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A.M. NO.

07-7-12-SC
Effective: December 27, 2007

EN BANC
RESOLUTION
A.M. No. 07-7-12-SC - AMENDMENTS TO RULES 41, 45, 58 AND
65 OF THE RULES OF COURT
Acting on the recommendation of the Chairperson and
Members of the Subcommittee on the Revision of Rule 65
submitting for this Courts consideration and approval the
proposed amendments to Rules 41, 45, 58 and 65 of the Rules
of Court, the Court Resolved to APPROVE the same.
This Resolution shall take effect on December 27. 2007
following its publication in a newspaper of general circulation.
December 4, 2007.
RENATO S. PUNO
Chief Justice
LEONARO A. QUISUMBING
Associate Justice
CONSUELO YNARES-SANTIAGO
Associate Justice
ANGELINA SANDOVAL-GUTIERREZ
Associate Justice
ANTONIO T. CARPIO
Associate Justice
MA. ALICIA AUSTRIA-MARTINEZ
Associate Justice
RENATO C. CORONA
Associate Justice
CONCHITA CARPIO MORALES
Associate Justice
ADOLFO S. AZCUNA
Associate Justice
DANTE O. TINGA
Associate Justice
MINITA V. CHICO-NAZARIO

Associate Justice
PRESBITERO J. VELASCO, JR.
Associate Justice
ANTONIO EDUARDO B. NACHURA
Associate Justice
RUBEN T. REYES
Associate Justice
TERESITA J. LEONARDO-DE CASTRO
Associate Justice

AMENDMENTS TO RULES 41, 45, 58 AND 65 OF THE RULES OF


COURT
RULE 41
Section 1. Subject of appeal. An appeal may be taken from a
judgment or final order that completely disposes of the case, or
of a particular matter therein when declared by these Rules to
be appealable.
No appeal may be taken from:
1. An order denying a petition for relief or any similar motion
seeking relief from judgment;
2. An interlocutory order;
3.

An

order

disallowing

or

dismissing

an

appeal;

4. An order denying a motion to set aside a judgment by


consent, confession or compromise on the ground of fraud,
mistake or duress, or any other ground vitiating consent;
5. An order of execution;
6. A judgment or final order for or against one or more of
several parties or in separate claims, counterclaims, crossclaims and third-party complaints, while the main case is
pending, unless the court allows an appeal therefrom; and
7. An order dismissing an action without prejudice.
In any of the foregoing circumstances, the aggrieved party may
file an appropriate special civil action as provided in Rule
65.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
RULE 45

Section 1. Filing of petition with Supreme Court. A party


desiring to appeal by certiorari from a judgment, final order or
resolution of the Court of Appeals, the Sandiganbayan, the
Court of Tax Appeals, the Regional Trial Court or other courts,
whenever authorized by law, may file with the Supreme Court a
verified petition for review on certiorari. The petition may
include an application for a writ of preliminary injunction or
other provisional remedies and shall raise only questions of
law, which must be distinctly set forth. The petitioner may seek
the same provisional remedies by verified motion filed in the
same action or proceeding at any time during its pendency.
RULE 58
Sec. 5. Preliminary injunction not granted without notice;
exception. No preliminary injunction shall be granted without
hearing and prior notice to the party or persons sought to be
enjoined. If it shall appear from facts shown by affidavits or by
the verified application that great or irreparable injury would
result to the applicant before the matter can be heard on
notice, the court to which the application for preliminary
injunction was made, may issue ex parte a temporary
restraining order to be effective only for a period of twenty
(20) days from service on the party or person sought to be
enjoined, except as herein provided. Within the twenty-day
period, the court must order said party or person to show
cause at a specified time and place, why the injunction should
not be granted. The court shall also determine, within the same
period, whether or not the preliminary injunction shall be
granted, and accordingly issue the corresponding order.
However, subject to the provisions of the preceding sections, if
the matter is of extreme urgency and the applicant will suffer
grave injustice and irreparable injury, the executive judge of a
multiple-sala court or the presiding judge of a single-sala court
may issue ex parte a temporary restraining order effective for
only seventy-two (72) hours from issuance, but shall
immediately comply with the provisions of the next preceding
section as to service of summons and the documents to be
served therewith. Thereafter, within the aforesaid seventy-two
(72) hours, the judge before whom the case is pending shall
conduct a summary hearing to determine whether the
temporary restraining order shall be extended until the
application for preliminary injunction can be heard. In no case
shall the total period of effectivity of the temporary restraining
order exceed twenty (20) days, including the original seventytwo hours provided herein.
In the event that the application for preliminary injunction is
denied or not resolved within the said period, the temporary
restraining order is deemed automatically vacated. The
effectivity of a temporary restraining order is not extendible
without need of any judicial declaration to that effect, and no

court shall have authority to extend or renew the same on the


same ground for which it was issued.
However, if issued by the Court of Appeals or a member
thereof, the temporary restraining order shall be effective for
sixty (60) days from service on the party or person sought to
be enjoined. A restraining order issued by the Supreme Court
or a member thereof shall be effective until further orders.
The trial court, the Court of Appeals, the Sandiganbyan or the
Court of Tax Appeals that issued a writ of preliminary
injunction against a lower court, board, officer, or quasijudicial agency shall decide the main case or petition within six
(6) months from the issuance of the writ.
RULE 65
Sec. 4. When and where to file the petition. The petition shall
be filed not later than sixty (60) days from notice of the
judgment, order or resolution. In case a motion for
reconsideration or new trial is timely filed, whether such
motion is required or not, the petition shall be filed not later
than sixty (60) days counted from the notice of the denial of
the motion.
If the petition relates to an act or an omission of a municipal
trial court or of a corporation, a board, an officer or a person, it
shall be filed with the Regional Trial Court exercising
jurisdiction over the territorial area as defined by the Supreme
Court. It may also be filed with the Court of Appeals or with the
Sandiganbayan, whether or not the same is in aid of the courts
appellate jurisdiction. If the petition involves an act or an
omission of a quasi-judicial agency, unless otherwise provided
by law or these rules, the petition shall be filed with and be
cognizable only by the Court of Appeals.
In election cases involving an act or an omission of a municipal
or a regional trial court, the petition shall be filed exclusively
with the Commission on Elections, in aid of its appellate
jurisdiction.
Sec. 7. Expediting proceedings; injunctive relief. The court in
which the petition is filed may issue orders expediting the
proceedings, and it may also grant a temporary restraining
order or a writ of preliminary injunction for the preservation of
the rights of the parties pending such proceedings. The petition
shall not interrupt the course of the principal case, unless a
temporary restraining order or a writ of preliminary injunction
has been issued, enjoining the public respondent from further
proceeding with the case.
The public respondent shall proceed with the principal case
within ten (10) days from the filing of a petition for certiorari

with a higher court or tribunal, absent a temporary restraining


order or a preliminary injunction, or upon its expiration. Failure
of the public respondent to proceed with the principal case may
be
a
ground
for
an
administrative
charge.
Sec. 8. Proceedings after comment is filed. After the comment
or other pleadings required by the court are filed, or the time
for the filing thereof has expired, the court may hear the case
or require the parties to submit memoranda. If, after such
hearing or filing of memoranda or upon the expiration of the
period for filing, the court finds that the allegations of the
petition are true, it shall render judgment for such relief to
which the petitioner is entitled.
However, the court may dismiss the petition if it finds the same
patently without merit or prosecuted manifestly for delay, or if
the questions raised therein are too unsubstantial to require
consideration. In such event, the court may award in favor of
the respondent treble costs solidarily against the petitioner and
counsel, in addition to subjecting counsel to administrative
sanctions under Rules 139 and 139-B of the Rules of Court.
The Court may impose motu proprio, based on res ipsa
loquitur, other disciplinary sanctions or measures on erring
lawyers for patently dilatory and unmeritorious petitions
for certiorari.