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Unit Conversions

revised July 2010


Page 1 of 2

to convert

to

multiply by

Mass & Weight


0.035274
2.20462
0.001
0.984207
0.001
446.43 x 10-6
0.0005

ounce (oz)
pound (lb)
tonne (metric ton or MT)
ton UK (long ton)
kip
ton UK (long ton)
ton USA (short ton)

gram (g)
kilogram (kg)
kilogram (kg)
tonne (t)
pound (lb)
pound (lb)
pound (lb)

28.349
0.453592
1000
1.01605
1000
2240
2000

inch (in)
foot (ft)
yard
mile
thou or mil
millimetre (mm)
micrometre (micron or m)

millimetre (mm)
metre (m)
metre (m)
kilometre (km)
millimetre (mm)
micrometre (micron or m)
micro-inch (")

25.400
0.3048
0.91440
1.60934
0.02540
1000
39.370

acre
square inch (in)
square foot (ft)
square metre (m)

hectare (ha)
square centimetre (cm)
square metre (m)
hectare (ha)

0.40469
6.4516
0.092903
0.0001

gal (UK)
gal (US)
litre (l or L)
fluid ounce (fl oz)
pint (UK)
cubic metre (m3)
cubic inch (in3)

litre (l or L)
litre (l or L)
millilitre (ml)
millilitre (ml)
litre (l or L)
litre (l or L)
millilitre (ml)

4.5461
3.7854
1000
28.413
0.56826
1000
16.3871

pascal (Pa)
megapascal (MPa)
kilopascal (kPa)
megapascal (MPa)
pound-force/sq.inch (lbf/in or psi)
pound-force/sq.inch (lbf/in or psi)
megapascal (MPa)
ton-force (UK)/sq.inch (tonf/in)
kilogram-force/sq.mm (kgf/mm)
megapascal (MPa)
kilopascal (kPa)
inches mercury (in Hg)
pound-force/sq.in (lbf/in or psi)
kilopascal (kPa)
kilopascal (kPa)
pound-force/sq.in (lbf/in or psi)

1.000
1.000
1000
1000
145.04
1000
6.895
0.06475
0.10197
0.100
100
29.53
14.504
6.89476
101.32
14.696

Length
0.0393701
3.28084
1.09361
0.621371
39.370
0.001
0.02540

Area
2.47105
0.1550
10.7639
10000

Volume
0.21997
0.26417
0.001
0.035195
1.7598
0.001
0.061024

Tensile Strength, Stress & Pressure


1.000
1.000
0.001
0.001
0.006895
0.001
0.145
15.444
9.80665
10.00
0.010
0.03386
0.06895
0.14504
0.009869
0.06804

multiply by

newton/sq.metre (N/m)
newton/sq.mm (N/mm)
megapascal (MPa)
gigapascal (GPa)
megapascal (MPa)
ksi
ksi
megapascal (MPa)
megapascal (MPa)
bar
bar
bar
bar
pound-force/sq.in (lbf/in or psi)
atmosphere (atm)
atmosphere (atm)

to

to convert

ATLAS STEELS
www.atlassteels.com.au

Unit Conversions
revised July 2010
Page 2 of 2

to convert

to

multiply by

Force
105
0.10197
0.22481
2.2046
0.10036

dyne
kilogram-force (kgf)
pound-force (lbf)
pound-force (lbf)
ton-force (UK)

newton (N)
newton (N)
newton (N)
kilogram-force (kgf)
kilonewton (kN)

10-5
9.80665
4.44822
0.45359
9.9640

pound-force foot (lbf ft)


kilogram-force metre (kgf m)
pound-force inch (lbf in)

newton metre (Nm)


newton metre (Nm)
newton metre (Nm)

1.356
9.80665
0.1130

kilogram/cu.metre (kg/m3)
kilogram/cu.metre (kg/m3)
kilogram/cu.metre (kg/m3)

1000
27680
0.06243

foot pound-force (ft lbf)


calorie (cal)
kilogram-force metre (kgf m)
British thermal unit (Btu)
kilowatt hour (kWh)
therm

joule (J)
joule (J)
joule (J)
joule (J)
megajoule (MJ)
megajoule (MJ)

1.35582
4.1868
9.80665
1055.1
3.600
105.51

watt (W)
horsepower
British thermal unit/hr (Btu/h)
kilocalorie/hour (kcal/h)
foot pound-force/sec (ft lbf/s)
kilogram-force metre/sec (kgf m/s)

joule/sec (J/s)
kilowatt (kW)
watt (W)
watt (W)
watt (W)
watt (W)

1.000
0.74570
0.2931
1.163
1.3558
9.80665

Torque
0.7376
0.10197
8.851

Density
0.001
gram/cu.centimetre (g/cm3)
-6
36.127 x 10 pound/cu.inch (lb/in3)
16.0185
pound/cu.foot (lb/ft3)

Energy, Work & Heat


0.73756
0.2388
0.10197
9.478 x 10-4
0.27778
0.009478

Power
1.000
1.3410
3.4121
0.8598
0.73757
0.10197

multiply by

to

to convert

Temperature
F = (C x 1.8) + 32

C = (F 32) / 1.8

K = C + 273.15

ATLAS STEELS TECHNICAL SERVICES DEPARTMENT


Freecall

1800 818 599 (Australia)

e-mail

tech@atlassteels.com.au

Further information is also given on the Atlas website at www.atlassteels.com.au


Contact details for the extensive Atlas branch network are also listed on this website.

LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
The information contained in this Atlas Steels publication is not an exhaustive statement of all relevant
information. It is a general guide for customers to the products and services available from Atlas Steels and
no representation is made or warranty given in relation to this information or the products or processes it
describes.

This publication may be freely copied, but it is requested that the source be acknowledged.
Copyright Atlas Steels 2010

ATLAS STEELS
www.atlassteels.com.au