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Depletion of Natural

Resources

Classification and Reasons

Introduction
To meet the needs: food, energy, clothing
and shelter

Utilization is at fast rate

Consumption rate is higher than the


replenish rate

Introduction
There is collapse of past civilization

Still no real understanding of the problem

We continue to clear forest for wood, dams


etc

Depletion of
Water

Mineral

III. Forest

IV. Soil

I. Water

1. Introduction

2. Causes

3. Effects

4. Solution
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Introduction
Most important to sustain life

Need for all domestic use

Most misused

Cannot sustain industrial growth

Need for cooling, cleaning, solvent etc

Depleting natural aquifers

f) Polluting underground water

Causes
Industries polluting

Disposal of municipal wastes

Disposal of agricultural pesticides and fertilizers

Changes in weather pattern

Effects
Political issues affecting general public

Loss of live stock affects local economy

Agricultural productivity loss

Almost 20 % of the population experience water scarcity

Case study (i) Delhi Haryana (ii) West Asian Conflict

Solution
Control by conservation

Location of new resources

Judicious use

Rain water harvesting

Desalination of older ponds and wells (expensive and


sometimes impractical)

f) Effective irrigation techniques

I. Mineral

1. Introduction

2. Causes

3. Effects

4. Solution
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Introduction
Non renewable resource Gift of nature

Coal, Iron, Copper, Metals, Non-Metals

Environment Pollution

Depleting land resources

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Causes
Industrial revolution around 1760 in England

Economy is based on fossil fuels (coal, petrol,


diesel)

Building materials like stones, marble, granite

To support 8 to 9 % of GDP growth

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Effects
Search and drilling territories polluting
environment

Local people life is affected

Landslides

Accidents while mining

Onshore mining affects marine life


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Solution
Strong legislations

More strong political will to preserve resources

Use of synthetic building materials

Low input and more output type of technologies


like thermal power plant

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I. Forest

1. Introduction

2. Causes

3. Effects

4. Solution
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Introduction
Deforestation by logging and burning of
trees

About 50 % of the forest resources have


been destroyed

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Causes
Clearing for agriculture growth

Industrial development to meet the


needs of the people

Need for farming

Building dams

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Effects
Increasing CO2
Decreasing Biodiversity

Changing water cycle


Landslides

Extinction of species

Global warming
Anthropogenic emissions

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Solution
Educate citizens

Reforestation

Special legislations

Environmental clearance for industries and


irrigation projects

Programs like REDD (Reducing Emissions from


Deforestation and forest Degradation)19