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Materials System Specification

Materials System Specification

01-SAMSS-010

Fabricated Steel Piping

25 May 2011

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee Members

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards

Table of Contents

1

Scope

2

2

Conflicts and Deviations

2

3

References

2

4

Purchase Order Information

4

5

Material Requirements

4

6

Requirements for Design, Cutting and Fitting

6

7

Bending

9

8

Welding

9

9

Inspection and Tests

9

10

Product Marking and Preparation for Shipment

10

Previous Issue: 11 May 2010

Next Planned Update: 11 May 2014

Primary contact Nasri, Nadhir Ibrahim on 966-3-8760162

Copyright©Saudi Aramco 2011. All rights reserved.

Page 1 of 11

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-010

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 11 May 2014

25 May 2011

Fabricated Steel Piping

1 Scope

1.1 This specification defines the minimum mandatory requirements governing the fabrication of steel pipe spools, including welding, heat treatment, and threading of pipes.

1.2 This specification may be used for piping made of high strength special steel or alloy steels for low and high temperature applications. In this case, exceptions and additions to this specification will be stated in the Purchase Order or its attachments.

1.3 The governing code shall be ASME B31.3 unless B31.1, B31.4 or B31.8 is specified in the Purchase Order as required.

2 Conflicts and Deviations

2.1 Any conflicts between this specification and other applicable Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs), Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes, and forms shall be resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2 Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company or Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure | SAEP-302 and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

3 References

The selection of material and equipment, and the design, construction, maintenance, and repair of equipment and facilities covered by this specification shall comply with the latest edition of the references listed below, unless otherwise noted.

3.1 Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure

Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards

Welding Requirements for On-plot Piping

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-010

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 11 May 2014

25 May 2011

Fabricated Steel Piping

Welding Requirements for Pipelines

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications

API Line Pipe

Small Direct Charge Purchase of In-Plant Pipe

Induction and Furnace Hot Pipe Bends

Butt Welding Pipe Fittings

Forged Steel Weld Neck Flanges for Low, Intermediate and High Temperature Service

Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements

Form 175-013100

Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

Saudi Aramco Standard Drawings

Piping Symbols

Bridge Weld and Typical Brace Seal Welded and Socket Welded Valves on Process Lines

Reinforcement of Welded Branch Connections

Welding Boss for Threaded Connections

Welding Boss for Socket Weld Connections

3.2 Industry Codes and Standards

American Petroleum Institute

API SPEC 5L

Specification for Line Pipe

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASME B1.20.1

Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)

ASME B16.11

Forged Steel Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded

ASME B16.5

Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings

ASME B16.9

Factor-made Wrought Buttwelding Fittings

ASME B16.25

Buttwelding Ends

ASME B16.47

Large Diameter Steel Flanges

ASME B31.1

Power Piping

ASME B31.3

Process Piping

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-010

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 11 May 2014

25 May 2011

Fabricated Steel Piping

ASME B31.4

Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids

ASME B31.8

Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems

ASME SEC V

Nondestructive Examination

International Organization for Standardization

NACE MR0175/ISO 15156

Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries Materials for Use in H 2 S-Containing Environments in Oil and Gas Production, 2002 edition

Manufacturers Standardization Society

MSS-SP-83

Carbon Steel Pipe Unions, Socket-Welding and Thread Ends

4 Purchase Order Information

The Purchase Order will include the following:

a) The applicable code (ASME B31.1, B31.3, B31.4, or B31.8).

b) Detailed Isometric Drawings or Piping Detail.

c) Service conditions.

d) Post-weld heat treatment, if required by service conditions (otherwise, it shall be governed by the applicable code).

e) Materials to be supplied by the Vendor.

f) Materials to be supplied by the Buyer to the Vendor, if any.

g) Inspection Requirements - Form 175-013100 plus any additional requirements.

h) Minimum I.D. dimension, if required to permit passage of instrumented scraper or maintenance scraper.

i) Impact testing requirements.

j) Non-material Requirements (NMR) form for fabricated pipe bend(s) if applicable.

k) Surface preparation and paint or coating requirements.

5 Material Requirements

All materials supplied by the Vendor for piping elements or structural attachments shall conform to the requirements of the applicable code and shall be traceable to mill certificates. Used or reclaimed materials or materials of unknown specification are not permitted.

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-010

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 11 May 2014

25 May 2011

Fabricated Steel Piping

5.1 Pipe

5.1.1 The Pipe material shall be according to the Purchase Order.

5.1.2 Unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order, the allowable materials for carbon steel are:

1)

API SPEC 5L Grade B through X65, PSL 2 either seamless or single seam submerged arc welded pipe, conforming to 01-SAMSS-035 or 01-SAMSS-038.

2)

ASTM A53 seamless Grade B or A106 Grade B conforming to 01-SAMSS-035 or 01-SAMSS-038.

5.1.3 ERW pipe (electric resistance welded) shall not be used for process piping designed to ASME B31.3.

5.2 Pipe Nipples

5.2.1 Nipples shall be Schedule 80 minimum. Threads shall be in accordance with ASME B1.20.1 taper pipe thread.

5.2.2 Pipe sizes of 1½-inch and smaller in vibration service, shall have bracing in accordance with Standard Drawing AB-036521. Where bracing cannot be effectively provided, nipples with Schedule 160 shall be installed.

5.3 Flanges

Flanges shall be ASME weld neck type in accordance with 02-SAMSS-011. Flange specification, rating, and facing shall be as specified in the Purchase Order.

5.4 Unless otherwise shown on the Purchase Order drawings, the pipe fittings shall be as follows:

5.4.1 Butt welding pipe fittings shall be used for nominal pipe sizes 2-inch and larger. Butt welding pipe fittings shall be in accordance with 02-SAMSS-005. The material grade of butt welding fittings shall match, or be equivalent in strength to, that of the adjoining pipe.

5.4.2 Forged steel threaded or socket-welding fittings 1 ½” and smaller shall conform to ASME B16.11, pressure class 3000 and ASTM A105.

5.4.3 All unions shall conform to MSS-SP-83, Class 3000 for nominal pipe sizes 1½” and smaller. The material shall be carbon steel per ASTM A105, ASTM A350 or alloy steel per ASTM A182.

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-010

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 11 May 2014

25 May 2011

Fabricated Steel Piping

5.4.4 For nominal pipe sizes 1 ½” and smaller, forged steel welding bosses shall conform to either Standard Drawing AE-036175 or AE-036643 or be equivalent to A105 integrally reinforced fittings, pressure class 3000 minimum.

5.5 Reinforcing and Attachments

Steel plate used for reinforcing pads, sleeves, saddles and other structural attachments shall conform to a code listed plate material with specified minimum yield strength of 241.3 MPa (35,000 psi) or greater.

All reinforcing and attachment welds shall be continuous. Skip or stitch welding is not permitted.

5.6 Additional material requirements for sour service.

5.6.1 Pipes shall meet the requirements of Annex K & H of API SPEC 5L.

5.6.2 Flanges and fittings shall be in accordance with NACE MR0175.

6 Requirements for Design, Cutting and Fitting

6.1 Drawings

6.1.1 The Vendor shall prepare detailed shop fabrication drawings based on the Purchase Order drawings. The shop drawings shall be submitted to the Buyer for approval prior to fabrication.

6.1.2 Any details not shown on Buyer's drawings shall be designed by the Vendor in accordance with the applicable ASME B31 code.

6.1.3 Standard piping symbols used on Piping Detail Sheets and Isometric Detail Sheets are identified on Standard Drawing AB-036227.

6.1.4 Approval of Vendor's drawings by the Buyer does not relieve the Vendor of the responsibility for compliance with the code, this specification and the Purchase Order requirements.

6.2 Reinforcement Pads

6.2.1 The reinforcement pad shall be in accordance with the Standard Drawing

6.2.2 A 3-6 mm weep hole shall be provided for each reinforcing. The weep hole shall not be mechanically plugged nor seal welded but can be plugged with grease

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-010

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 11 May 2014

25 May 2011

Fabricated Steel Piping

6.3 Mitered Joints and Bends

Mitered bends or miter pipe joints are not permitted. A mitered joint is defined as a joint with an angular offset larger than three degrees.

6.4 Pipe Joints

6.4.1 For butt-weld connections of wall thickness ratio of joined pipes greater than 1.5, end preparations and geometry shall comply with ASME B16.25.

6.4.2 Threaded and socket welded joints shall be 1-1/2” and smaller. For socket-welded connections, the axial gap between male and female component, as shown in Figure 328.5.2C of ASME B31.3 code, shall be maximum of 3 mm and minimum of 1.5 mm.

6.4.3 Seal welding is required of all threaded joints up to the first block valve except in the following services:

a) Thermowells

b) Bar stock plugs downstream of a seal-welded block valve.

c) Special devices such as access fittings and scraper signals.

d) Joints which require frequent disassembly and are located downstream of a seal welded block valve, e.g., sample connections.

e) Instrument piping downstream of the primary instrument isolation valve.

f) Pipe union ring threads and joints with elastomer o-rings.

g) Threaded joints, downstream of a seal welded root valve, which discharge directly to an open drainage system or to the atmosphere.

h) Extended body valves with integrally reinforced welding end per API STD 602.

6.5 Pipe Components

6.5.1 Pipe unions shall not be installed in the pipe section between the main pipe run and root valve.

6.5.2 Integrally reinforced fittings shall be designed to abut the pipe wall with a full penetration weld.

6.5.3 Couplings and half-couplings shall not be used as integrally reinforced fittings. Couplings are not permitted between the header and root valve.

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-010

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 11 May 2014

25 May 2011

Fabricated Steel Piping

6.5.4 The use of LokRing coupling is limited to piping 2 inch maximum for instrument air, nitrogen gas, and water service.

6.5.5 Bushings with one size reduction shall not be used. Only hex head steel bushings shall be used. Flush steel bushings are not permitted.

6.6 Ends for Field Welding

6.6.1 The ends of pipe and pipe spools to be joined by girth welds during field installation, shall be prepared and matched to facilitate fit-up in the field unless it is indicated in the drawing where extra length is to be cut back in the field for adjustment. Corresponding welding ends shall be clearly marked.

6.6.2 All welding ends shall be beveled with an angle of 35 degrees, ±5 degrees, and a root face of 1.6 mm. The bevels shall be either machine-cut bevels or smooth, clean, slag-free flame cut. The end plane shall be normal to the pipe axis as defined on the piping drawing, within 0.25 degrees.

6.7 Dimensional Tolerances

6.7.1 The tolerance for axial dimensions, face-to-face, center-to-face and location of attachments shall be ±3 mm maximum.

6.7.2 Lateral offset of branches and connections from centerline of run shall not exceed ± 1.6 mm.

6.7.3 Flange bolt holes shall straddle the established centerlines. Rotation of flanges, measured as the offset between elevation of bolt holes on opposite sides of a flange centerline shall not exceed ±1.6 mm.

6.7.4 The tilt of a flange measured at the periphery across any diameter shall not exceed 1 mm from the square position.

6.7.5 When a minimum I.D. dimension is specified by the Purchase Order (spool with pipe bend), the pipe spool shall be checked by the Vendor by passing a gauging scraper through the finished spool. The diameter of the gauging scraper shall be equal to the I.D. dimension specified and the length shall be approximately one-half of the nominal diameter.

6.7.6 Pipe spools and bends shall be checked and corrected after heat treatment to assure proper alignment of flanges and correct centerline dimensions.

6.7.7 Bend tolerances are: bend angle ±0.5 degree and bend radius ±1% unless otherwise indicated on Company drawing or Purchase Order.

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-010

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 11 May 2014

25 May 2011

Fabricated Steel Piping

7 Bending

7.1 Hot Bends

Furnace hot bends or induction bends shall comply with the requirement of

7.2 Cold Bending

Cold bending is not permitted for in-plant piping.

8 Welding

8.1 All welding, heat treating, and non-destructive testing shall be in accordance with the following specifications:

a) SAES-W-011 for ASME B31.3 applications.

b) SAES-W-012 for ASME B31.4 and ASME B31.8 applications.

8.2 Repairs

Unsuccessful weld repairs after the second attempt shall be cut out as a cylinder and shall be replaced with a new section of pipe and/or fittings.

8.3 Radiography

8.3.1 The non-mandatory appendix to ASME SEC V, Article 2 shall be used in determining the required number and location of radiographs for circumferential joints.

8.3.2 Progressive examinations and other additional radiography resulting from rejected or repaired welds shall be at Vendor's expense.

8.3.3 Progressive examinations and other additional radiography resulting from rejected or repaired welds shall not be included in the minimum percentage specified to be radiographed.

9 Inspection and Tests

All inspection and testing shall be performed as per Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements Form 175-013100.

9.1 Hydrostatic Tests

9.1.1 When all openings on a pipe spool are either flanged or threaded, the spool shall be hydrostatically tested. When no test pressure is indicated

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-010

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 11 May 2014

25 May 2011

Fabricated Steel Piping

in the Purchase Order, the hydrostatic test pressure shall be based on the flange rating as shown in ASME B16.5, but not less than the minimum test pressure per ASME B31.3 paragraph 345.4.2.

No paint or primer shall be applied over the girth welds prior to hydrostatic testing.

9.1.2 The Vendor shall provide the necessary blind flanges, plugs, caps, or plates required for the hydrotest.

9.1.3 Piping spools which have welding ends shall not be pressure tested unless provisions for test ends have been indicated in the Purchase Order documents. For piping spools which are not to be pressure tested, all weld joints shall be 100% inspected by using the NDT methods specified in the Purchase Order.

9.2 Inspection

The Vendor shall give an advance notice in writing to the Buyer for all tests required for the fabrications. All materials, certificates, fabrication, testing and examinations shall be subjected to verification by Buyer's Inspector in accordance with ASME B31.3 Chapter VI for full compliance with this Specification and the Purchase Order drawings and other requirements. Inspection shall be carried out at the place of manufacture.

10 Product Marking and Preparation for Shipment

10.1 Identification

10.1.1 Each spool shall be marked with the purchase order number and spool number painted at the ends as shown on the drawings. The numbers shall not be less than 25 mm in height. In addition, the spool number shall be die-stamped on the rim of each flange.

10.1.2 Pipe bends, delivered as separate components, shall be marked by paint stenciling with the following additional information:

a) Vendor name or trademark

b) Outside diameter and nominal wall thickness

c) Grade per API SPEC 5L or ASTM

d) Bend angle and radius

e) Point of tangency, both ends

f) Tempering heat treatment identification

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-010

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 11 May 2014

25 May 2011

Fabricated Steel Piping

g) Sour service or non-sour service

10.2 Cleaning

All loose foreign material and weld spatter shall be removed from the inside and outside of the spool. The spool shall be clean and dry.

10.3 Painting

Unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order the pipe spools shall not be painted or coated.

10.4 Protection

10.4.1 When spools are supplied with blind flanges, they shall be bolted on with the specified gaskets and stud bolts. Other flange faces shall be protected by a suitable cover bolted to the flange.

10.4.2 Threaded bosses shall be fitted with steel bar stock plugs. Threaded pipe ends shall be provided with steel or malleable iron pipe caps as temporary closure. Threads shall be coated with a graphite and oil paste.

10.4.3 Welding ends shall be protected against damage during handling and shipment by means of a securely fastened bevel protector.

10.4.4 Pipe and fittings shall not be stored directly on the ground.

10.4.5 Stacking shall be done in a manner to avoid damage to pipes, fittings or coatings.

10.4.6 All material shall be handled with care to prevent damage.

10.4.7 Lined and coated pipe and fittings shall be lifted with wide fabric or rubber-covered slings.

Revision Summary

11

May 2010

Major revision.

25

May 2011

Editorial revision to remove the committee list.

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