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Wet Bulb

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Humidity Chart

Dew Point

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Dry Bulb, Wet Bulb and Dew Point Temperature


Dry Bulb, Wet Bulb and Dew Point temperatures are commonly used to determine the state of humid
moist air
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The Dry Bulb, Wet Bulb and Dew Point temperatures are important to determine the state of humid air. The knowledge of only
two of these values is enough to determine the state - including the content of water vapor and the sensible and latent energy
(enthalpy).

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Dry Bulb Temperature - Tdb


The Dry Bulb temperature, usually referred to as air temperature, is the air property that is most common used. When people
refer to the temperature of the air, they are normally referring to its dry bulb temperature.
The Dry Bulb Temperature refers basically to the ambient air temperature. It is called "Dry Bulb" because the air temperature is
indicated by a thermometer not affected by the moisture of the air.
Dry-bulb temperature - T db, can be measured using a normal thermometer freely exposed to the air but shielded from radiation
and moisture. The temperature is usually given in degrees Celsius (oC) or degrees Fahrenheit (oF). The SI unit is Kelvin (K).
Zero Kelvin equals to -273oC.
The dry-bulb temperature is an indicator of heat content and is shown along the bottom axis of the psychrometric chart. Constant
dry bulb temperatures appear as vertical lines in the psychrometric chart.

Wet Bulb Temperature - Twb


The Wet Bulb temperature is the temperature of adiabatic saturation. This is the temperature indicated by a moistened
thermometer bulb exposed to the air flow.
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Wet Bulb temperature can be measured by using a thermometer with the bulb wrapped in wet muslin. The adiabatic evaporation
of water from the thermometer and the cooling effect is indicated by a "wet bulb temperature" lower than the "dry bulb
temperature" in the air.
The rate of evaporation from the wet bandage on the bulb, and the temperature difference between the dry bulb and wet bulb,
depends on the humidity of the air. The evaporation is reduced when the air contains more water vapor.
The wet bulb temperature is always lower than the dry bulb temperature but will be identical with 100% relative humidity (the air is
at the saturation line).
Combining the dry bulb and wet bulb temperature in a psychrometric diagram or Mollier chart, gives the state of the humid air.
Lines of constant wet bulb temperatures run diagonally from the upper left to the lower right in the Psychrometric Chart.

Dew Point Temperature - Tdp


The Dew Point is the temperature at which water vapor starts to condense out of the air (the temperature at which air becomes
completely saturated). Above this temperature the moisture will stay in the air.
if the dew-point temperature is close to the dry air temperature - the relative humidity is high
if the dew point is well below the dry air temperature - the relative humidity is low
If moisture condenses on a cold bottle taken from the refrigerator, the dew-point temperature of the air is above the temperature
in the refrigerator.
The Dew Point temperature can be measured by filling a metal can with water and some ice cubes. Stir by a thermometer and
watch the outside of the can. When the vapor in the air starts to condensate on the outside of the can, the temperature on the
thermometer is pretty close to the dew point of the actual air.
The Dew Point is given by the saturation line in the psychrometric chart.

Dew Point Temperature Charts


Dew point temperatures from dry and wet bulb temperatures are indicated in the charts below.

Dew Point Temperature Charts


Dew Point Temperature Chart in degrees Celcius
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Dew Point Temperature Chart in degrees Fahrenheit

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Related Topics
Air Psychrometrics - The study of moist and humid air - air condition - psychrometric charts, Mollier diagrams, air
temperature, absolute and relative humidity, moisture content and more

Related Documents
Recommended Indoor Temperature versus Outdoor Temperature - Recommended indoor effective temperatures
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at various outdoor dry-bulb temperatures


Comparing Mollier Diagrams and the Psychrometric Charts - Transforming between psycrometric charts and
Mollier diagrams
Cooling and Dehumidifying Air - Cooling and dehumidifying processes of moist and humid air - sensible and latent
cooling
Psychrometric Terms - Dry Bulb and Wet Bulb Temperature, Specific Volume, Relative Humidity, Enthalpy and more ..
Discomfort Index - Based on dry bulb, wet bulb and dew point temperature
Measuring Air Humidity - Measuring relative air humidity with dry and wet bulb temperatures

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en: dry wet dew bulb point temperature

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Wet Bulb Temperature


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Dry Air

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