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Board of Intermediate Education


Senior Inter Chemistry
Model Paper (English Version)
Time : 3.00 Hours

Max. Marks: 60

SECTION - A
Note: 1) Very Short Answer type questions.
2) Answer ALL questions.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What are "Narcotic drugs"? Give two examples.

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What are "Anti septics"? Give two examples.
What is PHBV? How is it useful to man?

What are "Schottky defects" and "Frenkel defects"?

How many unit cells share each of the following lattice points in a cubic lattice.
a) a lattice point at the corner of the cell
b) at the face centre

c) center of the body and


d) at the edge of the cell.

6.
7.
8.

What are "Bronsted acids" and "Bronsted bases"?

Find the pH of 0.05 M Ba(OH)2 aqueous solution?


What is the EAN of the central atom in
a) K4[Fe(CN)6] b) [Co(NH3)6]Cl3

9.
10.

10 2 = 20

What is Reimer - Tieman reaction? Give equation.


Complete the following reactions:
LiAlH4
a) CH3COOH
NH2NH2

b) CH3CHO
alc. KOH

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SECTION - B
Note: 1) Short Answer type questions.
2) Answer any SIX questions.
6 4 = 24
11. State Raoult's law. The vapour pressure of a solution containing 108.24 g. of a

non volatile solute in 1000 g. of H2O at 20 C is 17.354 mm Hg. The vapour

pressure of H2O at 20 C is 17.540 mm Hg. Find the molecular weight of the


substance.
12.

13.
14.

State and explain Faraday's first law of electrolysis. A current of 0.25 amp is
passed through a CuSO4 solution for 45 minutes. Calculate the mass of Copper
deposited on the Cathode. (At. wt. of Cu = 63.6 g)

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Write any four differences between physical adsorption and chemical adsorption.

Define the following terms.


a) Enthalpy

b) Extensive property

c) 1st law of thermodynamics d) Heat of combustion.

15.

Explain the following:


a) Roasting and

16.

Write balanced equations for the reactions of H2O with

a) PCl3

17.
18.

b) Calcination

b) PCl5

c) P4O6

d) P4O10

Write the important postulates of Werner's theory of complex compounds.

Give one source and one deficiency disease caused by the vitamins, A, E, D, K.

SECTION - C

Note: 1) Long Answer type questions.


2) Answer any TWO questions.

19.

2 8

16

a) How is Ozone prepared in Brodie's method?

b) Give the reactions of bleaching powder with the following and give equations.
i) H2O
ii) CO2
iii) Ethanol
iv) Excess of dil. acid

20.

Discuss the collision theory of reaction rates. Support your explanation with a
relevant diagram.

21.

Write any two methods of preparation of Aniline. What happens when Aniline
is treated with the following? Give equations.
i) HCl

ii) CH3COCl

iii) CHCl3 + Alc. KOH

iv) NaNO2 + HCl

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ANSWERS
1.

What are "Narcotic drugs"? Give two examples.

A:

The alkaloid having addictive property that cause depression of central nervous
system and relieves strong pains like cardiac pain, post operative pain.
e.g.: Morphine, Codeine.

2.

What are "Anti septics"? Give two examples.

A:

The chemical compound that prevent or kill the growth of microorganisms.


e.g.: Bithionol, Dettol.

3.
A:

What is PHBV? How is it useful to man?

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Poly Hydroxy Butyrate - co - - hydroxy Valerate (PHBV) is a copolymer


of 3-hydroxy butanoic acid and 3-hydroxy pentanoic acid.
It is used to make capsules. It is used in orthopaedic devices.

4.
A:

What are "Schottky defects" and "Frenkel defects"?

Schottky defect: A stoichiometric, point defect that occurs when the size of the
ions are same and same number of cations and anions are missing from the lattice points are called "Schottky defect".
Frenkel defect: A stoichiometric, point defect that occurs when small size
cation occupies interstitial site instead of lattice site is called "Frenkel defect".

5.

How many unit cells share each of the following lattice points in a cubic lattice
(a) lattice point at the corner of the cell
(b) at the face centre

c) center of the body and


d) at the edge of the cell.

A:

1
a) ___
8

1
b) ___
2

c) 1

1
d) ___
4

6.

What are "Bronsted acids" and "Bronsted bases"?

A:

Bronsted acid: A substance that donates proton to another substance.


e.g.: HCl, HNO3.
Bronsted base: A substance that accepts proton from another substance.
e.g.: NH Cl-.
3

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7.
A:

Find the pH of 0.05 M Ba(OH)2 aqueous solution?


N = [OH-] = 2 M = 2 0.05 = 0.1 = 10-1.
pOH
... pH

8.

= - log [OH-] = - log [10-1] = -(-1) = 1


= 14 - pOH = 14 - 1 = 13.

What is EAN of the central atom in


a) K4 [Fe(CN)6]

A:

b) [Co (NH3)6] Cl3

a) EAN = Z - Oxidation state + 2 number of monodentate ligands


= 26 - 2 + (2 6) = 24 + 12 = 36
b) EAN = 27 - 3 + (2 6) = 24 + 12 = 36

9.
A:

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What is Reimer - Tieman reaction? Give equation.

Chloroform in presence of NaOH at 65 C reacts with phenol to give salicylaldehyde.


OH

10.

CHO
OH
65 C
O + CHCl3 + 3 NaOH O
+ 3 NaCl + 3 H2O
Complete the following reactions.
LiAlH4
a) CH3COOH

NH2NH2
b) CH3CHO
alc. KOH

A:

Li AlH4
a) CH3 C O O H + CH3CH2OH + H2O
+H2 H2

Ethyl alcohol

b) CH3CH O + H2 N NH2

H3C
alc. KOH
C = N - N H2 N2 + C2H6
-H2O H

Ethane

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SECTION - B
11.

State Raoult's law. The vapour pressure of a solution containing 108.24

grams of a non volatile solute in 1000 grams of H2O at 20 C is 17.354 mm

Hg. The vapour pressure of H2O at 20 C is 17.540 mm Hg. Find the molecular weight of the substance.

A:

The relative lowering of vapour pressure of a dilute solution (Containing non


volatile solute) is equal to the mole fraction of the solute.

P - Ps
W2 ________
M1
_________
________
=

P
M2
W1
17.540 - 17.354
108.24
18
___________________________ = __________ __________
17.540
M2
1000

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108.24 18 17.540
... M = ___________________________ = 183.73
1000 0.186

12.

A:

State and explain Faraday's first law of electrolysis. A current of 0.25 amp
is passed through a CuSO4 solution for 45 minutes. Calculate the mass of
copper deposited on the cathode. (Gram atomic weight of Cu = 63.6 grams)
The mass of substance deposited or liberated or dissolved at an electrode during the electrolysis of an electrolyte is directly proportional to the quantity of
electricity passing through the electrolyte.

cEt
m = c e t = __________
96500

0.25 31.8 45 60
96500

Mass of copper deposited (m) =


= 0.222 grams.

13.
A:

Write the four differences between physical adsorption and chemical


adsorption.
Property

Physical

Chemical

adsorption

adsorption

Weak

Strong

20-40 K.J. mol-1

40-400 K.J. mol-1

3. Energy of Activation

Very low

Very high

4. Nature of adsorbate

Multi layered

Unilayered

1. Nature of adsorption
2. Enthalpy of adsorption

layers formed

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14.

A:

Define the following terms.


a) Enthalpy

b) Extensive property

c) 1st law of thermodynamics

d) Heat of combustion.

a) Enthalpy: The total heat content of a substance or a system at constant pressure and at certain temperature.
b) Extensive property: The property of a system which depends on the total
amount of the substance present in the system.
c) First law of thermodynamics: Energy neither can be created nor be
destroyed but can be converted from one form to another form.

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d) Heat of combustion: Amount of heat liberated during complete combustion


of one mole of a substance.

15.

Explain the following.


a) Roasting and

A:

b) Calcination.

a) Roasting: The process of heating an ore strongly below its melting point in
presence of air.

Oxidising roasting: Sulphide ore is converted into oxide.


2 ZnS + 3 O2 2 ZnO + 2 SO2

Sulphatizing roasting: Sulphide ore is converted into sulphate.


ZnS + 2 O2

650 C
ZnSO4

Chloridizing roasting: Sulphide ore is converted into chloride.


Ag2S + 2 NaCl + 2 O2 2 AgCl + Na2SO4

b) Calcination: The process of heating an ore in absence of air.

CaCO3 CaO + CO2

16.

Write balanced equations for the reactions of H2O with


a) PCl3

A:

b) PCl5

c) P4O6

d) P4O10

a) PCl3 + 3 H - OH 3 HCl + H3PO3


b) PCl5 + 4 H2O 5 HCl + H3PO4
c) P4O6 + 6 H2O 4 H3PO3
d) P4O10 + 6 H2O 4 H3PO4

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17.
A:

Write the important postulates of Werner's theory of complex compounds.

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Every complex compound has a central atom or ion.

The central metal shows a) Primary valency and b) Secondary valency.


a) Primary valency: identical to ionic bond.

is equal to oxidation state of the metal.

is non - directional.

b) Secondary valency: identical to covalent bond.

is equal to the coordination number of the metal.

is directional.

18.
A:

Give one source and one deficiency disease caused by the vitamins A, E, D,
K.
S.No.

1.
2.

Vitamin

Source

Deficiency disease

Fish oil,

Night blindness,

rice polishing

Redness of eyes

Soya bean oil,

Sterility, neurosis

egg yolk

of heart muscles.

3.

Butter, milk

Rickets, osteomalacia

4.

Green leafy

Continuos bleeding,

vegetables,

non clotting of blood.

Cabbage

SECTION - C
19.

a) How is Ozone prepared in Brodie's method?


b) Give the reactions of bleaching powder with the following and give the
equations.
i) H2O

A.

ii) CO2

iii) Ethanol

iv) Excess of dil. acid

a) Brodie's Ozonizer is made up of glass. It is placed in a cylinder having dilute


H2SO4. Copper electrodes are immersed into this acid and connected to high
power induction coil. Pure dry O2 is passed through annular space to get
ozonized oxygen under the influence of silent electric discharge. O3 is separated from O2 by Condensation.

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1. Induction Coil

4
3

2
O2

O3 + O2
4

2. Dry Oxygen
3. Ozonized Oxygen
4. Cu Wire
5. Dilute H2SO4

6. Annular Space

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1

Brodie's Ozonizer
silent electric
3 O2
2 O3
discharge

H = 284.5 K.J.

b) i) Bleaching powder reacts with water to give chloride and hypochlorite


ions.
Cl
cold
Ca
Ca+2 + Cl- + OClOCl water
ii) Bleaching powder reacts with CO2 to give "available chlorine".
Ca O Cl2 + CO2 Cl2 + CaCO3

iii) Bleaching powder reacts with ethanol to form chloroform.


CaOCl2
C2H5OH + (O) CH3CHO + H2O
CH3CHO + 3Cl2 3 HCl + CCl3CHO

2 CCl3CHO + Ca(OH)2 2 CHCl3 + Ca(HCOO)2

iv) Bleaching powder reacts with excess of dilute acid to liberate Cl2 gas.

20.

CaOCl2 + H2SO4 CaSO4 + H2O + Cl2


Discuss the collision theory of reaction rates. Support your explanation
with a relevant diagram.

A:

 Reactant molecules must colloid to occur reaction.


 All collisions do not lead to form products.
 The minimum energy possessed by colloiding molecules to give products
is called threshold energy (ET).
 Activation energy = ET - Energy of normal molecules.
 Collisions between activated molecules are called activated collisions.
 The number of activated collisions are few, but gives products.

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Energy Barrier

Potential Energy

ET - ER = Ea = activation energy of the


forward reaction

-ET -

EP = E'a = activation energy of the


reverse reaction

Reaction Coordinate

A + A A + A

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A + A Products.

A = Normal molecule A = activated molecule

21.

A:

Write any two methods of preparation of Aniline. What happens when


Aniline is treated with the following? Give equations.

i) HCl

ii) CH3COCl

iii) CHCl3 + Alc. KOH

iv) NaNO2 + HCl

Preparation:

From Nitrobenzene: Aniline is formed when Nitro benzene is reduced in acid


medium.

Zn
C6H5NO2 + 6 (H)
HCl

C6H5NH2 + 2 H2O

From Phenol: Aniline is formed when Phenol is heated with NH3 at 300 C under
reduced pressure.

ZnCl2
C6H5 OH + H - NH2 C6H5NH2 + H2O

300 C

Properties:
i) It forms Anilinium chloride with HCl.
C6H5NH2 + HCl C6H5N+ H3Clii) It gives acetanilide on reaction with CH3COCl.
Pyridine
C6H5NH H + Cl COCH3 C6H5NHCOCH3

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iii) Carbyl amine reaction: Aniline reacts with CHCl3 and alcoholic KOH to
form foul smelling carbyl amine.
C6H5NH2 + CHCl3 + 3 alc. KOH C6H5NC + 3 KCl + 3 H2O

iv) Diazotization: Aniline reacts with HNO3 at 0-5 C to form Benzene diazonium chloride.

O-5 C
C6H5NH2 + NaNO2 + 2 HCl C6H5N2Cl + 2 H2O + NaCl.

Prepared by A.N.S. Sankara Rao

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