.3.2.3(2)
6.3.2.4(1)B

6.3.2.4(2)B
6.3.3(5)
6.3.4(1)
7.2.1(1)B
7.2.2(1)B
7.2.3(1)B
BB.1.3(3)B

b)

Decisions on the status of BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005 informative


annexes; and

c)

References to non-contradictory complementary information.

Nationally Determined Parameters


General
Decisions for the Nationally Determined Parameters decided in
BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005 are given in clauses NA.2.2 to NA.2.26.

NA.2.2

Actions and environmental influences


[BS EN 1993-1-1:2005,2.3.1(1)]
There are no additional regional, climatic or accidental situations
to consider.

NA.2.3

Other Steel material and products


[BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 3.1 (2)]
If other steels are used, due allowance should be made for
variations in properties, including ductility and weldability. Further
information on the ductility requirements for steel is given in
BS EN 1993-1-1:2005,3.2.2(1),

8512008

NA to BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005

BRITISH STANDARD
Steel castings and forgings may be used for components in bearings,
junctions and other similar parts. Castings should conform to
BS EN 10293 and forgings should conform to BS EN 10250-2. Further
guidance on steel castings is given in reference [1].
For higher strength steels see BS EN 1993-1-12.

NA.2.4

Material properties [BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, 3.2.1(1)]


The nominal values of the yield strength fy and the ultimate strength
fu for structural steel should be those obtained from the product
standard. The ultimate strength fu should be taken as the lowest value
of the range given for Rm in the product standard. Further information
on the yield and ultimate strength for structural steel is also given in
NA.4.

NA.2.S

Ductility requirements [BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 3.2.2(1)]


a)

Elastic global analysis

The limiting values for the ratio fJfy, the elongation at failure and the
ultimate strain Cu for elastic global analysis are given below.
fJfy, ~ 1.10;
Elongation at failure not less than 15%;
Cu ~

b)

1Sy.

Plastic global analysis

Plastic global analysis should not be used for bridges. For buildings
the limiting values for the ratio fjfy, the elongation at failure and the
ultimate strain Cu for plastic global analysis are given below.
fJfy ~ 1.15;
Elongation at failure not less than 15%;
Cu ~

NA.2.6

20cy

Fracture toughness [BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, 3.2.3(1)]


For buildings and other quasi-statically loaded structures the lowest
service temperature in the steel should be taken as the lowest air
temperature which may be taken as -5C for internal steelwork and
-15C for external steelwork.
For bridges the lowest service temperature in the steel should be
determined according to the NA to BS EN 1991-1-5 for the bridge
location. For structures susceptible to fatigue it is recommended that
the requirements for bridges should be applied.
In other cases (e.g. the internal steelwork in cold stores) the lowest
service temperature in the steel should be taken as the lowest air
temperature expected to occur within the intended design life of
the structure.

NA.2.7

Toughness properties for members in compression


[BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 3.2.3(3)B]
The recommendations given in the NA to BS EN 1993-1-10 should
be used.

2 BSI

2008

NA to BS EN 1993-1-1:2005

BRITISH STANDARD

NA.2.8

Through-thickness properties
[BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, 3.2.4(1)B]
The recommendations given in the NA to BS EN 1993-1-10 should
be used.

NA.2.9

Effects of deformed geometry of the structure


[BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 5.2.1 (3)]
For plastic analysis of clad structures provided that the stiffening
effects of masonry infill wall panels or diaphragms of profiled steel
sheeting are not taken into account:
U cr ~

10

For plastic analysis of portal frames subject to gravity loads only with
-frame imperfections:

provided the following conditions are satisfied:


a)

The span, L, does not exceed 5 times the mean height of the
columns

b)

hr satisfies the criterion:


(h/sa)2 + (h/sbF ::::;; 0.5
in which sa and sb are the horizontal distances from the apex
to the columns.
NOTE

For a symmetrical frame this expression simplifies to

hr ::::;; 0.2SL.

NA.2.10

Structural stability of frames


[BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, 5.2.2(8)]
This method should only be used for frames that comply with 5.2.2(6).
In such cases the sway moments in the beams and beam-to-column
connections should be multiplied by kr unless a smaller value is shown
to be adequate by analysis. kr may be evaluated using the following
expression provided that Ucr ~ 3.0:

k =_1_
r
1

NA.2.11

Design values of initial local bow imperfection


[BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 5.3.2(3)]
For elastic analysis of the cross-section, the initial imperfections for an
individual section about a particular axis should be back-calculated
from the formula for the buckling curves given in BS EN 1993-1-1:2005,
6.3 using the elastic section modulus.
For plastic analysis of the cross-section, the initial imperfections for an
individual section about a particular axis should be back-calculated
from the formula for the buckling curves given in BS EN 1993-1-1:2005,
6.3 using the full plastic section modulus.

8512008

NA to BS EN 1993-1-1:2005

NA.2.12

BRITISH STANDARD

Amplitude of imperfections
[BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, 5.3.2(11)]
The method given in BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 5.3.2(11} should not be
used for buildings.

NA.2.13

Imperfections for lateral-torsional bucking in bending


[BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 5.3.4(3)]
The value of k should be taken as 1.0.

NA.2.14

Partial factors for structures not covered by BS EN 1993


Part 2 to Part 6 [BS EN 1993-1-1:2005,6.1(1)]
For structures not covered by BS EN 1993 Part 2 to Part 6, the partial
factors should be appropriate for the structure and agreed with the
client.

NA.2.1S

Partial safety factors for buildings


[BS EN 1993-1 .. 1:2005, 6.1(1)]
For buildings the following partial factors should be used:
YMO

= 1.00

= 1.00
YM2 = 1.10
YM1

NA.2.16

Imperfection factors for lateral torsional buckling


[BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 6.3.2.2(2)]
The recommended values given in BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, Table 6.3 and
Table 6.4 should be used.

NA.2.17

Lateral torsional buckling for rolled


sections or equivalent welded sections
[BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 6.3.2.3(1)]
For buildings and bridges the following values of
used:
a}

0.4

~ = 0.75

For welded sections:


ALT,o

8512008

and ~ should be

For rolled sections and hot-finished and cold-formed hollow


sections:
ALT;o =

b}

AlT,O

=0.2

=1.00

NAto BS EN 1993-1-1:2005

BRITISH STANDARD

BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, Table 6.5 should be replaced with the


following table:
Cross-section

limits

Rolled doubly symmetric I and H sections and hot-finished


hollow sections

h/b

Buckling
curve
b

2.0 < h/b ~ 3. 1

h/b> 3.1

Angles (for moments in the major principal plane)

All other hot-rolled sections.

Welded doubly symmetric sections and cold-formed


hollow sections

NA.2.18

h/b

2.0

h/b < 3. 1

Modification factor, f [BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 6.3.2.3(2)]


The recommended expression for f should be used in which ke is
given by:

where:
(
1

Mer for the actual bending moment diagram


Mer for a uniform bending moment diagram

values of (1 are given in the references listed in NA.4.


NA.2.19

The slenderness limit Aco


[BS EN 1993.. 1-1:2005, 6.3.2.4(1)B]
For I, H, channel and box sections used in buildings the value of Aeo
should be taken as 0.4.

NA.2.20

Modification factor, kfl


[BS EN 1993.. 1-1 :2005, 6.3.2.4(2)B]
The value of the modification factor kfl should be taken as:
kfl

= 1.0 for hot rolled

I-sections;

kfl =1.0 for welded I-sections with h/b ~ 2;


kfl = 0.9 for other sections.
NA.2.21

Interactions factors k yy, kyz, kzyand k zz


[BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 6.3.3(5)]
The interaction factors kyy, kyz' kzy, kzz for doubly symmetric sections
may be determined using either alternative Method 1 (given in
BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, Annex A) or alternative Method 2 (given
in BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, Annex B). Alternative Method 2 (given in
BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, Annex B) may also be used for sections that are
not doubly symmetric when modified in accordance with NA.3.2.

B512008

NA to BS EN 1993-1-1:2005

NA.2.22

BRITISH STANDARD

General method for lateral and lateral


torsional buckling of structural components
[BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 6.3.4(1)]
This method is only valid for nominally straight components subject to
in-plane monoaxial bending and/or compression.
In this method Xop should be taken as the minimum value of X and
XLT' Where X is determined in accordance with BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005,
6.3.1 for lateral buckling and XLT is determined in accordance with
BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, 6.3.2 for lateral torsional buckling

NA.2.23

Vertical deflections [BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, 7.2.1(1)B]


The following table gives suggested limits for calculated vertical
deflections of certain members under the characteristic load
combination due to variable loads and should not include permanent
loads. Circumstances may arise where greater or lesser values would
be more appropriate. Other members may also need deflection limits.
On low pitch and flat roofs the possibility of ponding should be
investigated.

Vertical deflection
Cantilevers

Length/180

Beams carrying plaster or other brittle finish

Span/360

Other beams (except purlins and sheeting rails)

Span/200

Purlins and sheeting rails

To suit the characteristics of particular cladding

NA.2.24

Horizontal deflections [BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, 7.2.2(1)B]


The following table gives suggested limits for calculated horizontal
deflections of certain members under the characteristic load
combination due to variable load. Circumstances may arise where
greater or lesser values would be more appropriate. Other members
may also need deflection limits.

Horizontal deflection
Tops of columns in single-storey buildings except
portal frames

Heightl300

Columns in portal frame buildings, not


supporting crane runways

To suit the characteristics of the particular


cladding

In each storey of a building with more than one


storey

Height of that storey/300

NA.2.2S

Dynamic effects [BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, 7.2.3(1)B]


Reference should be made to specialist literature as appropriate. For
floor vibrations see NA.4.

6 B512008

NA to BS EN 1993-1-1:2005

BRITISH STANDARD

NA.2.26

Hollow section buckling lengths in lattice girders


[BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, BB.1.3(3)B]
The recommended values may be used and further information is
given in NA.4.

NA.3 Decisions on the status of informative


annexes
NA.3.1

BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, Annex A
BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, Annex A may be used. The scope of Method 1
given in Annex A should be limited to doubly symmetric sections.

NA.3.2

BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, Annex B
BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, Annex B may be used.
Where applied to sections that are not doubly symmetric Xz and Xz
should be taken as the values of Xand X from the highest value of \
to BS EN 1993-1-1, 6.3.1.3 or Xto BS EN 1993-1-1, 6.3.1.4.
Where the sections are not I, H or hollow sections Class 1 and Class 2
sections should be designed as Class 3 sections.

NA.3.3

BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, Annex AB
BS EN 1993-1-1:2005, Annex AB may be used.

NA.3.4

BS EN 1993.. 1-1:2005, Annex BB


BS EN 1993-1-1 :2005, Annex BB may be used.

NA.4 References to non-contradictory


complementary information
References cited in this National Annex to non-contradictory,
complementary information can be found at www.steel-ncci.co.uk.
Whilst this material is likely to be technically authoritative, not all
of it has been reviewed by the UK national committee, and users
should satisfy themselves of its fitness for their particular purpose. In
particular, they should be aware that material indicated as not having
been endorsed by the committee might contain elements that are in
conflict with the Eurocode.

8512008

NA to BS EN 1993-1-1:2005

BRITISH STANDARD

Bibliography
Standards publications
For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including
any amendments) applies.
NA to BS EN 1991-1-5, UK National Annex to Eurocode 3: Design of
steel structures - Part 1-5: Plated structural elements
BS EN 1993 {Parts 2 to 6}, Eurocode 3 - Design of steel structures
NA to BS EN 1993-1-101), UK National Annex to Eurocode 3: Design of
steel structures - Part 1-10: Material toughness and through-thickness
properties
BS EN 1993-1-12, Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 1-12:
Supplementary rules for high strength steels
BS EN 10025-2:2004, Hot rolled products of structural steels - Part 2:
Technical delivery conditions for non-al/oy structural steels
BS EN 10250-2, Open steel die forgings for general engineering
purposes Part 2: Non-alloy quality and special steels
BS EN 10293, Steel castings for general engineering uses

Other publications
[1]

1)

8512008

Castings in steel construction, SCI publication P 172, The Steel


Construction Institute, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SLS 70N.

In preparation.

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