Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 10

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple connection (GB)

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX012a-EN-GB

Title

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple


connection

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-8, EN1993-1-1

Made by

Laurent Narboux

Date

Dec 2006

Checked by

Abdul Malik

Date

Jan 2007

Sheet

of

Localized resource for UK

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange


simple connection
This example presents a method for calculating the shear resistance and
tying resistance of a "Simple Joint" for an end plate beam-to-columnflange connection. The bolted connection uses non-preloaded bolts (i.e.
Category A: Bearing type bolted connection).

Created on Monday, March 22, 2010


This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

NOTE: For completeness, all the design checks listed below should be carried
out. However, in practice, for normal connections, the checks marked * will
usually be the critical ones. In this example, only checks marked with an * are
shown in detail. For other checks, reference should be made to the NCCIs for
Shear resistance [SN014] and for Tying resistance [SN015].
Before evaluating resistances, checks are made to ensure sufficient ductility
and to avoid premature weld.
Joint Shear Resistance
Table 1: Shear resistance of end plate connection
Mode of failure
Bolts in shear*
End plate in bearing*
Supporting member in bearing
End plate in shear (gross section)
End plate in shear (net section)
End plate in shear (block shear)
End plate in bending
Beam web in shear*

VRd,1
VRd,2
VRd,3
VRd,4
VRd,5
VRd,6
VRd,7
VRd,8

* Modes evaluated in the example (see Note above)


The shear resistance of joint is the minimum of the above values.
Joint Tying Resistance
Table 2: Tying resistance of end plate connection
Mode of failure
Bolts in tension
End plate in bending*
Supporting member in bending
Beam web in tension

NRd,u,1
NRd,u,2
NRd,u,3
NRd,u,4

The tying resistance of joint is the minimum of the above values.

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple connection (GB)

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX012a-EN-GB

Title

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple


connection

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-8, EN1993-1-1

Made by

Laurent Narboux

Date

Dec 2006

Checked by

Abdul Malik

Date

Jan 2007

Sheet

of

End Plate Connection - Details

10

IPE 300
UKB
S235
305x165x40

Created on Monday, March 22, 2010


This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

UKC
HEA 200
203x203x46
S235

p3

gv

e 2,c

100

M20, 8.8

51.8
50

45

e1
hp

a = 4 mm

p1

230

p1

70
70

e1
45
mp

50

e2

n1

= number of horizontal rows of bolts

n1 = 3

n2

= number of vertical lines of bolts

n2 = 2

Main joint data


Configuration

Beam to column flange

Column

UKC 20320346, S275

Beam

UKB 30516540, S275

Type of connection

End plate connection using non-preloaded bolts


Category A: Bearing type

End plate

230 200 10, S275

Bolts

M20, grade 8.8

Fillet welds

Throat a = 4 mm

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple connection (GB)

Created on Monday, March 22, 2010


This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX012a-EN-GB

Title

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple


connection

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-8, EN1993-1-1

Made by

Laurent Narboux

Date

Dec 2006

Checked by

Abdul Malik

Date

Jan 2007

Sheet

of

Column UKC 20320346, S275

BS4

Depth

= 203.2 mm

Width

= 203.6 mm

Corus
Advance

Thickness of the web

tw,c

= 7.2 mm

Thickness of the flange

tf,c

= 11.0 mm

Fillet radius

= 10.2 mm

Area

= 58.7 cm2

Second moment of area

Iy

= 4570 cm4

Depth between fillets

dc

= 160.8 mm

Yield strength

fy,c

= 275 N/mm2

Ultimate tensile strength

fu,c

= 430 N/mm2

Supported Beam UKB 30516540, S275

BS4

Depth

= 303.4 mm

Width

= 165.0 mm

Corus
Advance

Thickness of the web

tw,b1 = 6.0 mm

Thickness of the flange

tf,b1

= 10.2 mm

Fillet radius

= 8.9 mm

Area

= 51.3 cm2

Second moment of area

Iy

= 8500 cm4

Yield strength

fy,b1 = 275 N/mm2

Ultimate tensile strength

fu,b1 = 430 N/mm2

End plate 230 200 10, S275


Vertical gap

gv

= 35 mm

Depth

hp

= 230 mm

Width

bp

= 200 mm

Thickness

tp

= 10 mm

Yield strength

fy,p

= 275 N/mm2

Ultimate tensile strength

fu,p

= 430 N/mm2

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple connection (GB)

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX012a-EN-GB

Title

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple


connection

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-8, EN1993-1-1

Made by

Laurent Narboux

Date

Dec 2006

Checked by

Abdul Malik

Date

Jan 2007

Sheet

Direction of load transfer (1)


Number of horizontal bolt rows

n1

=3

Plate edge to first bolt row

el

= 45 mm

Pitch between bolt rows

pl

= 70 mm

Number of vertical lines of bolts

n2

=2

Plate edge to bolt line

e2

= 50 mm

Column edge to bolt line

e2,c

= 51.8 mm

Gauge (i.e. distance between cross centers)

p3

= 100 mm

Total number of bolts ( n = n1 n2 )

=6

Tensile stress area

As

= 245 mm2

Diameter of the shank

= 20 mm

Diameter of the holes

do

= 22 mm

Diameter of the washer

dw

=37 mm

Yield strength

fyb

= 640 N/mm2

Ultimate tensile strength

fub

= 800 N/mm2

= 4 mm

Direction perpendicular to load transfer (2)

Created on Monday, March 22, 2010


This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

Bolts M20, 8.8

Welds
Throat thickness of the weld
Partial safety factors
M0

= 1.0

M2

= 1.25 (for shear resistance at ULS)

M,u

= 1.1 (for tying resistance at ULS)

Design shear force (at ULS)


VEd

= 180 kN

of

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple connection (GB)

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX012a-EN-GB

Title

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple


connection

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-8, EN1993-1-1

Made by

Laurent Narboux

Date

Dec 2006

Checked by

Abdul Malik

Date

Jan 2007

Sheet

of

Ductility Requirements
The supporting element is a column flange, therefore the connection should
comply with the following conditions:
tp

d f ub
2.8 f y,p

SN014

or
t f,c

d f ub
2.8 f y,c

d f ub
20 800
=
= 12.18 mm
2.8 f y,p 2.8 275

Created on Monday, March 22, 2010


This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

t p = 10 mm

Since tp<12.18 mm, the ductility is ensured.


Weld Design

SN014

The supported beam is steel grade S275, so the requirement is the following:
a 0.39 t w,b1
0.39 6 = 2.34 mm

a = 4 mm
Since a > 2.34 mm, therefore OK.
Joint Shear Resistance
Bolts in shear
VRd,1

= 0.8nFv,Rd

SN014

The shear resistance of a single bolt, Fv,Rd is given by:

Fv,Rd

v f ub A
M2

where:
M2

= 1.25 for shear resistance

= 0.6 for grade 8.8 bolts

= As = 245 mm2

Fv,Rd =

0.6 800 245


10 3 = 94.1 kN
1.25

EN1993-1-8
Table 3.4

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple connection (GB)

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX012a-EN-GB

Title

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple


connection

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-8, EN1993-1-1

Made by

Laurent Narboux

Date

Dec 2006

Checked by

Abdul Malik

Date

Jan 2007

Sheet

of

VRd,1 = 0.8 6 94.1 = 451.7 kN


End plate in bearing
VRd,2

= nFb, Rd

SN014

The bearing resistance of a single bolt, Fb,Rd is given by:


Fb, Rd =

k1 b f u, p d t p

EN1993-1-8
Table 3.4

M2

where:
e
= min 1 ;
3d
o

Created on Monday, March 22, 2010


This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

p1 1
;
3d o 4

f ub
; 1 .0

f u,p

e1
45
=
= 0.68
3d o 3 22

p1 1
70
1
=
= 0.81
3d o 4 3 22 4
f ub 800
=
= 2.22
f u,p 360

e
= min 2.8 2 1.7 ; 2.5
do

k1

2.8

= min(0.68 ; 0.81 ; 2.22 ; 1.0) = 0.68

e2
2.8 50
1.7 =
1.7 = 4.66
do
22

k1

= min (4.66 ; 2.5) = 2.5

Fb,Rd

VRd,2

2.5 0.68 430 20 10


10 3 = 117 kN
1.25

= 6 117 = 702 kN

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple connection (GB)

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX012a-EN-GB

Title

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple


connection

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-8, EN1993-1-1

Made by

Laurent Narboux

Date

Dec 2006

Checked by

Abdul Malik

Date

Jan 2007

Sheet

of

Beam web in shear

SN014

f y,b1

= Av

VRd,8

3 M0
f y,b1

= 0.9 h p t w,b1

3 M0

= 0.9 230 6

VRd,8

275
10 3 = 197.2 kN
3 1.0

SN015

Joint Tying Resistance


End plate in bending

= min FRd, u, ep1 ;

Created on Monday, March 22, 2010


This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

N Rd, u,2

FRd, u, ep2

EN1993-1-8
Table 6.2

The bending resistance for mode 1 failure, FRd,u,ep1 is given by:

FRd,u,ep1 = FT,1, Rd =

(8np 2ew )M pl,1,Rd,u


2mp np ew (mp + np )

EN1993-1-8
Table 6.2

The bending resistance for mode 2 failure, FRd,u,ep2 is given by:

FRd, u,ep2 = FT,2, Rd =

2M pl,2,Rd, u + np Ft, Rd, u


mp + np

d w 37
=
= 9.25 mm
4
4

tw,b1

ew

np

= min e2 ; e2,c ; 1,25m p

e2

= 50 mm

e2,c

= 51.8 mm

mp =

(p

0,8 a2
mp

a
tp
p3

) (

t w,b1 2 0,8 a 2
100 6 2 0.8 4 2
=
= 42.5 mm
2
2

1.25m p = 1.25 42.5 = 53.1 mm

n p = min (50 ;

51 ;

53 . 10 ) = 50 mm

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple connection (GB)

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX012a-EN-GB

Title

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple


connection

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-8, EN1993-1-1

Made by

Laurent Narboux

Date

Dec 2006

Checked by

Abdul Malik

Date

Jan 2007

Sheet

Mode 1:
=

M pl,1,Rd,u

FRd,u,ep1 =

2
1 h p t p f u,p 1 230 10 2 430
=
10 6 = 2.25 kNm
4 M,u
4
1.1

(8 50 2 9.25) 2.25 103 = 253 kN


2 42.5 50 9.25 (42.5 + 50 )

Mode 2:
M pl,2,Rd,u

= M pl,1,Rd,u = 2.25 kNm

Ft,Rd,u

M,u

= 0.9

k2
Created on Monday, March 22, 2010
This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

k 2 f ub As

Ft,Rd,u =

0,9 800 245


10 3 = 160.4 kN
1 .1

t,Rd,u

= nFt,Rd,u = 6 160.4 = 962 kN

n is total number of bolts


FRd,u,ep2 =

2 2.25 103 + 50 962.4


= 569 kN
42.5 + 50

N Rd,u,2 = min(253; 569) = 253 kN


Summary

The following tables summarize the resistance values for all the applicable
modes of failure. Calculation of the values given in shaded boxes is not
presented in this worked example. The governing value (i.e. the minimum
value) for each of the shear and tying resistances is shown in bold type.

of

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple connection (GB)

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX012a-EN-GB

Title

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple


connection

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-8, EN1993-1-1

Made by

Laurent Narboux

Date

Dec 2006

Checked by

Abdul Malik

Date

Jan 2007

Created on Monday, March 22, 2010


This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

Mode of failure

Sheet

of

Joint shear resistance

Bolts in shear

VRd,1

452 kN

End plate in bearing

VRd,2

702 kN

Supporting member in bearing

VRd,3

919 kN

End plate in shear (gross section)

VRd,4

575 kN

End plate in shear (net section)

VRd,5

651 kN

End plate in shear (block shear)

VRd,6

716 kN

End plate in bending

VRd,7

Beam web in shear

VRd,8

197 kN

The design shear resistance of the end plate connection is VRd = VRd,8 = 197 kN
Design shear force, VEd = 180 kN < VRd,8 therefore the shear resistance of the
connection is satisfactory.

Mode of failure

Joint tying resistance

Bolts in tension

NRd,u,1

962 kN

End plate in bending

NRd,u,2

253 kN

Supporting member in bending

NRd,u,3

N/A

Beam web in tension

NRd,u,4

539 kN

Note: if column flange thickness is less than the end plate thickness, then the
column flange should be checked for bending.
The design tying resistance of the end plate connection is:
N Rd,u = N Rd,u,2 = 253 kN

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple connection (GB)

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple connection


SX012a-EN-GB

Quality Record
RESOURCE TITLE

Example: End plate beam-to-column-flange simple connection

Reference

SX012a-EN-GB

Created on Monday, March 22, 2010


This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

LOCALISED RESOURCE DOCUMENT


Name

Company

Date

Created by

Laurent Narboux

SCI

Dec 2006

Technical content checked by

Abdul Malik

SCI

Jan 2007

Editorial content checked by

D C Iles

SCI

19/2/07