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Federal Regulations and MSW Composition

1. The main combustible chemical elements in MSW are ____________________.
a. Sulfur, Oxygen, Carbon
b. Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
c. Carbon, Hydrogen, Sulfur
d. Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen
2. How does Pozzolanic ash react in a landfill?
a. Seeps into groundwater
b. Swells with water contact
c. Causes excessive leachate production
d. Hardens like concrete
3. The major determining factors in the heating value of MSW are ________________.
a. Plastic and Paper Content
b. Retention time in the pit and charging hopper
c. Charging method and burner design
d. Date of delivery and storage method
4. Which of the following is a means of making extra moist MSW more suitable for burning?
a. Maintaining the combustion controls in AUTO.
b. Fluffing or mixing of the MSW by the crane operator
c. Increasing air flow
d. Decreasing overfire air flow
5. Which of the following is true of RDF?
a. Relatively uniform combustion properties
b. Relatively low residue
c. Requires more extensive fuel preparation equipment
d. All of the Above
6. Ash produced by a WTE plant is subject to RCRA Subtitle ____ requirements.
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D
7. New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Emission Guidelines for MSW combustors having capacities of
250 tons/day or greater became effective on ______________.
a. February 11, 1990
b. February 11, 1991
c. December 31, 1992
d. Doesnt become effective until 1994
8. Landfill Vectors are _________________.
a. Odors
b. Contamination in runoff and leachate water
c. Rodents, Birds, and Insects.
d. Licensing and Permit Requirements

9. The minimum practical temperature for aerobic composting is ______________.

a. 200C
b. 350C
c. 500C
d. 550C
10. Which of the following is not a function of a landfill dirt cap?
a. Limits vectors infestation
b. Prevents fires at night and weekends
c. Helps landfill absorb moisture
d. Reduces windblown waste from the landfill
11. The main function of a resource recovery facility is to ______________.
a. Reduce reliance on landfills
b. Recover recyclables
c. Recover heat
d. None of the Above
12. The major items in MSW that are removed by magnetic separation are _________.
a. Beer cans
b. Food cans
c. Plastic bottles
d. Automotive parts
13. The New Source Performance Standards apply to all ________________.
a. Plants with over 250 TPD capacity.
b. Plants built after 1991 with over 250 TPD capacity
c. Plants built before 1991 with over 250 TPD capacity
d. MSW Incinerators
14. The greatest expense with curbside recycling is _______________.
a. Tipping Fees
b. Labor
c. Fuel
d. Licensing
15. A typical MSW transfer station consist of a _________________.
a. Crane, Bins, and Magnetic Separator
b. Hopper, Ram, and Box
c. Ramp, Chute, and bin
d. Chute, Bin, and Loader
16. Which of the following are considered hazardous waste?
a. Synthetic Organics
b. Toxic Wastes
c. Reactive Metals
d. All of the above

17. MSW plants are normally not licensed to burn ________________.

a. Waste from commercial sources
b. High nitrogen yard trimmings
c. Red bag medical waste
d. All of the Above
18. The Employee Right to Know law requires that ______________.
a. All chemicals used in the plant must be labeled.
b. Plant records must be available to the public.
c. The public must be provided with unescorted access to the plant.
d. All of the Above.
19. A landfill designated for one type of waste is called a __________.
a. Segregated cell
b. Monofill
c. Leachate Area
d. Isolation Cell
20. How often is testing on plant discharge required by the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System?
a. Yearly
b. Quarterly
c. Monthly
d. As per permit
21. An OSHA non-recordable accident would be one that involves_____________
a. Lost time from work to recover
b. First-Aid only
c. Light duty until recovered
d. Unconsciousness
22. Oil spills in the waterways must be reported to the ________________.
a. Coast Guard
b. Federal EPA
c. State EPA
d. PTA
23. The term zero discharge plant means______________.
a. The Plant has no stack emissions
b. No ash leaves the plant site
c. No water leaves the plant site
d. All of the Above
24. The components of an integrated solid waste management do not include ________________.
a. Acceptance Testing
b. Recycling and Reduction
c. Incineration and Source Reduction
d. Landfill Disposal

25. RDF plants often use ____________ to break open plastic bags.
a. Trommels
b. Air Classifiers
c. Flail Mills
d. Vibrating Feeders
26. The equipment most suspectable to the possibility of explosion is an RDF fuel preparation system is_________.
a. Trommels
b. Hammer Mills
c. Ram Feeders
d. Air swept feeders
27. ________________ are used in some RDF systems to remove aluminum and other non-ferrous metals from the
a. Trommels
b. Eddy-current magnets
c. Magnet head pulleys
d. Air classifiers
28. What is the capacity of a storage pit 60 ft wide, 120 ft long, and 50 ft. deep, if the average density of waste is
20 lbs. per cubic foot?
a. 360,000 lbs.
b. 180 tons
c. 3,600 tons
d. 18,000 lbs.
29. The two most common types of crane grapples used in waste storage pits are __________________.
a. Bucket and Scoop
b. Clamshell and Orange Peel
c. Bucket and Banana Peel
d. Hook and Ladder