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PROJECT

CP-5

DESIGN CALCULATION

DESIGN BY

TOWER CRANE STABILITY CHECK

CHECKED BY

SHAIKH

Tower Crane Stability Checks


As per manufacturers load data sheet for Tower Crane in service and out of service condition
they considered 150KM/h wind speed and To Void the toppling counter weight of 72 ton at the
baseand 17.1 ton at the top is provided.(Please refer the attached load data sheet)
we checked the stabilty of tower crane considering wind load and counter weight of 17.1 ton.

5.6 m

F2

16.8 m

60 m

F4
Counter weight 171 KN
Please refer method statement
Of Potain Tower Crane
F3 = Load due to wind
for Tower Crane
Height = 45.5 m

F3

45.5 m

Tower Crane Base

Tower Crane Mast


1.6 m x3xm
Total 14 Nos of
Mast use

Lifting Load
F1 = 0

Load Details
Maximum Counter weight (Concrete block) F4 = 171 KN (Please refer method statement)
Maximum wind Speed considered = 150 Km/h
Maximum Dynamic wind Pressure = 3.33 KN/m2

Refer the attached wind calculation

Total Height of Tower Crane = 45.5 m


Tower crane Windward face of area = 1.6 x45.5 m
Total Height of Counter weight Concrete block = 3 m
Concrete block Windward face area = 0.65 x3 m
One Mast Windward face area = 1.6mx3.1m = 4.96 m2
No of Mast install =15 Nos
Total Height of Mast = 15x3.1 =46.5 m (Actual Height is 45.5) Say = 45.5
Total area of Opening in one mast = 2mx 1.64 m2 = 3.28 m2
Effective area for wind= 4.96 3.28 = 1.68 m2
Counter weight Concrete block Height = 3 m
Effective Height of tower crane for wind =45.5-3 = 42.5 m
No of Mast required for 42.5m tower crane height = 42.5/3.1 = 13.7 Say = 14
Maximum Dynamic wind Pressure = 3.33 KN/m2

Refer the attached wind calculation

Total effective area of wind for tower crane height = 14x1.68 = 23.52 m2
Load due to wind for tower Crane height (F3) = 3.33x23.52 = 78.33 KN
Maximum Wind Load due to concrete block Height (F2) = 3.33X3X0.65 =6.5 KN

Check for Overturning


Total Restoring Moment
= F4 X 16.8 = 171X16.8 =2872.8 KNm
Total Overturning Moment
F3X 22.75 + F2x39.9

78.33X22.75 + 6.5X39.9 = 2042 KNm


Safety factored for overturning =

Total Restoring Moment /overturning Moment

= 2872.8/2042 = 1.4

PROJECT :

CP-5

DESIGN
CALCULATION

WIND LOAD CALCULATION

Effective Building height above


1) ground level

Design By

Checked By

Shaikh
45.5

Hr

2) Type of Building

WELDED STEEL UNCLAD FRAMES

3) Building type factor Kb

( As Per BS 6399 - 2 1997


From table -1)

As Per BS 6399-2 1997 From Figure 3 Cr can be interpolated


4) Dynamic Augmentation factor Cr

0.18

Since Cr < 0.25 & H < 300 m , BS 6399 Apply.


5) Basic wind speed Vb

41.67 m/sec

6) Calculation of Site Wind Speed (Vs)

= Vb * Sa * Sd * Ss * Sp

As Per BS 6399-2 1997 From Figure 3 Cr can be interpolated


= 1+ 0.001 s

Sa

Use s conservatively = 10 m
=

1.010 (Section 2.2.2.2)

Sd

1.000 (Section 2.2.2.3)

Ss

1.000 (Section 2.2.2.4)

Sp

1.000 (Section 2.2.2.5)

Vs

Ve

= Vs * Sb

42.0867

m/sec

As Per BS 6399-2 1997 Table -4 Factor for Sb shall be for the worst case
Sb

2.1

Ve

88.38

7) Calculation of Dynamic Pressure (qs)

= 0.613 * Ve

m/sec

4788.382

4.788

N/m

2
2

KN/m

Calculation External Pressure co-efficient CPe


WIND X

D
H

45.5 m

1.6 m

1.6 m

H>B

Ratio

= D/H
=

0.04

45.5 m

1.6 m

1.6 m

WIND Z

Ratio

H>B

= D/H
=

0.04

As Per BS 6399-2 1997 From Table 5 Cpe can be interpolated


WIND WARD (FRONT FACE)

0.8 (Worst case)

LEE WARD (REAR FACE)

-0.3 (Worst case)

45.5

Calculation External Pressure co-efficient Ca From Figure - 4


Area Zone
=
A
a (Diagonal Length)
= 45.52812

1.6
Ca

External Pressures "Pe"

qs * Cpe * Ca

Wind ward Wall

3.33

0.87

KN/m

Tower Crane
Height

Counter Weight

Crane Height

Counter weight