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A Mini Project Report on

CELLPHONE DETECTOR
Submitted to

BHARATI VIDYAPEETH COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING,NAVI MUMBAI


DEPARTMENT OF
ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

By

PRADNYA KHANDGE
AMIT NIMSE
AJINKYARAJ NAYAK

Under the Esteemed guidance of


Prof. Amina Qazi
Department of ET

BHARATI VIDYAPEETH COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the mini project entitled CELLPHONE DETECTOR is submitted by
PRADNYA KHANDGE
AMIT NIMSE
AJINKYARAJ NAYAK

in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Third Year of the degree Bachelor of Engineering
in Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering from Bharati Vidyapeeth College
Of Engineering, Navi Mumbai for the academic year 2014-2015.

Prof. Amina Qazi

Prof. Kharade

Department, ET

Head of the Department, ET

(Internal Guide)

Date:

External Examiner

Contents

1. Abstract

2. Basic Block Diagram and Description

3. Detailed Circuit Diagram and Working

4. Mathematical Analysis of the Circuit

5. Making of PCB Layout and Schematic

6. Project Implementation

10

7. Testing

11

8. Result

12

9. Appendix

13

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Page 1

Abstract
This handy, pocket-size mobile transmission detector or sniffer can sense the
presence of an activated mobile cell phone from a distance of one and-a-half
meters. So it can be used to prevent use of mobile phones in examination halls,
confidential rooms, etc. It is also useful for detecting the use of mobile phone for
Spying and unauthorized video transmission. The circuit can detect the incoming
and outgoing calls, SMS and video transmission even if the mobile phone is kept in
the silent mode. The moment the Bug detects RF transmission signal from an
activated mobile phone, it starts sounding a beep alarm and the LED blinks. The
alarm continues until the Signal Transmission Ceases

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Page 2

Basic Block Diagram

BLOCK DIAGRAMMobile
Phone

Mobile
Tower
Antenna

Pulse Generator

Amplifie
r

LED

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Buzze
r

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Description:
Mobile tower transmits the high frequency signal to the cell phone for
communication.
The antenna captures the high frequency signal transmitted by mobile
tower to the mobile phone.
The amplifier selects the proper frequency, which is often used for cell
phone communication and sends the signal to the pulse generator.
The pulse generator generates the signal pulses in respect with
incoming signal.
Pulses generated by pulse generator then given to the LED and Buzzer
for proper indication of Cell phone signals.

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Page 4

Circuit Diagram

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Page 5

Working:

Here the circuit uses a 0.22F disk capacitor (C3) to capture the RF signals from
the mobile phone. The lead length of the capacitor is fixed as 18 mm with a
spacing of 8 mm between the leads to get the desired frequency. The disk capacitor
along with the leads acts as a small gigahertz loop antenna to collect the RF signals
from the mobile phone. Op-amp IC CA3130 (IC1) is used in the circuit as a
current-to-voltage converter with capacitor C3 connected between its inverting and
non-inverting inputs. It is a CMOS version using gate-protected p-channel
MOSFET transistors in the input to provide very high input impedance, very low
input current and very high speed of performance.
The output CMOS transistor is capable of swinging the output voltage to within 10
mV of either supply voltage terminal. Capacitor C3 in conjunction with the lead
inductance acts as a transmission line that intercepts the signals from the mobile
phone. This capacitor creates a field, stores energy and transfers the stored energy
in the form of minute current to the inputs of IC1.
This will upset the balanced input of IC1 and convert the current into the
corresponding output voltage.
Capacitor C4 along with high-value resistor R1 keeps the non-inverting input
stable for easy swing of the output to high state. Resistor R2 provides the discharge
path for capacitor C4. Feedback resistor R3 makes the inverting input high when
the output becomes high. Capacitor C5 (47pF) is connected across strobe (pin 8)
and null inputs (pin 1) of IC1 for phase compensation and gain control to
optimize the frequency response. When the mobile phone signal is detected by C3,
the output of IC1 becomes high and low alternately according to the frequency of
the signal as indicated by LED1. This triggers constable timer IC2 through
capacitor C7. Capacitor C6 maintains the base bias of transistor T1 for fast
switching action. The low-value timing components R6 and C9 produce very short
time delay to avoid audio nuisance.

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Page 6

Mathematical Analysis

For the analysis of circuit only major parameters are considered. Which are
listed as follows.
Vcc = 9V
The voltages across transistor are:
VBE= 0.3V
VCE= 7.65V
VBC=8.7V
The input and output DC voltages of ICs are:
IC 3140
Input (pin 2) = 0.39V
Output (pin6) =0.50V
IC NE555Input (pin 2) = 9V
Output (pin6) =9V

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PCB Layout and Schematic


Schematic and PCB layout are prepared by using Express PCB software.

Schematic:

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PCB Layout:

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Page 9

Project Implementation
There are mainly three steps involved in project implementation Etching, Drilling
and Soldering.
The detailed steps are given below:
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Page 10

Etching:
1) The mirror image of PCB layout is drown on the PCB with thick
marking of permanent marker.
2) Prepared the Etching solution in the etching machine. Ferrous
chloride is used to prepare etching solution.
3) Insert the PCB in the solution and set the timer of 15 minutes.
4) Wash the PCB with cold water.
5) Remove the marking of permanent marker using thiner.

Drilling:
1) For Drilling the drill bit of 0.5 mm is used
2) Drilling is completed with reference to PCB markings.

Soldering:
1) Carefully solder components on PCB with proper lead spacing and lead
length.
2) For mounting the IC the IC holder is used to avoid damage of IC during
soldering.

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Page 11

Testing
The circuit is tested for the detection of cell phone signals.
For signal receiving wired antenna is used.
During testing, all the major measurements are taken such as voltages,
frequency etc.
The circuit shows output over the range of 1-1.5 meter.
Working is tested for outgoing as well as incoming calls on the cell phone.
And also foe the text massages.
The range can be improved by improving the antenna parameters.

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Result
Cell Phone Detector circuit detects the cell phone signals. And indicate them
by blinking of LED and sound of the buzzer.
It can detect the signals over the range of 1-1.5 meters.

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Page 13

Appendix
CA3140 Datasheet:

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