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Nervous System Exam

Anatomy and Physiology

Nervous System Exam Anatomy and Physiology Name: Period: 


Name:

Period:

Matching

a. Myelin

b. dendrite

c . Neurontransmitter

d . Reflex

1. Chemical compound released by one neuron to aect the membrane potential of

another.

2 . Insulating sheath around an axon consisting of multiple layers of glial cell membrane; significantly increases conduction rate along the axon .

3. Where a transmission begins on a neuron .

4. A rapid , automatic response to a stimulus.

a. Action Potential

b. Axon

c . Cranial Nerves

d . Membrane Potential

5 Elongate extension of a neuron that conducts an action potential.

6.

The potential di erence, in millivolts, measured across the cell membrane; a

di

erence that results from the uneven distribution of positive and negative ions across

a

cell membrane.

7.

A conducted change in the membrane potential of excitable cells, initiated by a

change in the membrane permeability of sodium ions.

8. The twelve peripheral nerves originating from the brain .

Functions Matching: Some choices will be used more than once

A . Mixed nerve that controls facial expression

B. Sensory nerve that transmits impulses associated with smell

C . Motor nerve that transmits impulses to muscles that move the tongue

D. Sensory nerve that transmits impulses associated with hearing

E . Sensory nerve that transmits impulses associated with vision

F.

Motor nerve that transmits impulses to muscles of neck & back

G

. Mixed nerve with 3 branches

H.

Motor nerve that transmits impulses to muscles for speech

I

.

Mixed nerve that controls muscles for swallowing

J.

Motor nerve that supplies impulses to muscles that control eye movement

9.

Olfactory:

13. Trigeminal:

17.Glossopharangial:

10. Optic:

14. Abducens:

18. Vagus:

11. Oculomotor:

15. Facial:

19. Accessory/Spinal:

12. Trochlear:

16. Vestibulocochlear:

20. Hypoglossal:

Multiple Choice

21. Which of the following lists the parts of a reflex arc in the correct sequence?

a) receptor, sensory neuron , motor neuron , interneuron , eector

b) eector, receptor, sensory neuron , motor neuron , interneuron

c) eector, sensory neuron , receptor, interneuron , motor neuron

d) receptor, sensory neuron , interneuron , motor neuron , eector

22. Within the meniges, cerebrospinal fluid occupies the

a) lumbar enlargement

b) gray commissure

c) epidural space

d) subarachnoid space

23. An infant’s response to stimuli are coarse and undi erentiated because its nerve fibers

a)

have not yet appeared

b) are incapable of carrying impulses

c)

have not yet developed connections to the brain

d) are not completely myelinated

24. The most common neuron structure is

a)

one axon & many dendrites

c) one dendrite and many axons

b) one process that serves as both axon and dendrite d) one dendrite and one axon.

25.The brain stem consists of what the

a. Midbrain , pons, and medualla oblongata

medulla

b. Cerebellum , medulla, and pons

medulla.

c . Thalamus, hypothalamus, and

d . Spinal cord , cerebellum , and

26. What is the outermost of the three meninges?

a. Dura

Choroid plexus

b. Pia

c . Arachnoid

d .

27. What layer of the meninges has no blood vessels and resembles a spider

web?

a.

Dura mater

b. Arachnoid mater

c . Pia mater

d . Don’t mater

28. What structure connects the two hemispheres of the brain?

a. Medulla

b. Gyrus

c . Corpus callosum

29. The right side of your brain controls (the)

body.

a. Lef

b. Right

c . Both

d . Cerebrum

side(s) of your

30. Which portion of the nervous system consists of nerves that branch out from the CNS and connect to other body parts?

a.

Autonomic

b. Somatic

c . Peripheral

d . Sympathetic

31. What part of the PNS controls conscious activities?

a. Somatic

b. Autonomic

c . Sympathetic

d . Parasympathetic

32. During rest what part of the autonomic nervous system takes over?

a. Somatic

b. Peripheral

c . Sympathetic

d . Parasympathetic

33. The parasympathetic and sympathetic systems act against each other, one inhibits and the other

a. Excites

b. Inverts

c . Enlarges

d . Desensitizes

34. There are

a.

12

pairs of cranial nerves?

b. 24

c . 31

d . 62

35. 10. The Central Nervous System consists of what parts?

a.

Nerves

b. Brain

c . Spinal Cord

d . Both B & C

36. Which one of the following is NOT how neurons are classified?

a.

Bipolar

b. Unipolar

c . Multipolar

d . Macropolar

one of the following is NOT how neurons are classified? a . Bipolar b . Unipolar

Label the Lobes (4 points)

Label the Lobes (4 points) Label the Neuron (5 points)

Label the Neuron (5 points)

Label the Lobes (4 points) Label the Neuron (5 points)

Label the Parts of the Brain (8 points)

Label the Parts of the Brain (8 points)