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Title: Design and Development of a Self Sensing Piezoelectric Sensor

Principal Investigators
Dr. Sudhanshu Kumar Mishra, Dept of EEE, BIT Mesra
Subhendu Kumar Behera.
Objective
Piezoelectric effects are used to develop systems acting at microscale or nanoscale because of its properties
such as high resolution and high bandwidth. Self sensing allows a piezoelectric device to actuate while measuring its
displacement and/or force. It has an intense application in ultrasonic transmitters and receivers, frequency
references, temperature sensors and accelerometers. The project provides a methodology to measure the
displacement and force in piezoelectric material, providing self sensing for a long duration measurement with high
precision.
Self sensing has the advantage to be directly packaged and to offer a feedback control possibility if well designed.
The basic theory behind piezoelectric material is based on the electrical dipole. Due to the symmetry of the crystal structure,
the dipoles formed by the positive and negative ions cancel each other at rest and hence an electric field is not observed.
When stressed, symmetry is lost due to the deformation of the crystal and hence, a net dipole moment is created. This dipole
moment forms an electric field across the crystal. The materials generate a electrical voltage which is proportional to the
stress applied. The generated voltage from the piezoelectric material can be calculated as follows:V = Sv * P * D
where V = Piezoelectric generated voltage (Volts)
Sv = Voltage sensitivity of the material (Volt *meters / Newton)
P = Pressure (N/m2)
D = thickness of material (meters)
Generally, the output voltages from piezoelectric sensors can vary from micro volts to hundreds of volts. Hence signal
conditioning requirements sequentially. While designing the amplifier, the following key items must be kept in mind:
(i) Frequency of operation
(ii) Signal amplitude
(iii) Input impedance
(iv) Mode of operation
The sensor output needs a moderate amount of amplification and the desired signal levels are in the 3v to 5v for
full range scale. The high impedance of sensor requires high-input impedance. Two modes of amplifier circuit namely
Voltage mode amplifier circuit and Charge mode amplifier circuit can be used for signal conditioning. Voltage mode
amplification is used when the amplifier is very close to the sensor while charge mode amplification is used when the
amplifier is remote to the sensor.

Deliverable: The outcome of the project will be a mathematical model and complete design of a piezoelectric sensor.

BUDGET (for 3 years)


Item
A.

B.

Recurring
1. Salaries/wages

BUDGET
1st Year

2nd Year

3rd Year

(in Rupees)
Total

25000 x 12=

25000 x 12=

25000x12=

9,00, 000

3, 00, 000

3,00, 000

3, 00, 000

2.

Consumables

46,000

46,000

46,000

1, 38, 000

3.

Travel

40,000

50, 000

50, 000

1, 40, 000

4.

Other Costs (Contingency)

45, 000

45, 000

45, 000

1, 35, 000

5.

Institutes Overhead(20%
of total cost)

3,83, 400

NIL

NIL

3,83,400

Equipment

8,03,000

NIL

NIL

8,03,000

Grand total (A+B)


Total FEC*

n24,99, 400/-

BUDGET FOR EQUIPMENT


Sl.
No.
1
2

3
4
5
6

Generic name of the Equipment along with make & model


Workstation(Dell Precision T-7500) 1no. @3.5 lakh
simulation purpose)
Laptop(Dell Latitude E5410) 1no.
For analysis, processing and presentation

Estimated Costs
(For

Piezoelectric material and device.


Multifunction Laser Printer(HP LaserJet 1536dnf) 1 no
For printing of reports, papers etc.
High speed and high resolution scanner 1no.
Environmental control equipment(Split Air conditioner 1 no.)
TOTAL

3, 50, 000/50, 000/-

2, 83, 000/40, 000/40, 000/40,000/8, 03, 000/-